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their reservation. (Art. 10.) The amount of farmer's fund now due and unpaid provided in article 3 of treaty of May 13, 1833, to be used for implements, seeds, etc., now and hereafter. (Art. 11.) A commission of two to investigate the losses sustained by the Senecas and Shawnees and Quapaws when driven from their homes during the late War, and report same to Congress. (Art. 12.)
Wyandottes.—Lands ceded by Senecas in article 1, set apart for Wyandottes, to be owned in common. Threo persons appointed to ascertain the amount of money due under existing stipulations and submit a report to Congress. Registry of people, residents in Kapsas and elsewhere, to be taken by agent of Delawares showing the vames of those who desire to remain in a tribal condition together with incompetents and orphans. These to constitute the tribe. No one hitherto a citizen or descendant of such to become a member of the tribe after its new organization except by consent of tribe unless the agentshall certify such person as likely to become a public charge. (Art. 13.) Upon completion of register the moneys acknowledged due to be divided among the people, including those who remain citizens. The balance, deducting the cost of land purchased in the first article and $5,000 to enable the Wyandottes to start in their new bome, to be divided per capita among those constituting the tribe. (Art. 14.) Restrictions on sales of land made under fourth article of treaty with Wyandottes of 1855 bereby removed, but Secretary to order investigation. (Art. 15.)
Ottawas.-Shawnee cession of article 3 hereby sold to Ottawas at $1 per acre, to be paid from the sale of Ottawa trust lands, as provided in article 9 of treaty of 1862. Balance, after payment of accounts provided in article 5 of same treaty, to be paid per capita. (Art. 16.) Period when tribes shall become citizens extended to July 16, 1869. Previous to that date any member may appear before United States district court for Kansas and declare his intention and receive certificate of citizenship, which shall include his family and entitle him to his proportion of tribal fund and dissolve his relation with the tribe. All Ottawag who shall not have made such declaration before said date to be considered members of the tribe. To enable tribe to dispose of its property in Kansas, fee-simple patent given to allotees. Said lands to remain exempt from taxation so long as retained by members of the tribe down to the date aforesaid. Chiefs to decide heirship to real estate according to laws of Kansas. (Art. 17.) United States to pay certain claims for destruction of property by whites. (Art. 18.) Children from sis to eighteen to be entitled to education and care at the institution provided for in article 6, treaty of 1862. Secretary of the Interior and senior corresponding secretary of American Baptist Home Missionary Society to be members ex officio of board of trustees. (Art. 19.) The remaining 7,221 and fraction acres of trust lands to be sold to trustees of Ottawa University for benefit of said institution as provided. (Art. 20.)
Peorias, Kaskaskias, Weas, and Piankeshaw8.-Sales of nine and a half sections made by confederated tribes to actual settlers confirmed. Money to be paid to the Secretary of the Interior for the benefit of tribe, subject to the provisions of this treaty. (Art. 21.) Land in the second and fourth articles to be purchased from the Senecas and Quapaws hereby sold to Peorias to be paid for at the same rate out of the money received by the provisions of article 21, and other moneys belonging to the tribe. Indians to dispose of their allotments in Kansas and to remove therefrom within two years. Restrictions to sale of lands in article 3, treaty of May 30, 1854, removed. Chiefs to determine members of tribe to be placed on pay-rolls. (Art. 23.)
An examination shall be made of the books of the Indian Office, and an account current prepared stating the condition of its funds, and the representations of the Indians for overcharges for sales of their lands in 1857 and 1858 shall be examined, and if any amount is found to be due such balance, it together with the interest of their invested funds shall be paid to them upon the 1st of July, 1867; and in order further to assist them in preparing for removal and in paying their debts the further amount of $25,000 shall be at the same time paid to them per capita from the sum of $169,686.75 invested for said Indians under act of Congress of July 12, 1862, and the balance of
said sum of $169,686.75, together with the sum of $98,000 now invested on behalf of the said Indians in State stocks of Southern States, and the sum of $3,700 being the balance of interest at 5 per cent. per annum on $39,950 held by the United States from July, 1857, till vested in Kansas bonds in December, 1861, after crediting $5,000 thereon heretofore receipted for by the chiefs of said Indians, shall be and remain as the permanent fund of the said tribe, and 5 per cent, be paid semi-annually thereon, per capita, to the tribe; and the interest due upon the sum of $28,500 in Kansas bonds, and upon $16,200 in United States stocks, now held for their benefit, shall be paid to the tribe semi-annually in two equal payments as a permanent school fund income: Prorided, that there shall be taken from the said invested fund and paid to the said tribe, per capita, on the 1st of July, 1868, the sum of $30,000 to assist them in establishing themselves upon their new homes; and at any time thereafter, when the chiefs shall represent to the satisfaction of the Secretary of the Interior that an additional sum is necessary, such sum may be taken from their invested fund: And prorided also, That the said invested fund shall be subject to such division and diminution as may be found necessary in order to pay those who may become citizens their share of the funds of the tribe. (Art. 24.)
In case the Supreme Court decides certain taxes levied upon the Indians as unlawful, the Government shall take measures to secure the refunding of the same. (Art. 25.) The Miamis to be confederated with these tribes and own an undivided right in said reservation by paying their proportionate share of purchase-money and contributing to the common fund such amount as shall make their annuities equal to said tribes. (Art. 26.) The sum of $1,500 for six years, for blacksmith, in lieu of claims for losses during late War. (Art. 27.) Register to be taken of such as may desire to become citizens and remain in Kansas. (Art. 28.) Amendments to be assented to by tribes particularly interested. (Art. 40.)
Amended June 18, 1868, at which time articles 29 to 39 inclusive and 41 were stricken out; assented to the 1st, 7th, 8th, and 15th of September, 1868, and proclaimed October 14, 1868.1
SYNOPSIS OF TREATIES WITII TIIE MIAMI INDIANS.
For treaty of August 3, 1795, with Miamis, Chippewas, and other tribes, see Chippawa treaty, samo date-Michigan.
For treaty of June 7, 1803, with Miamis, Pottawatomies, and other tribes, see Pottawatomie treaty, same date-Indian Territory.
For treaty of August 21, 1805, with Miamis, Delawares, and other tribes, see Delaware treaty, same date-Indian Territory.
For treaty of September 30, 1809, with Miamis, Delawares, and other tribes, seo Delaware treaty, same date-Indian Territory.
For treaty of July 22, 1814, with Miamis, Shawnees, and other tribes, see Shawneo treaty, same date-Indian Territory.
For treaty of September 8, 1815, with Miamis, Chippewas, and other tribes, see Chippewa treaty, same date-Michigan.
Treaty with the Miami Indians made at St. Mary's, Ohio, October 6, 1518.
Beginning at the Wabash River, where the present Indian boundary line crosses the same, near the mouth of Raccoon Creek; thence up the Wabash River to the reserve at its head, near Fort Wayne; thence with the lines thereof to the St. Mary's River; thence up the St. Mary's River to the reservation at the portage; thenco with the line of tbe cession made by tho Wyandotte Nation of Indians to the United States, at the foot of the rapids of the Miami of Lake Erie, on the 29th day of September, A. D. 1817, to the reservation at Loramie's store ; thence with the present
United States Statutes at Large, Vol. XV, p. 513.
Indian boundary line to Fort Recovery ; and with the said line following the courses thereof, to the place of beginning. (Art. 1.) From the cession aforesaid the follow ing reservations for the use of the Miami Nation of Indians shall be made: One reservation extending along the Wabash River, from the mouth of Salamanie River to the mouth of Eel River, and from those points running due south a distance equal to a direct line from the mouth of Salamanie River to the mouth of Eel River. One other reservation of 2 miles square, on the river Salamanie, at the month of Atchepongqwawe Creek. One other reservation of 6 miles square, on the Wabash River below the forks thereof; one 10 miles square opposite the mouth of the river A Bouette; one 10 miles square at the village on Sugar Tree Creek; one 2 miles square at the mouth of a creek called Flat Rock, where the road to White River crosses the same. (Art. 2.) Grants to individuals. (Art. 3.) Assent to cessions by Kickapoos in treaty of December 9, 1809. (Art. 4.) The sum of $15,000 perpetual annuity. Also 160 bushels of salt. Mill and blacksmith-slop and agricultural implements provided. (Art. 5.) Tracts granted not transferable without consent of President. (Art. 6.) Treaty binding when ratified. (Art. 7.) Proclaimed January 15, 1919,
Treaty with the Miami Indians, made near the mouth of the Mississinera on the Irabash
River, Indiana, October 23, 1826.
Indians cede all lands in Indiana north and west of Wabash and Miami Rivers. (Art. 1.) From the cession aforesaid, the following reservations for the use of the said tribe shall be made : Fourteen sections of land at Seek's village ; fire sections for the Beaver, below and adjoining the preceding reservation; thirty-six sections at Flat Belly's Village; five sections for Little Charley above the old village on the north side of Eel River; one section for Laventure's daughter, opposite the islands, about 15 miles below Fort Wayne; one section for Chapine, abovo and adjoining Seek's village; ten sections at the White Raccoon's village; ten sections at the mouth of Mud Creek, on Eel River, at the old village; ten sections at the forks of the Wabash; ono reservation commencing 24 miles below the mouth of the Mississinewa, and running up the Wabaslı 5 miles, with the bank thereof, and from these points running due north to Eel River. And it is agreed that the State of Indiana may lay out a canal or a road through any of these reservations, and for the use of a canal, 6 chains along the same are hereby appropriated. (Art. 2.) Individual grants not to be sold without the consent of the President. (Art. 3.) Payments of $122,300 in goods and money, and after two years perpetual annuity of $25,000 as long as Miamis exist as a tribe; also cattle and employés provided. (Art. 4.) Certain claims against the Miamis to be paid by United States. (Art. 5.) Two thousand dollars for support of infirm, and for education, as long as Congress thinks proper. (Art. 6.) United States to purchase lands owned by certain individual Miamis. (Art. 7.) Hunting permit. ted on ceded land. (Art. 8.) Treaty binding when ratified. (Art. 9.)
Proclaimed January 24, 1827..
Treaty with the Eel River Band of Miami Indians, made at the Wyandotte l'illage, on
the Wabash River, Indiana, February 11, 1828.
Indians cede 10 miles on Sugar Treo Creek, Indiana, and Indians to removo to the 5-mile reservation on Eel River. (Art. 1.) ayme of $10,000 in goods. be built, land broken, stock, etc., furnished on Eel River Reservation. (Art, 2.) Four thousand dollars debts to be paid. (Art. 3.) The sum of $1,000 paid for five years for education. (Art. 4.) If article 4 is omitted not to affect treaty. (Art. 5.) Treaty binding when ratified. (Art. 6.)
Proclaimed May 7, 1828.3
1 United States Statutes at Large, Vol. VII, p. 199.
• Ibid., p. 300.
> Ibid., p.
Treaty with the Miami Indians, made at the Forks of the Wabash, October 23, 1844.
This treaty not being approved by the President, the Indians, on July 31, 1837, offered the following:
The Miami tribe of Indians agrees to cede to the United States the following described tracts of land within the State of Indiana, being a part of reservations made to said tribe from former cessions, now conveyed for and in consideration of the payments stipulated to be made to them in the second article of this treaty of cession. One tract of land, thirty-six sections, at Flat Belly's village, a reserve made by the treaty of Wabash of 1826 ; also one tract of land, about 23,000 acres, more or less, a reserve made at Wabash treaty in 1826 of 5 miles in length on the Wabash River, extending back to Eel River; also one other tract of ten sections at Raccoon village, and a tract of ten sections at Mud Creek, on Eel River, reserves made at Wabash treaty of 1826 ; also one reserve of 2 miles square on the Salamany River, at the mouth of At-che-pong-quawe Creek, reserve made at the treaty of St. Mary's of 1818; also ono other tract, being a portion of the 10 miles square reserve made at the treaty of St. Mary's of 1818, opposite the month of the river. Aboutte, commencing at the northeast corner of said reserve; thence south with the eastern boundary of the samo 10 miles to the southeast corner of the reserve; thence west with the southern boundary 1 mile; thence north 9 miles; thence west 9 miles; thence north 1 mile to the northwest corner of said reserve; thence to the place of beginning. The Miamies also agree to cede a portion of their big reserve made at the treaty of St. Mary's of 1818; situated southeast of the Wabash, extending along the Wabash River from the mouth of Salamany River to the mouth of Eol River. The part now ceded shall be embraced within the following bounds, to wit: Commencing on the Wabash River opposite the mouth of Eel River, running up said Wabash River 8 miles; thence south 2 miles; thence westwardly 1 mile; thence south to the southern boundary of said reserve; thence along said boundary line 7 miles to the southwest corner; thence northerly with the western boundary line to the place of beginning. (Art 1.) The sum of $208,000 paid; $58,000 in goods, $50,000 in payment of debts, $100,000 in annual installments of $10,000 each. (Art. 2.) Grants to certain individuals. (Arts. 3, 4, 8, 9.) A miller to replace gun-smith promised in article 5 of treaty of 1818. (Art. 5.) Improvements on ceded lands to be valued and improvements to same amount to be made on reservation. (Art. 6.) One thousand five hundred dollars for horses stolen by whites. (Art. 7.)
Amended October 12, 1837, and amendment ratified by Indians, November 10, 1837; proclaimed, December 22, 1837.1 Treaty with the Miami Indians, made at the Forks of the Wabash, in the State of Indiana,
November 6, 1838. The Miami tribe of Indians hereby cede to the United States all that tract of land lying south of the Wabash River and included within the following bounds, to wit: Commencing at a point on said river where the western boundary line of the Miami Reserve intersects the same, near the mouth of Pipe Creek; thence south 2 miles ; thence west 1 mile; thence south along said boundary line 3 miles; thence east to the Mississinnewa River; thence up the said river with the meanders thereof to the eastern boundary line of the said Miami Reserve; thence north along said eastorn boundary line to the Wabash River; thence down the said last named river, with the meanders thereof, to the place of beginning. The said Miami tribe of Indians do also hereby cede to the United States the three following reservations of land, made for the use of the Miami Nation of Indians by the second article of a treaty made and concluded at St. Mary's, in the State of Ohio, on the 6th of October, 1818, to wit: The reservation on the Wabash River, below the forks thereof; the residue of the reservation opposito the mouth of the river Abouette; the reservation at the mouth
United States Statutes at Largo, Vol. VII, pp. 438 to 403.
of a creek called Flat Rock, where the road to White River crosses the same. Also one other reservation of land made for the use of said tribe at Seek's village, on Eel River, by the second article of a treaty made and concluded on the 23d of October, 1826. (Art. 1.)
From the cession aforesaid the Miami tribe reserve for the band of Me-to-sin-ia the following tract of land, to wit: Beginning on the eastern boundary line of the big reserve, where the Mississinnewa River crosses the same; thence down said river with the meanders thereof, to the mouth of the creek called Forked Branch; thence north 2 miles; thence in a direct line to a point on the eastern boundary line 2 miles north of the place of beginning; thence south to the place of beginning; supposed to contain 10 square miles. (Art. 2.)
The sum of $335, 680 paid ; from which, after certain payments have been deducted, ten yearly installments to be paid of $12,568 each. (Art. 3.) Debts amounting to $9,412 to be paid. (Art. 4.) Commission to investigato claims against Miamis. (Art. 5.) The sum of $150,000 set apart for paying same. (Art. 6.) Improvements and building on ceded lands to be appraised. Indians to occupy them until United States makes corresponding improvements on reservation. (Art. 7.) Land patented to individual. (Art. 8.) Boundary of Miami lands to be surveyed. (Art. 9.) United States guaranty to the Miamis forever a country west of Mississippi when they are disposed to emigrate. (Art. 10.) United States to defray expenses of exploring party to the west. (Art. 11.) Grants and provisions for individuals. (Arts. 12 and 14.) If treaty not ratitied at next session of Congress, to be null and void. (Art. 13.) Trety binding when ratified. (Art. 15.)
Proclaimed February 8, 1839."
Treaty with the Miami Indians, made at the Forks of the Wabash, November 23, 1840.
Indians cede all their remaining lands in Indiana. (Art. 1.) United States paid tribe $550,000; $300,000 applied to debts and $250,000 to be paid in twenty install. ments. (Art. 2.) Commission to investigate claims. (Art. 3.) Payments to indi. viduals provided. (Arts. 4,5.) The sum of $250,000 anpually in lieu of labor provided in article 4, treaty of October 23, 1826. (Art. 6.) Miamis to remove west of Mississippi within five years. United States to pay expenses of removal and subsist them for one year, and expend $4,000 out of their annuity the second year. (Art: 8.) Grants to individuals. (Arts. 7 and 10.) Nothing in this treaty to invalidate former treaties. (Art. 11.) Expenses of treaty paid by United States. (Art. 12.) Treaty binding when ratified. (Art. 13.) Indians to assent. (Art. 14.) Five hundred thousand acres set apart west of State of Missouri. (Supplementary arti
Amended by Senate, February 25, 1841. Approved by Indians, May 15, 1841. Proclaimed June 7, 1841.2
Joint resolution for the benefit of certain Miami Indians, March 3, 1845.
Payment of annuities to certain Miami Indians to be paid at Fort Wayne, or elsewhere, as Secretary of War may direct. In case of removal of said Indians west of Mississippi River, annuities to be paid them at place of payment of annuities to said tribe.
Approved March 3, 1845.3
Joint resolution, May 1, 1850.
Provisions of joint resolution of March 3, 1845, extended to certain persons named therein.
Approved May 1, 1850.4
1 United States Statutes at Large, Vol.VII, p. 569. VI, p. 942. 4 Ibid., Vol. IX, p. 806.
"Ibid., p. 582.