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hot fire of our meu on land as well as a scathing fire from the gunboats. It seemed as, from our coign of vantage, we saw these Filipinos running out of cover into the field, and then saw our men after them like fury, that we were watching some terrific foot-ball game.

THE LOSS ON BOTH SIDES The record of casualties on our side was a short one. No one was killed in this action. William Somars, Company D, 14th Inf., was cut in the right arm with a bolo knife in the hands of a wounded insurgent; 1st Sergt. Wall, Company A, had a gun-shot wound in the wrist; Private Pitts, Company G, a gun-shot wound in the head, which proved fatal. In the 4th Cav., 2d Lieut. Eltinge was shot in the finger, J. Grabowski, Troop G, shot in the head seriously; in the Idahos, A. Pearson, Company A, gun-shot wound on the wrist; G. B. Manning, Company C, shot in the foot. No one was missing.

No one was missing. The enemy's loss was ninetythree killed, thirty wounded, of whom three died; prisoners, forty-one. The wounded both of the insurgents and ours were sent to Manila on a casco that night.

THE WORK OF THE GUNBOATS. The gunboats the Laguna de Bay, the Oesta and the Napidan did fine work under Capt. Grant. Capt. Gale was put in charge of the city of Santa Cruz with his command of cavalry; and at six o'clock, on the morning of the 11th, Lawton set out to hunt up the fleeing Filipinos. Capt. Grant from his boat reported that the natives were seen retreating towards the head of the bay.

Some of the reports of the subordinate commanders are good reading. One characteristic report is that of Maj. Figgins, of the Idahos. He closes it with this entry: “Estimate of killed and wounded Filipinos: April 9th, killed eight, wounded none; April 10th, killed thirty, wounded none." It would seem from this that the Idahos were out to kill, and that everything they hit died. Capt. Gale reported that all he needed was ammunition, which he ran out of, or he would have taken the town himself. One of the 14th Inf. boys stated to the reporters that he had been gored by a carabao bull, as his regiment charged. He was, indeed, all torn and ripped. But he had self-command enough to take the bull by the hind-foot and hold him till the rest of his squad got together and shot the animal. This is a better thing than taking the bull by the horns.

MOVEMENTS AFTER THE FIGHT. From Santa Cruz the Americans chased the enemy in the direction of Pagsanjan, a beautiful village, nestled at the foot of the mountains, which, at this northern end of Laguna de Bay, rise like a rim of bastions from the level face of the fields. The broad avenues, well macadamized, which we marched over, indicated prosperity, and the fine cocoa-nut groves, that bordered our way, gave us grateful shade, as we took a quick march among song-birds and the dew. We had gone not more than a mile when the crackle-crackle-crackle of Mausers told us that the day's work was on. At 7:15 the 14th Inf. deployed into the palm woods; then the Idahos came up and deployed to the right; then the North Dakotas and deployed to the left. A general advance was at once made, but it met with 110 further resistance. Pagsanjan was taken without a shot. In the center of this fine town there is an old Spanish monument, from which the natives have taken the original inscriptions and put in inscriptions of their own; one of these is to "E. Aguinaldo, el Libertador.” In this town there was an air of so much refinement and wealth that it seemed strange, that such intelligent folk should run off before a civilized army, as if it were the hosts of Timur.

One poor woman was left in town; but she was curled up in a clothes basket. Lieut. Hartman, of the Idahos, discovered her there; but the gallant officer from the Silver State was so embarrassed that he was golden in his silence, and bowed sweetly, smiled and vanished, finding the situation more trying to him than to the poor, half-dead lady. Hens and chickens were in plenty. Dogs gave us but a cold welcome. The soldiers halted an hour or two. Some geese and hens fell under their conquering blades. But the town was policed and left in the same good state of preservation in which Lawton's army found it.

Maj. Weisenburger took six troops of infantry forward along the Lumban River, to effect a junction at its entrance with the gunboat Laguna de Bay. About two miles down the river the rebels again made a stand for a couple of hours, but were dislodged. The troops then marched to the lake and took their supper on the beach.



The Idahos under Maj. Figgins camped in the church at Lumban. The orders were very strict about looting. But the old Major said he thought he could construe them so as to let his men catch chickens, and take mats from the houses to cover them from the dew. One brawny miner was hauling away a piece of carpet, and was thus found by Gen. Lawton. Lawton took him up to Maj. Figgins. “What is the charge, General ?" asked Figgins. "I found this man looting," answered the General. “All right, General," said Figgins, "leave him to me. I'll deal with him." When Lawton went away, the Major turned to his man who was an Irishman : “You big galoot; why did you let the General catch you? Now off with you, and get your carpet, and don't let me see you get caught again."

During the action along the Lumban or Pagsanjan River, the expedition captured six rebel launches and two cascos. It was impossible to bring these out into the lake until dredges were used. The insurgents had put obstructions in the river and a bar had formed. While waiting for these bars to be removed, Maj. Weisenburger led the advance along the lake from Lumban to Longos. He met no resistance up to this point. The road was a good one, running between the lake and the mountains. As the soldiers looked around them, they saw scenery which reminded some of California, some of Georgia, some of other fine mountain lands they had seen. The valleys and ravines were thickly overgrown

with underbrush; but on high the palm tree lifted its disheveled head like a woman in grief. Brooks burst out of the side of hills, at which the men filled their canteens and were refreshed. About noon, the column halted to take lunch at Longos, a small town which straggles along the road, has good water, and a fine old church. All the natives had left, and our lads were enjoying a quiet meal.

All at once the bugles blew. The boys laid down their half-eaten meal, and got out in the road in battle array. One man in the 6th Art., loaned me his cup. It was full of hot tea, and he did not want to have me throw it away, so he shouted me as he unlimbered his gun: “You keep the tin, and bring it on. Iv'e got to go.” He was off immediately. The firing increased and lasted for two hours. I waited at the old church of Longos. At four o'clock a quiet little procession came, bearing three men, one shot seriously, two fatally.




The doctor came in and told them they would die in an hour. One looked to the other and smiled; “Well, its all right, let us die bravely." They died at five o'clock. Chaplain Father McKinnon of the 1st Californias, and Chaplain Stephenson, of the 1st Idahos, did beautiful service for the men that day. They got them tea and food, or took their dying messages and prepared them for the last. At six o'clock a second procession came with three silent stretchers. All dead. They laid out on the church aisle at Longos five men, with strong, firm faces, under the dim altar light. The firing ceased. Father McKinnon was kneeling at the sanctuary with a wounded man, now giving him nourishing draughts, now giving him consolation, now staunching his wounds. All quiet, all sacred. Out in the sky the Southern Cross shone brightly; in the dim aisle the face of the Virgin was suffused as with tears.

What had happened was this: Maj. Weisenburger sent Maj. Fraine of the North Dakotas ahead to reconnoiter the road between Longos and Paete, San Antonio. The battalion marched three-quarters of a mile in columns of fours, with point two hundred yards in advance of column, point being followed by twenty sharpshooters, at a dislance of one hundred yards, and with sharpshooters out on the right flank in the jungle.

The country, away from the road, was an impenetrable jungle, and on the right, rising at angles of about forty-five degrees, were gullies and dry beds of water-courses. At half past three, the point signaled back that the insurgents were seventy-five yards ahead, behind strong entrenchments. The sharpshooters were brought up and deployed. At that time a heavy fire from our right flank, extending the entire length of the command, was poured into us. A platoon from each company was sent into the jungle, the left resting on the road, the right swinging up the hill and making a left turn.

While this was going on Lieut. Brooke, of the staff, arrived, and shortly afterwards Maj. Weisenburger with the mountain battery and the Washingtons. They took up a position in front of the entrenchment, first noticed by our point. Lieut.


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MAP SHOWING MOVEMENT OF GEN. LAWTON'S LAKE EXPEDITION. Copyrighted by P. E Lamar. Brooke deserves great credit for the coolness with which he steadied the men with him. When that part of the line was receiving a terrific hail of lead, his courage, good-nature and calmness communicated itself to the men. Everybody did his duty well. After two hours' sharp fighting the entrenchment was passed, and the Americans went on and entered Paete at six o'clock. The conduct of the officers and men was exceptionally good on this occasion. Maj. Fraine said afterwards that no fear was shown, no orders misunderstood, and all worked well. He mentioned the conduct of Lieut. Brooke, and also of Private John I. Wamples, Company D, Idahos, and Thomas Sletteland of Company C, who volunteered to take extremely dangerous positions where they could observe the enemy in their trenches. The loss to the one regiment of the North Dakotas was five killed and one wounded. The killed were, Corp. Isador Driscoll; Privates Peter Tompkins, Alfred Almen, William C. Lamb, Company C, and Musician George Schneller, Company I. Wounded, Private Herbert J. Fyles, Company I. The Laguna de Bay shelled the rebels in this engagement, and the 14th Inf. and 6th Art. reinforced Maj. Fraine. Sergt. Charlton, of the Washingtons, was also wounded.

RETURN TO MANILA. On the 15th of April, Gen. Otis sent word to Gen. Lawton that the expedition would have to return to Manila, owing to military necessities arising in other parts of the field of war. Our men then rested quietly at Paete for two or three days,

The town of Paete is situated at the mouth of a ravine. On the high hills above us we watched the rebels bury their dead, after their fight on the 12th. A strict guard was placed at all the avenues to the town. It was a pleasant camping ground. The streams that flow from the hills come through the town and cool the warm heart of it. Springs and cool gardens abound. The palm and the plantain throw delicious shadows. The hills are ever changing in glorious, verdurous robes. It is a land of sunny days and starry nights; of river-beds gleaming, and hills crowded with waiting metals.

Such is Laguna de Bay country—a land even richer and fairer than has been described. The Idahos went to panning gold and found in the streams of Paete that the waters do truly “wander o'er sands of gold.” Of course, all were tired of their cramped life and were glad when the orders came that embarked them on the launches and cascos, and bore them back to Manila.

The expedition accomplished this: It captured six launches and two cascos; one hundred and twenty-five of the enemy were killed, thirty wounded and forty taken prisoners. Sixty Chinamen, who begged to be taken from Santa Cruz, were brought to Manila. When we pulled out from Santa Cruz, amid the golden glory of mountain sunset, we saw the rebel fires on the hills and discerned that the insurrectos were back in the town. Yet, much was learned on this expedition; among other things the fine qualities of our soldiers, and the wonderfully rich and varied country which in Luzon lies near the door of the capital.

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