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them toward civilization and self-support; and what changes are needed to remedy sach defects as may exist; and shall, subject to the approval of the Secretary of the Interior, employ and discharge superintendents, teachers, and any other person connected with schools wholly supported by the Government, and with like approval make such rules and regulations for the conduct of such schools as in his judgment their good may require. The Secretary of the Interior shall cause to be detailed from the employés of his Department such assistants, and shall furnish such facilities as shall be necessary to carry out the foregoing provisions respecting said Indian schools.

The general policy of the Department in regard to Indian education is to teach the pupil to speak, real, and write the English language, to give bim a knowledge of arithmetic, geography, and United States bistory, and also to instruct him in farming, the care of stock, and the trades. Girls are to be taught all branches of housekeeping, butter and cheese making, to cut and make and mend garments, to care for the sick, to cook, wash, and iron.2

A farm and garden are to be connected with each school, and one. half of the school time devoted to industrial training. An evening session is to be held for reading, study, singing, and other exercises.5 A Sabbath-school or some other suitable service is to be held every Sunday, wbich pupils are required to attend.5 Superintendent, matron, and employés are to reside in the boarding school building. Superintendents are required to make a monthly report in detail to the agent, showing attendance, progress, health of pupils, and to account for all issues and expenditures made during the month.7

A contract school is one wherein the Government pays a stated sum for each pnpil, and the religious society provides the teachers and pays their salaries and other expenses of the school. The buildings are generally furnished by the society.

STATISTICS OF INDIAN EDUCATION.

The following statistics are from the Report of 1885. They are given to present a picture at a definite period, and to show the need of increased rather than diminished appropriations for Indian schools. Not only do the schools already established require each year larger amounts to meet the requirements created by their own work, but there is as yet not sufficient school accommodation for the entire Indian school population. The fact that the Indians are already by law on the threshold of citizenship nakes the necessity for more schools and better equipped schools a national need. For later statistics see the reports of the superintendent for Indian schools, and reports of Indian Commis. sioner.

Regulations of the Indian Department, 1884, secs. 500, 502, 503, 504, 517, rule 7. *Ibid., sec, 517, rules 8, 15, 16, 17. 3 Ibid., fec. 517, rule 6. I bid., sec. 517, rule 5. Ibid., sec. 517, rule 22. 6Ibid., sec. 517, rule 23. 7 Ibid., secs. 509-512.

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Aqua Caliento Day,

30 1

300.00 No. 2. Temecula Day..

45 1

28
10

720.00
Sajoalla school

50 1

60

6

360.00 Rincon Day

40 1

42
10

720.00
Klamath River
No school.

45
Tule River

Tule River
Agency Day.

20
26 1
18

418.70 Yuma Colorado River Yuma Boarding Housework and sewing. 190 200 100 2

30

9

, 410. 38
Indians not under agen-
No school..

1,554
cies (6,669).
Total

2,719 200 641 16 2 30 440

119

12, 547.72
COLORADO.
Ute
Southern Ute No schools c

200
Total

200
DAKOTA.
Crow Creek
Crow Creek and Crow Creek Boarding Domestic work, sewing, 170 40 10

2 50

10 4 4, 147.30 Lower Brulé.

farming. Old Winnebago.

.do

No school
Sioux, Lower Brûlé ...do
Lower Brûlé Boarding Domestic work, sewing, 135 40

2 3 36

10 2 4,030.00
farming.
Devil's Lake.
Devi's Lake Agency Industrial .....do

160 70
3 2 69

10 13 7, 879. 90
Boarding.
Boys' Industrial Farming

30

30

10 20 4, 135, 52
Boarding.
Fort Berthold.
Fort Berthold Fort Stephenson's Domestic work, sewing, 175 80

5 6 76

12 25 8, 895.53 Boarding

farming, shoe making. Mission Day Sewing and housework.

60 2
15 9

945.00
Lake Traverse.

Sisseton
A gency Boarding Harness and shoemak. 344 130 12 5 7 116

10 25 15, 391.00
ing, tailoring, house.
work, sewing, farin-

ing. Good-Will Mission' Farming, care of stock,

55 10

61

8 3 3,000.00 2, 117.00 Boarding

sewing, housework. Ascension Boarding Sewing and housework.

14

2 13

10

1, 457.54
(Girls).
Sious
Cheyenne River Agency Boarding. Domestic work and 879 50

2 3 50

10 8 6, 063. 62 farming. a School population taken from Report of Indian Commissioner for 1884.

c Fifteen thousand dollars appropriated in 1885, conditional op gift of 180 Taken from Report of Indian Commissioner for 1884.

acres of land.

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Mission Industrial General housework and
Day.

Sewing
Chargers Camp..
Mission Day, No. 1
Mission Day, No. 2
Mission Day, No. 3
Mission Day, Chantier

Boitoin.
Mission Day, Peoria Farming and housework
Bottom.

at the homes of In.

dians.
Duprey Camp
Agency Day..
Humps Camp..
St. Stephen's Day
St. John's Boarding Garlening, housework,
(Girls).

dairying, sewing.
Agency Boarding. Gardening, sewing,

housework.
Medicine Root Creek Farming care of stock,
Day.

sewing.
St. Andrews Day
White Pird Day House-building, farming,

sewing.
Wounded Knee Day.. do
Ogalalla Day

do

450.00

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10, 023.94

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480.00

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Pine Ridge

Agency Day......
Rose Bud..
Agency Day..

Sowing
White Thunder.
Oak Creek Day
Little Oak Creek
St. Matthew's Mission

Day.
Black Pipe Creek
St. Mark's Mission

Day.
St. Ann's Mission Day.
Scabby Creek..
St. Mark's Night

School.

Cut-Meat Creek
Standing Rock Industrial Boarding Gardening, dairying,

housework, sewing.
Industrial Farm Board Farming, care of stock,
ing

dairying, carpenter

ing.
Dacotah Mission Day. Gardening.
Cannon Ball Mission

Day.
Yankton
Agency Boarding... Farming, sewing, house-

work.
St. Paul Boarding..... Farming and trades.
White Swan Day..
Ree Day.
White Swan Mission

Day.

Mission Day..
Saulee Agency Ponca Day.

St. Mary's Boarding
Devil's Lake Ag'cy. St. John's Day.. Gardening

No school.

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18, 471.00

a School population taken from Report of Indian Commissioner for 1884.

6 Taken from Report of Indian Commissioner for 1884.

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