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memoration was to be on their part an acknowledgment | Lord's Supper be in truth much more than this; if it of the doctrine of the vicarious and propitiatory nature recognise the sacrificial character of Christ's death, of the death of Christ, and an act of faith in it. Then and the doctrine of "faith in his blood," as necessary as to the cup, they were commanded to drink of it, for to our salvation, this is “an altar of which they have a reason also particularly given, “For this is my no right to eat” who reject these doctrines; and from blood of the New Testament, which is shed for many the Lord's table all such persons ought to be repelled for the remission of sins:" the recognition, therefore, by ministers, whenever, from compliance with cristom, implied in the act, was not merely that Christ's blood or other motives, they would approach it. was shed; but that it was shed as the blood of the

2. It is equally evident that when there is no evi. new covenant," and th remission of sins;" a re- dence in persons of true repentance for sin, and of decognition which could only take place in consequence sire for salvation, according to the terms of the Gospel, of “ faith in his blood," as the blood of atonement. they are disqualified from partaking at “the table of Again, says St. Paul, as taught by the particular reve- the Lord.” They eat and drink unworthily, and fall lation he received as to the Lord's Supper, “ For as therefore into a condemnation." The whole act is in. often as ye eat this bread, and drink this cup, ye do deed on their part an act of bold profanation or oi show or publish the Lord's death until he come;" hypocrisy; they profess by this act to repent, and which publication of his death was not the mere de- have no sorrow for sin; they profess to seek deliverclaration of the fact of “the Lord's death," but of his ance from its guilt and power, and yet remain willingly death according to the Apostolic doctrine, as the true under its bondage; they profess to trust in Christ's propitiation for sin, the benefits of which were to be death for pardon, and are utterly unconcerned respectreceived by faith. Thus then we see in the Lord's ing either; they profess to feed upon Christ, and hunSupper, the visible token and pledge of a covenant of ger and thirst after nothing but the world; they place mercy in the blood of Christ, exhibited by God its au- before themselves the sufferings of Chrst; but when thor; and on the part of man a visible acknowledgment they “ look upon him whom they have pierced,” they of this covenant so ratified by the sacrifice of Christ, do not “mourn because of him," and they grossly ofand an act of entire faith in its truth and efficacy in fend the all-present Majesty of heaven, by thus making order to the remission of sins, and the conferring of all light of Christ, and “grieving the Holy Spirit.” other spiritual benefits. As a sign, it exhibits, 1. 3. It is a part of Christian discipline in every reliThe infinite love of God to the world, who gave “his gious society to prevent such persons from communi. only-begotten Son, that whosoever believeth on him cating with the Church. They are expressly excluded might not perish, but have everlasting life.” 2. The by Apostolic authority, as well as by the original instilove of Christ, who“ died the just for the unjust, that tution of this sacrament, which was confined to Christ's he might bring us to God.” 3. The extreme nature of disciples; and ministers would “partake of other bis sufferings, which were unto death. 4. The vica- men's sins," if knowingly they were to admit to the rious and sacrificial character of that death, as a sin- Supper of the Lord those who in their spirit and offering and a propitiation; in virtue of which only, a lives deny him. covenant of grace was entered into with man by the 4. On the other hand, the table of the Lord is not to offended God. 5. The benefits derived from it through be surrounded with superstitious terrors. All are welbelieving, “ remission of sins;" and the nourishment i come there who truly love Christ, and all who sinof the soul in spiritual life and vigour, by virtue of a cerely desire to love, serve, and obey him. All truly vital “ communion" with Christ, so that it is advanced penitent persons; all who feel the burden of their sins, and perfecied in holiness, “ until he come” to confer and are willing to renounce them; all who take Cbrist upon his disciples the covenanted blessing of eternal as the sole foundation of their hope, and are ready to life. As a seal it is a constant assurance, on the part commit their eternal interests to the merits of his sacri. of God, of the continuance of this covenant of redemp-fice and intercession, are to be encouraged to “draw tion in full undiminished force from age to age; it is a near with faith, and to take this holy sacrament to pledge to every penitent who believes in Christ, and their comfort.” In it God visibly exhibits and confirms receives this sacrament in profession of his entire reli- his covenant to them, and he invites them to become ance upon the merits of Christ's passion for forgive parties to it, by the act of their receiving the elements ness, that he is an object of merciful regard and ac- of the sacrament in faith. ceptance; there is in it also, as to every one who thus 5. For the frequency of celebrating this ordinance believes and is accepted, a constant exhibition of we have no rule in the New Testament. The early Christ as the spiritual food of the soul, to be received Christians observed it every Sabbath, and exclusion by faith, that he may grow thereby; and a renewed from it was considered a severe sentence of the Church, assurance of the bestowment of the full grace of the when only temporary. The expression of the Apostle, new covenant, in the accomplishment of all its pro- as often as ye eat this bread," intimates that the mises, both in this life and in that which is to come. practice of communion was frequent; and perhaps In every c 'bration, the sign of all these gracious the general custom in this country of a monthly adacts, provisions, and hopes is exhibited, and God con- ministration, will come up to the spirit of the ancient descends thus to repeat his piedges of faithfulness institution. That it was designed, like the Passover, and love to the Church of Christ, purchased by his to be an annual celebration only, has no evidence from blood. The members of that Church, on the other Scripture, and is contradicted by the most ancient hand, renew their acceptance of, and reliance upon, practice. the new covenant; they publish their faith in Christ; 6. The habitual neglect of this ordinance by persons they glory in his cross, his sacrificial though shameful who profess a true faith in Christ, is highly censurable. death, as the wisdom of God, and the power of God; We speak not now of Quakers and Mystics, who rethey feast upon the true passover victim by their ject it altogether, in the face of the letter of their faith, and they do this with joy and thanksgiving, on Bibles; but of many who seldom or never communiaccount of a greater deliverance than that of the Is- cate, principally from habits of inattention to an obliraelites from Egypt, of which they are the subjects. gation which they do not profess to deny. In this It was this predominance of thanksgiving in celebrating case a plain command of Christ is violated, though not this hallowed rite, which at so early a period of the perhaps with direct intention; and the benefit of that Church attached to the Lord's Supper the title ofThe singularly affecting mean of grace is lost, in which Eucharist."

our Saviour renews to us the pledges of his love, reWe may conclude this view by a few general ob- peats the promises of his covenant, and calls for invi. scrvations.

gorated exercises of our faith, only to feed us the more 1. The very nature of the ordinance of the Lord's richly with the bread that comes down from heaven. Supper excludes from participating in it not only open | If a peculiar condemnation falls upon them who parunbelievers, but all who reject the doctrine of the take" unworthily,” then a peculiar blessing musi solatonement made by the vicarious death of Christ for low from partaking worthily; and it therefore becomes "the remission of sins." Such persons have indeed the duty of every minister to explain the obligation, facitly acknowledged this, by reducing the rite to a and to show the advantages of this sacrament, and mere commemoration of the fact of Christ's death, and earnestly to enforce its regular observance upon alt of those virtues of humility, benevolence, and patience, ! those who give satisfactory evidence of “repentance which his sufferings called forth. If therefore the towards God, and faith in our Lord Jesus Christ "

THE END.

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1
3
10
11
14
15

49
3 8

22 23

31
5 18

37
6 37

184, 199

208
184
187
192
170
183
243
443
172
193
192
345

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1 CHRONICLES.
19
Ff

200

2 32

181

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2 CORINTHIANS.
3 6

225
5 6

377
21

262, 301
18 19

264
n1

374

HEBREWS.
1 1

2
3
5
6
8

10
2 14
3 6
.4 12

15
6 4-8
7 27
9 13 14

22-24
10 26-31
11 6

4
19

26
12 25 26
13 8

222
208

219
189, 196

212
165
205
219
196
206
220
323

GALATIANS.
1 6

342
2 16

431
21

297, 304
3 13

252, 262, 265
19

180, 431
21

304
27-29

432
4 4-6

314
21-31

336
5 2-4

431

289
283
430
178
178
205

..........

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342

ACTS.
% 39

342, 436
38

429
3 4

225
7 35

266
39

211
8 38 39

443
1041

422
13 38 39

295
15

418
38

268
48

347
14 11

183
23

422
15 21

391
17 29

228
18 9 10

351
20 28

270
28 25

169, 223, 348
ROMANS.
1 34

194
21

214
5 6
2 28

434
3 10

248
21 22

300
24

265, 267
25 26

263, 268, 295
31

395
4 3

301
4-8

295, 302
28

261
5 6-8

260
10 11

264
12-21

357
18 19

244, 301, 302
6 1-6

375
3-7

444
7 1, &C...............

375, 395
18

249
8 1

249, 314

195, 376
5-9

249
17

313
15 16

314
30

343
9
1, &c......

328
5

186
24
10 13

181
19

328
11 5
6

308

EPHESIANS.
1 4-6

341
7

263, 265, 268
9

428
2 16

265
3 4-6

347
4 8

178
11

417
22-24

229, 248
5 2

279
25

407
6 5

410
34

1 2

3
11

18 19
2 24
3 18

20 21

340
313
222
265
261
178
433

408

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2 JOHN.

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417

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REVELATION.
1 4 5

8
17

20
22 13

205
205, 208

205
427
205

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GENERAL INDEX.

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.................

...., 424

.... 430

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429

Page

Page
А
Christianity, effects of,

89
ABEL's Sacrifice
282 Church authority, ends of,.

424
Actions, quality of,

9
in censures ..................

425
Adam, relation of, to his descendants.. 242, 357

in discipline...

425
imputation of his sin.... .243, 301, 357

in doctrine

424
Adam's fall not willed by God..

367
government in,

416
Adoption, what.

314
spiritual

416
African slavery..........

402

persons to whom committed,. 417
Agency, moral,

9
of Christ, what,

416
Angel of the Lord, phrase of, .

174, 180
Reformed, what,

354
Church

418
unity of,

420
Archbishops, origin of,.
418 Churches, free associations

421
Arianism...

221
laws of Christ imperative upon,

422
Ark, dimensions of,

96
liberty in forms of,

424
Article XVII. of English Church..

361

share of the people in government of, . 422
Articles of Faith

424 Circumcision, controversy in primitive Church... 431
Astronomical objections to Scripture answered... 91

remarks on,

430
Atonement
80 Confession, Augsburg,

361
what,
262 Confessions of faith...

424
objections to, answered

265, 267
Conscience, right of,

404
extent of,

.. 319 Councils, origin of,
Augsburg Confession

361 Covenant, Abrahamic,,.
B

D
BAPTISM, form of,
223 DEACONS, office of,..

417
infant, antiquity of,
440 Death eternal.......

243
benefits of,

440
of Christ, necessary

259
mode of,

441
not unjust.

273
nature of,

429, 433
propitiatory

259
obligation of,

vicarious

260
of houses

438
spiritual

241
of John

442
victory over,

377
of proselytes

435
what, as effect of sin

241
put in the place of circumcision ... 432, 434 Decrees, object of,

355
subjects of,

435
what,

365
Baxterianism
361 Diocesses, primitive,

418
Beasts, clean and unclean,

282 Dort, Synod of,..

325, 339, 358
Believers, true, may perish
320 Duelling, sinfulness of,

404
Bishops, differ not in order from Presbyters.. 417, 419 Duties of children

408
office of,

417
of husbands and wives.

405, 407
succession of,

419
of masters.

410
Blood, prohibition of, .

285

of parents..
Body, human, affords proof of God's existence... 111

of servants..

410
Budhu, religion of,

15
of sovereigns

412
of subjects...
с

411, 412
we owe to God

385
CALLING, what,..
Calvinistic theories

351

E
Calvin's opinions
351 | ECONOMICAL justice

405
Casuistry
383 Egypt, plagues of,..

59, 67
Cause and Effect, relation of,
103 Elders, office of, ..

417
Causes, kinds of,
103 Election and calling, what,

328
Charity, active expression of,

400
eternal and temporal,

337
source of,

399
of the Christian Church.

328
universal,

399
of the Jews

328
Children, duties of,

408
personal and collective..

328, 337
government of,

409
three kinds of,

327
Christ, acts of, proofs of his Divinity,

208
unconditional

334, 337, 339
attributes of, divine,..

205
unto faith

341
death of, merits of,.
269 Emmanuel, title of Christ

183
necessary

259 Episcopacy, matter of prudential regulation.. 419
propitiatory

259
remarks on

420
vicarious
260 Eternity, attribute of Christ.

205
died for all men
320 Ethical justice..

401
humanity of,
218 Evangelists, what,

417
pre-existence of,
170 | Evidence, authenticating,

40
resurrection of,

60
collateral,

40, 88
the Creator..

208
external,

32
the Jehovah of the Old Testament.

173

internal,
titles of,..

180
rational,

40
worship paid to,
211 Evil spirits, power of,

63
Christianity, connects morals with doctrines..... 383 Exceptions to moral rules

383
diffusion of,
88 Excommunication, what,,

416

409

.........

342, 344

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417,

38,78

411

fice ...

..,. 217

Page 1

Page
External daties to God ..........
387 Infants, members of Christ's Church....

437
salvation of,
F

244, 339

Influence, employment of,
FAITH, condition of justification

307
errors respecting.

308

J
imputed for righteousness
302 JACOB and Esau, case of,.

329
justifying,
304, 305, 308 Jehovah, title of Christ.

180
not mere beliet,
311 Justice, economical,

405
objections to, considered..

307
ethical,

401
Fall account of, historical

233
political,

411
effects of,

239
of God, what,

254
traditions respecting,
234 Justification, by faith alone

306
Fathers of families invested with a religious of-

concomitants of,

313
390
explained

294
Fear of God...

386
just

268, 269
not servile

356
not at the last day

312
practical effects of,

387
not eternal,

296
Foreknow, to, phrase of,

343

not imputation of Christ's righteous-
Form of God, phrase of,.

ness

296
French Church, confession of, .

360
not sanctification

296, 309

pardon of sin...
G

295
Popish notion of,..

308
GENERAL tendency, doctrine of,...

384

St. James and St. Paul reconciled on
Geological objections to Scripture.

93, 97
doctrine of,

310
Germ-theory of the resurrection

379
God, acts of,

99

K
a title of Christ,
182 Keys, power of,

426
attributes of,
100 King of Kings, title of Christ,

187
demonstrations of, a posteriori,.

105
demonstrations of, à priori,

121

L
duties we owe to him
385 LANGUAGE, analogical,

280
eternity of, ..

129
figurative,

280
existence of,
79, 99, 100 Law, moral, subject of revelation..

10
not discovered by reason 101 Liberty, right to,
faithfulness of,
160 Life, right to,

401, 404
goodness of,

401, 402
148 what,
holiness of,

127
157, 254 Liturgies

392
immutability of,
144 Logos, whence derived,

201
import of the word,
182 Lord, a title of Christ,

181
justice of,
158, 254 Lord's day....

394
liberty of,
146 Lord's Supper, a sacrament,

447
mercy of,

157
different views of,

446
names of,

99
nature of,

446
necessary existence of,

122
obligatory

445
omnipotence of,
131 Love of God duty of,

385
omnipresence of,

133
nature of,

385
omniscience of,

135
philosophic and Christian..

385
prescience of,

136, 367
pertect,

160

M
proofs of his being,
105 MAGIANISM ...

21
spirituality of,
125 Mohammed, success of,

88
truth of,
160 Man, fallen state of,

79
unity of,
123

226
un searchable,

160
liberty of,

155
wills all men to be saved
326 primitive state of,

227
wisdom of,..
146 why created,

231
Government, an ordinance of God.

.. 411 moral freedom of,
of Church, spiritual,..

235
416
effects of his fall,

239
in its pastors,

417

his own fault if not saved,.
resistance to, if lawful,.

321
413 Marriage

405
share of the people in,
422

405
Grace of God, resistible

373
both a civil and religious contract

406
H
Masters, duties of,

410
Memra, title of Christ,:..

201
HEATHENS, case of,
373 Merits of Christ..

241
morals of,...
27 Men, duty of all, to believe the Gospel,

320
religions of,

28 Mercy, works of, .
state of religious knowledge among,.

400
23 Miracles, definition of,
Heylen, Dr., defended,

33
359

possible
Holiness, what,

34
387
their authenticating character

34
Holy Spirit, divinity of,

credible

35
influence of,

83
office of,

39
personality of,

221, 222, 223
of Scripture

58
procession of,

221

objections to, answered
witness of

61
314
pretended, ·

66
four opinions respecting, · 315 Moral
Husband and wife, duties of,

virtie, ground on which Christianity
405, 407
places it,

385
Hypostatical union..

217
agency

9
I
obligation

31, 383
government.

226
IDENTITY, personal,

380
Image of God, what,

principles of,

254
216
law

381
Immutability of God, what,

144, 389

established by the Gospel.
imputation, what,

381
305
Independent form of Church government

philosophy.

382
421
Infant baptism

use of,

333
435
precepts, reasons of,

383

fall of,...

ends of,

222, 223

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