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VI That into the said Kayaderosseras Creek is also discharged through a trunk sewer, open and closed, the sewage of Saratoga Springs, a village varying in population from ten thousand in winter to over a hundred thousand in summer.

VII That the shores of Saratoga Lake are lined with farm houses, cottages and hotels, where thousands of people go in the summer time for pleasure, and the sewage and domestic wastes of these hotels and cottages are discharged into the lake, and those who complain most bitterly about its pollution seem to forget the ancient rule established in Jerusalem, that each person should sweep before his own door.

VIII That Saratoga Lake is polluted in the manner above described, and the sewage, wastes, refuse matter, fish that die from natural causes, as well as those killed by the contamination of the water, are washed upon the shores, dockings and pilings, and during the warm summer months, ferment and decay, producing stenches more or less offensive, according to the custors and habits of those obliged to inhale them.

IX That the waters of Kayaderosseras Creek and Saratoga Lake are not directly used for potable purposes, but ultimately find their way through Fish Creek into the Hudson River, which is the source of many potable water supplies, and in this way one of the most perplexing and serious problems affecting the life and health of the people of the State, is presented. Many of the creeks and streams of the State, the waters of which were fresh and pure twentyfive or fifty years ago, and were used for power purposes only, have come to be little more than open sewers, transmitting disease germs from one place to another, filling up ponds and reservoirs with refuse matter, destroying or driving away fish, emanating offensive and disagreeable odors, affecting the riparian interests of those owning property along their banks, and depriving them of the use of pure and wholesome water.

X That the hotel proprietors and cottage owners along the shores of the lake, the mill owners along the banks of the inlet to said lake, and the villages of Saratoga Springs and Ballston Spa are creating and maintaining a nuisance injurious to the fullest and freest enjoyment of the property rights of those living along the shores and banks of said lake and stream, as well as a nuisance, indirectly, affecting the public health in the manner aforesaid; and

WHEREAS, The said report of the State Board of Health has been in all respects approved by the Governor of the State of New York, and filedein the office of the Secretary of State;

Now THEREFORE, In pursuance of the provisions of chapter 661 of the Laws of 1893, and of the power vested in me as Governor of the State of New York, I do hereby declare the following in relation to the things found and certified by the State Board of Health as aforesaid:


That on and after July 1st 1899, no proprietor, lessee or occupant of any hotel, cottage or dwelling house on or along the shore of Saratoga Lake, or on or along any stream tributary thereto, shall discharge any raw sewage into the waters of said lake or into the streams tributary thereto; and on and after the date aforesaid, such proprietor, lessee or occupant shall collect all sewage and domestic waste and refuse and dispose of the same in a sanitary manner, to be approved by the State Board of Health.

II That on or before April ist 1900, the villages of Saratoga Springs and Ballston Spa shall, either individually or by co-operating together, put in disposal works for the sanitary treatment of sewage from said villages, upon plans to be approved by the State Board of Health.


That the discharge of the effluent and waste material froin the tannery owned and operated by the firm of Hall, Haight & Co., into and through Gordon Creek and into and through Kayaderosseras Creek, is hereby declared to be a nuisance, which the said firm are hereby ordered to abate by discontinuing such discharge on or before April ist 1900; provided, however, that nothing herein contained shall be construed to prevent such discharge into and through said creeks subsequent to the date aforesaid after the said waste and effluent materials shall have been treated in a sanitary manner, so as to render the same innocuous and according to process to be approved by the State Board of Health.

IV That the discharge of effluent and waste material from the paper and sulphite mills owned and operated by the George West Paper and Bag Company into and through Kayaderosseras Creek is hereby declared a nuisance, which the said firm are hereby ordered to abate on or before April 1st 1900; provided however, that nothing herein contained shall be construed to prevent such discharge into said creek, subsequent to the date aforesaid, after such effluent and waste materials shall have been treated in a sanitary manner, so as to render the same innocuous, and according to process to be approved by the State Board of Health.

GIVEN under my hand and the Privy Seal of the

State at the Capitol in the city of Albany this [ls] 30th day of March in the year of our Lord

one thousand eight hundred and ninety-nine.




Executive Chamber,

Albany, April 3, 1899 TO THE ASSEMBLY:

Assembly bill No. 1599, introduced by Mr. T. P. Sullivan, entitled “An Act to amend Chap. 415 of the Laws of 1897, entitled 'An Act in relation to Labor,' constituting Chap. 32 of the General Laws, and the several acts amendatory thereof and supplemental thereto,” is herewith returned without approval.

This bill relates to the same subject as Assembly bill No. 1163, introduced by Mr. Costello, entitled “An Act to amend the Labor Law relating to licenses for the manufacture of certain articles in tenements," (which is now Chap. 191 of the Laws of 1899), both bills coming to me at the same time. The Costello bill, however, is a carefully thought out and most important piece of remedial and constructive legislation. It embraces other subjects not included in the Sullivan bill, and it also remodels, in far more effective form, the two sections of the old act which this bill attempts to remodel. - To sign this bill, now that the Costello bill has become a law, would mean an act of positive retrogression in the effort to abolish sweatshops; and if signed before the Costello bill became a law its provisions would, of course, have been superseded by those of the latter. The Costello bill does not go as far as I should like to see it go, but it does take an enormous stride in advance, representing the first really effective bit of legislation against the sweatshops which has been enacted in this State; it is in line with and to a large extent carries out one of the suggestions in my message to the Legislature upon which I dwelt with particular emphasis. The same may be said of the other bill introduced by Mr. Costello, Assembly bill No. 1615, entitled "An Act to amend the labor law, relating to the duties of the factory inspector and the enforcement of the provisions of such law,” which has just become a law and is Chap. 192 of the Laws of the State of New York. This carries out another of the suggestions contained in my message and

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