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broad lines should be laid down within which they are to work. What the value of this franchise may be fifty years hence, no one can tell; and while, in view of the formidable difficulties of the undertaking, full provision should be made for ample reward to the private capitalists who go into the scheme, if it is deemed advisable to have it undertaken by private capital, yet the franchise should not be given in perpetuity, and provision should be made to remunerate the city if the franchise turns out to possess exceptional value.

THEODORE ROOSEVELT

CERTIFICATION OF THE NECESSITY OF THE PASSAGE OF SENATE BILL No. i483 —MAKING APPROPRIATION FOR SUPPORT OF GOVERNMENT

State Of New York

Executive Chamber

To The Legislature:

It appearing to my satisfaction that the public interest requires it;

Therefore In accordance with the provisions of section fifteen of article three of the Constitution and by virtue of the authority thereby conferred upon me, I do hereby certify to the necessity of the immediate passage of Senate bill number i483 which is a reprint of Assembly bill number i745 entitled "An Act making appropriations for certain expenses of government and supplying deficiencies in former appropriations ".

Given under my hand and the Privy Seal of the State at the Capitol in the city of Albany this [l S] twenty-fifth day of April in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and ninetynine.

THEODORE ROOSEVELT

By the Governor:

Wm. J. Youngs

Secretary to the Governor

CERTIFICATION OF THE NECESSITY OF THE PASSAGE OF SENATE BILL No. i489 —THE RAPID TRANSIT BILL

State Of New York

Executive Chamber

To The Legislature:

It appearing to my satisfaction that the public interest requires it;

Therefore In accordance with the provisions of section fifteen of article three of the Constitution and by virtue of the authority thereby conferred upon me, I do hereby certify to the necessity of the immediate passage of Senate bill number i489 (Introductory number 585) entitled "An Act to amend chapter four of the laws of eighteen hundred and ninety-one, entitled An Act to provide for rapid transit railways in cities of over one million inhabitants,' and the acts amendatory thereof".

Given under my hand and the Privy Seal of the State at the Capitol in the city of Albany this [l S] twenty-fifth day of April in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and ninetynine.

THEODORE ROOSEVELT

By the Governor:

Wm. J. Youngs

Secretary to the Governor

VETO OF ASSEMBLY BILL No. i225, RELATING
TO COMMISSIONER OF JURORS FOR AL-
BANY COUNTY

State Of New York
Executive Chamber

Albany, April 25, i899

To The Assembly:

I herewith return without approval Assembly bill printed No. i223 introduced by Mr. McEwan, entitled "An Act to amend chapter 557 of the laws of i894, entitled 'An Act to provide for a commissioner of jurors in counties containing cities of from ninety to ninety-six thousand inhabitants ', in relation to the commissioner of jurors of Albany County ".

This is a bill, unfortunately not of an unusual type. It is a piece of special legislation very thinly disguised as general legislation. It amends a general act which applied only to Albany and Rensselaer Counties so as to make the old act apply only to Rensselaer County and the new act only to Albany. It very nearly doubles the salary of the man now in office, and makes a change in the appointing power. It is questionable whether the courts would decide the act to be constitutional. In any event, its constitutionality would have to be tested in the courts. It is clearly and purposely drawn so that if it does not violate, it evades, the constitutional requirements. If there were a great public policy to be served, I might, though reluctantly, sign the bill, and run the risk of having it declared unconstitutional; but there is no sufficient reason for enacting the law in its present shape. The end sought can be reached quite as well, if the circumstances warrant it, by including Albany and Rensselaer with other counties in the general law.

THEODORE ROOSEVELT

CERTIFICATION OF THE NECESSITY OF THE PASSAGE OF SENATE BILL No. i492, RELATING TO ELECTIONS

State Of New York

Executive Chamber

To The Legislature:

It appearing to my satisfaction that the public interest requires it;

Therefore In accordance with the provisions of section fifteen of article three of the Constitution and by virtue of the authority thereby conferred upon me, I do hereby certify to the necessity of the immediate passage of Senate bill number i492 (Introductory number 608) entitled "An Act to amend chapter nine hundred and nine of the laws of eighteen hundred and ninety-six, entitled 'An Act in relation to the elections, constituting chapter six of the general laws,' and the several acts amendatory thereof."

Given under my hand and the Privy Seal of the State at the Capitol in the city of Albany this [l S] twenty-sixth day of April in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and ninetynine.

THEODORE ROOSEVELT

By the Governor:

Wm. J. Youngs

Secretary to the Governor

VETO OF ASSEMBLY BILL No. i457, AMENDING THE GREATER NEW YORK CHARTER AS TO MEMBERS OF THE LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY

State Of New York

Executive Chamber

Albany, April 27, i899

To The Assembly:

I herewith return without approval Assembly bill printed No. ii09-i457 introduced by Mr. Meister, entitled "An Act to amend ' The Greater New York Charter relative to the legislative department ".

This bill purports to be an amendment of a section. In reality it is a repeal of a section. The framers of the New York Charter very wisely applied to members of the Mu

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