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? QUIZ-COMPENDS? No. 11.
DR. GEORGE LEE EATON
323 GAARY ST.
F. E. STEWART, M.D., PH.G.,
FORMERLY LECTURER AND DEMONSTRATOR OF MATERIA MEDICA AND PHARMACY,
AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION
BASED UPON PROF. JOSEPH P. REMINGTON'S
“TEXT-BOOK OF PHARMACY”
UNITED STATES PHARMACOPEIA OF 1890.
FIFTH REVISED EDITION.
WITH A VERY COMPLETE INDEX, AND TABLE FOR CONVERTING
ENGLISH MEASURES INTO METRIC AND THE REVERSE.
COPYRIGHT, 1895, by P. BLAKISTON, SON & Co.
WM. F. FELL & CO., ELECTPOTYPERS AND PRINTERS, 1290 14 SANSOM STREET,
PREFACE TO FIFTH EDITION.
The present edition of my Quiz-Compend is founded on the last revision of Remington's " Pharmacy,” which, in turn, is founded on the revision of the Pharmacopoeia of 1890. Part Second has been entirely rewritten and reclassified, and much of it put into tabular form. Many of the tables are modifications of those furnished on the same subjects in Coblentz's “ Pharmacy.” However, several of them are original, and all are especially adapted for the use of the student. Part-Third has been thoroughly revised to correspond with the U. S. P., and the work of the entire Compend has been verified by Charles Milton Buchanan, M.D., Professor of Chemistry, Toxicology, and Metallurgy, National University, Washington, D. C., thus making it one of the most correct publications of the kind ever issued. I have retained the tables for transposing the English and Metric Systems of Weights and Measures furnished by the United States Geodetic and Coast Survey, which the Department kindly permitted me to use in the last edition. These tables have been found of great practical value, and are very useful to students and for reference generally.
F. E. STEWART.
PREFACE TO FIRST EDITION.
The collection of substances employed in medicine is called MATERIA MEDICA: the substances themselves are known as drugs. PHARMACY is the science of preparing these substances; THERAPY is the science of applying them to the treatment of the sick. These three branches are properly classified under the general head PHARMACOLOGY, or the SCIENCE OF DRUGS.
To prepare drugs properly, a knowledge of their properties is necessary. The pharmacist must have a knowledge of their physical properties to identify them, of their chemical properties to select the proper menstruums for extracting their medicinal virtues, and a knowledge of their therapeutical properties to prepare them in the best manner to meet the indications of a rational therapeutics. The neglect of this latter branch on the part of the pharmacist has too often resulted in a sacrifice of therapeutic efficacy to obtain pharmaceutical elegance. The former is the principal object to aim for, though the latter is very important, for it is apparent that the most elegant pharmaceutical preparation, if it have not therapeutic value, is worse than useless.
The importance of studying these three branches together will, therefore, be appreciated. Works on pharmacy recognize this importance to a greater or less degree, and embrace, in proportion as the author views the subject from this point of view, a comprehensive Pharmacology. Though, in the opinion of the author, no work has yet been written that brings therapy and modern pharmacy close enough together, it is not his object in the following pages to make the attempt.
It is not the object of a Quiz-COMPEND to teach new facts. It is its object, rather, to present facts already well known to science in a form easy to comprehend, for the purpose of aiding the student in memorizing them. And as the immediate end which the student is seeking to attain is the passing of his examination in a creditable manner-this end has been carefully considered by the author in writing the following pages.
Quizzes are reviews and explanations of the teachings of others. It is the purpose of the author to observe this rule; and in so doing he has