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ing for a job they stumbled into a printing wage-earning capacity much greater than office. With this latter class the work of the the first two years' service in the ordinary School seemed of little avail; their interest printing office, and desiring to attract the lasted only long enough to acquire a little best class of boys to the trade, it was pro
knowledge and facility which posed by a number of employers to shorten would give them a foothold the usual five years' apprenticeship, accept
in the printing office where ployer
ing one year's satisfactory work in the who
they worked, and they could School in place of the first two years of takes no
hardly be expected to be apprenticeship, and to allow the apprentice interest
come anything more than to enter his employer's service on the basis
mediocre workmen. Often of the last half of the customary third year's in train
there was a total lack of ing his
salary, $9 per week.” interest in the boy's future appren
advancement on the part of THIS proposition is at present in operatices, will
those with whom he worked. tion as an essential part of the plan upon
In nearly all cases there were prentices
which the School of Printing is conducted ; haphazard terms of employ- and in connection with it an equitable and who take
ment and nothing beyond liberal apprenticeship agreement has been no interest in his
indefinite, lightly-considered adopted, without which such a plan could
obligations toward each not be enforced. This arrangement assures business.
other on the part of either any bright, ambitious boy who enters the
the boy or his employer. To trade in this way a favorable opportunity to give the boy some theoretical knowledge obtain in a short time fundamental knowland a little rudimentary training and then edge and practice which will enable him to to set him adrift to find his place in the undertake some legitimate shop-work and trade would be, in many cases, to eventually earn good wages in one of the most imporadd to the already over-crowded ranks of
tant industries of the country. It also guarhalf-trained and shiftless workmen.
antees him a continuance in his position for a period long enough to enable him to become an efficient workman in any
branch THESE, then, were conditions which must be remedied before a school could be
of the work that he may choose. Employers made of much real service to the trade. It
have come forward who are willing to cowas quite evident, too, that the initiative in
operate in this scheme of trade education any reform must be made by the employers.
for apprentices; they have faith to believe Until they could be made to see that, in the
that it is practical, as well as profitable to the first place, it was up to them to use some
apprentice and to themselves, and that its exdiscrimination concerning the qualifications tension will be beneficial to
the moral tone of the trade. and character of the boys whom they took
The world into their employ, and secondly, that having
is full of found the right kind of boys, they had a THE boys have printed a
slipshods; duty to perform towards them beyond the twenty-page pamphlet the only payment of a few dollars per week, it would giving an account of the Ap- sure way to be up-hill work for any outside
eliminate agency to prenticeship Festival. It conhelp in the training necessary to produce
tains reports of the speeches
them from good workmen.
by Mr. Cushing and Mr. Ellis
of the board of supervisors, workroom IN N order to promote the first of these by President H. S. Pritchett
reforms—that is, to secure a better class of the Massachusetts Insti- tematically of boys to enter the trade—the management tute of Technology, and by of the School of Printing, when it was
Mr. William H. Sayward of the other changed from an evening to a day class, the Master Builders' Associ- kind. proposed a new scale of wages, which was ation, as well as the form of greatly in excess of that offered to boys who indenture signed on the occasion. The pambegan shop work under the usual conditions. phlet is full of meat in a condensed form for
In the prospectus issued at the time, it those who are interested in trade schools. was stated: “Believing that twelve months' A request, accompanied by a postage stamp, training in the School of Printing will give a will bring you a copy if you wish for one.
is to sys
THE SCHOOL of PRINTING and to provide just as much advanced train
ing as conditions will warrant. NORTH END UNION, PARMENTER STREET, BOSTON, MASS.
THE assumption that a trade school can Board of Supervisors
furnish a competent workman ready
made, to be had on demand, is a fallacy too J. STEARNS CUSHING, J. S. Cushing & Co., Norwood
often entertained, even by those who should GEO. H. ELLIS, President United Typothetæ of America
know better. The competent workmen is, at J. W. PHINNEY, American Type Founders Co., Boston H. G. PORTER, Smith & Porter Press, 127 Federal St.
the last, trained in the workshop; a school GEO. W. SIMONDS, C. H. Simonds & Co., 297 Congress St. can give theoretical knowledge and first JOSEPH LEE, Vice President Massachusetts Civic League
steps in doing things, but in SAMUEL F. HUBBARD, Superintendent North End Union
order to be of value this preA. A. STEWART, Instructor
liminary training must be de
It is the veloped and put to test in
right of THI HE School is continuous and pupils may enter
every at any time. The hours are identical with those of a regular workshop, from 7.40 A.M. to 5.45 P.M.,
boy who excepting Saturday afternoon. The tuition fee for Do you expect that the becomes one year is $100. Applicants must be sixteen State, or the city, or a wageyears of age or over. Further information
some other benevolent insti- earner to obtained by addressing SAMUEL F. HUBBARD, 20 Parmenter Street, Boston.
tution, is going to come for- have had
a chance the skilled workmen you
to learn OR the benefit of many inquirers who
want? Well, perhaps — but how to ask about the printing done in the
not yet. Meantime, why not School, it should be stated that we are
try a little educating in your wages. not in the printing business and take no orders for printing. The work that the pupils ligent young man and help
own shop ? Look for an inteldo is partly for the School itself and for the
him to become the kind of workman you North End Union in its various activities as
want. The School of Printing will help you a social and educational center, but mostly
to start him right. Get an indentured apprenfor experiment and practice. We have printed tice and get in line ! several booklets and a number of "keep-in sight” cards, which we sell for a small con
IN the training of workmen for any trade, sideration to defray the cost of stock and the employers of that trade must take the incidentals; but the pupils' work is not ex- lead; to leave the education of apprentices ploited for any financial returns. We are to persons or institutions outside the trade, printing for the sake of practice, doing the means that it will be imperfectly done. best we know how, and learning to do it better.
THE APPRENTICESHIP FESTIVAL F trade schools as thus far developed in
(From the American Printer) America are narrow in scope, limited to AN apprenticeship festival was held on the
the obvious demands of the trade, or evening of October 30th at the School confined to mechanical processes, with little of Printing of the North End Union, Boston. of art and science, of why and wherefore em- The event was unique in that this school bodied in the instruction, it is not because is probably the only one in this country those who have them in charge do not appre- where such a proceeding could at the presciate the need of larger opportunity, of a ent time be logically carried out; for it is a broader and more general training.
trade school with an indentured apprenticeWhen employers shall realize the contri- ship system as an essential part of its plan. bution that trade schools can make, in a
The school was started some six years ago, more liberal way, in promoting efficiency and has been working along in a quiet way, and skill in their workmen-qualities diffi- experimenting and working out theories of cult of acquiring under present shop condi- | its promoters and studying its problem at
when workmen, as a class, shall not be close range, until now those who have been content with just enough efficiency to get watching it feel that it comes closer to a the wage scale: then trade schools may be practical solution of the trade school question depended upon to meet the newer demand than any other thus far offered.
EDUCATION THAT COUNTS boys and girls would learn their aptitudes
and would ascertain what they were fitted O one places a higher value upon the for — what they could do. It would not be free school than I do; and no one a guess or an experiment, but a demonstra
takes greater pride in the prosperity tion. Education should increase a boy's of our colleges and universities. But at the chances for getting a living. The real good same time, much that is called education of it is to get food and roof and raiment, simply unfits men successfully to fight the opportunity to develop the mind and the battle of life. Thousands are today studying body and live a full and ample life. things that will be of exceeding little impor
Robert G. Ingersoll. tance to them or to others. Much valuable time is wasted in studying languages that THE boy of good character, possessing long ago were dead, and histories in which a fair education, having an ambition to there is no truth. There was an idea in the succeed, and an aptitude for the chosen
olden time (and it is not trade, in the hands of a master who is as
dead yet) that whoever considerate of the boy's industrial welfare Success
was educated ought not and advancement as of his own profit—this does not
to work: that he should combination reduces to the lowest terms the mean that
use his head and not his difficulties of providing industrial training you are to
hands. Graduates were adequate to the needs. do your best
ashamed to be found enand then
gaged in manual laborquit. You in plowing fields, in sow
SCHOOL OF PRINTING must keep ing, or in gathering grain. on doing To manly independence
LEAFLETS your best,
they preferred the garor someone ret and the precarious
A series of technical pamphlets, giving in concise form else will existence of an unappre
much rudimentary information relating to type-composition and
printing. The composition and press-work of the Leaflets are pass you in ciated poet or artist, bor
done by the pupils in the School, and are parts of the practical rowing money from their
work of the course of instruction. Uniform size, 6% x 4 inches. friends and their ideas The Leaflets now ready are noted below. Sent post-paid upon from the dead. The cul
receipt of price : singly, 15 cents each ; five copies of one or
more numbers, 10 cents each. tured regarded the usefulas degrading—they were willing to stain their souls to keep their
No. 1. THE PRINTER'S TYPES. hands white.
A brief description of their mechanical features, comThe object of all education should be to
position, sizes, etc. 24 pp. increase the usefulness of man—usefulness
No. 2. THE COMPOSITOR'S WORK.
A leaflet for beginners. 20 pp. to himself and others. Every human being should be taught that his first duty is to take
No. 3. USE OF ITALIC.
Hints about the common uses of italic in combination care of himself, and that to be self-respecting he must be self-supporting. To live on No. 4. DIVISION OF WORDS. the labor of others, either by force, which
Contains many general directions and rules, with ex
amples. 12 pp. enslaves, or by cunning, which robs, or by
No. 5. QUOTE-MARKS. borrowing or begging, is wholly dishonor
An epitome of general rules and customary usages, able. Every man should be taught some
with examples of their use. 12 pp. useful art. His hands should be educated
No. 6. USE OF CAPITALS.
Giving many general rules for capitalizing, as well as as well as his head. He should be taught
spacing and leading. 19 pp. to deal with things as they are
with life as
No. 7. ABBREVIATIONS AND CONTRACTIONS. it is. This would give a feeling of independ
When to use them and when to spell in full, with list
of common forms. 26 pp. ence, which is the firmest foundation of honor, of character. Every man knowing
No. 9. MODERN METHODS OF PRINTING.
A brief description of the relief, intaglio and planethat he is useful thinks well of himself.
surface printing processes. 22 pp. In all schools children should be taught QUESTIONS IN TYPOGRAPHY, Series I, II, III. to work in wood and iron, to understand the
One hundred and fifty questions pertaining to compo
sition, stone-work, and job-press work. construction and use of machinery, to become acquainted with the great forces that Address, THE School of PRINTING, NORTH END man is using to do his work. In this way UNION, 20 PARMENTER STREET, BOSTON
E. G. Gress.
with roman. 15 pp.
Boston, U.S. A.
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WHAT IS THE MATTER WITH THE sign as applied to his work, to cultivate his
taste in the treatment of type-faces, to anaPRINTER ?
lyze his own work and compare it with THERE is no more honorable occupation recognized standards of quality has no
than that of the printer; he is the con- other recourse except to pick up, piecemeal, servator of the world's learning; the service what knowledge he may find here and there. which he renders to his generation is to make In the case of the pressman there is even the experience and accumulated wisdom of greater dearth of systematic instruction than every past age accessible to
for the compositor, either in all. His is a calling requiring
HE road to advance
the workshop or elsewhere. education and intelligence in
ment is to do your work
A lesson in taking down or a high degree. In relative im
so well that you are al
erecting a press, even of the portance the printing trade in the United States ranks
ways ahead of the demands
commonest style, is a rare of your position. Keep ahead
experience; while the chemamong the half dozen leadof your work, and your work
istry of paper and of inks is ing manufacturing industries in the value of its product. In
will push your fortunes for
a dark secret that may never
be but partially understood. Boston, machinery products
you. Our employers do not
decide whether we will stay come first, the building trades where we are or go on and"
WRITERS in trade journext, and printing is third. up; we decide that matter our
nals, master printers, selves. We can drift along,
and others have been crying YET ET it is the printing art doing our work fairly well ;
out loudly at this lack of alone, which is not only or we can set our faces to the
means for furthering educaa great industry but one of front and do our work so
tion in a trade as important the truly great moral forces
well that we cannot be kept
as printing. Almost invariin the world, that is wholly
ably those who deplore this neglected in education. Col
condition have assumed that lege directors have ignored
there were many ambitious it; public school officials have looked upon workman who wanted instruction of this sort : it as an inferior mechanical trade the pursuit beginners and more advanced printers who of which was recommended to boys who were wished to learn more about their trade than considered not bright enough to do some- they could find in their every-day work, and thing else; private educational and other who were willing to spend time and effort institutions which have paid any attention to acquire this knowledge. That this assumpto teaching the trade have usually done so tion has little foundation in fact may be under the guise of “schools” wherein they testified to by any one interested in promotmight at a low cost secure their own printing. ing trade schools, technical classes, or lec
tures on the subject of printing and the allied NOT until within the past few years has industries.
there been in this country any serious attempt to give instruction in matters per- So far as Boston is concerned, the evitaining to the printing craft, and these efforts dence goes to show that the average have been devoted chiefly to rudimentary printer is not interested in lectures pertaininstruction. An ambitious compositor who ing to his craft and will make very
little effort wishes to learn something more than rule-of- to attend them. For instance: The Public thunb methods—to study principles of de- Library of the City of Boston each winter
HAMILTON W. MABIR.
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* * *
free to any
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conducts a series of illustrated lectures upon after the clock strikes the close of the day's history, literature, art, architecture, and kin- work? In individual cases there are no doubt dred subjects. These lectures are on Thurs- plausible excuses for this indifference toward day evening of each week, and are absolutely these lectures. The question naturally arises,
How can printers be induced to attend lectend. Last winter, and
It is the right
tures designed for their benefit? What use also the year before,
will there be for the Franklin Union and its there were given in
of an employer
proposed course of technical classes and lec
who pays good this course, under the
tures if printers do not want them ? auspices of the Society : wages to receive of Printers, two series good service;
IT is only fair, however, to say that this of lectures upon sub
but he will have indifference toward means for promoting jects pertaining to
to insist on get- the art of printing is not absolute, and that printing and book- ; ting his rights, there are a few printers in Boston, as well making by such well
as elsewhere, who are giving serious effort known men as J. Hor
to the advancement of this phase of the inace McFarland, William Dana Orcutt, Henry dustry. While, on the surface, these efforts Turner Bailey, Henry Lewis Johnson, and C. seem to make small showing, there is a conHoward Walker. These lectures were all stantly growing sentiment which is crystalillustrated by specially-prepared stereopticon lizing into a definite, concerted movement; slides, which can make any subject doubly and when the great body of printers can be interesting, and especially that of printing. made to realize how closely such educational
influences affect their individual welfare they HERE were speakers who made their sub- will have enterprise enough to patronize and jects interesting and presented them promote such lectures, classes, and schools.
. from a view-point which could not fail to widen the horizon of any working printer RIGHT here seems a good place to sugwith regard to his own work. While not gest that employing printers have it in strictly technical, being given before a mis- their power to institute a wholesome interest cellaneous audience, the lectures were full in lectures of this sort, by showing themof suggestion and inspiration, with critical selves at such events and by encouraging, and explanatory comments upon examples or even insisting upon, their employees atclearly shown upon a screen, and he were a tending them. This is especially important stupidly callous printer who could not learn with regard to the younger workman Under something from them and be impressed the influence of shop traditions he is apt to with the dignity and importance of his trade. think that all the knowledge worth while is The lecture room itself is pleasant and the contained within the workshop and that there location is accessible from all parts of the is little to learn from men who have not becity and suburbs. Yet, of the several hundred come professionally cross-eyed from close persons in the audiences, how many were contact with the composing-stick and the inkprinters or directly interested in printing ? roller. The study of drawing The poem on the fol
lowing page, There is no way of knowing the exact num- and of color, of the work of
to many printers who ber, but from the testimony of a few to whom old master printers, and of were young thirty-five
years ago, will be of the faces of many Boston printers are famil- notable work from other es
young iar, one could safely wager that twenty print- tablishments, is a matter of while to the latter it
printer of today; and ers was a good average for each lecture. And
legitimate interest to every have not changed for this out of a total of nearly six thousand per- printer. The time is at hand the beginner, the oldsons directly employed in the business in one when employers should in- but appreciate keenly of the chief printing centers of the country. sist upon some knowledge how much ambitions
of these things on the part of changed in the case of
the modern printer's WHAT is the matter with the printer? Is every workman who asks for
the above a fair index of his attitude the salary of a journeyman compositor or toward his craft? Is he so well satisfied with pressman. To be a good printer means more his own attainments that it is not worth his than to be a type-setter or a press-feeder ; it while to learn what others have to say about should imply intelligence, professional pride, occupations identical or closely related to and a healthy interest in all things that make his own? Or has he any interest in his trade for industrial, social, and intellectual progress.
interest to the
means that conditions
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