Report of the Commissioners Appointed to Inquire Into the Expediency of Revising and Amending the Laws Relating to Taxation and Exemption Therefrom. January, 1875, Volume 1
Wright & Potter, 1875 - 577 pages
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ability agent allowed amount annual assessed assessors association authority banks bonds Boston Build burden capital cent Chapter charges church citizens city or town collection collector commissioner common Commonwealth companies constitution corporation court debt deposits direct dollars duty effect equal exempt from taxation exemption expenses fact follows give given held houses hundred imposed income increase individual institutions interest invested land legislature less limits Mass Massachusetts means ment method mortgage objection officers owner paid payment personal estate personal property polls preceding present proportion provisions question real estate reason received relation religious residence respect result savings banks schools SECT secure shares Society TABLE tax commissioner taxable taxation thereof thousand tion Total Value town treasurer trust United valuation Value whole
Page 193 - Wisdom and knowledge, as well as virtue, diffused generally among the body of the people, being necessary for the preservation of their rights and liberties; and as these depend on spreading the opportunities and advantages of education in the various parts of the country, and among the different orders of the people, it shall be the duty of legislatures and magistrates, in all future periods of this commonwealth, to cherish the interests of literature and the sciences, and all seminaries of them;...
Page 50 - The subjects of every state ought to contribute towards the support of the government, as nearly as possible, in proportion to their respective abilities ; that is, in proportion to the revenue which they respectively enjoy under the protection of the state.
Page 125 - ... that the taxation shall not be at a greater rate than is assessed upon other moneyed capital in the hands of individual citizens of such state...
Page 188 - And no subject shall be hurt, molested, or restrained, in his person, liberty, or estate, for worshipping GOD in the manner and season most agreeable to the dictates of his own conscience; or for his religious profession of sentiments; provided he doth not disturb the public peace, or obstruct others in their religious worship.
Page 188 - As the happiness of a people, and the good order and preservation of civil government, essentially depend upon piety, religion, and morality; and as these cannot be generally diffused through a community but by the institution of the public worship of GOD, and of public instructions in piety, religion, and morality...
Page 167 - AND every denomination of Christians, demeaning themselves peaceably, and as good subjects of the Commonwealth, shall be equally under the protection of the law: And no subordination of any one sect or denomination to another shall ever be established by law.
Page 190 - No subsidy, charge, tax, impost, or duties ought to be established, fixed, laid, or levied, under any pretext whatsoever, without the consent of the people or their representatives in the legislature.
Page 359 - Each individual of the society has a right to be protected by it in the enjoyment of his life, liberty, and property, according to standing laws.
Page 189 - As the public worship of GOD and instructions in piety, religion, and morality, promote the happiness and prosperity of a people, and the security of a republican government ; therefore, the several religious societies of this commonwealth, whether corporate or unincorporate, at any meeting legally warned and holden for that purpose, shall ever have the right to elect their pastors or religiousteachers, to contract with them for their support...