Page images

44. A Psalm, thought to be composed by King Hezekiah, when the forces of the King of Assyria took all the fenced cities of Judah, and laid siege to Jerusalem.

45. A Psalm intitled, A SONG OF LOVES, composed most probably, by David, on the occasion of Solomon's marriage with Pharaoh's daughter. The title Jedidoth, which is rendered Loves, seems to refer more particularly to the name Jedidiah, given to Solomon, from the Lord, by the Prophet Nathan, 2 Sam. xii. 25, which name signifies the beloved of the "Lord." It was, amongst other reasons, given to Solomon, because he was in many respects, to be a type of Christ. Accordingly, as this Psalm does, in one sense, relate to the marriage of Solomon with the daughter of Pharaoh, and therefore it sets forth the greatness of Solomon, and his bride's excellency; so, in a mystical and prophetical sense, is thereby intended to be set forth the far greater excellency of Christ, and his bride, the Church; many of the expressions in this Psalm being chiefly, or most properly applicable to Christ. This is one of the Psalms appointed for Christmas Day.

46. A Psalm not improbably composed by David, after

those great victories which he obtained over several nations, and which are mentioned in 2 Sam. viii.

47. A Psalm probably composed and sung on the occasion of bringing the Ark, either into the tabernacle on Mount Sion, by David, or, from thence into the temple, by Solomon. The Ark being a type of Christ, as Mount Sion was of Heaven, the carrying of the Ark up to that Mount, may be looked upon as a type of Christ's Ascension into Heaven. In this sense the Psalm has been understood by the ancient fathers of the Church; and so it has been received by our Reformers, who have appointed it as one of the Psalms for Ascension Day.

48. A Psalm, thought to have been composed after the repulse, or withdrawing, of some army, which had invaded Judah, and threatened to destroy Jerusalem. there is figured under this deliverance, the Christian Church


that City and Temple of Messiah,with all their strength, beauty, and glory-this Psalm is appointed to be used on Whit Sunday.

49. A Psalm which sets forth the shortness of worldly greatness, and suggests comfort, to preserve the pious from dejection.



The preaching of the Gospel is here foretold, and afterwards the general Judgment.

51. A PSALM OF DAVID, "when Nathan the Prophet (6 came to him, after he had "gone in to Bathsheba." This is the fourth of the Penitential Psalms. It is inserted in the Commination Service, and so is used with the other Penitential Psalms, in the Service on Ash Wednesday.

52. A PSALM OF DAVID, composed by him, when Abiathar had come and told him how "Doeg the Edomite came and told Saul, and "said unto him, David is come to the house of Abi"melech."


[ocr errors]

53. A PSALM OF DAVID, This is, in a manner, the same as Psalm xiv. except that there is some difference in verse 5. The first was made upon the occasion of Absalom's rebellion; and it is thought that, on the new revolt under Sheba, David made the variations that are found in the present one.

54. A PSALM OF DAVID, "when the Ziphims came, " and said to Saul, doth not "David hide himself with "us?" The matter of this Psalm is applied to Christ and Christians; and, on that account, it has been appointed to be read on Good Friday.


composed on the occasion of Absalom's rebellion, and David hearing that Achitophel also was among the conspirators.

56. A PSALM of David, composed when he was in danger from the Philistines (among whom he had been an exile) as well as from Saul and his associates. What David was in Philistia, the Disciples of the son of David are in the world.

57. A PSALM OF DAVID, said to have been composed by him, on occasion of his escape from Saul, in the cave at Engeddi, as in 1 Sam. xxiv. 3. This is one of the proper Psalms for Easter Day; which suggests to us, to transfer our ideas from David's escape to the Resurrection of Christ from the grave.

58. A PSALM OF DAVID, A reproof of those evil counsellors who had condemned David, as guilty of high treason, against their own conscience, and merely to please Saul, who thereby had a pretence to destroy him. In the person of Saul, and his evil counsellors, may be represented the enemies of Christ and the Church.

59. A PSALM OF DAVID, "when Saul sent, and they "watched the house to kill "him."


composed to teach posterity to trust in God, as he did, "when, (according to the "words of the title to this "Psalm) he strove with "Aram Naharaim, and with "Aram Zobah, when Joab "returned, and smote of "Edom, in the Valley of "Salt, twelve thousand." All this is now to be spiritually applied in the Christian Church, to the establishment, and enlargement of Messiah's kingdom, prefigured by that of David.

61. A PSALM OF DAVID, wherein, in v. 2. he plainly refers to his being forced to fly beyond Jordan, even to Mahanaim, in the rebellion of his son Absalom against him.

62. A PSALM OF DAVID, composed, probably, after Absalom was killed, but before David was invited to return to Jerusalem, and while there yet remained some, who were against his return, as appears from v. 3, and 4.

63. A PSALM OF DAVID, when he was in the Wilderness of Judah, through which he went, when he fled from Absalom, as sufficiently appears from v. 11. where he stiles himself King. The whole Psalm is applicable to the circumstances of Christ in the flesh, and to those of his people in the world.

64. A PSALM OF DAVID, composed either during the

Rebellion of Absalom, or the persecution of Saul. David may be supposed to represent the person of the Messiah. This is one of the Psalms appointed for the Service of Thanksgiving, on the 5th of November.

65. A PSALM, OR SONG OF DAVID, composed, probably, as a Thanksgiving for putting an end to the three years Famine, 2 Sam. xxi. by sending a plentiful rain.

66. A SONG, OR PSALM OF DAVID, supposed to be made after David had been peaceably settled in the kingdom, over Israel, as well as over Judah. He excites his people to join with him in thanks to God, for their late deliverances, and also for former ones, vouchsafed to their nation. It is introduced in our Forms of Prayer to be used at Sea, as a Thanksgiving after a Storm.

67. A PSALM, or Song, probably of David, who having offered the Sacrifices mentioned, Psalm lxvi. 15, blessed the people in the name of the Lord, as in 2 Sam. vi. 17, 18. pronouncing this Psalm, wherein he imitates the form of blessing to be used by the Priests on solemn occasions, as in Numb. vi. 23. This Psalm may be used in an evangelical sense, till the fulness of the Gentiles, and the accomplishment looked for,

in the second coming of Christ. This Psalm is a part of our Evening Service, to be read, occasionally, after the second Lesson. It is also introduced into the Marriage Service.

68. A PSALM, OR SONG OF DAVID. Supposed to be penned by him, when he was to engage some powerful enemies, as in 2 Sam. viii. wherefore he earnestly begs the presence of God with him, of which the Ark was a token. This he begs in the very form of words, which Moses directed the Priests to use, every time they took up the Ark, to set forward, Numb. x. 35. Some suppose it to have been composed on the occasion of the Ark being removed to Mount Sion, as related in 2 Sam. vi. and 2 Chron. xv. Conformably with this notion, it has been appointed as one of the proper Psalms for Whit Sunday.

69. A PSALM OF DAVID. The application of many passages in this Psalm, to our Lord, made by himself, and his Apostles, as well as the appointment of the whole, by our Church, to be used on Good Friday, direct us to consider it, as if uttered by Christ in the day of his Passion.

70. A PSALM OF DAVID, "To bring to remembrance," as it is intitled. It varies little

from Psalm xl. from v. 13, to the end.

71. It is generally thought that this Psalm was composed by David, and on the occasion of Absalom's rebellion. It is used in our SerVice for the Visitation of the Sick, after the Absolution.

72. A PSALM FOR SULOΜΟΝ. Probably composed by David, a little before he commanded Nathan and Zadock to set Solomon on the throne. Herein are several expressions, that had not a full accomplishment in Solomon, or any other person before Christ; of whose kingdom David is supposed here to speak prophetically.

73. A PSALM OF ASAPH, who is probably the same that is called Asaph the Seer, in 2 Chron. vi. 39; he lived in the days of Hezekiah, and Ahaz. If this Psalm was composed on any particular occasion, it might be on that of Sennacherib's invasion; or on the great distress of the country in the days of Ahaz.

74. A PSALM OF ASAPH, Not the same Asaph, who lived in the days of Hezekiah and Ahaz; but one who lived during the captivity, who seems here to lament the desolation of Jerusalem, and the Temple, and of the rest of Judea, made by Nebuchadnezzar, and the Babylonish forces.

75. A PSALM, OR SONG, OF ASAPH. Probably the same Asaph who penned Psalm lxxiii; if so, it might be composed on the occasion of the deliverance from Sennacherib's army; and might be spoken as in the person of Hezekiah, or to advise him, what he ought to do, as King. 76. A PSALM, OR SONG, OF ASAPH. Composed, perhaps, on the same occasion, by the same writer, as the foregoing one.

77. A PSALM OF ASA PH, which might be composed either on Sennacherib's invasion, on the Babylonish captivity, by one, or other, of the Asaphs.

78. A PSALM OF ASAPH, but probably a different one from either of the preceding two of that name; for as this Psalm contains an enumeration of God's benefits to his people, only down to King David's time, or at farthest to the building of the Temple, it was, probably, composed by Asaph, the principal singer in those days.

Supposed to be penned in the days of Hezekiah, and so by the same person, as Psalm lxxiii. lxxiv. lxxvi.

81. A PSALM OF ASAPH. Supposed to be the Asaph, who lived in David's time, and who composed the 78th Psalm. This Psalm was probably to be sung at the Feast of Trumpets.

82. A PSALM OF ASAPH, probably composed by the Asaph in the days of Hezekiah. It is addressed to judges and magistrates, admonishing them to act uprightly.

83. A SONG OR PSALM OF ASAPH, probably composed when the Moabites and Ammonites joined together against Judah, in the reign of Jehosaphat; and therefore by a different Asaph from the three preceding. Some think him the same as Jahaziel, mentioned in 2 Chron. xx. 14, who was one of Asaph's posterity.

84. This Psalm resembles the 42nd. It was probably composed, either by David, when he was forced from Jerusalem and from the Tabernacle, by the rebellion of Absalom; or else by some pious Levite in the country, when Sennacherib's army had blocked up Jerusalem, and hindered him, and other good persons, from attending the ser80. A PSALM OF ASAPH. vice of God at the Temple.

79. A PSALM OF ASAPH, This might be composed on the destruction of Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar, and, therefore, by the Asaph who penned the 74th Psalm. It is one of the Psalms appointed for the Fast Service on the 30th of January.

« PreviousContinue »