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3d. And it is furtber agreed that in case the United States fail to carry ont the provisions of the agreement this contract shall be null and void.

In testimony whereof we have hereunto set our hands and seals the day and year first above written.

H. W. Jones,

United States Indian Agent.
JAMES CHOCTAW (his + mark),
JAMES CAPTAIX (his + mark),

JOHN LOGAN (his + mark),
JOHN WILLIAMS (his + mark),

Good Hunt (his + mark),
BILLY DICK (his + mark),
JOHN MOHAWK (his + mark),
CORN STALK (bis + mark),
GEORGE BEAVER (his + mark),
Samson KYZER (his + mark),
JOEN JACKSON (his + mark),

Young Men. Attest:

LAZARUS FLINT, Interpreter.

(Report of the Indian Commissioner, 1882, p. 271. Recorded in Records of Treaties, Vol. III, p. 19.)

This agreement was confirmed in Indian appropriation act of March 3, 1875:

For this amount, or so much thereof as may be necessary, to provide, under the direction of the Secretary of the Interior, settlements, clothing, food, agricultural implements, and seeds for the Modoc Indians that have been removed to and are now residing within the Indian Territory, ten thousand dollars: Provided, That three thousand dollars of the amount hereby appropriated may be used to pay the Eastern Shawneo Indians the balance due them for four thousand acres of land in the north-east corner of their reserve, ceded to the United States for the Modoc Indians, as per agreement made with said Shawnee Indians June twenty-third, eighteen hundred and seventyfour, wbich agreement is hereby confirmed. (United States Statutes at Large, Vol. XVIII, p. 447.)


How established.-By treaty of February 23, 1867.

Area and survey.-Contains 14,860 acres, of which 10,860 are classed as tillable. Outboundaries surveyed.?

Acres cultivated.--The Indians have under cultivation 1,287 acres.3

Tribes and population.—The tribes living here are the Ottawa of Blanchard's Fork and Roche de Bæuf. Total population, 150.4

Location. The reservation is of gently undulating prairie.5
Government rations, -None issued.
Mills and Indian employés.-Not reported.
Indian police.-Not reported.

1 Report of Indian Commissioner, 1884, p. 308. 42. 4 Ibid.,

6 Ibid., 1882, p. 82.

2 Ibid., p. 259.

3 Ibid., 1886, p.

p. 398.

Indian court of offences.- Not reported.

School population, attendance, and support.-School population, as estimated in 1886, 30. No separate schools reported.

Missionary work.-Not reported.


For treaties with Ottawa, Chippewa, and other tribes, of January 21, 1785; of Jannary 9, 1789 ; of August 3, 1795 ; of July 4, 1803; of November 17, 1807 ; of Novemper 25, 1808 ; of September 8, 1615; of August 24, 1816; of September 29, 1817; of September 17, 1818 ; of July 6, 1820; and of August 29, 1821, see Chippewa treaty, same date-Michigan. For treaty of August 19, 1825, see Sioux treaty same dateDakota Territory. For treaties of August 25, 1828, and July 29, 1829, see Chippewa treaty same date-Michigan.

Treaty with Ottawa Indians, residing in Ohio, made at Miami Bay of Lake Erie, August

30, 1831.

Blanchard Fork band cede their reservation on the Great and Little Auglaize River, in all 21,768 acres. (Art. 1.) Roche de Bæuf band cede their reservation secured by treaty of November 17, 1807, 28,157 acres. (Art. 2.) Ottawas of Blanchard Fork to be remove:l west of Mississippi and have patented in fee simple 34,000 acres on Kansas River adjoining Shawnees. (Art. 3.) United States to defray expenses of removal. (Art. 4.) Ceded lands to be sold to highest bidder. (Art. 7.) The sum of $2,000 to be advanced to enable them to erect houses and open farms on new land. (Art. 5.) Stock and other property to be sold and proceeds paid to owners. (Art. 6.) Debts to be paid and proceeds of sale to be invested at 5 per cent. as annuity during pleasure of Congress. (Art. 7.) Annuities by former treaties to be apportioned by Secretary of War. (Art. 8.) Land granted to said band under this treaty United States guarantees shall never be within boundary of any State or Territory not subject to the laws thereof. Said band to be protected against depredations from any person whatever. (Art. 2.) Merchandise given at making of treaty. (Art. 10.) To Roche de Bæuf band 40,000 acres in fee simple adjoining the Blanchard Fork band west of Mississippi. United States to remove Indians when ready, and when removed to receive their proportion of the annuity due from the United States by former treaties. (Art 11.) Lands of this band to be sold at auction to the highest bidder. Survey and cost of sale to be deducted from proceeds. Debts of tribe to be paid. Any sur. plus placed at 5 per cent. as annuity under same conditions as Blanchard Fork band. (Art. 12.) Temporary reservations established for three years only prior to removal. (Art. 13.) Grants of land secured to specific individuals. (Arts. 14 and 15.) Claims against the Ottawas recognized. (Arts. 16 and 19.) Privileges under former treaties to Ottawas within State of Ohio to cease forever. (Art. 17.) Said bands to have their just portion in annuities due for 1830 when paid. (Art. 18.) Allowance to chief agreed to. (Art. 20.)

Proclaimed April 6, 1832.'

Treaty with Ottawa band of Miami of the Lake, made at Maumee, Ohio, February 18, 1833.

Indians cede their land on either side of Miami River and on Miami Bay. (Art. 1.) Certain tract reserved to specified individuals. (Art. 2.) The sum of $29,440 used to extinguish debts. Indians to remove from all ceded lands. Claims recognized. Treaty binding when ratified. (Art. 3.)

Proclaimed March 22, 1833.2

i United States Statutes at Large, Vol. VII, p. 339.

Ibid., p. 420.

For treaties of September 26, 1833; of September 27, 1833; of March 28, 1836; of June 5 and 17, 1846; and of July 31, 1855, see Chippewa treaty same date-Michigan.

Treaty with the Blanchard Fork and Roche de Bæuf bands of Ottawas, made at Washington,

June 24, 1862.

Ottawas to become citizens in five years. Entitled to all rights, privileges, and immunities. (Art. 1.) Ottawa Reservation to be surveyed. (Art. 2.) Five sections of land to be divided among certain chiefs and head-men as compensation for services, and patents in fee-simple issued. Each head of family to receivo 160 acres of land, including improvements. All other members to receive 80 acres. . (Art. 3.) The sum of $18,000 to be paid out of their moneys to assist in preparation for citizenship, and all moneys in the hands of United States to be paid in four equal annual instalments. (Art. 4.) The sum of $15,000 for payment of debts approved by council, agent, and Secretary of the Interior. (Art. 5.) Twenty thousand acres to be set aside for school endowment, and one section of land in which said school shall be located, which section to be made inalienable and not taxed. Seven trustees appointed to have charge of school funds and property, and control and management of school in manner herein provided. Vacancies by death or otherwise to be filled by survivors. Three of said board to be white citizens. Children of Ottawas and their descendants, no matter where they may emigrate, shall have right to advantages of said school. (Art. 6.) Ten acres set apart for Ottawa Baptist Church. Title vested in board of five trustees appointed by church. Gift of land authorized to certain specified persons. Lands to be patented in fee-simple at the time of arriving at citizenship. Forty acres of each allotment, including house and improvements, to be inalienable during the life-time of party receiving title. (Art. 7.) Census to be taken. Money of minors to be paid to legal guardians. (Art, 8.) After allotment, unallotted portion to be sold to actual settlers in specified manner. (Art. 9.) United States to pay Ottawas $13,005.05 for stolen stock and timber. (Art. 10.) Interpreter to be appointed and expenses of treaty paid by tribe. (Art. 11.)

Amended July 16, 1862; assented to July 19, 1862; proclaimed July 28, 1862.'
For treaty of February 23, 1867, see Kaskaskia treaty same dato-Indian Territory.


How established.-By treaty of February 23, 1867.

Area and survey.-Contains 50,301 acres, of which 40,000 are classed as tillable. Surveyed.

Acres cultivated. The Indians have under cultivation 1,928 acres.'

Tribes and population.—The tribes living here are the Kaskaskia, Miami, Peoria, Pian-kasha, and Wea. Total population, 280.5

Location. This reservation is similar in character to that of the Quapaw.f

Government rations. -None issued.
Mills and Indian employés.-Not reported.
Indian police-Not reported.
Indian court of offences.-Not reported.

Schooi population, attendance, and support.-School population, as estimated in 1886, 60. No separate schools reported.

United States Statutes at Large, Vol, XII, p. 1237. 2 Report of Indian ComInissioner, 1884, p. 308. 3 Ibid., p. 239. + Ibid., 1886, p. 428. 5Ibid., p. 983. Ibid., 1882, p. 82.


Treaty with Kaskaskia and other tribes, made at Greenville, August 3, 1795.

(United States Statutes at Large, Vol. VII, p. 49.) See Chippewa treaty, August 3, 1795—Michigan.

Treaty with the Kaskaskia and

her tribes, made at Fort Wayne, Ind., June 7, 180.1.

(United States Statutes at Large, Vol. VII, p. 74.) See Delaware treaty, June 7, 1803-Indian Territory.

Treaty with the Kaskaskia and other tribes, made at Vincennes, Ind., August 7, 1603.

(United States Statutes at Large, Vol. VII, p. 77.) Seo Kickapoo treaty, August 7, 1803–Kansas.

Treaty with the Kaskaskias, made at Vincennes, Ind., August 13, 1803.

The Kaskaskias, representing the consolidated remains of the several tribes of the Illinois, viz, Kaskaskia, Mitchigamia, Cahokia, and Tamargi, cede all their lands in the Illinois country, reserving the tract of 350 acres near the town of Kaskaskia, secured to them by act of Congress, March 3, 1791, viz: Beginning at the confluence of the Ohio and the Mississippi, thence up the Obio to the mouth of the Saline Creek, about 12 miles below the mouth of the Wabash; thence along the dividing ridge between the said creek and the Wabash until it comes to the general dividing ridge between the waters which fall into the Wabasli and those which fall into the Kaskaskia River; thence along the said ridge until it reaches the waters which fall into the Illinois River; thence in a direct course to the mouth of the Illinois River; and thence down the Mississippi to the beginning; and also the right of locating 1,230 acres within the ceded territory, which two tracts shall remain to them forever. (Art. 1.) Kaskaskias to be under the protection of the United States. (Art. 2.) Annuities increased to $1,000. House built and 100 acres inclosed for chief, $100 for seven years to be given toward support of the Roman Catholic priest to instruct the children, $300 to build a church, and $300 for payment of debts. (Art. 3.) Division of annuity to be by United States. (Art. 4.) Land heretofore claimed by Kaskaskias defined. (Art. 5.) Right to hunt on ceded lands. (Art. 6.) Treaty binding when ratified. (Art. 7.)

Proclaimed December 23, 1803.1

Treaty with Kaskaskia and other tribes, made at Vincennes, September 25, 1818.

(United States Statutes at Large, Vol. VII, p. 181.)
See Peoria treaty, September 25, 1818--Indian Territory.

Treaty with Kaskaskia and other tribes, made at Castor Hill, October 27, 1832.

(United States Statutes at Large, Vol. VII, p. 403.) See Peoria treaty, October 27, 1832—Indian Territory.

Treaty with Kaskaskia and other tribes, made at Washington, May 30, 1854.

(United States Statutes at Large, Vol. X, p. 1082.) See Peoria treaty, May 30, 1854--Iudian Territory.

1 United States Statutes at Large, Vol. VII, p. 78.

Treaty with ihe Kaskaskias, Senecas, Mixed and Sharonges, Quapaus, Confederated

Peorias, Weas, and Piankeshaus, Ottowas of Blanchard's Fork and Roche de Bauf, and certain Wyandottes, made at Washington, February 23, 1867.

Whereas certain portions of the tribes now residing in Kansas are to remove to the Indian Territory, and others to dissolve their tribal relations and become citizens, and certain tribes residing in the Indian Territory having suffered during the late War desire the means of rebuilding their houses, reopening farms, and are therefore willing to sell lands; a portion of the Wyandottes, parties to the treaty of 1857, have sold their lands in severalty and have claim against the Government; therefore, it is agreed that the Senecas cede to the United States a strip of land bounded as follows: East by the State of Missouri, north by north line of reservation, west by Neosho River, and south the necessary distance to contain 20,000 acres. South line to be ascertained by survey at the cost of United States. Payment, $20,000. (Art. 1.) Mised Senecas and Sbawnees cedo to the United States north half of their reservation, bounded east by State of Missouri, north by Quapaw Reservation, west by Neosho River, south by an east and west line bisecting present Seneca and Shawnee Reservation into equal parts. United States to survey said line. Tract to contain 30,000 acres. Payment, $24,000. (Art. 2.) Shawnees heretofore confederated with Senecas cede to United States 12,000 acres, boundary beginning at the point where Spring River crosses the south line of the tract ceded in article 2, down said river to south line of Shawnee Reserve, west to Neosho River, and up said river to the south line of tract ceded in article 2. Survey at expense of the United States. Payment, $1 per acre. (Art.3.) Quapaws cede strip of land north of their reservation, one-half mile in width, in State of Kansas, containing twelve sections, except one half-section to be patented to Sam. G. Vallier, including his improvements. Payment, $1.25 per acre.

Also tract beginning at a point where the Neosho River strikes the south line of Quapaw Reserve, thence east 3 iniles, thence north to Kansas boundary, thience west to Neosho River, and down to the place of beginning. Payment, $1.15 per acre. Survey of this tract made at cost of tribe to which it shall be sold. Land in Kansas to be open to entry and settlement within sixty days after survey. Payment to be made within one year from entry. (Art. 4.)

Senecas.-Senecas agree to separate from Shawnees, unite with Senecas, parties to treaty of February 28, 1831, upon the reservation described in article 2 of same treaty. Funds of the several bands of Senecas to be a common fund. Equitable division of annuities now held in common by Senecas and Shawnees. (Art. 5.)

Four thousand dollars of the $24,000 provided in article 2 to be used for rebuilding homes, etc., the balance of the $20,000 to be consolidated with $20,000 provided in article 1 and invested at 5 per cent. to be paid per capita semi-annually together with annuity of $500 provided by article 4 of treaty of September 29, 1817. (Art. 6.) The amount annually due for blacksmith and miller under article 4 of treaty of February 28, 1831, to be paid as a fund for the purchase of implements, and any amounts found due and unpaid to Senecas upon an examination of their accounts to be added to this fund, the interest to be used as aforesaid. (Art. 7.)

Shawnees.—Two thousand dol?ars of sum provided in article 3 used for establishing homes, etc. Balance to be invested at 5 per cent. and paid semi-annually. Amounts dne and unpaid upon stocks and bonds invested to be expended under the direction of chiefs with consent of agent, and one-half of blacksmith's fund remaining after division to be made with Senecas sball be devoted to the same purposes with the addition of $500 annually for five years. (Art. 8.)

Quapaws.-Five thousand dollars of sum provided in fourth article to be used for re-establishing homes, etc. Balance invested at 5 per cent., payablo semi-annually per capita. (Art. 9.) If Osage mission schools should close so that Quapaw school fund can not be used at that institution, fund to remain in Treasury of United States until the Secretary, with the consent of chiefs, can use it to establish a school upon

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