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For the Antiquarian Repertory. hearth with their cheerful neighbours, In the parish of Berlen, near Snodland, and then in the spicy wassell-bowl (which in the county of Kent, are the vestiges of testifies the goodness of their hearts) a very old mansion, known by the name drowned every former animosity-an exof Grores. Being on the spot before the ample worthy modern imitation. Wassell, workmen began to pull down the front, was the word ; Wassell, every guest returnI had the curiosity to examine its interior ed as he took the circling goblet from his remains, when, amongst other things well friend, whilst song and civil mirth worth observation, appeared in the large brought in the infant year. This annual oak beam that supported the chimney- custom, says Geoffrey of Monmouth, had piece, a curious piece of carved work, of its rise from Rouix, or Rowen, or as some which the preceding is an exact copy. Its will have it, Rowena, daughter of the singularity induced me to set about an Saxon Hengist; she, at the command of investigation, which, to my satisfaction, her father, who bad invited the British was not long without success. The large king Voltigern to a banquet, came in the

bowl in the middle is the figure of the presence with a bowl of wine, and welold wassell-bowl, so much the delight of comed him in these words, Louerd king our hardy ancestors, who, on the vigil of wass-heil; he in return, by the help of an the new year, never failed (says my interpreter, answered, Drinc heile; and, author) to assemble round the glowing if we may credit Robert of Gloster,

Buste hire and sitte hire adoune and glad dronke hire heil
And that was tho in this land the berst was-hail
as in language of Saroyne that we might evere iwite

And so well he paith the fole about, that he is yut vorgute.
Thomas De Le Moor, in his “Life of with such sort of work before the four-
Edward the Second," says partly the teenth century.

T. N. same as Robert of Gloster, and only adds, that Wass-haile and Drinc-hail The following pleasant old song, in were the usual phrases of quaffing amongst serted by Mr. Brand, from Ritson's col

the earliest civilized inhabitants of this lection of “ Antient Songs," was met with island,

by the Editor of the Every-day Book, in The two birds upon the bowl did for 1819, at the printing-office of Mr. Rann, some time put me to a stand, till meeting at Dudley, printed by him for the Waswith a communicative person at Hobar- sailers of Staffordshire and Warwicktow, he assured me they were two hawks, shire. It went formerly to the tune of

I soon plainly perceived by their bills Gallants come away.und beaks, and were a rebus of the A CARROLL FOR A WASSELL-BOWL. builder's name. There was a string from

A jolly Wassel. Bowl, the deck of one bird to the other, which, A Wassel of good ale, it is reasonable to conjecture, was to note Well fare the butler's soul, that they must be joined together to That setteth this to sale ; show their signification, admitting this,

Our jolly Wassel. they were to be red hawks. Upon in

Good Dame, here at your door quiry, I found a Mr. Henry Hawks, the Our Wassel we begin, owner of a farm adjoining to Groves; he We are all maidens poor, assured me, his father kept Grove farm We pray now let us in, about forty years since, and that it was

With our Wassel. built by one of their name, and had been

Our Wassel we do fill in his family upwards of four hundred

With apples and with spice, years, as appeared by an old lease in his Then grant us your good will possession.

To taste here once

or twice The apple branches on each side of the

Of our good Wassel. bowl, I think, means no more than that

If any maidens be they drank good cyder at their Wassells.

Here dwelling in this house, Saxon words at the extremities of the They kindly will agree beam are already explained ; and the To take a full carouse mask carved brackets beneath, correspond

Qf our Wassel.


But here they let us stand

thoroughly liquefied, his loquacity is deAll freezing in the cold;

luging. He is thus in public-house par. Good master, give coinmand,

lours: he is in parties somewhat higher, To enter and be bold,

much the same. The business of dinner With our Wassel.

draws on the greater business of drinking, Much joy into this ball

and the potations are strong and fiery; With us is entered in,

full-bodied port, hot sherry, and ardent Our master first of all,

spirits. This occupation consumes five We hope will now begin,

or six hours, and sometimes more, after Of our Wassel : dining. There is no rising from it, but

to toss off the glass, and huzza after the And after his good wise Our spiced bowl will try,

“ hip! hip! lip!” of the toast giver. A

calculation of the number who customaThe Lord prolong your life, Good fortune we espy,

rily “ dine out" in this manner half the For our Wassel. week, would be very amusing, if it were

illustrated by portraits of some of the Some bounty from your hands,

indulgers. It might be further, and more Our Wassel to maintain : We'll bur no house nor lands

usefully, though not so agreeably illusWith that which we do gain,

trated, by the reports of physicians, wives, With our Wassel.

and nurses, and the bills of apothecaries.

Habitual sitting to drink is the “ besetting This is our merry night

sin" of Enghishmen-the creator of their Of choosing King and Queen, gout and paisy, the embitterer of their Then be it your delight

enjoyments, the impoverisher of their That something may be seen

property, the widow-maker of their wives. In our Wassel.

By continuing the “ wassail" of our anIt is a noble part

cestors,we attempt to cultivate the body as To bear a liberal mind,

they did; but we are other beings, cultiGod bless our master's heart,

vared in other ways, with faculties and For here we comfort find,

powers of mind that would have astonished With our Wassel.

iheir generations, more than their robust And now we must be gone,

frames, if they could appear, would astoTo seek out more good cheer;

nish ours. Their employment was in Where bounty will be shown,

hunting their forests for food, or battling As we have found it here,

in armour with risk of life and limb. They With our Wassel. had no counting-houses, no ledgers, no

commerce, no Christmas bills, no letterMuch joy betide them all, Our prayers shall be still,

writing, no printing, no engraving, no We hope and ever shall,

bending over the desk, no" wasting of the For this your great good will,

midnight oil” and the brain together, no To our Wassel. financing, not a bundredth part of the

relationships in society, nor of the cares From the “Wassail” we derive, per- that we have, who “ wassail” as they did, haps, a feature by which we are distin- and wonder we are not so strong as they guished. An Englishman eats no more were. There were no Popes por Addithan a Frenchman; but he makes yule- sons in the days of Nimrod. tide of all the year. In virtue of his The most perfect fragment of the “wasforefathers, he is given to “strong drink.” sail" exists in the usage of certain corHe is a beer-drinker, an enjoyer of “ fat poration festivals. The person presiding ale;" a lover of the best London porter stands up at the close of dinner, and and double XX, and discontented unless drinks from a flaggon usually of silver he can get "stout.” He is a sitter withal. having a handle on each side, by which Put an Englishman “ behind a pipe" and he holds it with each hand, and the toasta full pot, and he will sit till he cannot master announces him as drinking " the stand. Ai first he is silent; but as his health of his brethren out of the · loring liquor gets towards the bottom, he inclines cup. The loving cup, which is the antowards conversation; as be replenishes, cient wassail-bowl, is then passed to the his coldness thaws, and he is conversa- guest on his left hand, and by him to his tional; the oftener he calls to“ fill again,' left-hand neighbour, and as it finds its the more talkative he becomes; and when way round the room to each guest in his turn, so each stands up and drinks to the The subsequent song is sung in Glous president “out of the loving cup.cestershire on New-year's eve :

Wassail! Wassail ! over the town,
Our toast it is white, our ale it is brown :
Our bowl it is made of a maplin tree,
We be good fellows all; I drink to thee.

Here's to

and to his right ear,
God send our maister a happy New Year;
A happy New Year as e'er he did seem
With my Wassailing bowl I drink to thee.

Here's to ****, t and to his right eye,
God send our mistress a good Christmas pye:
A good Christmas pye as e'er I did see-
With my Wassailing bowl I drink to thee.

Here's to Filpail, f and her long tail,
God send our measter us never may fail
Of a cup of good beer; I pray you draw near,
And then you shall hear our jolly wassail.
Be here any maids, I suppose here be some;
Sure they will not let young men stand on the cold stone;
Sing hey O maids, come trole back the pin,
And the fairest maid in the house, let us all in.

Come, butler, come bring us a bowl of the best :
I hope your soul in Heaven may rest :
But if you do bring us a bowl of the small,
Then down fall butler, bowl, and all.



rous Celts and Gauls had to contend with Of this usage in Scotland, commencing the many obstacles which their ignorance on New-year's eve, there was not room in and superstition presented, it is very the last sheet of the former volume, to in- probable that the clergy, when they were clude the following interesting communica- unable entirely to abolish pagan rites, t200. It is, here, not out of place, because, would endeavour, as far as possible, to in fact, the usage runs into the morning twist them into something of a christian of the New Year.

cast; and of the turn which many heathen

ceremonies thus received, abundant inDAFT DAYS.-HOGMANY,

stances afforded in the Romish To the Editor of the Every-Day Book.


The performance of religious MYSTESir,


which continued for a long period, The annexed account contains, I believe,

seeins to have been accompanied with the first notice of the acting in our Daft

much licentiousness, and undoubtedly Days. I have put it hurriedly together,

was grafted upon the stock of pagan obbui, if of use, it is at your service. I am, Sir, &c.

servances. - It was discovered, howJonn Wood REDDOCK.

ever, that the purity of the christian reli

gion could not tolerate them, and they Falkirk, December, 1825.

were succeeded by the MORALITIES, the Daring the early ages of christianity, subjects of which were either historical, or when its promulgation among the barba. some existing abuse, that it was wished

• The Dame of some horse

+ The name of another horse.

The name of a cow.


lo aim a blow at. Of this we have an in- vokingly improbable, that decision is renteresting instance in an account given by dered extremely difficult. With no term sir William Eure, the envoy of Henry is this more the case, than HOG MENAY. So the Eighth to James the Fifth, in a letter wide is the field of conjecture, as to the to the lord privy seal of England, dated signification of this word, that we shall 26th of January 1540, on the performance not occupy much space in attempting to of a play, or morality, written by the cele- settle which of the various etymologies is brated sir David Lindsay. It was enti- the most correct. tled The Satire of the Three Estates, and Many complaints were made to the was performed at Linlithgow, "before Gallic synods of the great excesses comthe king, queene, and the whole counsaill, mitted on the last night of the year and spirituall and temporall,” on the feast of órst of January, by companies of both Epiphany. It gives a singular proof of sexes dressed in fantastic habits, who ran the liberty then allowed, by king James about with their Christmas boxes, calling and his court witnessing the exhibition of tire lire, and begging for the lady in the a piece, in which the corruptions of the straw both money and wassels. The chief existing government and religion were of these strollers' was called Rollel Follet. treated with the most satirical severity. They came into the churches during the

The principal dramatis personæ were a vigils, and disturbed the devotions. A king, a brshop, a burges man, "armed in stop was put to this in 1598, at the repreharness, with a swerde drawn in his sentation of the bishop of Angres; but hande," a poor man, and Experience, debarred from coming to the churches, “clede like ane doctor.” The poor man they only became more licentious, and (who seems to have represented the peo. went about the country frightening the ple) "looked at the king, and said he was people in their houses, so that the legislapot king in Scotland, for there was an- iure having interfered, an end was put to other king in Scotland that hanged Johne the practice in 1668. Armstrong with his fellows, Sym the The period during the continuance of laird, and mony other mae." He then these festivities corresponded exactly with makes "a long narracione of the oppres- the present daft days, which, indeed, is sion of the poor by the taking of the corse- nearly a translation of their French name presaunte beits, and of the herrying of fêtes de fous. The cry used by the ba. poor men by the consistorye lawe, and of chelettes during the sixteenth century has mony other abusions of the spiritualitie also a striking resemblance to the still and church. Then the bushop raised and common cry ' hogmenay trololay-gilas rebuked him, and defended himself. Then your white bread and nane o' your grey," the man of arms alleged the contrarie, and it being “au gui menez, Rollet Follet, au commanded the poor man to go on. The gui menez, tiré liré, mainte du blanc et poor man proceeds with a long list of the point du bis." bushop's evil practices, the vices of clois. The word Rollet is, perhaps, a corrupters, &c. This is proved by EXPERIENCE, tion of the ancient Norinan invocation of who, from a New Testament, showes the their hero, Rollo. Gui, however, seems to office of a bishop: The man of arms and refer to the druidical custom of cutting burges approve of all that was said against branches from the mistletoe at the close of the clergy, and allege the expediency of a the year, which were deposited in the reform, with the consent of parliament. temples and houses with great ceremony. The bushop dissents. The man of arms A supposition has been founded upon and burges said they were two and he but the reference of this cry to the birth of our one, wherefore their roice should have the Saviour, and the arrival of the wise men most effect. Thereafter the king in the from the east; of whom the general belief play ratified, approved, and confirmed all in the church of Rome is, that they were that was rehearsed."

three in number. Thus the language, as None of the ancient religious observ- borrowed from the French may be a homances, which have escaped, through the me est né, trois rois allois !" A man is riot of time and barbarism, to our day, born, three kings are come ! have occasioned more difficulty than that Others, fond of referring to the dark which forms the subject of these remarks. period of the Goths, imagine that this It is remarkable, that in all disputed ety- name had its origin there. Thus, minne mological investigations, a number of was one of the cups drunk at the feast of words got as explanatory, are so pro- Yule, as celebrated in the times of hea.

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