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Indiana lest San Francisco October 27, 1898, and arrived at Manila November 30. 1898. carrying the following officers and men: Headquarters and Companies C, D, E, G, H, I, K, and M, 20th Kansas Volunteer Inf.; Hospital Corps, U. S. A., making a total of 30 officers and 717 men.

City of Puebla left San Francisco November 6, 1893, and arrived at Manila December 6, 1898, carrying the following officers and men: Companies D, G, H, I and K, 1st Tennessee Volunteer Inf.; Troop A, Nevada Cav., U. S. V.; detachment California Heavy Artillery, U. S. V.; 2d Oregon Inf., U. S. V.; Ist Tennessee Inf, U. S. V.; 23d Inf.; 18th Inf.; Battery D, 6th United States Art.; Commissary Sergeant, U. S. A.; 13th Minnesota Inf., U. S, V.; Hospital Corps, U. S. A., making a total of 24 officers and 572 men.

Newport left San Francisco November 8, 1898, and arrived at Manila December 7, 1898, carrying the following officers and men: Brigadier-General M. P. Miller, U. S. V.; 1st Lieut. C. G. Woodward, 31 United States Art., Aide-de-Camp; 1st Lieut. M. K. Barroll, 3d United States Art., Aide-de-Camp; Capt. John B. Jeffrey, Assistant Quartermaster, U. S. V., Chief Quartermaster; Capt. Daniel Van Voorhies, Chief Surgeon, U. S. V., Chief Commissary; Companies A, B, F and L, 26th Kansas Inf., U. S. V.; Light Battery A, Wyoming Art., U. S. V. Attached: Acting Assistant Surgeon, U. S. A.; Hospital Corps, U. S. A.; California Heavy Artillery, U. S. V.; 1st Washington Inf., U. S. V.; 23d United States Inf.; Commissary Sergeants U. S. A.; making a total of 24 officers and 466 men.

Pennsylvania left San Francisco November 3, 1898, and arrived at Manila December 7, 198, carrying the following officers and men: 51st Iowa Inf., U. S. V.; 14th United States Inf.; 18th United States Inf.; 2d Oregon Inf., U. S. V.; 1st Colorado Inf., U. S. V.; 20th Kansas Inf., U. S. V.; 1st Nebraska Inf., U. S. V.; Hospital Corps, U. S. A., making a total of 47 officers and 964 men.

SIXTH EXPEDITION—;9 Officers, 2505 Men and 3 Civilians.

Scandia left San Francisco January 26, 1899, and arrived at Manila February 23, 1899, carrying the following officers and men: Brigadier-Geneial Loyd Wheaton, U. S. V.; Maj. C. E. Stanton, Additional Paymaster, U. S. V.; Acting Assistant Surgeon W. R. Van Tuyl, U. S. A.; Acting Assistant Surgeon T. M. McCullom, U. S. A.; Acting Assistant Surgeon B. L. Johnson, U.S. A.; 4th United States Cav.; 14th United States Inf.; Hospital Corps, U. S. A.; 51st Iowa Volunteer Inf.; 20th United States Inf., making a total of 34 officers, 1193 men and 3 civilian clerks.

Tacoma, sailing ship, (supplies,) left Honolulu January 21, 1899, and arrived at Manila March 1, 1899, carrying the following officers and men: Acting Assistant Surgeon C. Y. Brownlee, U. S. A.; 4th United Stated Cav.; 1st Washington Volunteer Inf., making a total of 2 officers, 28 men, 19 civilians, also 81 cavalry horses and 119 mules.

Morgan City, (supplies,) left San Francisco January 26, 1899, and arrived at Manila March 2, 1899, carrying the following officers and men: 1st Lieut. W. J. Kirkpatrick, Assistant Surgeon, U. S. A.; Hospital Corps; 20th United States Inf., making a total of 5 officers and 7 men.

Senator left San Francisco February 1, 1889, and arrived at Manila March 4, 1899, carrying the following officers and men: Capt. J. S. Kulp, Assistant Surgeon, U. S. A.; Acting Assistant Surgeon, I. W. Brewer, U. S. A.; Capt. E. H. Fitzgerald, Chaplain, U. S. A.; Hospital Corps, U. S. A.; 22d United States Inf., Headquarters and Companies A, B, D, H, K and M, making a total of 18 officers and 602 men.

Ohio left San Francisco February 1, 1899, and arrived at Manila March 5, 1899, carrying the following officers and men: 1st Lieut. R. P. Strong, Assistant Surgeon, U. S. A.; C. N. Andrews, Acting Assistant Surgeon, U. S. A.; 4th U. S. Cav.; 10th United States Inf.; 3.1 United States Art. (recruits); 6th United States Art. (recruits ; 11th United States Inf. (recruits); 18th United States Inf. (recruits); 23d United States Inf. (recruits); Hospital Corps, U. S, A.; 22d United States Inf., Companies C, E, F, G, I and L, making a total of 17 officers and 710 men.

Grant left New York January 19, 1899, and arrived at Manila, via Suez Canal, March 10, 1899, carrying the following osiicers and mep: Major-General H. W. Lawton, U. S. V.; Maj. C. R. Edwards, Assistant Adjutant-General, U. S. V.; Maj. C. G. Starr, Inspector-General, U. S. V.; Capt. R. Sewell, Assistant Adjutant-General, U. S. V., Aide-de-Camp to General Lawton; 1st lieut. W. Brookes, 4th United States Inf., Aide-de-Camp to General Lawton; 2d Lieut. E.L. King. 8th United States Cav., Aide-de-Camp to General Lawton; Brigadier-General R. H. Hall, U. S. V., commanding 4th United States Inf.; Capt. E. Reichman, Assistant Adjutant-General U. S. V., commanding Company G, 17th Inf.; Capt. G. de Shon, Assistant Surgeon, U. S. A.; Acting Assistant Surgeon P. M. Ashburn, U. S. A.; Acting Assistant Surgeon A. C. Ghiselia, U. S. A.; Acting Assistant Surgeon L. F. Hess, U. S. A.; 14th United States Inf.; 18th United States Inf.; 23d United States Inf.; Signal Corps, U. S. A.; Hospital Corps, U. S. A.; 4th United States Inf.; 17th United States Inf., making a total of 53 officers, 1688 men and 4 civilian clerks.

Sherman left New York February 3, 1899, and arrived at Manila, via Suez Canal, March 22, 1899, carrying the following officers and men: Capt. J. D. Poindescter, Assistant Sur, eon, U. S. A.; 1st Lieut. R. B. Westnedge, Assistant Surgeon, U. S. A.; Acting Assistant Surgeon G. S. Pitcher, U. S. A.; Acting Assistant Surgeon J. B. Darling, U. S. A.; Acting Assistant Surgeon F. B. Bowman, U. S. A.; Acting Assistant Surgeon A. B. Smith, U. S. A.; Capt. P. J. Hart, Chaplain, U. S. A.; Hospital Corps, U. S. A.; 3d United Stated Inf.; 17th United States Inf., making a total of 39 officers, 1689 men and 1 civilian clerk.

Sheridan left New York February 19, 1899, and arrived at Manila, via Suez Canal, April 14, 1899, carrying the following officers and men: Capt. F. A. Winter, As-istant Surgeon, U. S. A.; 1st Lieut. E. W. Pinkham, Assistant Surgeon, U. S. A.; Acting Assistant Surgeon 0. C. Heise, U. S. A.; Acting Assistant Surgeon T. L. Lowe, 12th United States Inf.; 17th United States Inf., Headquarters and Companies A, C, E and F; 3d United States Inf.; 4th United States Inf.; 14th United States Inf.; 18th United States Inf.; 20th United States Inf.; 2d United States Inf.; Hospital Corps, making a total of 57 officers and 1786 men.

Roanoke, (supplies,) left San Francisco February 26, 1899 and arrived at Manila March 29, 1899, carrying the following officers and men: Lieutenant-Colonel J. D. Miley, InspectorGeneral, U. S. V.; Acting Assistant Surgeon S. F. Fraser, U. S. A.; 14th United States Inf.; 20th United States Inf.; 22d United States Inf.; 23d United States Inf.; Hospital Corps, making a total of 3 officers, 100 men and 1 civilian clerk.

Portland, (supply ship,) left San Francisco March 2, 1899, and arrived at Manila April 10, 1899, carrying the following officers and men: Capt. J. A. Logan, Jr., Chief Surgeon, U. S. V.; Acting Assistant Surgeon T. A. McCulloch, U. S. A.; 2d United States Inf.; 14th United States Inf.; 18th United States Inf.; 22d United States Inf.; 23d United States Inf,; 3d United States Art.; Hospital Corps, making a total of 11 officers and 95 men.

Connemaugh (supply ship,) left San Francisco March 11, 1899, and arrived at Manila April 20, 1899, carrying the following officers and men : Capt. E. R. Butler, Assistant Quartermaster, U. S. V.; Hospital Corps, U. S. A., making a total of 1 officer, 2 men; and also 1 civilian clerk, 32 civilian teamsters and 28+ mules.

City of Puebla left San Francisco March 24, 1899, and arrived at Manila April 23, 1899, carrying the following officers and men: 9th United States Inf., Headquarters and Companies A, F, G, I, L and M; Hospital Corps, making a total of 14 officers and 680 men.

Zealandia left San Francisco March 28, 1899, and arrived at Manila April 27, 1899, carrying the following officers and men: Acting Assistant Surgeon H. W. Elliott, U. S. A.; 9th United States Inf., Companies B, C, D, E, H and K; Hospital Corps, making a total of 12 officers and 524 men.

Nelson (supply ship,) left San Francisco March 30, 1899, and arrived at Manila May 2, 1899, carrying the following officers and men: Acting Assistant Surgeon S. Wythe, U. S. A.; 18th United States Inf.; 3d United States Iuf.; 6th United States Art.; Signal Corps; Hospital Corps; General Staff, making a total of 2 officers and 60 meni.

Hancock (formerly Arizona) left San Francisco April 18, 1899, and arrived at Manila May 11, 1899, carrying the following officers and men: Maj. W. P. Kendall, Surgeon, U. S. V.; lst Lieut. H. E. Wetherill, Assistant Surgeon, U. S. A.; Acting Assistant Surgeon J. H. Hepburn, U. S. A.; Acting Assistant Surgeon C. M. Drake, U. S. A.; 21st United States Inf., 9th United States Inf.; Light Battery E, 1st United States Art.; 7th United States Art.; Hospital Corps, U. S. A., making a total of 40 officers and 1450 men.

Warren (formerly Scandia) left San Francisco April 20, 1899, and arrived at Manila May 18, 1899, carrying the following officers and men: Brigadier-General E. B. Williston, U. S. V.; Maj. G. L. Edie, Surgeon U. S. V.; 1st Lieut. W. J. Calvert, Assistant Surgeon, U. S. A.; 1st Lieut. E. H. Hartness, Assistant Surgeon, U. S. A.; 1st Lieut. P. C. March, 5th United States Art., Aide-de-Camp to Major-General MacArthur; Acting Assistant Surgeon E. E. Persons, U.S. A.; Acting Assistant Surgeon W. P. Benta, U. S. A.; 6th United States Art.; 3d United States Art.; 4th United States Cav.; 3d United States Inf.; 9th United States Inf.; 12th United States Inf.; 14th United States Inf.; 17th United States Inf.; 20th United States Inf.; 22d United States Inf.; Hospital Corps, making a total of 28 officers and 1182 men.

Newport left San Francisco April 20, 1899, and arrived at Manila May 23, 1899, carrying the following officers and men: Acting Assistant Surgeon E. F. Robinson, U. S. A.; Acting Assistant Surgeon H. L. Coffin; 1st United States Art.; Light Battery F, 4th United States Art.; Light Battery F, 5th United States Art.; General Staff; Hospital Corps, making a total of 11 officers, 224 men and also 15 officers, 258 enlisted men, Marine Corps; 6 government female nurses, 8 Red Cross female nurses, 2 women and 4 civilians.

Morgan City left San Francisco April 25, 1899, and arrived at Manila May 27, 1899, carrying the following officers and men: Acting Assistant Surgeon J. G. Reifsnydeer, U. S. A.; Acting Assistant Surgeon J. M. Williams, U. S. A.; 4th United States Cav.; 6th United States Art.; 9th United States Inf.; 12th United States Inf.; 14th United States Inf.; 18th United States Inf.; 21st United States Inf.; 22d United States Inf.; 23d United States Inf.; Signal Corps, U. S. A.; Hospital Corps, U. S. A., making a total of 10 officers and 606 men.

Ohio left San Francisco April 27, 1899, and arrived at Manila May 29, 1899, carrying the following officers and men: Acting Assistant Surgeon P. W. Beckman, U. S. A.; Acting Assistant Surgeon H. E. Stafford, U. S. A.; 13th United States Inf., Companies B, D, E, K, L and M; recruits; Signal Corps, U. S. A.; Hospital Corps, U. S. A ; Commissary Sergeants; making a total of 15 officers and 763 men.

Senator left San Francisco April 27, 1899, and arrived at Manila May 29, 1899, carrying the following officers and men: Maj. H. I. Raymond, Surgeon U. S. A.; Acting Assistant Surgeon G. W. Roberts, U. S. A.; Acting Assistant Surgeon C. B. Mittelstaedt; 13th United States Inf., Headquarters and Companies A, C, F, G, H and I; recruits Hospital Corps, U. S. A.; 9th United States Inf.; 14th United States Inf., making a total of 19 officers and 679 men.

Sherman left San Francisco May 22, 1899, and arrived at Manila June 18, 1899, carrying the following officers and men: Brigadier-General J. C. Bates, U.S. V.; Brigadier-General F. D. Grant, U. S. V.; Capt. S. E. Smiley, 15th United States Inf., Aide-de-Camp to General Bates; 1st Lieut. C. W. Fenton, 5th United States Cav., Aide-de-Camp to General Grant; Naj. B. Halloway, Additional Paymaster, U. S. V.; Maj. J. A. Canby, Additional Paymaster, U.S. V.; Capt. J. Baxter, Jr., Assistant Quartermaster, U. S. A.; Capt. J. A. Randolph, Post Char ain, U. S. A.; Capt. and Assistant Surgeon C. Lynch, C. S. A.; Acting Assistant Surgeon H. E. Manage, U. S. A.; Acting Assistant Surgeon B. F. Van Meter, C. S. A.; Acting Assistant Surgeon W. L. Whittington, U. S. A.; Acting Assistant Surgeon J. T. Halsell, U. S. A.; 4th United States Cav.; 3d United States Art.; 6th United States Art.; 3d United States Inf.; 4th United States Inf.; 6th United States Inf.; 9th United States luf.; 12th United States Inf.; 15th United States Inf.; 14th United States Inf.; 17th United States Inf.; 18th Cuited States Inf.; 20th United States Inf.; 21st United States Inf.; 23d United States Inf.; Company A Engineer Battalion, U. S. A.; Signal Corps, U S. A.; Hospital Corps, U. S. A.; Commissary Sergeant, U. S. A., making a total of 46 officers, 1743 men and 5 civilian employees.

Grant left San Francisco May 30, 1899, and arrived at Manila June 26, 1899, carrying the following officers and men: Maj. Henry S. T. Harris, Brigade Surgeon, U. S. V.; Acting Assistant Surgeon W. H. Dade, U. S. A.; Acting Assistant Surgeon C. D. Lloyd, U. S. A ; Acting Assistant Surgeon S. Richmond, U. S. A.; Capt. M. M. McMillan, Acting Quartermaster, U. S. V., Capt. Walter Marvine, Post Chaplain, U. S. A.; 16th United States Inf.; lst

United States Art.; 6th United States Art.; 9th United States Inf.; 12th United States Inf.; 18th United States Inf.; 21st United States Inf.; 13th Minnesota Inf.; Signal Corps, U. S. A.; Hospital Corps; Post Quartermaster Sergeant; recruits, making a total of 42 officers and 1655 men.

VESSELS SAILED FROM SAN FRANCISCO SINCE JUNE 1, 1899. June 22, Zealandia; June 24, Sheridan; June 28, Valencia. July 1, Pennsylvania; July 3, Wyefeld, freight and 140 horses; July 11, Covenaugh, freight and 300 horses; July 13, City of Para; July 21, Tarter; July 26, New York; July 27, Ohio; July 27, (Ship) Tacoma, 260 horses. August 10, Indiana; August 10, Morgan City; August 14, St. Paul; August 15, Senator; August 18, City of Sidney; August 19, Siam, 373 horses and freight; August 29, City of Puebla; August 29, Leelanaw, 260 horses and freight. September 2, Warren; September 8, Columbia; September 10, Aztec, 364 horses and freight; September 16, Belgian King.

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LIBRARY

OF THE
UNIVERSITY

CF
CALIFORNIA

CHAPTER V.

THE CAPTURE OF MANILA.

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HE arrival of the first detachment of American troops on June

30, 1898, found Dewey in possession of Manila Bay and of all the shore fortifications from Corregidor to Malate. The Filipinos had possession of all the interior of Luzon Island, and the Spanish forces, numbering about 5600 men, under Governor-General Augustin, were hemmed in Manila.

With the American feet in possession of the bay and the Filipinos holding the interior, there was but one possible outcome of the siege, and yet the Spanish position in the city

was by no means weak. If well defended by a force sufficient to man the fortifications, it was well nigh impregnable to troops unsupported by heavy artillery. The defenses consisted of two walls surrounding the old town, known as the “Walled City,” and numerous outlying works. The attack of the American forces was directed against the fortifications on the south and east of the city, and a description of these will serve for a description of the whole.

THE FORTIFICATIONS OF MANILA.

The west wall was built to ward off a sea attack; the south and east an attack by land. The total length of the south and east wall is 4900 feet, the south wall being 3300 and the east wall 1600 feet long. There are two of these walls, known as the inner and the outer wall. The outer wall is 15 feet high, on an incline from the top to the bottom on the outside, and the inner wall has a height of 25 feet, and is so arranged that firing is done over the heads of those occupying the outer wall. These walls are built of heavy masonry and are from 15 to 25 feet in width on the top, and so arranged that a large force can occupy them and be sheltered from a front fire. For instance, on the top of the inner wall there is a space about 20 feet in width which the troops occupy in action. In front of them is a stone wall 6 feet high, through which are loopholes. There is a moat surrounding the outer wall 100 feet wide, now nearly filled with debris and offal, in which water stands the year round. Between the walls is another moat varying in width from 125 to 150 feet, in a condition like the outer inoat. In this inside moat are three bastions, built in the same manner as the walls and connected with the inner wall by foot bridges. All these bastions and walls are surmounted by guns, some modern and heavy, others ancient and comparatively useless in modern warfare.

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