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A Partial Bibliography

Armitage, Thomas: "A History of the Baptists," 1887.

Backhouse, Edward: "Early Church History to the Death of Constantine;" edited and enlarged by Charles Tylor, 2d edition, 1885.

Bliss, Sylvester: "Memoir of William Miller." 1853.

Döllinger, John J. I.: "The First Age of Christianity and the Church," translated by N. H. Oxenham, 1906.

Fisher, George P.: "History of the Christian Church," 1913: "The Beginnings of Christianity, with a View of the State of the Roman World at the Birth of Christ,” 1877. Gibbon, Edward: "The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire.”

Haldane, Alexander : Memoirs of the Lives of Robert and James A. Haldane.” 1852. Himes. J. V.. Bliss. S., and Hale. A.: The Advent Shield and Review, Vol. I. 1844-45; The Signs of the Times, 1840

Hurst, John Fletcher: "The History of Methodism," 1902.

Johnson, Albert C.: "Advent Christian History: A Concise Narrative of the Origin and Progress, Doctrine and Work of This Body of Believers," 1918.

Leonard, Delavan L.: A Hundred Years of Missions," 1895.

Litch, Josiah: "The Probability of the Second Advent of Christ About A. D. 1843." ete.. 1838 "Prophetic Exposition, or a Connected View of the Testimony of the Prophets Concerning the Kingdom of God and the Time of Its Establishment," two volumes, 1842.

Loughborough, J. N.: "Rise and Progress of the Seventh-day Adventists," 1892; "The
Great Second Advent Movement," 1905.

Miller, William: “Evidences from Scripture and History of the Second Coming of Christ
About the Year 1843." issued at Troy, N. Y.. in 1836 and at Boston in 1842.
Miller. Edward: "The History and Doctrines of Irvingism," two volumes. 1878.
Neander. Augustus: "General History of the Christian Religion and Church," translated
from the German by Joseph Torry, 1861.

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Newton, Isaac · “Observations upon the Prophecies of Daniel and the Apocalypse of St.
John," edition of 1733.

Rogers, H. E. Seventh-day Adventist Year Book, with historical summary, 1905.
Root, Jean Christie: "Edward Irving. Man, Preacher, Prophet," 1912.

Pierson, Arthur T.: “George Müller of Bristol, with an introduction by J. Wright." 1899.
Richards. George: “The Divine Origin of Prophecy Illustrated and Defended, being the
Bampton Lectures for the year 1800.

Rutherford, Samuel: "Letters of. with a Sketch of His Life by A. A. Bonar," 1894. Scholler, L. W.: "A Chapter of Church History from South Germany. Being Passages from the Life of Johann Evangelist George Lutz," translated from the German by W. Wallis.

Spicer, W. A.: "An Outline of Mission Fields," fourth edition, 1920; "Our Story of Missions," 1921.

Tefft, B. F.: "Methodism Successful and the Internal Causes of Its Success," 1860. Wellcome. Isaac C.: “History of the Second Advent Message and Mission, Doctrine and People." 1874.

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Wesley, John: "Notes on the New Testament." based on Bengel's Gnomon," 1845. White, Ellen G. "Experience and Views," 1853: "How to Live," 1865: "Testimonies for the Church." Vols. I-IX.

White, James and Ellen G.: “Christian Temperance and Bible Hygiene," 1890. White. James: Present Truth, Nos. 1-11. 1849-50: "The Early Life and Later Exne. rience and Labors of Elder Joseph Bates," edited by James White. 1878: "Sketches of the Christian Life and Public Labors of William Miller," gathered from the memoir by Sylvester Bliss and others. 1875; "Life Sketches of James White and Ellen G. White," 1880; "Life Incidents in Connection with the Great Advent Movement as Illustrated by the Three Angels of Revelation XIV," 1868.

Wolff, Joseph.: "Researches and Missionary Labors Among the Jews, Mohammedans. and Other Sects," 1837.

Chronological Appendix

Representative Actions and Events in the History of the Advent Movement

1831 First Sunday in August, William Miller preached his first sermon on the coming of Christ.

1832 William Miller began a series of articles on the second advent, in the Vermont Telegraph of Brandon, Vt.

1833 March, Miller's first pamphlet published. September 14 he was granted a license to preach by the Baptist Church.

1836 Miller's course of sixteen lectures published in pamphlet form at Troy, N. Y.

1838 About the first of March, Josiah Litch, a Methodist minister of Lowell,
Mass., embraced Miller's views, and began to proclaim them by voice

and pen. His 48-page pamphlet, "The Midnight Cry," and his book
of 204 pages, entitled. "The Probability of the Second Coming of
Christ About A. D. 1843," came out this year.

1839 Early in December, Joshua V. Himes, of Boston, Mass., joined William
Miller and Josiah Litch in the proclamation of the advent message.
1840 March 20, J. V. Himes began, in Boston, Mass., the publication of
the Signs of the Times. The paper thus started was published for
two years as a semimonthly, and then as a weekly.

March, William Miller gave his first course of lectures in Portland,
Maine. They were attended by Ellen G. Harmon, later Mrs. E. G.

First "General Conference of Second Advent Believers" convened
in the Chardon Street Chapel, in Boston, Mass., October 15, and con-
tinued two days.

1841 Second "General Conference of Advent Believers" held in Lowell, Mass., June 15-17.

Third "General Conference of Christians Expecting the Advent of the Lord," in Portland, Maine, Oct. 12, 1841.

Between that date and Feb. 8, 1842, seven similar conferences were held in the New England States.

1842 The Signs of the Times has not less than 50,000 readers.

More than 60,000 copies of various books and tracts have been
issued from our establishment, and spread through the world in the
four quarters of the globe and the islands of the sea. From three

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to four hundred ministers of the gospel are now engaged in giving the midnight cry.- Signs of the Times, March 15.

In the latter part of November, J. V. Himes began the publication. in New York City, of a daily paper entitled, The Midnight Cry, principally under the editorial supervision of N. Southard. Twenty-four numbers were published, and ten thousand copies of each number circulated.

During the summer, tent and camp meetings, with large attendance. held in Eastern Canada, Vermont, New Hampshire, Maine, New York, Massachusetts, and New Jersey.

James White attended the camp-meeting at Exeter, Maine, in October, and shortly thereafter went out to give the message.

December, Josiah Litch and A. Hale began public services in Philadelphia.

1843 Different ministers conducted meetings in the South and West, going as far as Richmond, Va., Washington, D. C., Pittsburg, Pa., and Cincinnati, Ohio. Papers devoted to the advent cause were published in Cincinnati, Philadelphia, and Washington; also in Eastern Canada.

James White ordained to the ministry by the Christian Church. The Methodists, at an annual meeting held at Bath, Maine, passed resolutions condemning the advent teaching. Opposition on the part of the churches was becoming general.

1844 A second advent camp-meeting was held in the late summer at Exeter. N. H., following which the belief became general among the followers of William Miller that Christ would come Oct. 22, 1844.

Seventh-day Sabbath first brought to the attention of the Adventist people at Washington, N. H., by Mrs. Rachel D. Preston, a Seventh Day Baptist, from the State of New York.

From this place, several Adventist ministers received the Sabbath truth during 1844. One of these, T. M. Preble, put his convictions in writing.

1845 Preble's article on the Sabbath, dated Feb. 13, 1845, was written at East Wear, N. H., and was printed in the Hope of Israel, Portland, Maine, Feb. 28, 1845. It was rewritten by Elder Preble in March, 1845. and published in tract form. It was referred to by J. H. Waggoner. and briefly quoted by him in the Review and Herald of Dec. 21, 1869. Aug. 23, 1870, Preble's article as it appeared in the Hope of Israel, was printed in full in the Review.

Ellen G. Harmon given her first vision, on "The Travels of the
Advent People to the Holy City."

Joseph Bates began keeping the Sabbath as a result of reading
the article by T. M. Preble in the Hope of Israel.

1846 James White married to Ellen Gould Harmon, August 30.

Two-page leaflet by Mrs. E. G. White, entitled, "To the Remnant
Scattered Abroad," published.

1848 First general meeting of Sabbath keepers, held at Rocky Hill, Conn..
April 20, 21.

Mrs. E. G. White had vision concerning the beginning of the publishing work.

1849 First four numbers of Present Truth printed at Middletown, Conn.. No. 1 dated July; Nos. 5 and 6 printed in Oswego, N. Y.

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J. N. Andrews publicly took his stand for the truth in a meeting at Paris, Maine, September 14.

First number of the Second Advent Review and Sabbath Herald, printed in Paris, Maine, in November.

Death of William Miller, December 20. (Born Feb. 5, 1782.)

First Testimony for the Church, addressed "To Those Who Are Receiving the Seal of the Living God." Signed "E. G. White."

First hymn book used by the denomination published by James White. It contained fifty-three hymns, without tunes.

1850 Nos. 7 to 10 of Present Truth printed in Oswego, N. Y. No. 11 printed in Paris, Maine, in November.

1851 First number of second volume Advent Review and Sabbath Herald, dated August 5, printed at Saratoga Springs, N. Y.

Annie R. Smith took her stand for the truth, and entered the employ of the Review office at Saratoga Springs.

1852 First number of the Advent Review and Sabbath Herald published at Rochester, N. Y., bore date of May 6.

James White equipped the first printing office with money received in donations. Donations amounted to $655.84. The cost of equipment was $652.95. The first press bought was a Washington hand press. First number of the Youth's Instructor appeared in August.

J. N. Loughborough kept his first Sabbath, October 2.
Uriah Smith observed his first Sabbath in December.

J. H. Waggoner accepted the message, and was ordained to the gospel ministry.

1853 Uriah Smith connected with the Review and Herald, May 3.

First subscription price put on publications was $1 for 26 numbers of the Review.

First regular Sabbath schools organized in Rochester and Buck's Bridge, N. Y.

1854 First tent-meeting conducted by J. N. Loughborough and M. E. Cornell at Battle Creek, Mich., June 10-12.

First sale of denominational publications at a tent-meeting in Rochester, Mich. A parcel containing one copy each of all tracts and pamphlets published, sold for 35 cents, price being fixed by J. N. Loughborough.

1855 Annie R. Smith died July 26.

Review office moved to Battle Creek, Mich. First number of Review printed there bore date of December 4.

1856 Name of S. N. Haskell first appeared in the Review, January 31. 1858 Bible class, conducted by J. N. Andrews, held in Battle Creek, Mich., in April. Its object was to learn what the Scriptures teach concerning the support of the ministry This effort resulted in the adoption of the plan known as systematic benevolence," or the tithing principle. 1860 Name Seventh-day Adventist adopted for the denomination October 1. On the same day a temporary organization, known as the Advent Review Publishing Association, was formed in Battle Creek, Mich. 1861 Seventh-day Adventist Publishing Association (now Review and Herald Publishing Association) incorporated May 1.

Churches first formally organized.

Michigan organized as the first State conference, October 5.

1862 Other conferences organized: Southern Iowa, March 16; Northern Iowa, May 10; Vermont, June 15; Illinois and Wisconsin, September 28; Minnesota, October 4; New York, October 25.

1863 General Conference organized at a meeting held in Battle Creek, Mich., May 20-23. Meeting was called by James White, J. N. Loughborough, and John Byington. There were twenty duly elected delegates, repre senting the work in six States.

John Byington elected first president of the General Conference May 21.

1864 August 29, Elder J. N. Andrews left Battle Creek for Washington, D. C.. where he was successful in securing for Seventh-day Adventists in the army, recognition as being conscientiously opposed to taking human life even in war, and their assignment to noncombatant service in hospitals, etc.

1865 First health publication, "How to Live," published. Written and compiled by Mrs. E. G. White.

James White elected president of the General Conference, May 17. 1866 First denominational health journal published, bearing the name Health Reformer, August 1.

Health Reform Institute (Battle Creek Sanitarium) opened for patients September 5.

1867 J. N. Andrews elected president of the General Conference, May 14. The Health Reform Institute incorporated, April 9.

1868 First California State gathering of Seventh-day Adventists held near Santa Rosa, April 10, 11.

James White again became president of the General Conference, May 12.

First general camp-meeting held at Wright, Mich., September 1-7. First local tract and missionary society organized in South Lancaster, Mass., known as "The Vigilant Missionary Society."

1870 First conference tract and missionary society organized, November 6. called "Missionary and Tract Society of the New England Conference of Seventh-day Adventists."

1871 Tenth annual session of the General Conference convened in Battle Creek, Mich., December 29, with fourteen delegates present, representing twelve conferences and one mission.

George I. Butler succeeded James White as president.

1872 Joseph Bates died in Battle Creek, Mich., March 19, at the age of eighty. He was buried at Monterey, Mich.

First denominational school opened, June 3, at Battle Creek, Mich., G. H. Bell in charge.

1873 Eleventh session of the General Conference, Battle Creek, Mich., March 11. There were eighteen delegates representing thirteen conferences and one mission.

Total number of ministers, 51; licentiates, 83; churches, 239; membership, 5,875; systematic benevolence fund pledged to State conferences, $26,246.69.- Review and Herald, March 18, 1873.

1874 Seventh-day Adventist Educational Society incorporated March 11.
Main building of Battle Creek College erected.

First number of the Signs of the Times issued, Oakland, Calif., June 4.
James White again elected president of General Conference, August 10.

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