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and in 1934 he received an A.B. degree in chemistry from UCLA. In 1937 he was awarded the Ph. D. degree in chemistry from the University of California, Berkeley.
Dr. Seaborg is Chairman of the United States Atomic Energy Commission, having been appointed by President Kennedy in 1961, and subsequently reappointed by President Johnson and President Nixon. He also served under President Truman, from 1946 to 1950, as a member of the Atomic Energy Commission's first General Advisory Committee, and under President Eisenhower, from 1959 to 1961, as a member of the President's Science Advisory Committee.
From 1958 to 1961, Dr. Seaborg was Chancellor of the University of California, Berkeley, having served on the faculty since 1939, and from 1937–1939 as the personal research assistant of Gilbert Newton Lewis, Berkeley's famous physical chemist. He is currently on leave as professor of chemistry.
During World War II, while on leave of absence from Berkeley, he headed the group at the Metallurgical Laboratory of the University of Chicago that devised the chemical extraction processes used in the production of plutonium for the Manhattan Project.
Among his major scientific contributions are his discoveries, between 1940 and 1958, with several colleagues, of the transuranium elements : plutonium (element 94), americium (95), curium (96), berkelium (97), californium (98), einsteinium (99), fermium (100), mendelevium (101), and nobelium (102). His co-discoveries include the fissile isotopes plutonium-239 and uranium-233, as well as the identification of more than 100 other isotopes throughout the periodic table, including a number that have practical applications in research and medicine such as iodine-131, cobalt-60, technetium-99m, cobalt-57, iron-59, iron-55, manganese-54, antimony-124.
In 1951, at the age of 39, Dr. Seaborg was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry (with E. M. McMillan). In 1947 he was named by the U.S. Junior Chamber of Commerce one of America's ten outstanding young men. For his outstanding work in the field of nuclear chemistry and for his leadership in scientific and educational affairs, he was awarded the Atomic Energy Commission's 1959 Enrico Fermi Award. In 1962 he was named “Swedish American of the Year” bv the Vasa Order of America in Stockholm, and in 1963 he received the Franklin Vedal of the Franklin Institute of Philadelphia. The Pacific Science Center, Seattle, recognized his vast contributions to the public understanding of science by selecting him for the 1968 Arches of Science Award. He has been honored by the American Chemical Society with the Award in Pure Chemistry (1947), William H. Nichols Medal (1948), Charles Lathrop Parsons Award (1964), and Willard Gibbs Medal (1966). Dr. Seaborg holds honorary degrees from more than 30 educational institutions.
In 1959 Dr. Seaborg was instrumental in inaugurating the Chemical Education Material Study (CHEM Study), the high school Course Content Improvement Study of the National Science Foundation, and has served continuously since then as Chairman of its Steering Committee. Since 1966 he has been president of Science Service, Washington, D.C., an organization devoted to the popularization of science.
His many activities include membership on the Federal Council for Science and Technology, National Aeronautics and Space Council, National Council on Marine Resources and Engineering Development, Scientific Advisory Board of the Robert A. Welch Foundation in Houston, board of directors of the National Educational Television and Radio Center in New York, board of trustees of Pacific Science Center Foundation in Seattle, and Advisory Board of Nova University in Fort Lauderdale.
He is the author of more than a dozen books, many of which have been translated into foreign languages. He has published over 200 scientific papers on the transuranium elements, artificial radioactivity, nuclear physics and chemistry, high energy nuclear reactions, as well as the compilation of complete tables of isotopes, and a comprehensive article on “Elements Beyond 100, Present Status and Future Prospects" in the 1968 Annual Review of Nuclear Science.
He organized and was the chief participant in the National Educational Television series of ten half-hour films on The Elements, produced in 1957 and still widely used in high schools throughout the country.
Dr. Seaborg is a member of the leading national and international scientific societies, including the National Academy of Sciences, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, American Chemical Society, Americal Physical Society, American Nuclear Society, American Philosophical Society, Royal Society of Arts (England), Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences, Bavarian Academy of Sciences, Argentine National Academy of Sciences, Spanish Royal Academy of Sciences, honorary fellow of the Chemical Society of London, and the Royal Society of Edinburgh.
Dr. Seaborg is married to the former Helen L. Griggs; they have six children.
He is an ardent sports fan. His favorite spectator sports are football and baseball. His recreational interests include hiking and golf. From 1953 to 1958 he served as Faculty Athletic Representative of the University of California, Berkeley, to the Pacific Coast Intercollegiate Athletic Conference.
DR. ROBERT CHANNING SEAMANS, JR.
Dr. Robert Channing Seamans, Jr., Secretary of the Air Force since February 15, 1969. Born in Salem, Massachusetts on October 30, 1918. Harvard University, B.S. 1939; Mass. Inst. Tech., M.S. 1942. Sc. D. 1951. Honorary Doctor of Science, Rollins College and New York University. Professorial and laboratory-staff positions at
M.I.T., 1941-1955. Engineering and managerial duties in the Airborne Systems Department of the Radio Corpo ration of America, 1955–1958. Chief Engineer of Missile Electronics and Controls Division at RCA, 1958–1960. Joined NASA as Associate Administrator, 1960; Deputy Administrator, Dec 1965–Jan 1968. Appointed visiting professor at M.I.T., Mar 1968; became Jerome Clarke Hunsaker Professor, July 1968.
Served on technical committees of NASA's predecessor organization, the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, 1948–1958. Served as consultant to the Scientific Advisory Board of the Air Force, 1957-1959; as member of the board, 1959–1962; and as associate advisor, 1962–1967. He is a National Delegate Advisory Group for Aerospace Research and Development (NATO).
Member of Sigma Xi; the American Association for the Advancement of Science; American Astronautical Society; American Society for Public Administration; American Academy of Arts and Sciences (Boston) ; National Space Club; Foreign Policy Association; Natio al Academy Engineering; and International Academy of Astronautics. Married to the former Eugenia A. Merrill ; five children.
DR. JAMES A. SHANNON
Dr. James A. Shannon, widely recognized for his contributions to medical research, teaching, and public service, is serving as Special Advisor to the President of the National Academy of Sciences. As "scholar in residence" at the Acad. emy, Dr. Shannon is engaged in evaluating the present state of medical research, education, and service in the light of his long and intimate involvement with all three aspects of medicine. He is developing projections of future needs and innovative methods of answering them.
As Director of the National Institutes of Health for 13 years, Dr. Shannon was responsible for the direction and development of eight Institutes, seven Divisions, the Clinical Center, the Bureau of Health Manpower, and the National Library of Medicine. In addition to its direct laboratory and clinical research at Bethesda, Maryland, the NIH supported research projects, research training and medical education as well as construction at non-Federal institutions. In the last years of Dr. Shannon's directorship the NIH operated with a budget of over one million dollars.
Before becoming Director, Dr. Shannon held the post of Associate Director and was responsible for the Institutes' direct research program. Prior to 1952, he was Associate Director in charge of research at the National Heart Institute of NIH.
A graduate of the College of the Holy Cross, Worcester, Massachusetts, Dr. Shannon received his medical degree from New York University in 1929 and his Ph. D. in Physiology from the same university in 1935. Following his internship at Bellevue Hospital in New York, he taught in the Department of Physiology at New York University College of Medicine (1931–1941) and directed research at the University's Goldwater Memorial Hospital (1940–1941). During periods of leave, he served as guest investigator at the physiological laboratory, University of Cambridge, England, and as a member of the staff of the Marine Biological Laboratory at Woods Hole, Mass. From 1946 to 1949, he was Director of the Squibb Institute for Medical Research and a special consultant to the Surgeon General, U.S. Public Health Service. He entered the Public Health Service as a commissioned officer in 1949.
During World War II, Dr. Shannon played a prominent part in malaria research activities of the National Research Council and was a consultant on tropical diseases to the Secretary of War. In recognition of this work, he received the Presidential Medal for Merit, at that time the highest award for civilian service to government.
Dr. Shannon received the Presidential Distinguished Federal Civilian Service Award in 1966. It is the highest honor the government can give career employees and is granted each year to generally not more than five individuals of the career service whose achievements exemplify to an exceptional degree imagination, courage, and high ability in carrying out the mission of the government.
He received the Rockefeller Public Service Award (science) in 1964. The "sustained excellence of his service to the Nation's scientific effort” was cited.
In 1962, Dr. Shannon received the Public Welfare Medal of the National Academy of Sciences. Established in 1913, this medal is considered to be the Academy's most distinguished honor. It is awarded for “eminence in the application of science to the public welfare."
Other awards have included the John Phillips Memorial Award from the American College of Physicians (1969), the Homer W. Smith Award in Renal Physiology from the New York Heart Association (1969), the Jesse L. Rosenberger Medal, University of Chicago (1968), the Abraham Flexner Award of the Association of American Medical Colleges (1966), the Public Health Service Distinguished Service Medal (1966), the Modern Medicine Award for Distinguished Achievement in Medicine (1966), and the Mendel Medal Award from Villanova University (1961). Dr. Shannon is the author of numerous scientific articles relating to physiology and medicine.
He has received the following honorary degrees: D.Sc. from the College of the Holy Cross, 1952; LL.D. from the University of Notre Dame, 1957; D.Sc. from Duke University, 1958; D.Sc from Providence College (Rhode Island), 1958; D.Sc. from Loyola University (Chicago), 1959; D.Sc. from Catholic University of America, 1960; D.Sc. from West Virginia University, 1960 ; Doctor of Humane Letters from Albert Einstein College of Medicine (New York), 1962; M.D. from the Catholic University of Louvain, Belgium, 1964; M.D. from the Karolinska Institute (Stockholm), 1964; D.Sc. from the University of Maryland, 1965; D.Sc. from New York University, 1965; D.Sc., Jefferson Medical College (Philadelphia), 1965; D.Sc., Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, 1967; LL.D., University of California (Berkeley), 1968; Doctor of Humane Letters, College of Mount Saint Vincent, 1968; D.Sc., University of Kentucky, 1968; LL.D., Yale University, 1968; D.Sc., La Salle College (Philadelphia), 1969; D.Sc., The University of North Carolina (Chapel Hill), 1969 ; D.Sc., Georgetown University, 1969 ; D.Sc., Washington University (St. Louis), 1969; Doctor of Humane Letters, University of Colorado, 1969.
In 1965 Dr. Shannon was elected to membership in the National Academy of Sciences. He is also a member of the American Physiological Society, American Society for Clinical Investigation, Association of American Physicians, American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine, Harvey Society, and other scientific organizations. He has been consultant to the President's Science Advisory Committee. At present he is a member of the President's Committee on the National Medal of Science, the Selection Committee for the Rockefeller Public Service Awards; he is an honorary member of the American Association of Hospital Administrators, the American Hospital Association, and the American Dental Association, as well as the Royal College of Physicians in London. He is a member of the professional fraternities, Alpha Omega Alpha and Sigma Xi.
Dr. Shannon was born in Hollis, New York, in 1904. He is married to Alice Waterhouse Shannon, a physician. They live at 5101 River Road, Chevy Chase, Maryland, and have a daughter, Alice, and a son, James.
DR. HORTON GUYFORD STEVER
H. Guyford Stever came to Carnegie Mellon University, formerly Carnegie Institute of Technology, in February 1965, as its fifth President. During his tenure, the Mellon Institute has been merged with Carnegie Tech to form Carnegie-Mellon.
Prior to becoming President, he served for more than twenty years on the faculty of Massachusetts Institute of Technology, during which time he achieved national prominence both as an educator and in service to the Federal Government. Among other government activities he serves as a member of the Advisory Panel to the House of Representatives Committee on Science and Astronautics.
Following the 1968 elections, Dr. Stever was appointed by President-elect Nixon as chairman of an ad hoc science task force to advise on important scientific issues facing the incoming administration. He and his committee of distinguished scientists presented their report to the President Nixon just prior to the Inauguration.
He has been the recipient of numerous awards and honors from various governmental agencies including the Certificate of Merit, the Exceptional Civilian Service Award and the Distinguished Public Service Medal. He holds eight honorary degrees.
Dr. Stever serves as consultant in the aerospace industry and is a Director or Trustee of several leading corporations, cultural organizations, schools, foundations, and charitable agencies. He is a Fellow of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the American Physical Society, the Royal Aeronautical Society, and the Royal Society of Arts. He is a member of Phi Beta Kappa and Tau Beta Pi among other honorary fraternities. In 1966 he was among the first group elected to membership in the National Academy of Engineering, served as first Chairman of its Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board, and is now a member of the Council.
Dr. Stever and his wife, the former Louise Risley, have four children, Horton Guyford, Sarah Newell, Margarette Risley, and Roy Risley.
DR. MYRON TRIBUS
Dr. Myron Tribus was born in San Francisco, California, on October 30, 1921. He attended the University of California at Berkeley where he received a B.S. Degree in Chemistry in 1942. He received a Ph. D. in Engineering in 1949 from the University of California at Los Angeles where from 1946 to 1960 he taught engineering, rising from instructor to professor. He became Dean of the Thayer School of Engineering at Dartmouth College in 1961.
In 1950 he served as a consultant in heat transfer at General Electric Company and has worked as a consulting engineer since that time.
In 1951-54 he was director, Aircraft Icing Research, at the University of Michigan.
Dr. Tribus is not a stranger to the Department of Commerce where he has been a member of the Commerce Technical Advisory Board. He also served as a consultant to the Federal Office of Saline Water for the Department of Interior.
He also has served as an advisor to NATO in 1953. He has been a director of the Carpenter Technology Corporation, a major producer of specialty steels.
He has had numerous awards for outstanding achievements, including: the Thurman H. Bane Award, Institute of Aerospace Sciences, in 1945; the Wright Brothers Medal of the Society of Automotive Engineers, 1945; and the Alfred Noble Prize of the Engineering Founder Societies in 1952.
He is the author of a textbook, Thermostatics and Thermodynamics, 1961 and a new book, Rational Descriptions, Decisions and Designs, is now in press. He is a member of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers; the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers; and the American Society for Engineering Education.
Dr. Tribus is married to the former Sue Davis of Ezel, Kentucky, who is the author of two cookbooks. They have two daughters, Louanne, 13, and Kamala, 9. Their home is in Hanover, New Hampshire.
DR. ERIC A. WALKER
Eric A. Walker was born in Long Eaton, England, April 29, 1910, and came to this country as a young boy. He received his Bachelor's, Master's and Doctor of Science degrees from Harvard, and holds honorary doctorates from many universities.
As an engineer, he has made significant contributions in the fields of acoustic properties of liquids, high voltage insulation, and electromagnetic precipitation. During World War II, he helped develop the acoustic homing torpedo, which was instrumental in breaking the submarine blockade. For this and other war research, he won the Naval Ordnance Development Award and the Presidential Certificate of Merit.
He headed the department of electrical engineering at Tufts College, at the University of Connecticut, and at The Pennsylvania State University, where he also directed the Ordnance Research Laboratory. At Penn State he was later Dean of the College of Engineering and Architecture, and since 1956 has been President of the University. He has been a member of the Board of Visitors of both the U.S. Naval Academy and the U.S. Military Academy. He was a founder of the National Conference on the Administration of Research, and has held leading positions in many educational associations and commissions at both state and national levels. He has been President of the American Association for Engineering Education, and of the Engineers' Joint Council.
He was a member of the Army Scientific Advisory Panel, Vice-Chairman of the President's Committee for Scientists and Engineers, and Chairman of the National Research Council's Committee on Undersea Warfare. He is currently Chairman of the Naval Research Advisory Committee, Chairman of the Board of the National Science Foundation, and a member of the Defense Science Board. He was one of the prime movers in the establishment of the National Academy of Engineering and is now its president.
Dr. Walker's accomplishments have been widely recognized by many awards and other honors. He has received the Horatio Alger Award, the Tasker E. Bliss Award of the American Society of Military Engineers, and the American Legion Distinguished Service Award. Early in 1969 he was named a Benjamin Franklin Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts, London. He served as board member of a number of organizations and is a consultant to various industrial companies.
From : Department of Public Information, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania.
DR. EDWARD WENK, JR. Edward Wenk, Jr., a research engineer with experience in marine affairs, laboratory management and public administration, was re-appointed by President Nixon in January, 1969, as Executive Secretary of the Cabinet-level National Council on Marine Resources and Engineering Development. The Council, chaired by Vice President Agnew, is composed of the heads of the 8 Federal agencies with programs in the marine sciences. Located in the Executive Office of the President, the Council is responsible to the President for planning policy and for coordinating the $530 million marine science programs across the Federal Government, in relation to defense, foreign policy, fishing, shipping, coastal development, weather prediction, recreation, pollution abatement, and maritime exploration.
Dr. Wenk received a Bachelor of Engineering degree, with honors, in civil engineering from The Johns Hopkins University in 1940. He studied architecture at the Harvard Graduate School of Design; received a Master of Science degree in applied mechanics from Harvard University in 1947, and a Doctor of Engineering in civil engineering from Johns Hopkins in 1950.
From 1942 until 1956-as a research administrator and Naval Officer at the Navy's David Taylor Model Basin-Dr. Wenk was responsible for the Navy's ship structural research program. He received the Navy Civilian Meritorious Service award for developing structural modeling techniques to predict dynamic strength of ships. Subsequently, as a specialist in submarine strength, he developed criteria for hull design of nuclear and POLARIS vessels, and was in charge of the first deep dive of new submersibles, including the NAUTILUS. The research team he assembled gained wide recognition for their contributions in mathematics of thin elastic shells and for precision in experimental stress analysis.