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Treaty made at Indian Spring, February 12, 1825.

Indians cede all lands within State of Georgia and other lands north and west of line described. (Art. 1.) United States to give in exchange, acre for acre, lands west of Mississippi and between the Arkansas and Canadian Rivers. As equivalent for improvements on land ceded, and to pay for removal, $400,000; $200,000 to be paid down, $100,000 when ready to removo, the first and second year after removal $25,000 each, and the remainder in $5,000 annual instalments until the whole is paid. (Art. 2.) Annuities to be divided between those emigrating and those remaining. (Art. 3.) Exploring parties authorized to select western territory. (Art. 4.) First payment to be made by commissioners negotiating this treaty. (Art. 5.) Other payments made in the West to be money or merchandise at option of Creeks. (Art 6.) Blacksmith and wheelwright kept among people as long as President may think proper, (Art. 7.) Eighteen months allowed for removal. (Art. 8.) Treaty binding when ratified. (Art. 9.) Certain tracts ceded by their owner to the United States for $25,000. (Additional article of February 14, 1825.)

Proclaimed March 7, 1825.1

Treaty made at Washington, January 24, 1826.

Treaty of February 12, 1825, declared null and void. (Art. 1.) Indians cede to United States land in the State of Georgia east of Chattahooche River; also other, tracts. (Art. 2.) Two hundred and seventeen thousand six hundred dollars to be paid. (Art. 3.) Perpetual annuity of $20,000. (Art. 4.) Dissensions consequent on preceding treaty shall be amicably adjusted, and those who sign that treaty to be admitted to their privileges as members of Creek Nation. (Art. 5.) Deputation to be sent to examine and select country west of the Mississippi. President to determine its extent. (Art. 6.) Emigrating party to remove within two years; to be subsisted for one year. (Art. 7.) Agent, blacksmith, wheelwright, and interpreter to reside with emigrants. (Art. 8.) Presents of $100,000 to chiefs and warriors influential in effecting removal. (Art. 9.) Damages sustained by party favoring removal to be ascertained and paid out of annuities. (Art. 10.) Improvements in ceded land to be valued and amount paid to owners. (Art. 11.) Possession of ceded country given within one year. (Art. 12.) All of their country unceded guaranteed to Creeks, and United States to make good losses sustained from citizens. (Art. 13.) Two sections granted for agency. (Art. 14.) Creeks have right to establish ferries on streams forming boundary. (Art. 15.) Creek commissioners to attend running of boundary lines. (Art. 16.) Treaty binding when ratified.

Proclaimed February 22, 1826.2

Supplementary article to preceding treaty, March 31, 1826. Further cessions made so as to embrace all Creek land within chartered limits of Georgia, for which the sum of $30,000 is paid.3

Treaty at Creek Agency, November 15, 1827.

Former cessions not including all territory in Georgia, remaining lands now ceded, and $27,491 paid to chiefs and head-men; also $5,000 to be applied for support of three children at Choctaw Academy, Kentucky. One thousand dollars each for support of Withington and Asbury schools in Creek Nation under direction of War Department; $2,000 for four horse mills; $1,000 for purchase of cards and wheels; and $5,000 to be paid in useful goods.

Proclaimed March 4, 1828.4
1 United States Statutes at Large, Vol. VII, p. 237. 2 l bid., p. 286.

* I bid., p. 307.

3 I bid.,

p. 289.

Treaty made at Washington, March 24, 1832. Creeks cede all their land east of Missiesippi River. (Art. 1.) Land to be surveyed. Tracts to include improvements reserved for individuals for five years unless sooner disposed of, and twenty sections to be sold for benefit of orphan children. No selection to include agency tract and improvements. Census to be taken of persons holding said tract. (Art. 2.) Said tracts may be sold on approval of President. (Art. 3.) Patents in fee simple to be given to Creeks holding tracts in five years. (Art. 4.) All intruders upon ceded land to be removed. (Art. 5.) Additional tracts granted by patent. (Art. 6.) Location to conform with survey and relinqnish all claim for im. provements. (Art. 7.) Twelve thousand dollars to be paid for five years, and $10,000 for fifteen years following. (Art. 8.) The sum of $100,000 for the payment of debts. (Art. 9.) The sum of $16,000 for expenses of delegation. (Art. 10.) For ferries, bridges, and causeways in ceded country, $3,000. Certain claims and annuities, $500 to chiefs ; $14,000 to persons emigrating without expense to United States; $3,000 to persons suffering losses by being prevented from emigrating. All payments except those of articles 9 and 10 to be taken out of funds derived from ceded land. (Art. 11.) United States to pay expenses of removal and subsist Indians for one year. Creeks to go or stay, as they please. (Art. 12.) Rifle ammunition each warrior, one blanket to each family emigrating, $3,000 for twenty years for education, and blacksmiths for twenty years as soon as people emigrate. (Art. 13.) Creek country west of Mississippi to be patented and Creek people are to govern themselves. No State or Territory ever to pass laws for the government of said Indians. United States to protect from hostile Indians. (Art. 14.) Treaty binding when ratified. (Art. 15.)

Proclaimed April 4. 1832.1

Treaty made at Fort Gibson, February 14, 1833.

Friendship acknowledged. (Art. 1.) With consent of Creek and Cherokee delegates, boundaries of Creek country west of Mississippi established as follows: Beginning at the mouth of the north fork of the Canadian, thence north 4 miles, thence in a straight line to meet a line drawn from a point on the Arkansas opposite the east bank of Grand River at its junction with the Arkansas, and which runs a course south forty-four degrees west, 1 mile, to a post; thence along said line to the Arkansas, up the same and the Verdigris River to the old territorial line, along said line north to a point 25 miles from the Arkansas where the line crosses the same, thence at right angles west to two Mexico line, along said line southerly to the Canadian River, or to the boundary of the Choctaw country. The lines on the north bound the country of the Cherokees by treaty of February 14, 1833. (Art. 2.) United States to convey in fee simple. (Art. 3.) Country to be property of whole Creek Nation, including those east of Mississippi. Seminoles to have a permanent home in a district set a part in Creek country. (Art. 4.) Additional mechanics and mills to be furnished. One thousand dollars annually for education. (Art. 5.) Improvements made outside present boundary lines to be compensated for. (Art 6.) Salt plains if within limits of boundary to be used by friendly Indians. (Art. 7.) Country herein described granted in lieu of that provided by treaty of January 24, 1826. (Art. 8.) Binding when ratified. (Art. 9.)

Proclaimed April 2, 1834.2

Treaty made at Fort Gibson, November 23, 1838. Creeks relinquish all claim for property and improvements lost in consequence of emigration. (Art. 1.) United States agrees to compensate losers with $50,000 in stock animals, to be distributed according to losses. (Art. 2.) Also 5 per cent. interest on

United States Statutes at Large, Vol. VII, p. 366. 2 Ibid., p. 417.

$350,000 to individual losers named in schedule attached, for twenty-five years. (Art. 3.) At end of that time interest to go to Creek Nation. (Art. 4.) The sum of $21,103.33 to settle claims of early Creek emigrants. (Art. 5.) To relieve sufferings of Creek hostiles removed to Creek country, and $10,000 in stock animals. (Art. 6.)

Proclaimed March 2, 1839.1

Treaty with United States, Creeks, and Seminoles, made at Creek Agency, January 4, 1845.2

See Seminole treaty, same date, p. 409.

Supplementary treaty made at Fort Gibson, June 13, 1854. Third and fourth articles of treaty of November 23, 1838, annalled, and the $350,000 therein provided as compensation for losses, to be divided and paid to individuals set forth in schedule said treaty.

Assent of Sepate, July 21, 1854.3

Treaty made with the United States, Creeks, and Seminoles, at Washington, August 7,


Seminole Country.-Creeks cede the following tracts to Seminoles : Boginning on the Canadian River at mouth of Pond Creek, a few miles east of ninety-seventh parallel west longitude, thence north to North Fork of Canadian, up said fork to southern line of Cherokee country, west of that line to one hundredth parallel of west longitude, thence south on said parallel to Canadian River, down said river to place of beginning. (Art. 1.)

Creek Country.Bounded as in article 2, treaty of April 14, 1833, less the cession for the Seminoles. (Art. 2.) Land guaranteed to Seminole Indians and to Creek Indians by patent, provided that no part ceded to the Seminoles shall be sold without the consent of both tribes. (Art. 3.)

No State or Territory to pass laws for said tribe, nor country to be included in any State or Territory without their consent. (Art. 4.) Creek Indians relinquish all claim to other lands and all claims against United States except those provided for by treaties as set forth herein. (Art. 5.) In consideration for country ceded to Seminole Indians the Creeks receive $1,000,000, $200,000 of which to be invested at 5 per cent, for education ; $400,000 paid per capita ; $100,000 may be diverted for a national object; $10,000 for arrears under act of March 3, 1837 ; $120,000 for Creeks who emigrated before 1832; $70,000 for individual claims ; $200,000 to be retained antil Seminoles remove and then paid or invested. (Art. 6.) All interest on educational, me. chanical and agricultural funds to be paid to treasurer of Creek Nation. (Art. 7.) Seminoles release the United States from all claims and demands. United States to pay $90,000, $3,000 for ten years for schools, $2,000 for agricultural assistauts, $2,200 for mechanics' shops, to invest $250,000 at 5 per cent., and a further $250,000 when the Seminoles remaining in Florida shall have emigrated, the two sums then to constitute a fund belonging to the Seminoles, Interest to be paid per capita. (Art. 8.) United States agrees to remove all Seminoles now in Florida and furnish subsistence for one year; also to provide certain supplies. (Art. 9.) Senuinoles agree to send delegation to Florida to effect the union of the tribe. (Art. 10.) Payments authorized to certain Indians. (Art. 11.) Agency for Seminoles. (Art. 12.) Creeks and Seminoles allowed to settle in each other's country, not to participate in each other's funds. (Art. 13.) Extradition of criminals between two tribes. (Art. 14.) Laws of Creeks and Seminoles not to be incompatible with the Constitution of United States. (Art. 15.) All offenders against the laws of States to be delivered up to the United States. (Art. 16.) Licensed traders to pay for use of land or timber. (Art. 17.) United States to protect Creeks and Seminoles from domestic strife or invasion.

United States Statutes at Large, Vol. VII, p. 574. 2 Ibid., Vol. IX, p. 821. Ibid., Vol. XI, p. 599.


(Art. 18.) United States to establish military posts, roads, etc., through their country. (Art. 19.) Right of way for railroads and telegraph lines to be had by compensation. (Art. 20.) United States to survey boundaries. (Art. 21.) Amnesty for past offenses. (Art. 22.) An allowance made to treaty delegation. (Art. 23.) Seminoles may set apart a portion of their country for Florida Seminoles. (Art. 24.) Creek law to be enforced until Seminoles remove to their country. (Art. 25.) This treaty to supersede former inconsistent ones, but not to release the United States from any liability. (Art. 26.)

Amended August 16, 1856; assented to August 18, 1856; proclaimed August 28, 1856.

Treaty made at Washington, June 14, 1866.

Whereas the treaty made by the Creeks and Confederate States in 1861 was repudiated at the treaty of peace made at Fort Smith, September 10, 1865, the Creeks bind themselves to peace and friendship with the United States, and to permit military occupation of their country at any time. The United States to grant a general amnesty for all past offenses. (Art. 1.) Slavery to no longer exist, and rights of negroes defined. (Art. 2.) Creeks cede to United States 3,250,560 acres, the west half of their entire domain. United States to pay at the rate of 30 cents per acre $975,168; in manner prescribed $400,000; $200,000 per capita for losses of Federal soldiers, loyal refugees, and freedman $100,000; as lands sold to other tribes, $275,168, to remain in the Treasury at 5 per cent. (Art. 3.) Losses of loyal refugee Indians and freedmen and soldiers enlisted in the Federal Army to be ascertained and paid from the above $100,000. (Art. 4.) Right of way for a railroad north and south, east and west, granted. Compensation to be made for the land, none to be sold to persons outside of Creek Nation. (Art. 5.) Seminole tribe may sell to the United States all or any portion of Seminole lands. (Art. 7.) Boundary line of Creeks to be accurately surveyed. (Art. 8.) United States to erect agency buildings destroyed during the late War, Creeks relinquishing land for the purpose. (Art. 9.) Creeks agree to legislation by Congress for the better protection of life and property, which shall not interfere with their tribal organization. Agree to general council of delegates elected from each nation in the manner set forth. (Art. 10.) United States re-affirms all treaty obligations made prior to 1861, and renews annuity payments after the close of the fiscal year 1866. (Art. 11.) Land granted for missionary and educational purposes. (Art. 13.) Inconsistent treaty provisions annulled ; $10,000 appropriated for treaty expenses. (Art. 14.) Amended July 19, 1866; assented to July 23, 1866; proclaimed August 11, 1866.7

Agreement of February 14, 1881,3

Under the provisions of the act of March 3, 1873 (17 Statutes, p. 626), the Secretary of the Interior was authorized to negotiate with the Creek Indians “for the relinquishmert to the United States of such portions of their country as may have been set apart in accordance with treaty stipulations for the use of the Seminoles and the Sacs and Foxes of the Mississippi tribes of Indians, respectively, found to be east of the line separating the Creek ceded lands from the Creek Reservation, and also to negotiate and arrange with said tribes for a final and permanent adjustment of their reservations."

So much of said act as relates to the Sacs and Foxes bas been carried into effect by their removal to their proper location on lands west of the said " dividing line." The Seminoles, however, are still occupying the lands belonging to the Creeks, for which occupancy the Creeks have as yet received no compensation, from the fact that no agreement could be arrived at between them and the United States as to the price per acre to be paid to the said Creeks by the United States for said lands.

1 United States Statutes at Large, Vol. XI, p. 699. % Ibid., Vol. XIV, p. 785, port of Commissiouer of Indian Affairs, 1882, p. 54.

3 Re

The undersigned, members of the Creek delegation resident in Washington, duly authorized to act in the premises, both by appointment for general purposes under the certificate of the Governor under the national Heal, and also by special action of the national council in this instance, copies of which general and special authority are hereto attached, do promise and agree for themselves and for their nation that they will sell, cede, and dispose of the lands now occupied by the Seminoles, belonging to the Creek Nation, to the United States for the sum of $175,000.

And the said Creek delegation do hereby agree, for and ou behalf of said nation, that they will cede to the United States, and do hereby cede, a strip of land in the Indian Territory now occupied by the Seminole Nation of Indians, lying east of the said line dividing the Creek lands from the lands ceded to the United States in the treaty of June 14, 1866, bounded on the north by the North Fork of the Canadian River, on the south by the Canadian River, on the west by the dividing line between the Creek Reservation and the lands ceded under treaty of 1866 above noted, and on the east by a line running north and south between the rivers named so far east of said divisional line as will comprise within said described boundaries 175,000 acres, at $1 per acre; said cession to be in full force and effect when the sum of $175,000 shall have been deposited in the Treasury of the United States to the credit of the Creek Nation, to draw interest at the rate allowed in the treaty of June 14, 1866, wherein certain of their lands in Indian Territory were ceded to the United States; and one-third of said fund shall be forever set aside for educational purposes, and the remaining two-thirds shall be subject to such use as the Creek council shall determine.

David M. HODGE,

Creek Delegation. WASHINGTON, D. C., February 14, 1881.

Act of Congress, August 5, 1882.' To pay the Creek Nation of Indians for one hundred and seventy-five thousand acres of land now occupied by the Seminole Nation, the sum of one hundred and seventy-five thousand dollars, as per agreement made in pursuance of the act of March 3, 1873, which agreement bears date February 14, 1881, and is now on file in the Department of the Interior; said sum to be immediately available.


How established. — By treaty of March 21, 1866. See Creek agreement, February 14, 1881 (Annual Report, 1882, p. liv), and deficiency act of August 5, 1882.

Area and survey.-Contains 375,000 acres. Not surveyed. .
Acres cultivated.-Not reported separately in 1886.

Tribes and population. The tribe living here is the Seminole. Population, 3,000. Location.-See treaties for location.

Education. School population, estimated, in 1886....

600 Wewoka mission: Accommodation...

75 Cost.......

$3,700 Seminole Female Academy: Accommodation .....

35 Cost....

$2,600 United States Statutes at Large, Vol. XXII, p. 265.

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