Annual Report of the American Historical Association

Front Cover
U.S. Government Printing Office, 1897

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Contents

Regulation of elections to Congress
28
Regulation for proving of elections 29 10 Regulation for proving of elections 11 Qualification of members of Congress
29
Incompatibility of other functions for members of Congress
30
Compensation of mombers
34
Oath to the Constitution 35 14 Oath to the Constitution 15 Changing the date of inauguration day and the time of the sessions of Congress
36
Extra sessions of Congress quorum and vote
38
Discipline of members of Congress
39
Publication of the journals
40
Incompatibility of other functions for Representatives
42
Limitation of the number of Representatives
54
Election of Representatives
56
Proving elections to the House
59
Election of Senators
60
Filling vacancies in the Senate
63
Recall of Senators by the States
64
Term of Senators
65
Trial of impeachment of Senators
67
Composition of the court and number of judges
68
CHAPTER III
69
Judges to be ineligible to other offices
70
Impeachment
71
Addition of VicePresidents
72
Qualifications of the Executive
73
Establishment and jurisdiction of inferior courts
74
Choice of President and VicePresident
75
Suits against States
76
The twelfth amendment
77
Choice of electors by districts
80
Choice of electors by general ticket in each State
84
Election of the President by the people as the legislature of the State shall direct
86
Election of President and VicePresident by a general direct vote
87
Election of President and VicePresident directly by dis
89
tricts
91
Election of President and VicePresident directly by a com bination of districts and votes at large
92
Page
93
Election of President by a direct vote by States
94
Election from candidates designated by the States
98
Election of President by lot
100
Election of President from Presidential Sections
103
Election of President and VicePresident by the voters as Congress shall direct
104
Election of President and VicePresident in case of no choice at the first election
105
Discussion of schemes for Presidential Election
111
Time of election
114
Federal control over the election of President
115
Settlement of contested Presidential Elections
116
Exclusion of electors from appointment by the President
122
Term of the President and VicePresident
123
Compensation of the President
129
Limitations upon the appointing power of the President
134
Regulation of the power of removal
136
Civilservice reform
138
Military power of the President
140
States and the General Government 78 Summary of the propositions relative to the judiciary 144
144
153
153
CHAPTER V
163
AFFECTING THE POWERS OF THE GOVERNMENT 165 165 166 167 167 169 170 172 173 79 Division of powers between the States and the G...
165
Effect of express prohibition on Congress 82 Suits against States 83 Implied powers of Congress
167
Performance of national functions by the States
169
Guaranty of the State governments
170
Acknowledgement of secession
172
Limitations on secession
173
Limitations on the States by the Reconstruction Amend ments 89 Territorial powers
175
Exclusive power of Congress over the seat of government and other sites
176
Abridging territory
177
Annexation of territory
178
Admission of new States
180
Representation of the Territories and the District of Columbia in Congress 95 Disposition of the public lands
181
Relation of the United States with individuals
182
Slavery in the Territories 201 109 Slavery in the Territories 110 Admission of States
202
Acquirement of new territory
203
The District of Columbia and places under Federal juris diction
204
Right of transit with slaves
205
Slave insurrections and conspiracies
206
The foreign slave trade
208
Interstate slave trade and introduction of free negroes
209
The question of abolition
210
Abolition in the seceding States
211
Compensated emancipation
212
Compensation for slaves prohibited
213
Total abolition urged
214
Abolition secured by the thirteenth amendment
217
Citizenship of negroes denied
218
125 The fourteenth amendment
219
Further enforcement of civil rights
222
Disability of participants in the rebellion
223
Restrictions on the suffrage
226
Extension of the suffrage to negroes
227
The fifteenth amendment
229
Miscellaneous propositions on the suffrage since the fifteenth amendment
235
Suffrage of the Chinese
237
Present condition of the suffrage
239
Early objections
240
Requisitions
242
Direct taxes
243
Taxation of corporations by States
245
Export duties
246
Payment of the Confederate debt
247
Claims for damages arising out of the civil war
248
Payment of the vational debt 219
250
Protective tariffs
251
Prohibition of special legislation
252
Status of financial legislation
253
Commercial power
254
National banks
255
Issuing of bank notes
257
Legaltender notes
258
Internal improvements
260
Navigation laws and embargoes
263
Bankruptcy laws
265
The status of commercial powers
266
Foreign affairs
267
Declaration of war
269
The army
270
Military pensions
271
Prohibition of polygamy
272
Protection to labor
273
Education
274
The States to provide free public schools
275
Religion
277
Summary of amendments on the powers of the Government
279
CHAPTER VI
281
Proposed amendments in Congress
284
Ratification by conventions
286
Regulation of the ratification by the legislature
287
Propositions to change the majorities required by Article V
292
Ratification by popular vote
293
What constitutes twothirds majority under Article V
295
Is the signature of the governor essential to an amend ment to the Federal Constitution approved by the legis lature of the Stato
297
What constitutes threefourths of the States
298
Can a State reconsider its action upon an amendment
299
The difficulties of amendment
300
APPENDIX Calendar and bibliography of proposed amendments
306
Titles of nobility
310
183
313
18
314
186
322

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Page 211 - ... time recommend that all citizens of the United States who shall have remained loyal thereto throughout the rebellion shall (upon the restoration of the constitutional relation between the United States and their respective States and people, if that relation shall have been suspended or disturbed) be compensated for all losses by acts of the United States, including the loss of slaves.
Page 145 - That the supreme court of the United States shall consist of a chief justice and five associate justices...
Page 16 - Resolved that provision ought to be made for the amendment of the Articles of Union whensoever it shall seem necessary, and that the assent of the National Legislature ought not to be required thereto.
Page 166 - The powers not delegated by this Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively.
Page 211 - All slaves who shall have enjoyed actual freedom by the chances of the war, at any time before the end of the rebellion, shall be forever free; but all owners of such, who shall not have been disloyal, shall be compensated for them...
Page 171 - The United States shall guarantee to every State in this Union a republican form of government, and shall protect each of them against invasion; and on application of the Legislature, or of the Executive (when the Legislature can not be convened), against domestic violence.
Page 138 - That no man, or set of men, are entitled to exclusive or separate emoluments or privileges from the community, but in consideration of public services; which, not being descendible, neither ought the offices of magistrate, legislator or judge to be hereditary.
Page 54 - Indians not taxed ; provided, that whenever the elective franchise shall be denied or abridged in any State on account of race or color, all persons of such race or color shall be excluded from the basis of representation.
Page 166 - First, that it be explicitly declared that all Powers not expressly delegated by the aforesaid Constitution are reserved to the several States to be by them exercised.
Page 260 - Their patriotism would certainly prefer its continuance and application to the great purposes of the public education, roads, rivers, canals, and such other objects of public improvement as it may be thought proper to add to the constitutional enumeration of federal powers.

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