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artillery participated in the engagement with some effect. Telegraphic instructions were received from Corps Headquarters that peaceful conditions would obtain while representatives of insurgent government, who had come in through Gen. MacArthur's lines, remained. April 30th, two companies of the 22d Inf. were sent with wagons from Angat to meet supply train · coming from Bocaue and relieve its escort, a battalion of the 51st Iowa Volunteer Inf., and allow part of the wagons to return. Instructions were received from Corps Headquarters that upon moving, the objective would be Baliuag, where a strong
SUPPLIES FOR GEN. LAWTON'S TROOPS. force (3000) of insurgents was reported to be. Information was received from the same source that the armistice requested by the enemy had not been granted. Much difficulty was experienced by the Quartermaster Department in bringing supplies from Bocaue. The mules were very soft, and the teamsters and packers, almost without exception, were inexperienced.
YOUNG'S SCOUTS ORGANIZED. Mr. W. H. Young, previously mentioned, was employed as guide and scout, and placed in charge of twenty-five selected men who were detailed by name from the 4th Cav., 2d Oregon Volunteer Inf., and the 1st North Dakotas.
SAN RAFAEL CAPTURED AGAIN. The rations arriving at Angat in good season, May 1st, issue was made as speedily as possible, and the Oregons, Minnesotas, 3d Inf., Scott's platoon, under command of Col. Summers, moved down the right bank of the river toward San Rafael. Gale's squadron, 4th Cav., was ordered to be reported to Col. Summers for duty with his column. The remainder of the expeditionary forces, under command of Col. Treumann, moved down the left bank of the river as a co-operative force. Gen. Lawton accompanied Col. Summers' column, and Maj. Charles G. Start of the staff, the force on the south bank.
The enemy was developed on the north bank by the scouts about one and onehalf miles above San Rafael. Private Harrington, scout, accompanied by one other, was well in advance of the left of our skirmish line. They steadily advanced, taking advantage of every shelter, entered the village, constantly firing, and steadily pushed back and drove a large force from the village and rang the bell in the belfry before our troops entered. The enemy were driven through the town under the fire of the Oregons and Minnesotas, and made a stand across the river from the town. Scott's Battery was brought into action, and the force on the south bank of the river co-operating, the enemy dispersed. The strength of the enemy estimated at about 1000. Our casualties, one enlisted man, 13th Minnesota, killed; one man, Battery D, 6th Art., and three men, 2d Oregon, wounded.
The town of San Rafael thus occupied by our forces was found deserted by the inhabitants. But little rice was found in the grainaries of the town. The troops on the north bank of the river remained in the town during the night, those on the south bank bivouacked opposite the town. Telegraphic communication was now via Bocaue, from which point a line had been constructed with the advance of the supply train. Information was received that a line was now in progress of construction via Quingua, to meet the expedition at some favorable time and place in the future.
THE COLUMN REACHES BALIUAG. At daybreak, the 2d of May, the commands on both sides of the river left their bivouacs of the night and continued the advance down the river toward Baliuag on the north bank, and Bustos on the opposite bank. About one mile
from the latter town, Col. Treumann's command encountered the enemy, and forced them back and through the town which our forces occupied at 11:30 A. M. A half hour later, Col. Treumann's scouts crossed the river to Baliuag and rang the cathedral bells to announce their arrival. Col. Summers' column developed a force of the enemy about two miles out from San Rafael and easily forced them back for about two miles, when we came in view of the troops and citizens fleeing in great confusion along the road to the north (toward San Miguel). Owing to the great number of women and children and what appeared to be wounded, being carried on litters, our fire ceased, and a flag of truce was sent out, hoping we might assure them of their safety. Capt. J. F. Case, 2d Oregons, Acting Engineer Officer of the expedi
tion, with Private Schnutenhaus, 1st Idaho Volunteer Inf., as orderly, conducted the flag toward these people until at a point within about 500 yards of them, fire was opened on the flag detachment, and it returned to our lines without casualty. Col. Summers' troops were then deployed in the hope of surrounding the fugitives by advancing our right flank, but they scattered in dire confusion. Capt. Gale, in charge of his three dismounted troops and the mounted Troop I, 4th Cav., was sent up the San Miguel Road in the hope that a hurried march would allow him to get far enough north to turn to the left and cut off the fleeing force that was making for the marsh. When about three miles out, this command run into what was believed to be the rear guard of the enemy, belonging to, or bound for San Miguel. A sharp engagement followed, in which the enemy were driven rapidly north. It was midday and excessively hot, and this pursuit was at the end of a day's march. The resultant strain on the men of this seasoned organization, as well as on others of the command, may be imagined, when the facts are considered, that in less than twenty minutes thirty-five men fell out from the two dismounted troops with heat prostration, eight of them were in a comatose condition. For this reason the pursuit was discontinued. The loss suffered by the enemy was undoubtedly severe, as seen by our troops, and corroborated by a Spaniard, found at Baliuag. Large numbers of dead and wounded insurgents were carried toward San Miguel on wheeled vehicles and on litters Several commissioned officers were FISHING FOR ALLIGATORS IN THE PASIG RIVER. included in the casualties of the enemy. It is known that six insurgents were killed, and fourteen wounded. It was learned that Gen. Gregorio del Pilar had had his headquarters at Baliuag with a force of 800 men, but on our advance had fallen back to San Miguel. Our casualties in the occupation of Baliuag were two enlisted men wounded.
NATIVES FED FROM THE CAPTURED STORES. The citizens of Bustos and Baliuag, like those of the other towns along our advance, had fled from their homes, but within a short time after our occupation of Baliuag many of the poorer class had returned to that town, and by dark, on the first night our troops were there, the native population had increased from a scant half dozen at noon, when we entered the town, to several hundred—so great was their confidence in our humanity as reported to them by the natives, through whose territory we had hitherto passed. They immediately commenced to beg for food, of which they claimed to have none, having been robbed by the insurgents.
Under the supervision of Capt. G. H. Gale, 4th U. S. Cav., Provost Marshal, the granary of the tax collector of the place, Capt. Esteban, of the insurgent army, was opened, and its 30,000 bushels distributed, each native, man or woman, who asked, receiving as much pilai, or unhulled rice, as he or she could carry. To prevent conveyance of stores to the enemy, strict orders were enforced, prohibiting the departure of any one from the town, to the north only, except on presentation of a pass from headquarters or other competent authority. All who wished were permitted to enter the town, and in many instances the male members of families having come in and investigated the conditions, they were allowed to return outside our lines for the purpose of bringing in their women and children.
VARIOUS MINOP. OPERATIONS. On the 3d, Col. Treumann's command forded the river from Bustos, and joined the remainder of the expedition at Baliuag. A suitable guard was left at Bustos. About three o'clock on the afternoon of the 3d of May, a scouting party was fired on by the insurgents, some three miles northeast of Baliuag on the San Miguel Road. Troop I, 4th Cav., was promptly sent out to assist the scouts. The enemy, in strength about two hundred, was dispersed without casualty to us. The pursuit was kept up until darkness came on.
Upon information from the Department Headquarters to the effect that the insurgents were constructing store-houses in the Maasim River country, scouts were sent out with instructions to destroy all stores and property belonging to insurgents, but to respect the persons and property of non-combatants.
Telegraphic communication was established via Malolos and Quingua, and proved much more reliable than the Bustos-Angat-Bocaue line, which was a source of much annoyance and hard work for the signal detachment, being frequently cut. On the 4th, one company of the 22d Inf. was sent to Quingua in accordance with instructions from Corps Headquarters, for the purpose of preserving telegraphic communication, and to assist in guarding railway lines in the vicinity of Malolos.
MAASIM OCCUPIED. Col. Summers with the Oregons, Minnesotas, 3d U. S. Inf., and the section of Utah Volunteer Light Artillery was ordered out, and left Baliuag about 6 A. M., May 4th, and advanced toward Maasim, a village on the Baliuag-San Miguel Road. Instructions were given that scouting parties be sent out from Maasim to make careful search of the country thereabouts to discover the insurgent stores reported to have been taken there, and to destroy the same, great care being taken to respect private property. Shortly before noon Col. Summers encountered the enemy and an engagement ensued, lasting about an hour, when the insurgents were forced to evacuate Maasim and retreat toward San Miguel. The enemy occupied trenches, and their strength was estimated at about four hundred. Our casualties were Capt. P. S. Heath, 2d Oregons, and two enlisted men, 13th Minnesotas, slightly wounded. Four dead insurgents were found on the field. This advance was beautifully made in the shape of a “V,” enveloping the enemy's position. Col. Summers in his report of the occupation of Maasim stated that two storehouses, containing about four tons of rice, had been found. He found the road in some places impassable without repairs, and that another heavy rain would render it altogether impassable for wagons.
LARGE AMOUNTS OF STORES CAPTURED The search for insurgent supplies from Baliuag had resulted in the finding of thirty-seven store-houses containing, on conservative estimate, 100,000 bushels of rice and 160 tons of sugar. Many other store-houses had not been examined when Lawton's report was made to Corps Headquarters. The buildings were of stone, with iron roofs, rendering it almost impossible to burn their contents—and from their location, to have burned these store-houses would have resulted in the destruction of much of the town. Instructions were requested as to the disposition of stores.
Chief Scout Young was instructed to proceed, on the afternoon of the 4th, with the entire detachment of scouts, in a northeasterly direction, covering the country between the San Rafael Road and the Maasim River, for the purpose of
locating and destroying all magazines, store-houses and caches of insurgent subsistence, or other supplies. He was instructed to keep a careful record of stores destroyed; that his party would not carry rations, but would subsist on the country traversed by them ; that the expedition should continue; that reports of progress be sent in at every opportunity practicable, and that his movements should be concealed from the enemy as much as possible, with whom no avoidable contact should be had, though he might, when returning, secure as many guns as possible from the insurgents. The usual instructions as to private persons and property were given.
Troop I, 4th Cav., was sent up the river toward the foothills of the mountains, to search out supplies of the enemy. The wagon train left Baliuag on the 4th, with ninety-two sick and wounded for Malolos, the sick and wounded to proceed thence by rail to Manila, and the wagons to bring the supplies back to Baliuag.
On May 6th, Col. Summers reported the destruction of 2000 bushels of rice, and that a reconnoissance toward San Miguel had developed the enemy entrenched near San Ildefonso in force, about 1500, and extending for about one mile. No shots were exchanged. It was reported to Corps Headquarters that the examination of store-houses had been completed, and that they contained at least 150,000 bushels of rice and 265 tons of sugar, in which estimate were not included small, or apparently private stores. These amounts did not include the stores found in Bustos, of which there was a large quantity, including maize. As the river from Baliuag is navigable for bancas, it was suggested the stores be shipped to market and sold at auction. To this suggestion, reply was received that until the navigation of the river had been tested, it was not apparent how the stores could be moved in that way. It was later directed that the stores be confiscated, and pending final determination of the matter that they be distributed to families residing in the vicinity who desired them. Col. Summers reported that scouting parties returning on the 5th, had destroyed 17,045 bushels and 644 sacks of rice and