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convictions. These, we are told, we recognize at their full value the constitute the bulwarks of a system teachings and principles of life laid that is too rotten to endure. “Re- down by Christ and give them their ligion is the opiate of the people," rightful place in our existing sysis the legend displayed upon the walls tems, or we accept, with all its imof a world capital. It must be done plications, the philosophy that today away with, is the confident mandate is symbolized in Nietzsche's superof those who attempt to deface and man—the “man on horseback.” The destroy those institutions that we world is confronted with no hold to be indispensable to our life. situation, it is one that has tested Such a challenge should give a the vitality and permanence of mighty impulse to our zeal and stir other and older civilizations. When with courage and high resolve our Edward Gibbons heard as he sat at finer convictions.
the close of day surveying Rome, the At such a time as the present it ancient words: “He hath put down were the part of folly to ignore the the mighty from their seat, and hath conditions that confront us or to
exalted them of low degree,” he saw scek to minimize their deep signifi
as in a vision the causes that led to cance. To believe that somehow,
the decline and fall of the Roman some way, America, insulated by two empire. It was no illusion, but the great oceans, is utterly immune to clear disclosure of causes that prothe follies and fallacies of the old duced this inevitable and logical reworld betrays both ignorance and sult. selfish indifference. A century of Let us not deceive ourselves toprogress has so closely knit together day. At the root of evils that at human interests that proud isolation times provoke a revulsion of feeling is quite impossible for us today. over this entire country, resides a There are those who rest their case cold indifference to fundamental in the amazing strength and com- moral and spiritual principles that mercial supremacy of this country. constitute the security of our peace They profess to believe that sound and permanence. They are not fools and economic and industrial condi- or visionaries who declare that our tions constitute the safeguards of finest and most wholesome instituour existing political and social
social tions rest upon the foundation stones order. The Christian Church and of the Christian faith. Bernard its allied instrumentalities they sup- Shaw will hardly be charged with port with restrained and partial in- excess of Christian sentiment, and terest, regarding them as agencies yet he said some time ago: “I am that contribute to the general good ready to admit that, after contemof society. Their indispensableness plating the world for nearly sixty is an open question, but they are years, I see no way out of the world's here and they do a measurably whole misery but the way which would have some work.
been found by Christ's will, if He This quasi interest has contributed had undertaken the work of a praclittle to give the Church its proper tical modern statesman.” place of power and influence as a Supplementing this comes the factor in our corporate life. Either statement of H. G. Wells: "Until a man has found God and been found else was inconsequential. Do these by God, he begins at no beginning, important agencies constitute the he works to no end. He may have
index to that which we believe is most his partial loyalties, his scraps of fundamental to our life? We canhonor, but all these things fall into not think so. Beneath all the froth place, and life falls into place, only and foam of an age that has been with God God who fights through charged with being altogether ma
— men against blind force and night terialistic and largely superficial, and nonexistence—who is the end, there resides, we believe, a deep who is the meaning." More and undercurrent of strong religious conmore this conception of a living, viction. vitalizing faith is coming to be The hour calls for a more adereckoned with, as thoughtful men quate and conspicuous expression of and women see the logical drift of this conviction, and in no place is world forces.
the urge greater than at the capital The Christian Church as an in- of the nation. There stands our stitution has not, it may be said, great Capitol building, there conbeen aggressive or statesmanlike verge and meet, not only the vast enough. Its voice may have been too interests of the country itself, but weak and its message devitalized.
of the world at large. Surely its greatest leaders are only In more recent years, Washington too conscious of its shortcomings as a capital, has focussed the vision and failures. The message of its and the hopes of the nations of the prophets has at times sounded world. Defective and unstatesmanapologetic and insipid and its enter- like as much of our legislative action prise has been pressed with too great may be, nevertheless to our people reserve and lack of faith. This can and to the peoples of the old world, no longer be if it is to survive and Washington represents to their condo its large share in restoring peace sciousness the highest hopes and and happiness to a distracted and aspirations of all men. We still confused world. Someone says:
cherish ideals and we are youthful “This is a wistful age.” Doubtless it enough to dream dreams of a better is, but let it also be said, it is an age and happier world. The building at that demands the voice that speaks the capital of a great symbol of our with the authority of a deep convic- faith has engaged the interest of the tion and fears not the face of man.
most thoughtful and conspicuous It is an age of big enterprises and men in public life. They feel that it is arrested and challenged only by somehow such a building would in that which dares to do the large and itself make more definite and concrete adventuresome thing. Two English- the ideals and spiritual aspirations men recently visiting this country of our people. “Nothing could do observed that the biggest and most more in this direction,” said a disoutstanding things they had seen in tinguished leader, “than the erection America were its railroad stations of a great cathedral.”
It was and its banks. To them these were Robert Louis Stevenson who said:
mighty witnesses of America's "Man was never so happily inspired and distinction. Everything as when he was building cathedrals."
Washington himself had such living Christian faith or we build it building in mind in planning the capi- upon some system of human philostal of the nation. Perhaps this great ophy that repeatedly has failed building might be erected through men in times of crisis. the generosity of the few, but it We have built our national capwould not then represent the high ital on big lines, we have engaged purposes and ideals of our people the most gifted craftsmen to give generally. Big as the task is, I
to it beauty and endurance. The make my appeal to the people of great dome of the Capitol is a the country as a whole. Occupied symbol of our belief in the instituas we all are with enterprises that
tions we have set up. We seek now touch intimately pressing human to give like beauty and distinction needs, I feel that the building of to that faith upon which our fathers this great temple is an expression, builded this Republic. venture if you will, of religious faith, Writing of the supreme importhat by its very daring must result
tance of this undertaking and viewin the strengthening and empower- ing it from the standpoint of its ing of every religious cause over the practical value, the late Senator country.
Edmonds said: “The capital of We need to ,
Stevenson's this great nation is necessarily the famous phrase, to “stab” ourselves pivotal point of national religious, "broad awake.” We need to give as well as political, progress on this adequate demonstration to our belief continent. It is our opportunity in that which, in our better mo- to establish here
National ments, we hold to be basically re
Cathedral Foundation in this cenlated to our most sacred and tral sphere of influence. I do most cherished institutions. We build our earnestly hope that our brethren splendid universities, art galleries everywhere may be led to underand libraries on large lines, indeed stand the very great importance of the very vastness of them adds dis- the work at Washington and help tinction to that which they rep
to the utmost of their abilities to resent. Shall the Church of God carry it on. Yesterday has gone, make apology for casting its appeal tomorrow is always tomorrow, toin terms commensurate with these day is the time for action." great and valuable agencies? Too The National Cathedral must be long has the Church played the role built; built as the witness to a naof a humble mendicant, apologizing tion's faith; built as the exponent for that which it represents. It has of Americanism, an Americanism played a role out of keeping with the that believes in God and takes its vital importance of the tasks com- own part; built, great and enduring, mitted to it. Its voice has been lost to conserve the institutions that in the clamorings of institutions and are vital to our life and to guarantee agencies that have held first place to us through the ages that are to in market place and forum. Either come, “life, liberty and the pursuit we build our civilization upon a
IF I WERE A MILLIONAIRE*
By CARMEN SYLVA, Queen of Rumania, 1869-1916
E were sitting around our house of God is the people's real dinner table in our moun- house, because there the poorest can
tain castle of Sinaia, and be alone, which he so seldom is in his the conversation had turned upon the cottage, and the richest is nobody multi-millionaires of America. -nobody to envy, as he is nothing Somebody said: “What would you
more than the poorest. do if you were a multi-millionaire?” The Romans have shown us where The Princess was the first to an
an arena leads after a certain time, swer, being the youngest. She said: and that amusing the people is not “I would have as many flowers and
the best way of helping them. as many horses as I want."
Flowers are lovely, but in the cruel
winter time, if you haven't conservaAn Artist-painter, Lecomte du Nouy, said, "I should make an arena
tories large enough, no thousands of in white marble, in which there would people can enjoy them; whilst a be games and sights for thousands cathedral, if it is large enough, like and thousands, to make the people Saint Peter's in Rome, is warm in enjoy themselves.”
winter and cool in summer, and its air remains pure.
There you can The Prince said: “I should give the last penny to sweep my country down before the only one who under
carry all your trouble and lay it of all its diseases, and make it healthy."
stands, and go away quieter. Your
drunken husband cannot reach you An Aide-de-camp said: “I should
there; your sick child does not moan build ever so many model villages
there; money seems so small, it does for the peasants.”
not seem to count; and if you are I was the last to answer, as the hungry, a beautiful organ will drive King said never a word. I said: "I
away even hunger for a few minutes. should build a cathedral with chapels It is the only place in which everyfor every religion in it, and an urts body tries to be good, and lifts up school beside it."
his soul above the meanness of life. You can build ever so many houses, The arts school beside it would and misery will enter there; care will show all those who learn there to follow the inhabitants, anger and what heights they may reach, and strife, and illness and death can't be what grandeur awaits them. They kept away. There is only one peace
would become much better musicians, ful house on earth, and that is God's hearing the organ roll out the greathouse. You leave your pain at the
est masters' greatest thoughts every door and lift your soul up and free day; the paintings would draw their it from what makes it heavy. The mind away from the dung-hills it is
rather the fashion to paint nowa* Reprint from an old article.
days. The high vault would bring them nearer to the heights they to introduce the Reformation! If ought to wander in always. If I
If I he had succeeded he would have were a millionaire I should build a
averted the splitting of the churches cathedral!
and the Thirty Years' War. The A big library would belong to the grand cathedral of my home, the necessities of that arts school, for cathedral of Cologne, has been the nobody can be a great artist with- solace of my stormy life, and from out reading and learning a great early childhood upward it has comdeal; all that makes men better, and forted me as no other good on this less selfish, would be united round my
earth. When I come to the Rhine cathedral.
I always go to the Cathedral of I can't give food to one single Cologne, and enter the treasury only town to satisfy it during one year;
to have a look at the crosier of
my there would be still some unfed, and great ancestor, Archbishop and Elecunclad, and out of work, which is
tor Hermann, with the Peacock of
our house of Weir upon it. And the worst misery. But food for the soul I could give to many, to thou
Saint Isaak, in Petersburg, has its sands and hundreds of thousands in
own solemn grandeur, though heavier all
and more massive, less artistic, perages to come.
Can you leave Westminster Abbey and not feel bet- haps, but when the wonderful Ruster, not feel yourself amongst the
sian choirs begin to penetrate its grandest of your nation? Can you
vaults, one is lifted quite beyond
earth and its miseries. leave a very grand concert hall without feeling as if you would embrace I have never seen an Indian temple, the whole world, and kneel to the
but I am
sure it must appeal to composers, whose thoughts you have everything profound and great in been allowed to understand?
human nature. I spent one evening of my life My cathedral would be of white alone in Westminster Abbey, beside marble, like that of Milan, inside and the organ, and even before it, play- out; not ornamented, much ing a few chords only, in the gather- quieter than Milan, but with columns ing dusk, when the statues began to that would give the feeling of a look as if they were alive and mov
beechwood. A beechwood must have ing, and I have felt better ever since. been the origin of the Gothic style. If I were a millionaire I should build The Saint Mark's Cathedral is a cathedral!
perhaps the one that enters your I was in Saint Peter's Easter, and
soul most of all, when the sun gently I saw that all those thousands of in- touches the far-off columns till they attentive people who crowded it could seem lilac in all that gold; but I not take away one atom of its
should always prefer an enormous grandeur and solemnity. If I were a height, and white marble with a firstmillionaire I should build a cathe- rate organ, of course, and choirs like dral!
the Russian one, educated in the arts
school beside the church. There my renowned ancestor was archbishop in the sixteenth century, If I were a queen in a fairy tale I and was Luther's friend and wanted should do all that.
But the queens