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The People Of The State Of New York
By the Grace of God Free and Independent
To all to zvhom these Presents shall Come Greeting:

Know Ye That we have nominated constituted and appointed and by these presents do nominate constitute and appoint

William J. Youngs
Private Secretary To The Governor

hereby giving and granting unto him all and singular the powers and authorities to the said office by law belonging or appertaining.

To Have And To Hold the said office together with the fees profits and advantages to the same belonging for and during the time limited by the Constitution and Laws of our said State.

In Testimony Whereof We have caused these our letters to be made patent and the great seal of our said State to be hereunto affixed. [l s ] Witness Theodore Roosevelt Governor of our said State at our City of Albany the second day of January in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and ninety-nine.


Attested by

John T. Mcdonough

Secretary of State


State Of New York

Executive Chamber

Albany, January 2, i899

Appointed: District Attorney of the county of Queens: George W. Davison

of Wantagh to fill the vacancy created by the resignation of William J. Youngs.


State Of New York

Executive Chamber

Albany, January 2, i899

Appointed: District Attorney of the county of Kings:

Hiram R. Steele

of Brooklyn, to fill the vacancy created by the resignation of Josiah T. Marean.

State Of New York

Executive Chamber

Albany, January 2, i899

To The Legislature:

The people of New York, like the people of every other State in the Union, are to be congratulated, because during the past year the nation has carried to a brilliant triumph one of the most righteous wars of modern times. When last spring it became evident that the interests of humanity and of national honor alike demanded that we should drive Spain from the Western Hemisphere and free from her tyranny the subject peoples of the islands of the sea, New York responded with eager zeal to the call for volunteers, and in the Cabinet, in Congress, and in camp, her representatives did all they could to ensure the success of the American policy. We are not merely New Yorkers. We are Americans; and the interests of all Americans, whether from the North, the South, the East or the great West, are equally dear to the men of the Empire State. As we grow into a mighty nation, which, whether it will or not, must inevitably play a great part for good or for evil in the affairs of the world at large, the people of New York wish it understood that they look at all questions of American foreign policy from the most thoroughly national standpoint. The tropic islands we have taken must neither be allowed to lapse into anarchy nor to return under the sway of tyranny. War is a grim thing at best, but the war through which we have passed has left us not merely memories of glory won on land and sea, but an even more blessed heritage, the knowledge that it was waged from the highest motives, for the good of others as well as for our own national honor. Above all, we are thankful that it brought home to all of us the fact that the country was indeed one when serious danger confronted it. The men from the East and the West, from the North and the South, the sons of those who wore the blue and of those who wore the gray, the men of means and the men who all their lives long had possessed only what day by day they toiled to earn, stood shoulder to shoulder in the fight, met the same dangers, shared the same hardships and won the same ultimate triumph.

In our domestic affairs, the State is to be congratulated on the gradual return of prosperity. Though temporarily checked by the war this return has been, on the whole, steady. The capitalist finds constantly greater business opportunities; the wageworker, in consequence, is more steadily employed; the farmer has a better market. Taxation

No other question is of such permanent importance in the domestic economy of our State as the question of taxation. At present our system of taxation is in utter confusion, full of injustices and of queer anomalies. It is an exceedingly difficult subject, one well worthy the attention of our best men, the men with most highly trained minds and the broadest practical, experience; men who are able to approach the subject from the standpoints alike of the farmer, the merchant, and the manufacturer. Not only is it necessary to consider whether any kind of tax ought, if practicable, to be levied, but whether it is in fact practicable to levy it. We should discourage the building up of non-taxable interests, and yet we should discourage driving property out of the State by unwise taxation, or levying a tax which is in effect largely a tax upon honesty. I most earnestly commend the whole matter to your special attention.

Canals And Commerce

New York State took the lead in this country in the promotion of a canal system, and the operation of the Erie Canal has been of incalculable benefit, not merely to Buffalo, New York and Brooklyn and the cities of the Mohawk Valley, but to all of the State; for, when a part of it is benefited, the benefit is shared ultimately by the whole.

Of recent years the city of New York has fallen off relatively to other cities as regards the increase of her commerce, and in exports there has been a positive decrease. Under my predecessor a commission was appointed to examine into the causes of this decline. I recommend

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