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Acres cultivated.-The Indians have under cultivation 1,000 acres.

Tribes and population. The tribes living here are the Chippewa and Munsee. Population, 101,2

Location. Franklin County, on allotted lands which they hold by certificate title.3

No statistics of agency government or of Government schools given for this reservation.


Treaty with the Munsee Indians, July 4, 1805.4

See Chippewa, July 4, 1805–Michigan.

Treaty with the Munsee Indians, October 27, 1832.5

See Menomonee treaty, October 27, 1832—Wisconsin.

Treaty with the Munsee Indians, January 15, 1838.6 See treaty with New York Indians, January 15, 1838—New York.

Treaty with the Munsee Indians, September 3, 1839.?

See Stockbridge treaty, September 3, 1839–Wisconsin.

Treaty with the Munsee Indians, February 5, 1856.8

See Stockbridge treaty, same date.-Wisconsin.

Treaty with the Munsee Indians, July 16, 1859.9

See Chippewa treaty, same date-Michigan.


How established.-By treaty of June 28, 1862.

Area and survey.-Contains 20,273 acres, 10,136 of which are classed as tillable.10 Surveyed."

Acres cultivated.—The Indians have under cultivation 2,550 acres.12

Tribes and population.—The tribes living here are the Kickapoo. Population, 321.13

Location.-In Brown County, Kans. Nearly all the land excellent for farming.

The interest on trust money supports school, and blacksmith shop. No statistics of agency government reported.


Report of Indian Commissioner, 1886, p. 430. ? I bid., p. 400. 3 I bid., p. 162. * United States Statutes at Large, Vol. VII, p. 87. 5 I bid., p. 409. I bid., p. 550. ?Ibid., p. 580. 8 I bid., Vol. XI, p. 663. 9 Ibid., Vol. XII, p. 1105. 10 Report of Indian Commissioner, 1884, p. 310, 1 Ibid., p. 261. 12 I bid., 1836, p. 430. 13 I bid.,

P. 400.

50 30

School population, attendance, and support.
School population, as estimated in 1886
Boarding-school accommodations
Average attendance
Boarding-school cost?.
In session (months)

Missionary work.--Not reported.




Treaty with Kickapoo and other tribes, made at Greenville, Ohio, August 3, 1795.2

See Chippewa treaty, August 3, 1795, p. 421.

Treaty with Pottawatomię and other tribes, made at Fort Wayne, Ind., June 7, 1803.3

See Delaware treaty, June 7, 1803.

Treaty with Kickapoo and other tribes, made at Vincennes, August 7, 1803. Indians agree to article 4, preceding treaty, at Fort Wayne. Proclaimed December 23, 1803. 4 (Piankasha, Kaskaskia, Wyandotte, Eel River.) (See treaty with Kaskaskias.)

Treaty with Kickapoo8, made December 9, 1809.5

Cessions confirmed in article 9, treaty of September 30, 1809. (See Delaware treaty, September 30, 1809, p. 375.)

Permanent annuity of $400 and $800 in goods. (Art. 1.) Also cede land on Wabash and Vermillion Rivers. Further annuity of $100 and $700 in goods. Cession and payment, condition on consent of Miamis. (Art. 2.) Payments and right to hunt on ceded territory as to treaty of Greenville, August 3, 1795. (Art. 3.)

See Chippewa treaty, August 3, 1795, p. 421.

Treaty with the Kickapoo Indians, made at Portage des Sioux, September 2, 1815.6

A similar treaty to the Sioux treaty of July 19, 1815. See page 262.

Treaty with the Kickapoo and Wea Indians, made at Fort Harrison, Ind., June 4, 1816."

See Wea treaty, June 4, 1816.

Treaty with the Kickapoo Indians, made at Edwardsville, Ill., July 30, 1819. Indians cede their claim to lands east and west of Wabash River, and all territory on Illinois and Mississippi Rivers. (Arts. 1 and 10.) Former treaties confirmed, (Art. 2.) Protection of United States acknowledged. (Art. 3.) United States released from all obligations imposed by former treaties. (Art. 4.) Sum of $2,000 paid for fifteen years (Art. 5), and $3,000 worth of merchandise given. Tract granted on Osage River. (Art. 6.) Peaceable possession against intruders granted. (Art. 7.) Two boats furnished for removal on Illinois River. (Art. 8.) Protection granted. (Art. 9.)

Proclaimed January 13, 1821.8

1 Report of Indian Commissioner, 1886, p. xcii. ? United States Statutes at Large, Vol. VII, p. 49. 3 I bid., p. 74. 4 Ibid., p. 77, b Ibid., p. 117.

6 I bid., P. 130. Ibid., p. 145. * Ibid., p. 200.


Treaty with the Kickapoo Indiaus of the Vermillion River, made at Fort Harrison, August

30, 1819.

Indians cede all land on the Wabash River and its tributaries. (Art. 1.) Land claimed by these Indians defined. (Art. 2.) Also relinquish annuity of $1,000. Payment of $2,000 for ten years, and $3,000 now received. (Art. 3.)

Proclaimed May 10, 1820.1

Treaty with the Kickapoo Indians, made at St. Louis, July 19, 1820. Lands set apart on the Osage to be held and possessed in like manner as lands ceded. in article 1, treaty of July 30, 1819.

Proclaimed January 13, 1821.2 Treaty with the Kickapoo Indians of the Vermillion River, made at Vincennes, September

5, 1820. Annuities secured by treaty of August 30, 1819, to be hereafter paid to Kaskaskias in Ilinois. (Art. 1.) Two thousand dollars in lieu of annuity for 1821 to enable the Kickapoos to remove. (Art. 2.) Proclaimed January 8, 1821.3

Treaty with the Kickapoo Indians, made at Castor Hill, Mo., October 24, 1832. Indians cede tract of land on Osage River, and all claims to land in Missouri. (Art. 1.) United States to provide land on the Missouri near Fort Leavenworth, as long as they remain a tribe. (Art. 2.) Sum of $18,000 paid, $12,000 of which shall be applied to debts (Art. 3); $5,000, for nineteen years (Art. 4); $1,000 for blacksmith, for five years (Art.5); $3,700 for mill and church (Art. 6); $500, for ten years, for support of school (Art. 7); $3,000 for farning implements (Art. 8); $4,000 for improvements on ceded lands (Art. 9); $4,000 in stock (Art. 10); $6,000 in merchandise, assistance in removing, and one year's provisions. (Art. 11.) Boundary line to be run within three years. (Art. 12.) Commission appointed to visit reservation which may be exchanged for land near the Nemaha River. (Art. 13.)

Proclaimed February 13, 1833.4

Supplementary article, made at Fort Leavenworth, November 26, 1832. Commission report boundaries of land selected.5

Treaty with the Kickapoo Indians, made at Washington, May 18, 1854. Cessions.-Indians cede land on Missouri River, but reserve 150,000 acres in western part where suitable. Selection to be made within six months. (Art. 1.)

Payments.-Sum of $300,000 paid as follows: $100,000 invested at 5 per cent. for education; $25,000 in 1854 ; $20,000 for two years; $14,000 for two years ; $9,000 for six years ; $7,000 for four years; $5,000 for five years; in all, twenty years. (Art. 2.)

Survey and allotment. —President to survey and allot reservation. Patents to be issued. Congress to impose restrictions. (Art. 3.) Compensation made for improvements on ceded lands. (Art. 4.)

Roads.—Right of way granted for authorized roads on same terms as through lands of citizeas. Railroads to compensate in inoney. (Art. 7.) United States released from all claims under previous treaties. (Art. 8.) Grants to individuals. (Art. 6.) Individual debts not to be paid from general funds. (Art. 5.) Intoxicating liquors not to be introduced. (Art. 9.) President and Senate to make such provisions as shall be most beneficial to Indians. (Art. 10.)

Proclaimed July 17, 1854.6
1 United States Statutes at Large, Vol. VII, p. 202. o Ibid., p. 208.

* Ibid., p. 391. 5 Ibid., p. 393. 6 Ibid., Vol. X, p. 1078.

3 I bid.,

p. 210.


Treaty with the Kickapoo Indians, made at the Kickapoo Agency, June 28, 1862. Reservation to be surveyed. (Art. 1.) Census to be taken. Tribe classified into those who desire to hold land in severalty and those who wish to hold land in com

Those desiring land in severalty to have, each head of a family 160 acres, each other person 40 acres, to include improvements and a reasonable portion of timber. Chiefs, one-half section. Certificates to be issued. (Art. 2.) Any wale adult or head of family able to control his affairs and to so satisfy the President, and upon proof in a district court of the United States of civilized life and support of family for five years, shall become a citizen of the United States, receive a patent in fee simple, and also his proportion of tribal credits, principal and interest. (Art. 3.) To those desiring land in common shall be set apart a quantity of land sufficient to give each individual an amount, as in article 2, said persons to relinquish all claim to land taken in severalty and proceeds of sale thereof. Should they decide to move to Indian country, they may occupy a tract as large as can be purchased by the sale of present lands at $1.25 per acre, selection and purchase to be made by Indian Commissioner, and removal at cost to the United States. (Art. 4.) After apportionment between the above two classes, remainder of reservation to be sold. (Art. 1.) Atchison and Pike's Peak Railroad to be permitted to purchase residue of land within six months under certain provisions. (Arts. 5, 6.) Kickapoos who have been residing south may return within one year and receive benefit of this treaty. (Art. 10.) Following tracts reserved : Six hundred and forty acres as site for mill, 320 acres where the mission-house is, 160 where the agency is. These tracts to be disposed of as provided by law, when the purposes have been accomplished for which they were reserved. (Art. 11.) Surveys to be paid for out of proceeds of sales. (Art. 13.) All right, title, and interest of Kickapoos in their present reservation ceded to and vested in the United States, subject to the limitations and the purposes herein expressed and provided for. (Art. 14.) Stipulations of former treaties inconsistent with foregoing articles to have no force. (Art. 15.) Proclaimed May 28, 1863.1

POTTAWATOMIE RESERVATION. How established.-By treaties of June 5, 1846, November 15, 1861; treaty of relinquishment, February 27, 1867.2

Area and survey.-Contains 77,358 acres, of which 29,119 acres are classed as tillable. Surveyed.

Acres cultivated. The Indians have under cultivation 3,100 acres.

Tribes and population. The tribes living here are the Prairie band of Pottawatomies. Population, 554.6

Location.—Jackson County, Kans., well watered by two large creeks and several small streams fed by springs.? The interest on trust money supports schools, shops, etc.

School population, attendance, and support. School population, as estimated in 1886.

60 Boarding-school accommodations.

30 Average attendance....

24 In session (months) Cost 8

$4, 254.39 Missionary work.--Not reported. 1 United States Statutes at Large, Vol. XIII, p. 623. * For treaties, see Pottawatomie treaties, Pottawatomie Indian Territory. 3 Report of Indian Commissioner, 1884, p. 310. * l bid., p. 261. 5 I bid., 1886, p. 430, Ibid., p. 400. ?Ibid.,

8 Ibid., p. xcii,


p. 216.


Organized as a Territory in 1805, and admitted as a State, January 26, 1837.

The Indians formerly living in this region were the Chippewas, Pottawatomies, and Ottawas. A portion of them still remain, and others are to be found in Kansas and the Indian Territory.

There are three reservations, having an aggregate area of 66,332 acres. The Indian population is 7,868.

There is one agency, the Mackinac, having in charge the Isabella, the L'Anse, and the Ontonagon Reservations.

The Indians of Michigan are all citizens; are voters and eligible to hold office. They are not known or recognized by tribal relations, either by State laws or treaties, and in every respect, so far as the rights of citizenship are concerned, they stand on an equality with the whites. While no tribal relations exist, yet the Indians annually elect certain of their number, whom they call chiefs or headmen, whose duty it is to transact all business with the Government or the Indian agent, sign all papers and stipulations, which they consider as binding upon the band."


[Post-office address: Flint, Genesee County, Mich.)


How established.-By Executive order, May 14, 1855; treaties of Au. gust 2, 1855, and of October 18, 1864.

Area and survey.-Contains 11,097 acres. Surveyed.
Acres cultivated.–Eight hundred and eighty-six acres in 1886.3

Tribes and population.—The tribes living here are the Chippewas of Saginaw, Swan Creek, and Black River. Population, 2,500.4

Location.-In Isabella County, Mich. The Indians of this band are scattered all over northern Michigan, mingled with other bands. Large numbers of them have gone west, and many of them have gone to Canada. Certain land speculators claim title to very much of the lands that were never patented, also claim to have titles to the lands that have been patented by restricted patents. A large amount of land on the reservation, some of which are vacant lands, and some of which have been patented by restricted patents, are covered by tax'titles, thus intimidating and preventing the Indans froin improving the land, although as a matter of fact and law these claims of title are not valid; but the effect upon the Indian is the same as though they were. Several suits have lately been commenced in the United States court against various parties charged with trespasses, for the purpose of recovering for the Indians and the Government that to which they are justly entitled.5

School population, attendance, and support.–School population for Mackinac Agency, estimated in 1886, was 1,000.

| Report of Indian Commissioner, 1886, p. 165. 2 I bid., 1894, p. 260. 3 Ibid., 1886, p. 167. 4 I bic., 1884, p. 292. Ibid., 1886, p. 167. 6 I bid., p. xciv.

S. Ex. 95_-27

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