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he said, and a university and a technical insti. Tramczynski declared, “For more than 30 years tute had been opened at Warsaw. “Never in the government and the majority of the Landhistory, when millions of men were opposed in tag have regarded the Polish population as an a fight for life and death, has so much peaceful enemy within the state, and have sought to work been accomplished behind the front.” At cripple the free development of our national the conclusion of Dr. von Bethmann-Hollweg's individuality by means of exceptional laws and address, the non-Socialist parties of the Reich- administrative measures. More than 12,000,000 stag united in declaring their satisfaction and marks, towards which we have been forced to in proclaiming that “in complete unity, with contribute in taxes, have been expended by the calm determination, and with confidence in God, state for the suppression of our nationality. To we await the hour which will make possible fight against these efforts was our duty and our peace negotiations whereby the military, eco- right. But although now as hitherto we are nomic, financial, and political interests of Ger- decided to defend our nationality to the last many will be permanently assured, to the most breath, we have never abandoned legal methods, complete extent, and by all measures, including and have always fulfilled our duties as citizens. such annexations of territory as may be neces- We have voted all the war credits here and in sary for this purpose." The annexationist spirit, the Reichstag. On the battle fields more Polish which had gradually increased in intensity and blood has been shed for the state than the size in popularity during the year, in December was of the Polish population would give reason to seen to dominate the Reichstag. The only dis- expect.” In return the Poles had expected no senting voice came from the Socialist benches, longer to be treated as enemies. “In parwhere a small but determined minority opposed ticular we had expected that the government "all schemes of conquest,” and where the ma- would at least concede the suspension of the jority, while willing to vote war credits, and Expropriation Law and the Settlement Prounwilling to permit France to regain Alsace- hibition, as well as the reintroduction of PolLorraine, might be counted upon to offer some ish popular education. Nothing of the sort remonstrance against the annexation of Belgium happened. The government has contented itand Northern France. (For a discussion of the self with holding out vague suggestions of a Socialists' attitude, consult SOCIALISM.)

future alteration of conditions. . . . Even this THE FINANCIAL BURDEN. During the Decem- year's budget contains all the appropriations ber session of the Reichstag, Dr. Helfferich destined for the oppression of the Polish again demanded a new war credit of 10,000,000, nationality. We protest against this treat000 marks, and obtained the authorization of the ment.” On these grounds the Poles voted Reichstag for the issue of a new loan to cover against the Prussian budget. Next, Deputy the amount. Dr. Helfferich characterized the Nissen, a Dane, reminded the House that the German plan of financing the war as a policy Danes had always fulfilled the duties of citizen. "based on sober and cool consideration of all the ship, although they had been unjustly accused facts, and particularly on the demand that the of many disloyal acts. In this war, “they have productive energy of the German nation shall bled by thousands on the battlefields in the east be maintained as efficiently as possible during and in the west. But even during the war, the the war." He warned the Reichstag, however, exceptional treatment of the Danish population that a time was coming when German capital is continued, in absolute contradiction to the would be invited not to invest in 5 per cent Emperor's declaration that there were no longer loans, but to pay heavy war taxes. Regardless any parties in the land. The budget contains of the amount of the war indemnity, the war many items for combating the Danes in North would bring in its train a "colossal” tax bur- Schleswig, and therefore it is impossible for us den, which the German people would have to to vote the budget.” The Social Democrats bear by increased taxation. One feature of the joined with the Danes and Poles in opposing new taxes, foreshadowed by the secretary of the budget, and demanded that democratic franthe treasury, would be the taxation of war chise and the right of free combination be profits; and companies doing a war business granted to the masses. In the final vote on the would be required to lay aside 50 per cent of budget, the Socialists alone voted contra, while their war profits in preparation for the tax the Danes and Poles abstained. that would follow the conclusion of peace. The THE SOCIALISTS IN THE PRUSSIAN DIET. A statements of Dr. Helfferich did not wholly disquieting feature of the Prussian Landtag satisfy the Socialists. In the Reichstag, and session in June was the anti-war attitude taken in their party organ, Vorwaerts (which, by the by the Socialists. The House of Deputies was way, had been suppressed more than once for thrown into an uproar when Herr Braun, the its criticism of the government), the Social. Socialist floor leader, proclaimed his belief that Democrats pointed out the gravity of the finan. “it would be a calamity for Germany" to carry cial situation. Where, they asked, was Germany the ideas of annexation and conquest which going to obtain the revenue sufficient to meet had been gaining ground, under the encouragethe annual interest, amounting to two billion ment of selfish interests and short-sighted politmarks, on the war debt of forty billions? Cer- ical parties. “The German nation wants no tainly the ordinary revenues and the income conquests and no annexations,” he asserted, "it from customs duties would be insufficient. The wants peace, and a peace which neither humiliinference was of course that taxes on large in- ates nor violates other nations." At the same comes and fortunes should be introduced to fill session Herr Liebknecht cried out: “We have

the masses with us and the masses want peace.” THE POLES AND DANES IN PRUSSIA. The High prices, the selfishness of Prussian landbudget debates in the Prussian Diet gave rise lords, and the criminal greed of food speculators on March 9th to a most interesting expression receive their due share of denunciation from of the attitude of the Poles and the Danes in the Prussian Socialists. Prussia. In behalf of the Poles, Dr.


the gap.



fore terminating its session in June the Prus- kenhayn resigned his post as minister of war sian Diet found time to discuss the grave eco- January 21st, but continued as chief of staff. nomic problems which the war had created. Re- As war minister he was succeeded by Major ports were made on various phases of the eco- General von Hohenborn. In February, Admiral nomic situation, and in accordance with the von Pohl, chief of the Admiralty Staff, sucrecommendations of the special committee which ceeded Admiral von Ingenohl in command of had investigated the matter, a series of meas- the German battle fleet. Consult also UNITED ures were approved for the more efficient con- STATES, Foreign Relations; MILITARY PROGservation of the kingdom's resources. The War RESS; WAR OF THE NATIONS; SOCIALISM. Grain Company, which had hitherto controlled GERRITZ'S CHART, Lost ISLANDS the purchase of food supplies, was now to be See EXPLORATION, North America. dissolved and a central committee instituted, GERVILLE-RÉACHE, JEANNE (MRS. representing consumers and producers; the com

GEORGE G. RAMBAUD). A French opera singer, mittee would assume control of the purchase of died Jan. 5, 1915. She was born in 1882, in the provisions, acting in close harmony with and Basque province, and she studied music in Paris. in subordination to the Imperial government. In 1899 she came to the notice of Mme. Emma In harvesting the next year's crop, it was an

Calvé who advised her to study for the operatic ticipated that the labor of prisoners of war stage. At 18 she became a pupil of Mme. Paulwould be of valuable assistance. As regards ine Viardot-Garcia. Not long after she apthe industrial situation, Herr Hirsch of Essen peared at the Opéra Comique, where she sang reported that since the outbreak of war the in the opera Orpheus and Eurydice. She sang production of crude iron had increased by about with great success in various operas in Paris 1,000,000 tons a month and the output of manu- until 1907, when she was engaged by Oscar factured steel and iron had been doubled. This Hammerstein to sing at the Manhattan Opera increase had been largely absorbed by the enor. House, and there she continued until 1910. mous demands of the munitions factories. In During this period she created the part of Cly. regard to Germany's economic future, Herr temnestra in Strauss's Electra. While at the Hirsch displayed the cheeriest optimism. Ger. Manhattan Opera House she also sang in Carmany had withstood the shock of the interrup- men, Pelleas and Melisande, La Navarraise, tion of her raw material supplies, and she and Samson and Delilah. She later joined the would emerge from the war stronger and more Dippel Opera Company, singing in Chicago, prosperous than ever before.

Philadelphia, and at the Manhattan Opera BAVARIA. King Ludwig of Bavaria made a House. She also made a concert tour through very important speech June 7th before the the United States in 1909. She married Dr. meeting of a Canal Association at Fuerth. The George Gibier Rambaud, director of the Paspassage in which the King advocated the an- teur Institute in New York City. nexation of new territory at the conclusion of GIBRALTAR. A narrow peninsula extendthe war was widely quoted by the annexation- ing southward from the southwest coast of ist party in Germany. “When the war began," Spain; a British crown colony, naval and coalsaid King Ludwig, "we assured ourselves that ing station, and entrepôt of the British trade it would be a war of short duration. But with the Barbary States. Area, 1% square events shaped themselves differently. Upon the miles; population, exclusive of the military, 18,war declaration by Russia followed the declara- 448 in 1912. Practically a free port, it has no tion of war by France, and when in addition trade returns. Revenue (1913), £104,634; exthe English fell upon us, I said I rejoice penditure, £82,077; total tonnage entered and thereat, and I rejoice for this reason, that now cleared, 12,476,079 (7,416,875 British). The we can hope--and this especially concerns the customs revenue in 1913 was £46,624. The Rock Canal Association—that ultimately we may as

of Gibraltar (Mons Calpe) was captured by the sure for South and West Germany more favor. British in 1704 from the Spanish kingdom of able connections with the sea. Ten months Granada, and in 1713 was formally ceded by have elapsed since then. Much precious blood the terms of the treaty of Utrecht. has been shed. But it shall not have been shed GIFTS AND BEQUESTS. The gifts and bein vain. A strengthening of the German Em- quests made for various purposes in 1915 show pire and the extension of its frontiers as far as a falling off in amount as compared with 1914. is necessary to insure us against future wars, This decrease was to be expected on account of that shall be the fruit of this war."

the immense sums which were contributed to OTHER EVENTS. A university was chartered various foreign relief funds. Adding such conAugust 1st, at Frankfort on the Main. The tributions, it is probable that more actual university included faculties of medicine, phil- money was given away in 1915 than ever beosophy, natural science, and social science, and fore. The total amount thus given could not numbered on its teaching staff 49 professors, 13 have been less than $300,000,000. Outside of assistant professors, and 18 docents. In De. money given for war relief and kindred purcember it was estimated that during the first poses the total for 1915 amounted to $146,682,eight months of the year, 186 counts, 456 bar. 930, compared with $318,599,482 in 1914, and ong, 592 members of the old nobility, and 552 $199,841,442 in 1913. These sums take into acmembers of the newer nobility had been killed count only donations of a public character. If in the war. Nine princes had been slain in the there should be added all those privately given, war, including Maximilian of Hesse, Friedrich the total would have been more. These sums Wilhelm zur Lippe, Friedrich of Saxe-Meinin- are identified as follows: To charities of vari. gen, Ernst of Saxe-Meiningen, Ernst zur Lippe, ous kinds $79,861,329; to educational instituOtto Victor of Schönburg-Waldenburg, Wilhelm tions $35,354,338; to religious organizations zu Schönaich-Carolath, Wolrad zu Waldeck und $17,611,862; to art museums, galleries, and vaPyrmont, and Henry XLVI of Reuss.

rious municipal institutions $12,939,401; and to CHANGES IN WAR STAFF. General von Fal- libraries $916,000. From the women of the country there was contributed to the total sum Battell, Joseph, will to charity, $10,000; to Middle. $28,304,658. The three largest contributors did

bury College, $220,000.

Batterson, Sarah E. F., Philadelphia, Pa., will to not give as freely in 1915 as in 1914. John D. charity, $100,000. Rockefeller gave in 1915 $1,970,000, Andrew Baumgarten, Bernard, Chicago, Il., will to charity, Carnegie $3,330,000, and Mrs. Russell Sage


Beall, Amelia G., Carlisle, Pa., will to charity, $30,$341,000.

000. This list mentions only those gifts whose Beall, James M., Baltimore, Md., will to Johns Hop. value was $5000 or over. We are indebted for

kins University, $37,500.

Bedford, Iowa, gift of library by Andrew Carnegie, it to the courtesy of the Chicago Tribune.

$10,000. Adams, John Q., Long Beach, Cal., will to church,

Beebe, J. A., Boston, Mass., will to charity, $30,000; $5000.

to church, $25,000. Agassiz, George R., gift to Harvard University, II., $20,000.

Belgian hospital, gift by various donors, Chicago, $25,000. Alexandria, Pa., will to library by William H. Wool- poration, $100,000.

Belgian professors, gift by Harvard University cor. verton, $40,000. Allegheny College, gift by Andrew Carnegie, $40,000.

Belgian relief, gift by American Commission, Allen, Dudley P., Cleveland, Ohio, will to Cleveland

$1,000,000. Art Museum, $100,000; will to Cleveland Medical Li

Belgian relief cargoes, $9,300,000. brary, $200,000.

Belgian relief fund, contributions by Detroit, $38,Allen, James H., St. Louis, Mo., will to charity,

000; gift by various donors, $380,000. $1,000,000.

Belgian relief fund vessels, $4,305,000. Allentown, Pa., Woman's College, gift by various

Belgium, gift by Chicago Tribune's moving picture donors, $75,000.

receipts, $30,000; gift by Kansas, $500,000. Allston, 1. W., Philadelphia, Pa., gift to church,

Bellows Falls, Vt., gift to charity by various $5000.

donors, $450,000. American Baptist Foreign Mission Society, gift by

Benedict, Maria N., New York, will to charity, Rockefeller Foundation, $50,000.

$10,000. American College for Girls at Constantinople, gift by $100,000.

Benson, S., Portland, Oreg., gift for trade school, Grace Dodge, $25,000. American College of Surgeons, Boston, Mass., gift

Berry, H. W., Boston, Mass., will to Northfield by various donors, $500,000.

schools, $8000. American Commission to Belgian Relief, $1,000,000.

Billok, A. C., Los Angeles, Cal., will to charity, American hospital, Paris, gift by William Lindsay,

$30,000. $10,000;, gift by Frank A. Munsey, $50,000; gift by

Bishop, Charles R., Berkeley, Cal., will to charity, various donors, $10,000; gift by various donors, New

$19,400. York, $10,000.

Bismarck Garden Festival, Chicago, III., to charity, American Red Cross, gift by Rockefeller Founda

$80,000. tion, $25,000.

Blair, Mrs. J. O., Huntingdon, Pa., gift to hospital, American Relief Clearing House, Paris, gift by

$30,000. James Stillman, $100,000.

Blind, gifts to, by various donors, $213,000. Ames, Ward, and J. H. Barnes, Duluth, Minn., gift

Bliss, Catherine A., New York, will to church, to Y. M. C. A., $60,000.

$20,000. Anderson, Elizabeth, New York, gift to Mental Hy.

Bliss, Mrs. W. H., New York, gift to National giene Institute, $50,000.

Aëro fund, $10,000. Andrews, Mrs. J. M., Raleigh, N. O., will to church,

Block, Joseph, Chicago, Ill., will to charity, $21,$18,000.

000. Animal diseases, for laboratory for study of, gift

Blumenthal, Ferdinand, New York, will to charity, by Rockefeller Foundation, $1,000,000.

$10,000. Animal protection, gift for, by Mrs. Russell Sage,

Board of education, Chicago, Ill., gift by John $15,000.

W. Eckhart, $10,000. Annual donations to Episcopal board of missions,

Boehne, John M., Evansville, Ind., gift to charity, $1,067,000.

$12,500. Anti-tuberculosis Association, gift by Elizabeth 0.

Bondy, Emile C., New York, will to charity, $150,Coolidge, $100,000.

000; to Columbia University, $100,000. Armenian relief fund, gift by Rockefeller Founda

Borie, Josephine L., Chicago, Iii., will to charity, tion, $30,000; gift by Mrs. Russell Sage, $5000.

$25,000. Armour, Ogden, Chicago, Ill., gift to Lying-In Hos

Boston, Mass., gift to charity by unnamed donor, pital, $100,000.

$8000. Art Institute, Chicago, Ill., gift by Daniel C. French,

Boston University, gift by various donors, $10,000. $11,000; will by Martha s. Hill, $30,000; will by Alex

Bowdoin, Julia J. G., New York, will to charity, $20,ander A. McKay, $100,000; gift by W. H. Miner, $50,

000; to church, $30,000. 000; will by Albert A. Sprague, $50,000.

Brackenrip, J. W., San Antonio, Texas, gift to UniAtkinson, O. F., Boston, Mass., will to charity, versity of Texas, $100,000. $31,000.

Bradford, Me., will to library by J. B. Curtis, $20,Aviation corps, gift by unnamed donor, $5000.

000. Babcock, Eugenie L., Plainfield, N. J., will to church,

Brady, Joseph B., New York, gift to Johns Hop$75,000.

kins Hospital, $220,000. Babcock and Wilcox Co., New York, gift to Stevens Brady, Nicholas, New York, gift to church work, Institute of Technology. $25,000.

$110,000. Bachman, Julia A., Columbia, S. C., will to church,

Brigham, Mrs. S. W., New York, gift to schools, $9000.

$10,000. Baden, J. P., Winfield, Kan., gift to Winfield Luth- Brinks, Mrs. E. A., and Mrs. Donald McKay, gift to eran College, $75,000.

hospital, Englewood, N. J., $100,000. Baker, George F., New York, gift to Cornell Uni- Brooklyn Academy of Music, will by Charles A. versity, $540,000.

Schieren, $100,000. Bale Brothers, Muncie, Ind., gift to Hillsdale Col. Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences, will by lege, $30,000.

Charles A. Schieren, $22,975; will by R. B. Woodward, Ballard, H. W., Indianapolis, Ind., will to New $160,000. Salem Academy, $10,000.

Brown, Augustus O., New York, will to charity, Baptist missionary societies, gift by John D. Rocke- $132,500. feller, $100,000.

Brown, Phoebe C., Philadelphia, Pa., will to charity, Bard, Thomas B., Ventura, Cal., will to charity, $6000. $15,000.

Brown, Sarah A., Nashua, N. H., will to church, Barnard, George D., St. Louis, Mo., will to Barnard $10,000. Hospital, $2,000,000; to other charities, $20,000.

Brown, Waldron P., New York, will to charity, $10,Barnard College, gift by Jacob H. Schiff, $500,000; 000; will to church, $10,000. will by Anne E. Smith, $10,000.

Brown, W. W., Bend, Oreg., will to charity, Barnard Hospital, St. Louis, Mo., will by George $500,000. D. Barnard, $2,000,000.

Browne, W. W., Oregon, will to church, $500,000. Barnes, J. H., and Ward Ames, Duluth, Minn., gift Brown 'University, gift by Jessie L. Rosenbeyer, to Y. M. O. A., $60,000.

$7000; gift by unnamed donor, $10,000. Barre (Vt.), hospital, gift by Ira C. Calef, $20,000; Brubaker, Lancaster, Pa., will to charity, $5000. by various donors, $60,000.

Brunt, James A. B., Anderson, Ind., gift to Y. M. Barton, Michael, Chicago, will to church, $25,000. C. A., $125,000.

Brush, C. S., Philadelphia, Pa., will to charity Anti-tuberculosis Association, $100,000; to art insti. $164,000.

tute, $100,000; to Chicago Symphony Orchestra, $100,Buck, Azariah, Kankakee, II., will to home for 000. aged, $100,000.

Coonley, Mrs. Avery, Chicago, Ill., gift to Vassar Buhi, Frank H., New York, gift to five cities in College, $25,000. Chenango County, $1,000,000; to Sharon, Pa., $500,- Cornell University, gift by George F. Baker, $540,000.

000. Busch, Mrs. Adolphus, gift to Harvard University, Coward, Martha A., Philadelphia, Pa., will to charity, $50,000.

$5500. Cadman, Robert, Portland, Me., gift to church, $60,- Cowell estate, San Francisco, Cal., gift to University 000.

of California, $400,000. Cadwalader, John L., New York, will to Harvard Cudahy heirs, Pasadena, Cal., gift to Sisters of Holy University, $20,000; to New York Public Library, Name Academy, $100,000. $151,000; to New York Zoological Society, $20,000; Cullamore, Helen, Boston, Mass., will to charity, to Princeton University, $25,000.

$685,000; to Institute of Technology, $500,000; to Cains, James W., New York, will to charity, $5000. Museum of Fine Arts, $100,000; to Radcliffe College,

Caldwell, Mrs. W. E., Macomb, Ili., gift to Illinois $20,000; to Simmons' College, $100,000. Holiness Association, $20,000.

Currier, Hannah M., Manchester, N. H., will for art Calef, Ira C., Washington, D. O., gift to Barre gallery, $1,000,000. (Vt.) hospital, $20,000.

Curtis, J. B., Bradford, Me., will to library, $20,California, University of, gift by Cowell estate, 000. $400,000; by Ellen B. Scripps, $100,000.

D. A. R. Museum, gift by Mrs. A, H. Strong, $50,Calumet and Hecla Mining Company, gift to em- 000. ployees, $500,000; to miners, $120,000.

Dartmouth College, gift by W. H. Hunt, $20,000; Canada Red Cross, gift by Henry Ford, $10,000. will of Walter W. Hodges, $25,000.

Carnegie, Andrew, gift to Allegheny College, $40,- Dato, Henry, Chicago, Ill., will to Methodist mis000; to benefit of blind, $100,000; to Carnegie Insti- sions, $40,000. tution, $2,700,000; to Emory and Henry College, $25,- Davenport, Orlando H., Boston, Mass., will to 000; 'to Wellesley College,' $95,000;, gift of library charity, $500,000. to Bedford, Iowa, $10,000; gift of library to Dimba, Davidson, Sarah, Sanbornton, N. H., will to charity, Cal., $8000; gift of library to Greensboro, Ga., $6000; $85,000. gift of library to Reading, Mass., $15,000.

Davies, Annie B., New York, gift to Metropolitan Carnegie Foundation, gift to Stevens Inst. of Tech- Museum of Fine Arts, $50,000. nology, $250,000.

Davis, Thomas A., Maysville, Ky., will to school Carroli College, will by I. S. Tripp, $5000.

library, $7000. Carson, Henry, Lancaster, Pa., will to charity, $10,- Dean, Edmund H., Darlington, S. C., will to charity, 000.

$30,000. Chenango County, N. Y., gift to five cities in, by De Forrest, Mrs. M. F., Atchison, Kan., gift to Frank H. Buhl, $1,000,000.

hospital, $60,000. Chicago, Ill., gift to charity by, unnamed donor, Delaware College, gift by unnamed donors, $900,$5000; gift to charity by various donors, $158,325;

000; by various donors, $1,000,000. gift to church by unnamed donor, $16,000; gift to Del Drago, Josephine, New York, gift to Italian reLying-in-Hospital by various donors, $25,000.

lief fund, $2,000,000. Chicago Art Institute, unclaimed fund given by Columbian Exposition, $47,000; by Mrs. A. A. Sprague, charity, $21,000.

Delehanty, Cornelius, Notre Dame, Ind., will to $90,000.

Denham, William R., New York, will to charity, Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Chicago, Ill., gift by $450,000. unnamed donor, $5000; gift by Elizabeth S. Coolidge, Denison University, gift by Rockefeller Foundation, $100,000.

$125,000; by unnamed donor, $100,000. Chicago Tribune's moving picture receipts to Bel- Denver, University of, gift by Jacob Haish, $100,gium, $80,000.

000. Chicago University, gift of land to, $25,000.

Detroit, contributions to Belgian relief fund, $38,Children, benefit of, gift by various donors, Chi- 000. cago, Ill., $43,000.

Detroit Art Museum, will by E, C. Walker, $25,000. Children's Hospital, gift by E. T. Stotesbury, $50,- Dickson, Samuel, Philadelphia, Pa., will to Univer: 000.

sity of Pennsylvania, $100,000. Cincinnati Medical College, gift by various donors, Diehl, Elizabeth, New York, will to charity, $10,$1,000,000.

000. Cincinnati Orchestra, will of Cora Dow, $700,000. Diggins, Mrs. D. F., Cadillac, Mich., will to hos

Clark, Charles H., Brattleboro, Vt., will to charity, pital, $20,000. $50,000.

Dimba, Cal., gift of library by Andrew Carnegie, Clark, Sarah M., Chicago, Ill., will to charity, $8000. $5000; to church, $20,000.

Dobbs, Samuel C., Atlanta, Ga., gift to Emory UniCleveland Art Museum, gift by Dudley P. Allen, versity, $50,000. $100,000.

Dodge, Grace E., New York, will to American Col. Cleveland Medical Library, will by Dudley P. Allen, lege for Girls at Constantinople, $25,000; to charity, $200,000.

$50,000; to church, $50.000; to Teachers College, Cobb, John B., New York, gift to University of Columbia University, $500,000; to Y. M. C. A., $25,Virginia, $50,000.

000; to Y. W. 0. A., $700,000. Cobham, Henry, Warren, Pa., will to Salvation Doran, Ellen M., Brookline, Mass., will to charity, Army, $100,000.

$6000. Coffin, L. 8., Fort Dodge, Iowa, will to charity, Dow, Cora, Cincinnati, Ohio, will to Cincinnati $7000; to Lenox College, $15,000; to Storm Lake Col- Orchestra, $700,000. lege, $20,000.

Draper family, Medford, Mass., gift to charity, Colby, H. F., Dayton, Ohio, will to church, $8000. $100,000. Coleman, Emma, New York, will to charity, $6750. Drew Seminary, will of Amanda Connell, $5000.

Coles, William W., New York, will to charity, Duke, J. B., Durham, S. O., will to Methodist $100,000.

Church, South, $100,000. College of St. Andrew, will by E. C. Walker, $10,- Dunham, Eliza A., Lancaster, Pa., will to charity, 025.

$12,000. Columbian Exposition, unclaimed fund given to Chi. Dunn, Moses F., Bedford, Ind., will to Purdue Uni. cago Art Institute, $47,000.

versity, $150,000. Columbia University, gift by Emile C. Bondy, Dunwoody, Kate L., Minneapolis, Minn., will to $100,000; gift by Amos F. Eno, $80,000; gift by charity, $241,000; to Dunwoody Institute, $1,500,000. Albert F. Blant, $15,000; will by George W. Mill- Dunwoody Institute, will by Kate L. Dunwoody, orth, $5000.

$1,500,000 Combs, Mr. and Mrs. J. F., Philadelphia, Pa., gift Dupont, Pierre S., Philadelphia, Pa., gift to Uni. to charity, $50,000.

versity museum, $25,000; to University of Pennsyl. Compton, Lizzie, Elkhart, Ind., gift to Y. W. C. A., vania, $25,000. $10,000.

Durfee, Sarah C., Providence, R. I., will to church, Connell, Agnes A., New York, will to charity, $40,- $86,000. 000.

Dyckerhog, A., Fort Worth, Texas, will to orphans' Connell, Amanda, Philadelphia, Pa., will to Drew

home, $25,000. Seminary, $5000.

Eastland steamer relief fund, gift by Chicago, Ill., Conrad, Norman, New Orleans, La., will to Tulane

$346,180; total contributions, $391,267. Library, $5000.

Eastman, George, Rochester, N. Y., gift to Friendly Coolidge, Elizabeth C., Pittsfield, Mass., gift to Home, $50,000; to hospital, $300,000.

East St. Louis, Ill., gift to church by various Friendly home, gift by George Eastman, $50,000. donors, $19,000.

Friendly home, Rochester, N. Y., gift by various Eckhart, Charles, Auburn, Ind., will to Western donors, $200,000. Advent Publications Society, $12,500.

Fund for unemployed, New York, gift by various Eckhart, John W., Chicago, Ill., gift to board of donors, $115,000. education, $10,000.

Furness, Clementina A., Lenox, Mass., will to Eddy, Isaac H., Dorchester, Mass., will to charity, charity, $6000. $102,500.

Galbraith, Matilda, Philadelphia, Pa., will to Eddy, Rebecca, Boston, Mass., will to charity, $35,- charity, $20,000. 000.

Galveston relief fund, contributions to, $17,000. Educational purposes, gift by John Handley, $1,500,- Gamble, Fannie M. Cincinnati, Ohio, will to 000; gift by Mrs. D. H. Moore, $100,000.

preachers' pensions, $125,000. Ellis, Charles E., Philadelphia, Pa., will for school Gamble, Mary A., Montpelier, Vt., will to charity, for fatherless girls, $1,000,000.

$5000. Emerson, Charles W., Newton, Mass., will to church, Garneau family, St. Louis, Mo., gift to church, $25,$400,000; to charity, $25,000.

000. Emerson, Frederick, Denver, Colo., gift to Red Garrett, Mary A., Humboldt, Kan., will to charity, Cross, $20,000.

$7300. Emery, Mary, Cincinnati, Ohio, gift to hospital, Gary, E. H., and Charles M. Schwab, gift of ar. $50,000.

mored train to New York National Guard, $150,000. Emory and Henry College, gift by Andrew Carnegie, Gates, H. T., Worcester, Mass., will to church, $25,000.

$5000. Emory University, gift by Samuel C. Dobbs, $50,- General relief, gift by Julius Rosenwald, $100,000. 000.

Geisinger, Mrs. A. A., gift of hospital to Danville, Employees, gift to, by Kebler Piano Company, $35,- Pa., $600,000. 000; gift to, by Joseph E. Widener, $100,000.

Georgetown College, gift by Edward Key, $15,000. Endicott, H. B., Boston, Mass., gift to charity, Georgia State Hospital for Cripples, gift by various $50,000.

donors, $100,000. Engineering research, gift for, by Ambrose Swasey, German and Austrian widows, gift by various $100,000.

donors, St. Louis, Mo., $100,000. Eno, Amos F., New York, will to charities, $200,000; Gilder, Rosina, Penn Yan, will to charity, $5000. to Columbia University, $80,000; to Mechanics and Gilmartin, George E., White Plains, N. Y., will to Tradesmen, $1,800,000; to Metropolitan Museum, church, $10,000. $200,000; to Museum of Natural History, $200,000; to Gilton, o. J. M., Alton, Mass., will to charity, $35,New York Public Library, $20,000; to New York Uni- 000; to church, $20,000; to library, $17,000. versity, $200,000.

Golden Gate Park Museum, gift by William M. Episcopal board of missions, annual donations to, Fitzhugh, $200,000; gift by Japanese, $ 75,000. $1,067,000.

Goldthwaite, Ellen A. R., Boston, Mass., will to Episcopal board of missions, New York, gift by charity, $78,000; to church, $14,000. various donors, $70,790.

Goodman, George F., Newton, will to Trinity Col. Episcopal Church, general mission board of, gift lege, $5000. by various donors, $250,000.

Goodman, Mrs. James J., Hartford, Conn., gift to Episcopal Church home, Rochester, N. Y., gift by Wadsworth Atheneum, $50,000. unnamed donor, $5000.

Goodwin, James J., Hartford, Conn., gift to charity, Episcopalian emergency fund, gift by various donors, $25,000. $400,000.

Goodyear, Mrs. 0. W., Buffalo, N. Y., gift to Yale Evansville Seminary, will by Cecilia Mygatt, $10, University, $10,000. 000.

Gordon, Randell R., Stonington, Ill., will to church, Ewen, Caroline G., New York, will to charity, $300, $70,000. 000.

Gouyon, Camille, Keene, N. H., will to church, $40,Exeter Academy, gift by various donors, $51,000. 000.

Fannely, Mrs. Patrick, Norristown, N. j., will to Graham, James M., Memphis, Tenn., will to charity, charity, $10,000.

$50,000. Farrar, Sarah J., New York, will to charity, $35,- Gray, John C., Boston, Mass., will to Harvard Uni000; to church, $18,000.

versity, $25,000. Fatherless girls, school for, will by Charles E. Gray, Sarah E., Portsmouth, N. H., will to charity, Ellis, $1,000,000.

$5000. Fecht, L. H., Birdsboro, Pa., gifts to church, $15,- Greene, Mary H., Dayton, Ohio, will to charity, 000.

$10,000; to church, $70,000. Fennell, Frederick, New York, will to charity, Greensboro, Ga., gift of library by Andrew Car. $6620.

negie, $6000. Ferry Museum, gift by Henry Hewitt, $15,000; Greenwood, Mrs. T. K., Augusta, Mass., will to hos. by Mrs. R. L. McCormick, $10,000.

pital, $6000. Fields, Mrs. J. T., Manchester, Mass., will to edu. Gregg, Edward R., Pittsburgh, Pa., will to hospital, cation, $6000.

$10,000. Finch, John A., Spokane, Wash., will to charity, Griffin, G. P., Chicago, Ill., gift to Lincoln Park, $1,658,000.

$20,000. Fitzgerald, Johanna, New York, will to charity, Griffins, George P., Brooklyn, N. Y., will to charity, $12,000.

$15,000. Fitzhugh, William M., San Francisco, Cal., gift to Gross, L. B., Montpelier, Vt., will to church, Golden Gate Park Museum, $200,000.

$5000. Florscheim, H. A., New York, will to charity, $10,- Grund, George A., Kansas City, gift to city, $100,000.

000. Foote, William B., Geneva, N. Y., wills to church, Guggenheim Bros., New York, gift to Mount Sinai $5000.

Hospital, $250,000. Ford, Henry, Detroit, Mich., gift to Canada Red Guinnell, Julia, New York, will to church, $12,656. Cross, $10,000; to peace fund, $1,000,000.

Haines, Charles, Aurora, Ill., will to Mercy Hospital, Foreman, Edwin G., . Chicago, Ill., will to charity,

Chicago, Ill., $333,333; to schools, $166,666. $50,000; to manual training schools, $10,000.

Haish, Jacob, DeKalb, ill., gift to University of Den. Forman, C. H., New Haven, Conn., will to Yale ver, $100,000. University, $510,434.

Hale, Rose A., Boston, Mass., will to charity, Foster, L. M., Marysville, Ky., will to charity, $5000. $1000.

Fowler, Edwin, Cleveland, Ohio, will to charity, Hall, Charles M., will to Oberlin College, $3,000,000. $86,000.

Hamilton, Adelaide, New York, will to charity, Frank, Sarah, New York, will to charity, $11,000. $8000.

Frazer, Harriet M., Philadelphia, Pa., will to char- Hampton Institute, gift by unnamed donor, $40,ity, $19,500.

000. Freedman, Andrew, New York, will to charity, Hancock, W. S., Trenton, N. J., will to charity, $2,500,000.

$80,000; to hospital, $500,000. Freer, Charles L., Detroit, Mich., gift to Smith- Handley, John, Scranton, Pa., will for educational sonian Institution, $1,000,000.

purposes, $1,500,000; for library, $200,000. French, Daniel C., memorial gift to Art Institute, Harnier, Jane H., Germantown, Pa., will to charity, Chicago, Ill., $11,000.

$7500. French, Sarah A., San Antonio, Tex., will to charity, Harris, Norman B., Chicago, Ill., gift to Northwest$15,000; to church, $40,000.

ern University, $50,000. Frick, Henry, Pittsburgh, Pa., gift to charity, $167,- Harris, Mr. and Mrs. N. W., Chicago, Ill., gift to 000.

Mount Holyoke College, $25,000.

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