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This Department concurs in the recommendation of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs that the lands indicated upon the annexed diagram, and defined in the accompanying report of the Commissioner of the General Land Office of the 6th instant, be set apart as reservations for the Indians referred to, and I have the honor to request, if it meet your approval, that you make the requisite order in the premises. With great respect, your obedient servant,


Atting Secretary. The PRESIDENT.

WASHINGTON, D. C., June 14, 1867. Let the lands be set apart as reservations for the Indians within named, as recommended by the Acting Secretary of the Interior.


In 1873 a special commission, of which J. P. C. Shanks was chairman, visited the Cour d'Aléne Indians in reference to their reservation. The Indians “ agreed to relinquish their claim to northern Idaho on condition that the Government supply them with stock and farming implements, and to remain upon the reservation, provided its boundaries should be changed so as to include the Cæur d'Aléne Mission and some farming lands in the valley of the Latah (or Hangman's) Creek. The lands were withdrawn by Executive order for the use of these Indians, in accordance with lines agreed upon with the commission; but the necessary legislation confirming this negotiation has not yet been enacted."1

EXECUTIVE MANSION, November 8, 1873. It is hereby ordered that the following tract of country in the Territory of Idaho be, and the same is hereby, withdrawn from sale and set apart as a reservation for the Cour d'Aléne Indians, in said Territory, viz:

“ Beginning at a point ou the top of the dividing ridge between Pine and Latah (or Hangman's) Creeks, directly south of a point on said last-named creek, 6 miles above the point where the trail from Lewistop to Spokane Bridge crosses said creek; thence in a north-easterly direction in a direct line to the Cour d'Aléne Mission, on the Caur d'Aléve River (but not to include the lands of said mission); thence in a westerly direction, in a direct line, to the point where the Spokane River heads in or leaves the Caur d'Aléne Lakes; thence down along the center of the chanvel of said Spokane River to the dividing live between the Territories of Idaho and Washing. ton, as established by the act of Congress organizing a Territorial government for the Territory of Idaho; thence south along said dividing line to the top of the dividing ridge between Ping and Latah (or Hangman's) Creeks; thence along the top of the said ridge to the place of beginning."

U. S. GRANT. | Report of the Indian Commission, 1074, pp. 57, 88. 2 Report of the Indian Commissioner, 1886, p. 3:25.



This Territory is without organization, and its boundaries are not de. fined, except by those of other States and Territories which hedge it. The agents at the various agencies and the military at the posts within this region represent the authority of the Unitel States. The courts at Fort Smith, Ark., afford legal protection to the white citizens residing within the easterly reservations. Of the many tribes at present living bere, only the Kiowa and Comanche, and a few bands of Apache, formerly inhabited a portion of this country; although hunting and war parties of the Cheyenne, Arapahoe, Osage, Kansas, Pawnee, Caddo, and Wichita tribes occasionally visited the region. Almost the entire Indian population of this Territory has been transported thither by the power of the United States Government from lands more or less remote.

There are twenty five reservations, containing an aggregate area of 31,673,626 acres. There are also unoccupied lands outside of these reservations aggregating 9,423,606 acres, making a total area of the tract known as the Indian Territory of 11,097,332 acres. The total Indian population is 85,283.

The following are the agencies: Cheyenne and Arapalioe Agency, having the Cheyenne and Arapahoe Reservation in charge; the Kiowa, Comanche, and Wichita Agency, having the Kiowa and Comanche and Wichita Reservations in charge; the Osage Agency, having the Kansas and Osage Reservations in charge; the Ponca, Pawnee, and Otoe Agency, baving the Oakland, Otoe, Pawnee, and Ponca Reservations in charge; the Quapaw Agency, having the Modoc, Ottawa, Peoria, Quapaw, Seneca, Shawnee, and Wyandotte Reservations in charge; the Sac and Fox Agency, having the Iowa, Kickapoo, Pottawatomie, Sac, and Fox Reservations in charge; the Union Agency, having the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, and Seminole Reservations in charge. FORT SUPPLY MILITARY RESERVE."


Washington City, January 16, 1883. Sir: I have the honor, upon the recommendation of the commanding general, Department of the Missouri, concurred in by the Lieutenant-General and approved by the General of the Army, to request that the United States military reservation of

For legislation setting apart this Territory, see United States Statutes, Vol. IV, p. 411, and Vol. XIV, p. 771. 2 Report of Indian Commissioner, 1836, p. 329.

Fort Supply, Indian Territory, originally declared by Execntive order dated April 18, 1882, as announced in General Orders No. 14, of May 10, 1882, from department headquarters, may be enlarged, for the purpose of supplying the post with water and timber, by the addition of the following-described tracts of land adjacent thereto, viz:

The south balf of township 25 north, range 22 west, and the south-west quarter of township 25 north, range 21 west, in the Indian Territory.

It has been ascertained from the Interior Department that no objection will be interposed to the enlargement of the reservation in question as herein indicated.

The Commissioner of Indian Affairs, however, with the concurrence of the Secretary of the Interior, recommends that a proviso be inserted in the order making the proposed addition, so as to cover the entire reservation, "that whenever any portion of the land so set apart may be required by the Secretary of the Interior for Indian purposes the same shall be abandoned by the military, upon notice to that effect to the Secretary of War.” I have the honor to be, sir, with great respect, etc.,


Secretary of Tar. The PRESIDEXT.


Washington, January 17, 1883. The within request is approved, and the enlargement of the reservation is made and proclaimed accordingly: Prorided, That whenever any portion of the land set apart for this post may be required by the Secretary of the Interior for Indian purposes the same shall be relinquished by the military, npon notice to that effect to the Secretary of War; and the Executive order of April 19, 1882, is modified to this extent.

The Secretary of the Iuterior will cause the same to be noted in the General Land Ofice.



EXECUTIVE MANSJON, July 12, 1884. It is hereby ordered that the following-described tracts of country in the Indian Territory, viz, sections 13, 14, 15, 16, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, and the east half of sections 17, 20, and 29, all in township No. 29 north, range No. 2 east of the Indian meridian, be, and the same are hereby, reserved and set apart for the settlement of such friendly Indians belonging within the Indian Territory as have been or who may hereafter be educated at the Chilocco Indian Industrial School in said Territory.



[Post-office address : Darlington, Ind. T.]


How established.-By Executive order, August 10, 1869; unratified agreement with Wichita, Caddo, and others, October 19, 1872.

Area and survey.--Contains 4,297,771 acres, of which 30,000 are classed as tillable. Surveyed. Acres cultirated. The Indians have under cultivation 811 acres.4

Report of Indian Commissioner, 1886, p. 328. 2 Ibid., 1884, p. 308. 3 Ibid., p. 259. 'Ibid., 1886, p. 428.

S. Ex. 95-420

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Tribes and population. The tribes living here are the Apache, Southern Arapahoe, Northern and Southern Cheyenne. Total population, 3,536.?

Location. The following extract describes the situation: The reservation lies between the thirty-fifth and thirty-seventh parallels of latitude, and between the ninety-eighth and one hundredth degrees of longitude,

about one-fourth of which I estimate arable land, or such that could be made so.

The reservation is watered by the Cimarron, the North Canadian, the South Canadian, Washita, and North Fork of Red River, the streams running in a southeasterly course. The best farming land is in the eastern part of the reservation, and along the river bottoms. The scarcity of timber is the main drawback in this quarter, but as one goes westward there is an abundance of timber for fuel and also for building purposes, except the high grades of lumber. The timber consists of cotton-wood and black-jack, white oak, hackberry, and ceilar. Three-fourths of the reservation is well adapted to the grazing and rearing of all kinds of stock. * This is an executive-order reservation.

It was so declared in exchange for a larger area, perhaps, set aside by the treaty of 1868.2

Government rations.—Ninety per cent. of these Indians subsisted by
Government rations, as reported in 1886.3

Miils and Indian employés.-— Mill reported and Indian employé.
Indian police.-Indian police established.
Indian court of offences.---Indian court of offences not established.

School population, attendance, and support.-School population as estimated in 1886 was 650. Other statistics are as follows:

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Missionary work.–Under the charge of the Mennonite Church. Seo full report of resident missionary and superintendent of mission work."


Treaty with certain bands of Apaches, made at Santa , July 1, 1852.

Authority of United States acknowledged. (Art. 1.) Peace to be maintained and Apaches not to assist other Indians at war with Government. (Art. 2.) To treat humanely all persons having lawful intercourse with them. (Art. 3.), Refer all cases of aggression to the United States for adjustment, and obey the laws and regulations

1 Report of Commissioner of Indian Affairs, 1896, p. 398.

4 I bid , p. xcii. 6 Ibid., pp. 124-127.

s Ibid., p. 118.

I bid.,

p. 414.

of the Government. (Art. 4.) To desist from making hostile incursions into Mexico, and to surrender all captives now in their possession. (Art. 5.) Avy citizens murdering, robbing, or otherwise maltreating Apaches, shall be subject to arrest, trial, and conviction same as other citizens. (Art. 6.) Free passage given through Apache country. (Art. 7.) Military posts, agencies, and trading houses to be established. (Art. 8.) Territorial boundaries to be adjusted and laws to be passed conducive to the prosperity of said Indians. (Art. 9.) Faithful performance of stipulations to be rewarded by presents and implements and such measures as Government may deem proper. (Art. 10.) Apaches of the treaty not to be beld responsible for conduct of other Indians. Treaty binding when signed. (Art. 11.)

Proclaimed March 25, 1853.'
Treaty with Apache, Kiowa, and Comanche, Indians at Fort Atkinson, Ind. T., July

27, 1853.2 See Kiowa and Comanche treaty same date. Treaty with the Apache, Cheyenne, and Arapahoe Indians, made on the Little Arkansas

River, Kansas, October 17, 1865. Whereas the Apaches desire to dissolve their connection with the Kiowas and Cor manches and unite with the Cheyennes and Arapahoes, these three to be hereafter recognized as confederated bands. (Art. 1.)

Stipulations of treaty of October 14, 1865, to be binding upon these confederated tribes. (Art. 2.)

Proclaimed May 26, 1866.3
Treaty with the Apachcs, Kiowas, and Comanches, made at Medicine Lodge Creek, Kansas,

October 21, 1867. Apache tribe agrees to confederate and become incorporated with the Kiowa and Comanche ; to accept as its permanent home the reservation described in article 2, treaty with Kiowas and Comanches, October 21, 1867, and pledges itself to make no permanent settlement outside of reservation. (Art. 1.) Kiowas and Comanches agree to share with the Apaches benefits of said treaty. (Art. 2.) United States to provide clothing, etc., as agreed in article 10 of said treaty, for the Apaches; also to increase appropriation provided in article 10 of said treaty from $25,000 to $30,000. Separate census of Apaches to be taken annually. (Art. 3.) Apaches agree to faithfully observe the stipulations entered into by the Kiowas and Comanches in said treaty, and to keep the peace. The Apaches forever relinquish to the United States all rights, privileges, and grants transferred to them by the treaty of the 14th of October, 1865, with the Arapahoe and Cheyenne; 4 and also supplemental treaty on October ï7, 1865. (Art. 4.)

Proclaimed August 25, 1868.5


Treaty with the Northern Cheyenne, made at the mouth of the Teton Rirer, Dakota, July 6,

1825.6 See similar treaty made with Sioux tribe, July 5, 1825, in Dakota. Unratified treaty with Northern Cheyenne and other tribes, made at Fort Laramie, Wyo.,

Septeniber 17, 1851,7 See Blackfoot treaties, same date, Montana.

United States Statutes at Large, Vol. X, p.979. * Ibid., p. 1013. 31bid., Vol. XIV, p. 713. 4 See Arapahoe and Cheyenne treaties, same date. 8 United States Statutes at Large, Vol. XV, p. 589. 6 I bid., Vol. VII, p. 255. "Indian Laws,

P. 317.

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