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For treaty of June 7, 1803, with Weas, Pottawatomies, and other tribes, see Potta. watopio treaty, same date--Indian Territory.

l'or treaty of Angust 21, 1805, see Pottawatomie treaty, same date - Indian Territory.

Tribes assent to cession of treaty of September 30, 1309, additional annuity of $300. and $1,500 down; permanent annuity of $100, when Kickapoos consent.

(See Pottawatomie treaty, same date.) Proclaimed January 25,

1810.1

Treaty with the Weas and Kickapoo8, made at Fort Harrison, Ind., June 4, 1816.

Peace and friendship acknowledged. (Art. 1.) Treaty of Greenville and subsequent treaties confirmed. (Art. 2.) Also boundary surveyed and marked on Wabash and White Rivers in 1809. (Art. 3.) Kickapoos acknowledge cession between Wabash and Vermillion Rivers, according to treaty of December 8, 1809. (Art. 4.)

Proclaimed December 30, 1816.2

Treaty with the Weas, made at St. Mary's, Ohio, October 2, 1818.

Indians cede all land within the States of Indiana and Ohio and Illinois. (Art. 1.) Reserved the following tract: Beginning at the mouth of Raccoon Creek; thence by present boundary line 7 miles; thence northeasterly 7 miles to 7 miles from Wabash River; thence to said river by line parallel to boundary; thence by Wabash River to place of beginning. (Art. 2.) Grants to individuals. (Art. 3.) Sanction of Kickapoos' cession of December 9, 1809. (Art. 4.) The sum of $1,850 annually, making a total of $3,000 annuity to Weas. (Art.5.)

Proclaimed January 7, 1819.3

Treaty with the Weas, made at Vincennes, August 11, 1820.

Indians cede tract reserved by article 2, treaty October 2, 1818. (Art. 1.) The sum of $500 in payment. (Art. 2.) Weas to remove. Annuity to be paid at Kaskaskia, Ill. (Art. 3.) Treaty binding when ratified. (Art. 4.)

Proclaimed January 7, 1821.4

For treaty of October 29, 1832, with Weas and Piankeshaws, see Piankeshaw treaty, same date-Indian Territory.

For treaty of May 30, 1854, with Weas, Peorias, and other tribes, see Peoria treaty, same date-Indian Territory.

For treaty of February 23, 1867, with Weas, Kaskaskias, and other tribes, see Kaskaskia treaty, same date-Indian Territory.

1 United States Statutes at Large, Vol. VII, p. 116. 2 Ibid., p. 145. 186.

4 Ibid., p. 209.

3 Ibid., p.

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CHAPTER XIII.

INDIAN RESERVATIONS OF INDIAN TERRITORY_Continued.

QUAPAW AGENCY-Continued.

SENECA RESERVATION.

How established.-By treaties of February 28, 1831, December 29, 1832, and February 23, 1867. For synopsis of treaties, see Seneca treaties, New York; for treaty of December 29, 1832, see Shawnee treaty of same date, Indian Territory; for treaty of February 23, 1867, see Kaskaskia treaty of same date, Indian Territory.

Area and survey.Contains 51,958 acres, of which 29,958 are classed as tillable. Surveyed.?

Acres cultivated.The Indians have under cultivation 2,519 acres.3

Tribes and population.—The tribe living here is the Seneca. Popula. tion, 250.4

Location.- A large majority of the reservation is only fit for grazing and timber.5

Government rations.- None reported.
Mills and Indian employés.-A mill owned by a member of the tribe.
Indian police.- Not reported.
Indian court of offences.—Not reported.

School population, attendance, and support.6
School population, estimated, in 1886

50 Seneca, Shawnee, and Wyandotte boarding and day accommodation...... 115 Seneca, Shawnee, and Wyandotto boarding and day average attendance... 71 Seneca, Shawnee, and Wyandotte cost to Government

$7,096, 86 Session (months)

10

SHAWNEE RESERVATION.

How established.-Treaties of July 20, 1831 ; December 29, 1832; February 23, 1867, and agreement with Modocs, made June 23, 1874, con'firmed by Congress in Indian appropriation act, approved March 3, 1875.

Area and survey.-Contains 13,048 acres, of which 6,088 are classed as tillable.? Surveyed.

Acres cultivated.—The Indians have 2,559 acres under cultivation.'

Tribes and population. The tribes living here are the Eastern Shawnee. Population, 88.10

Report of Indian Commissioner, 1884, p. 308. ? I bid., p. 259. 3 Ibid., 1886, p. 430. * Ibid., p. 398. 5 Ibid., 1882, p. 83. 6 Ibid., 1886, p. xcii. 7 Ibid., 1884, p. 308. 8 Ibid., p. 259. ' Ibid. 1886, p. 430. 10 Ibid., p. 398.

Location.-Two-thirds of the reservation is rough and broken, while all is good grass land, and well adapted for stock-raising.'

Government rations.- None issued.
Mills and Indian employés.—None reported.
Indian police.-- None reported.
Indian court of offences.- None reported.

School population, attendance, and support. —School population as estimated in 1886, 18. School reported with the Seneca Reservation.

SYNOPSIS OF TREATIES WITH THE SHAWYEE INDIANS.

For treaty of August 3, 1795, see Chippewa treaty same date-Michigan. Treaty with the Shawnces, made at the mouth of the Great Miami River, Ohio, January 31,

1786. Hostages retained until prisoners restored. (Art. 1.) Indians acknowledge the right of the United States to territory ceded by Great Britain. (Art. 2.) To deliver up criminals. (Art. 3.) To give notice of designs against the United States. (Art. 4.) Peace established. (Art. 5.) United States to allot lands to Shawnees beyond a line touching the Great Miami and De la Panse Rivers to the Wabash. Indians relinquish all claim to land east, west, and south of said line. (Art. 6.) Any citizen settling on Shawnee land to lose protection of United States. (Art. 7.)?

For treaty of June 7, 1803, see Chippewa treaty same date-Michigan.
For treaty of July 4, 1805, see Pottawatomie treaty same date-Indian Territory.

For treaty of November 25, 1808, seo Chippewa treaty same date-Michigan.
Treaty with the Shawnees, Delawares, Miamis, Senecas, Wyandottes, made at Greenville,

Ohio, July 22, 1814. Peace guaranteed. (Art. 1.) Indians agree to aid United States in war. (Art. 2.) Protection of United States acknowledged. (Art. 3.) Previous boundaries between tribes to be confirmed. (Art. 4.)

Ratified December 13, 1814. (United States Statutes at Large, Vol. VII, p. 118.)

For treaties of September 8, 1815, September 29, 1817, and September 17, 1818, see Chippewa treaty samo date-Michigan.

Treaty with the Shawnees of the Missouri, made at St. Louis, November 7, 1825. The Shawnees of the Missouri toget her with the Delawares possessing a 25-mile square tract near Cape Girardeau, Mo., obtained from the Spanish Government; the Delawares removed from the same in 1815. The Shawnees cede their title for said tract to the United States. (Art. 1.) A tract 50 miles square south-west of the State of Missouri, in the late Osage country, given in exchange; and for the loss of valuable improvements upon ceded tract $14,000 shall be paid, $5,000 for purchase of domestic animals. (Art. 2.) Deputation to visit said tract. If not acceptable, to select lands on Kansas River. (Art. 3.) The sum of $11,000 to pay for depredations committed by citizens on Shawnees, and for support and maintenance of blacksmith for five years. (Art. 4.) Friendship renewed. (Art. 5.) Treaty binding when ratified. (Art. 6.)

Proclaimed December 30, 1825.3 Treaty with the Shawnees and Senecas, made near Lewiston, Logan County, Ohio, July 20,

1831. Indians cedo the 48 square miles patented by treaty of September 29, 1817; also the tract reserved in article 2 of the treaty of September 17, 1818. (Art. 1.) United

1 Report of Indian Commissioner, 1882, p. 82. 2 United States Statutés at Large, Vol. VII, p. 26. Ibid., p. 284.

3

States to patent to Shawnees 60,000 acres west of Mississippi as long as they exist its a pation and remain on same. (Art. 2.) United States to pay for their removal and support for one year. (Art. 3.) Saw-mill and blacksmith shop established at discretion of President. (Art. 4.) The sum of $6,000 advanced in lieu of improvements relinquished. (Art. 5.) Stock and implements unable to be transported to be sold by Secretary of War; proceeds to be paid to owners. (Art. 6.) Agent to superiotend removal. (Art. 7.) Ceded land to be sold at auction; balance from sale after payments provided for to constitute a fund. (Art. 8.) Annuities by former treaties to be paid west of Mississippi. (Art. 9.) Merchandise distributed. (Art. 10.) Land granted in article 2 to be sold only to United States. Never to be within bounds of any Territory or State or subject to laws thereof. Indians to be protected from disturbance. (Art. 11.) Grants to individuals. (Arts. 12, 13, 14, 15.)

Proclaimed April 6, 1832.1

Treaty with the Shawnces, made in Allen County, Ohio, dugust 8, 1831, under authority of

the act of May 28, 1830. Shawnees cedle to the United States 145 square miles of land claimed by them in Ohio. (Art. 1.) United States to patent 100,000 acres on or near the tract set apart for the Shawnees of the Missouri, so long as they exist as a nation and remain on the same. (Art. 2.) Expenses of removal and one year's support granted. (Art. 3.) Saw and grist mill and blacksmith shop furnished out of sales of land ceded, and supported as long as President deems proper. (Art. 4.) The sum of $13,000 advanced for improvements on relinquished lands. (Art. 5.) Stock and chattel property of the Indians which they are not able to carry with them to be sold and proceeds paid to owners. (Art. 6.) Ceded lands sold at auction, After deducting 70 cents per acre, cost of survey, and mill and blacksmith shops, and money advanced for improvements, 5 per cent. of romainder to be paid as annuity. Said fund to be continued during the pleasure of Congress unless the tribe desire it to be dissolved and paid over to them. (Art. 7.) Annuities by former treaties to be paid west of the Mississippi. (Art. E.) Merchandise given. (Arts. 9 and 14.) Land granted to Shawvees never to be assigned within any. State or Territory, or subject to laws thereof. Indians to be protected against disturbance from any person whatever. (Art. 10.) Grants to individuals. (Arts. 11, 13.) Price of section of land set apart for possible removal of Shawnees of the river Huron, Michigan. (Art. 1:3.)

Proclaimed April 6, 1832. Treaty with the Shawnees and Delawares of Cape Girardeau, made at Castor Hill, Mo.,

October 26, 1832. Indians cede all claims to their lands within the State of Missouri, and against the United States for the loss of property and improvements. (Art. 1.) In consideration thereof $1,000 worth of stock paid to Delawares; $1,000 for breaking up ground; $2,500 for support of mill for five years; $1,500 for support of school three years. (Art. 2.) Also goods to the value of $5,000 and debts to the amount of $12,000. (Art. 3.) All Shawnees settled in the Territory of Arkansas to remove to lands on the Kabsas River. The sum of $1,200 to be paid them, $500 toward expenses of removal, and one year's sustenance on dew lands. (Art. 4.) Treaty binding when ratified. (Art. 5.)

Proclaimed February 12, 1833.3 Treaty with the Shawnees and Senecas, made at the Seneca Agency, near the headwaters of

Couskin River, December 29, 1832. Whereas the Senecas from Sandusky and the mixed band of Senecas and Shawnees, having formed a confederacy to be called the united nation of Senecas and Shawnees, desire to ovenpy their lands as tenants in common; therefore they cedo

United States Statutes at Large, Vol. VII, p. 351. Ibid., p. 355. 3 Ibid.,

P. 397.

to the United States all lands granted to them to the west of Grand River by treaties of July 20, 1831, aud February 28, 1831. (Art. 1.) United States to patent a tract of land bounded as follows: East by the State of Missouri, south by the line of the Cherokees, west by Grand River, north by a line parallel with the south line and extending from the present north line of the Senecas so as to inciude 60,000 acres, exclasive of land owned by Seneca Indians east of Grand River. Two patents granted : one to mixed band of Senecas and Shawnees of Ohio for the north half, and one to Senecas from Sandusky to the south half, the whole to be occupied in common so long as they desire. Not to be ceded or sold without the consent of United States. (Art. 2.) Saw and grist mill and blacksmith shop to be erected, and furnished from sales of land previously ceded to the United States. (Art. 3.) Claim of $1,000 against the United States paid. (Art. 4.) Rights existing under treaties not affected. (Art. 5.) Treaty binding when ratifierl. (Art. 6.)

Proclaimed Jarch 22, 1833.1

Treaty with the united tribes of Shawnees, made at Washington, May 10, 1854. Cessions.---Indians cede to United States tract of land lying west of Missouri and designated in articles 2 and 3, treaty of November 7, 1825, and in article 2, treaty of August 8, 18:31, containing 1,600,000 acres. (Art. 1.) Two hundred thousand acres ceded Ly United States, a tract between the Missouri State line and line parallel thereto and 30 miles west, which shall be drawn from the Kansas River to the southern boundary line of the country herein ceded. The following tracts set apart: Three sections of land, including the Indian manual labor school of the Methodist Episcopal Church South; 320 acres, including Friends' Shawnee Labor School; 160 acres, including mission of Americau Baptist Missionary Union, and 5 acres to Shawnee Methodist Church, including graveyard. Individual selections and tracts set apart to be considered as part of the 200,000 acres.

Reservation and land in severalty.- Indians having improvements in the Territory ceded by the United States to take their land individually, as follows: Two hundred acres to each person to include improvements. Improvements of two or more persons on same tract, the oldest settler to have preference or to be paid for the same. Black Bob and Long Tail settlements to hold their land in common in amount equal to 200 acres for each person. Census of Shawnees to be taken. Persons to elect which settlement they will join, and 200 acres in a compact form to be set apart for each person. All selections and tracts granted to missionary societies to be included as part of 200,000 acres. Surplus remaining after selections to be set apart in compact form for Shawnees who have been separated from the tribes, and all such who return within five years shall be entitled to same quantity of land out of surplus. After five years land remaining unallotted to be sold. Proceeds of sale to be retained for ten years to be invested for benevolent work among the Shawnees, during which period any absentee Shawnee may receive assignment of any unsold land or bis portion of proceeds of sale. All selections to be made within sixty or binety days after survey. (Art. 2.) Shawnees taking the land in common may, whenever desired, select from within the reservation their land individually. (Art. 4.) Those making separate selections to receive separate patents with such guards and restrictions as may seem advisable. (Art. 9.) Tract set apart for Baptists and Friends to be used so long as schools are kept. When po longer used to be sold at public sale, value of improvements de. ducted, aud remainder applied for the benefit of Shawnees. (Art. 6.)

Payments.--The sum of $700,000 to be paid in seven annual installments, and $89,000 the following year. The sum of $10,000 invested at 5 per cent. for education, the fund to be increased by the $3,000 perpetual annuity provided by the treaty of 1795; also the surn provided in the treaty of 1817, and $10,000 for thọ tract set apart for the Methodist Episcopal Church South. (Art. 3.) Such Shawnees as are competent to manage their affairs to receive their portion of annual installments in cash. For

United States Statutes at Large, Vol. VII, p. 411.

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