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otiers President will expend annuities for their welfare. (Art. 8.) The sum of $27,000 set apart for the claims for destruction of stock and crops by emigrants. (Art. 11.)

Survey and sale.-Lands ceded to be surveyed and no settlements or sales permitted until Shawnees have made their selections. (Art. 5.)

Provisions made for individuals (Art. 7) and for payment of debts. (Art. 10.)

Roads.--Right of way provided for authorized roads on same terms as through lands of citizens. Railroads to make compensation in money. (Art. 13.) Dependence on United States acknowledged. (Art. 14.) Use of liquor to be suppressed. (Art. 15.) One hundred and sixty acres set apart for agency. (Art. 16.) Treaty binding when ratified. (Art. 17.)

Amended August 2, 1854. Amendments accepted Angust 21, 1854. Proclaimed November 2, 1854.1

For treaty of February 23, 1867, see Kaskaskia treaty, same date--Indian Territory.

For agreement made with Modocs, June 23, 1874, and act of Congress confirming the same, see Modoc Reservation - Indian Territory.

WYANDOTTE RESERVATION.

How established.-By treaty of February 23, 1867.

Area and survey.-Contains 21,406 acres, of which 14,000 are classed as tillable. Surveyed.3

Acres cultivated. The Indians have under cultivation 1,144 acres.4

Tribes and population. -The tribe living here is the Wyandotte. Population, 367.5

Location. The reservation consists principally of wooded flint hills, dotted here and there with small arable prairies, combined with the rich valley and bottom lands.

Government rations. -None issued.
Mills and Indian employés.- None reported.
Indian police.- None reported.
Indian court of offences.—None reported.

School population, attendance, and support.-School population, as estimated in 1886, 75. School reported with the Seneca Reservation.

SYNOPSIS OF TREATIES WITH THE WYANDOTTE INDIANS.

Treaty with the Iyandottes and other tribes, made at Fort McIntosh, January 21, 1785.

See Chippewa treaty of same date.-Michigan.
(See United States Statutes at Large, Vol. VII, p. 116.)

Treaty with the Wyandottes and other tribes, made at Fort Harmer, January 9, 1789. See Chippewa treaty, same date. (See United States Statutes at Large, Vol. VII, p. 28.)

Treaty with the Wyandottes and other tribes, made at Greenville, Ohio, August 3, 1795

Sce Chippewa treaty, same date.
(See United States Statutes at Large, Vol. VII, p. 49.)

United States Statutes at Large, Vol. X, p. 1033. ? Report of Indian Commissioner, 1884, p. 308. 3 Ibid., p. 259. 4 Ibid., 1886, p. 430. I bid., p. 398. Ibid., p. 140.

Treaty with Il youdoiles and other tribes, made at Vincennes, Jugust 7, 1803. See treaty with Kickapoos, same date. (See United States Statutes at Large, Vol. VII, p. 77.)

Treaty with IF yandottes and other tribes, made at Fort Industry, July 4, 1805, See Chippewa treaty, same date. (See United States Statutes at Large, Vol. VII, p. 87.)

Treaty with the Wyandottes and other tribes, made at Detroit, Norember 17, 1807. See Chippewa treaty, same date. (See United States Statutes at Large, Vol. VII,

p. 105.)

Treaty with the Iyandottes and other tribes, made at Bronston, Mich., November 25, 1808.

See Chippewa treaty, same date.
(See United States Statutes at Large, Vol. VII, p. 112.)

Treaty with Wyandottes and other tribes, made at Greenville, Ohio, July 22, 1814. See Chippewa treaty, same date.

(See United States Statutes at Large, Vol. VII, p. 118.) Treaty with the Iyandottes and other tribes, made at Spring Wells, Mich., September 8,

1815. See Chippewa treaty, same date. (See United States Statutes at Large, Vol. VII, p. 131.)

Treaty with the Wyandottes and other tribes, made on Miami of the Lakcs, September 29,

1817. See Chippewa treaty, same date. (Seo United States Statutes at Large, Vol. VII, p. 160.)

Treaty with the Iyondottes and other tribes, made at St. Mary's, Ohio, September 17, 1818.

See Chippewa treaty, same date.
(See United States Statutes at Large, Vol. VII, p. 178.)

Treaty with the Iyandoties, made at St. Mary's, Ohio, September 20, 1818. Indians cedo two tracts of land in Michigan, containing about 5,000 acres, said tracts being reserved for use of Indians for fifty years under act of Congress, entitled “An act for the relief of certain Alabama and Wyandotte Indians,” passed February 28, 1809. (Art. 1.) In consideration of cession 4,996 acres reserved near river Huron on saine terms as provided for Alabama Indians in above act, except that Wyandottes shall hold said lands so long as they occupy the same. (Art. 2.)

Proclaimed January 7, 1819.'

Treaty with Wyandottes, made at McCutchconscille, Crawford County, Ohio, January 19, 1892.

Wyandottes of Big Spring, Crawford County, Ohio, cede reservation of 16,000 acres, granted in article 2, treaty of September 17, 1818. (Art. 1.) Land to be sur. veyed and sold for benefit of tribe, which shall receive $1.25 per acre for all land sold. (Art. 2.) Improvements on ceded lands to be appraised and purchased. (Art. 3.) Tract reserved for one chief. (Art. 4.) Wyandottes pennitted to remove to river Huron, Michigan, where they own a reservation, or wherever they may obtain permis

' United States Statutes at Large, Vol. VII, p. 180.

siop from other Indians to go. (Art. 5.) Said band being separated from Wyandottes of Upper Sandusky, il special agent to be employed. (Art. 7.) Treaty binding when ratified.

Proclaimed April 6, 1832.1

Treaty with the Wyandottes in Ohio, April 23, 1836. Indians cede three tracts in the county of Crawford herein described. (Art. 1.) Cession to be surveyed and sold as President may direct. (Art. 2.) President to appoint a register and receiver. (Art. 3.) Expenses of treaty and salo defrayed from proceeds of sale. (Art. 4.) Amount approved by chiefs to be used for rebuilding of mills, repairing of roads, and establishing of schools. Tho remainder to bo distributed as annuities. (Art. 5.) All moneys except the last to be paid by receiver on order of chiefs. (Art. 6.) Certain tracts included in cession and set apart by treaty of September 29, 1817, to be sold and proceeds paid to those for whom they were set apart. (Art. 7.) If prices paid for land be unsatisfactory to chiefs receiver may close sale and President appoint some other time for sale. (Art. 8.) President to direct the execution of treaty. (Art. 9.)

Proclaimed May 16, 1836.2

Treaty with the Wyandottes, made at Upper Sandusky, Crawford County, Ohio, March 17,

1842.

Wyandottes cede the residue of their reservation, 109,144 acres, being all their lands in the State of Ohio; also 4,966 acres, their reservation on the river Huron, and all their lands in the State of Michigan. United States to pay $500 towards removal of Huron River Indians. (Art. 1.) In consideration of foregoing United States grants a tract of 148,000 acres west of the Mississippi, to be located on lands now to be set apart for Indian use and not already assigned. (Art. 2.) Wyandottes to receive perpetual annuity of $17,500 in specie; first payment to be made in 1842, and to include all former annuities. (Art. 3.) Also permanent provision of $500 per annum for support of school, to begin in three years (1845). (Art. 4.) Wyandottes to be paid full value of improvements in country ceded in Ohio and Michigan. (Art. 5.) United States to pay debts of Wyandottes to citizens of United States to amount of $23,860. (Art. 6.) Wyandottes allowed use and occupancy of their homes until April 1, 1844. (Art. 7.) Blacksmith and shop to be provided. (Art. 8.) Also subagent and interpreter. (Art. 9.) Farm and buildings of Methodist Episcopal Mission to be possessed until April 1, 1844. (Art. 10.) All Wyandottes emigrating west to participate in benefits of annuity and other privileges. Those who do not emigrate or may cease to remain with the tribe not to be entitled to benefits aforesaid. (Art. 11.) Four hundred and eighty acres remaining of a grant to Wyandotte chief by treaty of September 29, 1817, to be sold for benefit of his heirs. (Art. 12.) Chiefs agree to remove their peoplo west of Mississippi. The sum of $5,000 to be paid chiefs when first detachment sets ont; $5,000 on arrival of whole natioa in the west. (Art. 13.) United States to patent one section of land to Wyandottes herein named out of any lands west of Missouri set apart for Indian use and not otherwise claimed or occupied. Patent in feesimple. (Art. 14.) Payment made to certain interpreters and chiefs. (Art. 15.) Grant of $3,000 to the widow of a citizen living with Wyandottes for property dia stroyed in the War of 1812. (Art. 16.) Two acres of ground forever reserved and devoted to public use, to include stone meeting-house and burying-grounds north of Upper Sandusky; said tracts to remain forever open and free to all persons for purposes of interment and worship, and no other purposes whatever. (Art. 17.) Treaty binding when ratified. (Art. 18.)

Amended August 17, 1842; assented to September 16, 1812; proclaimed October 5, 1812.3

United States Statutes at Large, Vol. VII, p. 364. Ibid., p. 502. 3 Ibid., Vol. XI, p. 581,

Agreement of December 14, 1843, approved by act of Congress July 25, 1848. This act sanctions agreement made December 14, 1843, between the Wyandotte and Delaware Indians for purchase of certain lands by the former of the latter, with proviso. Delawares donate, grant, and quitclaim forever to Wyandottes three sections of land at the junction of the Missouri and Kansas Rivers. (Sec. 1.) Delawares grant to Wyandottes and their heirs thirty-six sections lying between the Missouri and Kansas, west of the aforesaid three sections. Land to be surveyed in as nearly a squaro form as rivers and territory will admit. (Sec. 2.) Wyandotte chiefs bind themselves and their successors in office and their people to pay Delawares $46,080, as follows: The sum of $6,000 to be paid in 1844, and $4,000 annually thereafter for ten years. (Sec. 3.) Agreement not binding until approved by President. Proviso: That the Wyandotte Indian Nation shall take no better right nor interest in said laods than is now vested in the Delaware Nation of Indians.

Treaty with the TF yandottes, made at Washington, April 1, 1830. Whereas by the first article of tlie treaty of March 17, 1842, the United States agreed, in consideration of cessions of Wyandotte lands in Ohio and Michigan, to grant a tract of 148,000 acres, besides annuities; and

Whereas the Wyandottes never did receive said amount of land but were forced to purchase land from the Delaware Nation on December 14, 1813, said purchase being ratified by Congress;

Therefore, in order to settie the claim against the United States the following treaty is agreed to:

The Wyandottes relinquish all claim to 148,000 acres of land to bo given them under the treaty of March 17, 1842, and receive in lien thereof $185,000 ; $100,000 to be invested at 5 per cent., interest to be paid at the time and in the manner of their present annuities, and $50,000 to enable them to extinguish their just debts, including this due the Delawares for the purchase of their land. (Art. 1.) Reasonable expenses connected with this treaty to be paid by the United States. Amended September 24, 1850; proclaimed September 30, 1850.2

Treaty with the II yandottes, made at Ilashington, January 31, 1855. At the ratification of this treaty Wyandottes to become citizens of the United States and to be entitled to all the rights, privileges, and immunities of such ; to be subject to laws of the United States and the Territory of Kansas. Jurisdiction of the United States and of Territory to extend over Wyandotte country, but such of said Indians who may so desire, and shall make application accordingly, sball be exempt from immediate operation of preceding provision, and shall have the assistance and protection of the United States and Indian agent in their vicinity for such limited period as shall be determined by the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, and upon the expiration of such period they shall also become citizens of the United States. (Art.1) Wyandottes cede all their tract purchased from the Delaware Indians for the purpose of said land being subdivided, assigned, and reconveyed by patent in fec-simple, except that portion now inclosed and used as a public burying. ground, which shall be permanently'reserved for that purpose. Two acres, to include the church building of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and present burying. ground connected therewitb, to be reserved and contined to that church. Two acres hereby reserved and conveyed to Methodist Episcopal Church South. Four acres adjoining Wyandotte Ferry near the mouth of the Kansas reserved, together with rights in said ferry to be sold to the highest bidder among the Wyandotto people. Proceeds to be paid to Wyandottes. Upon payment, patent to be conveyed from the United States. (Art. 2.) Land to be surveyed. Three commissioners appointed; one by United States, two by Wyandotto council, and the land to be assigned to individnal members. Land to be as nearly as possible equal in quantity and value irrespective of improvements. Assignments to include the houses, and as far as practicable, the im

United States Statutes at Large, Vol. IX, p. 3:37. - Ibid., p. 987.

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provements of each person or family. Full report and plat and schedule to be made,
showing land assigned to each individual and quantity thereof, and also a list of
members of the tribe, to eshibit, first, heads of families whom the commissio:er con-
siders competent to control and manage their own affairs, also such persons without
families; second, those not competent; third, orphans, idiots, and insane. Council
to appoint a proper person or persons to be representatives of those of the second class,
and also guardians for the third class. Said appointments to be revised annually by
ibe council. Also a list of persons applying to be temporarily exempted from citizen-
ship. Said lists and action of the council to be filed with the Commissioner of Indian
Affairs, and attested copies to be filed in the office of the secretary of Kansas, and
clerk of county in which Wyandotte lands are situated. (Art. 3.) Patents in fee to
be issued to those of the first class; to those of the second with a restriction upon sale
for five years, and not then without the consent of the President. Said patents may
be withheld so long as commissioner may deem it beneficial for the individual. None
of the lands thus assigned and patented to be subject to taxation for five years from
and after the organization of State government. Those of the incompetent class not
to be alienated or leased for period longer than two years, and to be exempt from
levy, sale, or forfeiture until otherwise provided by State legislation with the assent
of Congress. (Art. 4.) Three persous appointed to appraise improvements belonging
to the Methodist Episcopal Church South. Amount of appraisements to be paid said
church by the individual to whom the lands having said houses or improvements
have been assigned. Until payments made no patents or evidence of title to be issued.
(Art 5.) Wyandottes release the United States from all claims to annuities and
school money, blacksmith, agent, and other assistants and material. In considera-
tion of which the United States pays $380,000, to be equally distributed in three in-
stallments, commencing October, 1855. Such annuities as bave accrued and remain
unpaid at the time of the payment of the first installment to be paid and considered
as a final discharge of said annuity (Art. 6.) The invested sum of $180,000 by treaty
of 1850 to be paid in two equal annual installments, commencing after tho payment
of the last installment as provided in article 6. Meanwhile interest, together with
sum realized from ferry, to be used for support of schools. (Art. 7.) Persons included
in the apportionment of lands or money to be actual members of Wyandotte Nation,
or legal heirs and representatives according to the laws, usages, and customs thereof
at the time of the ratification of this treaty. (Art. 8.) Grantees under former treaty
of 1842 permitted to select lands west of Missouri and Iowa subject to pre-emption
and settlement. Such selections to be patented with unrestricted rights. For those
incapable of managing their own affairs, council to appoint guardians with full au-
'thority to make and execute a good and valid title. (Art. 9.) All expenses connected
with the provisions of this treaty, except the survey and issue of patents, to be borne
by Wyandottes. (Art. 10.) Treaty binding when ratified. (Art. 11.)

Proclaimed March 1, 1855.
Treaty with the Wyandottes and other tribes, made at Washington, February 23, 1867.
See Kaskaski i treaty, same date-Indian Territory.
(See United States Statutes, Vol. XV, p. 513.)

SAC AND Fox AGENCY.
[Post-ofice address: Sac and Fox Agency, Ind. T.]

SAC AND FOX RESERVATION.
How established.-By treaty of February 18, 1867.

Area and surrey.-Contains 479,667 acres.? Tillable acres not reporteil. Sarveyed.?

2 United States Statutes at Large, Vol. X, p. 1159. 2 Report of Indian Commissioner, 1984, p. 259.

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