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kad no claim or color of title made or acquired in good faith, or an asserted right thereto by or under claim made in good faith with a view to entry thereof at the proper land office; and which statute also prohibited any person, by force, tbreats, intimidation or by any fencing or inclosure or other unlawful means, from preventing or obstructing any person from peaceably entering upon, or establishing a settlemeut or residence on, any tract of public land, subject to settlement or entry under the public land laws of the United States, and from preventing or obstructing free passage and transitorer or tbrough the public lands:

And whereas, it is by the fifth section of said act provided as follows:

“ That the President is bereby authorized to take such means as shall be necessary to remore and destroy any unlawful inclosure of any of said lands, and to employ civil or military force as may be necessary for that purpose.”

And whereas, it has been brought to my knowledge that unlawful in. closures, and such as are probibited by the terms of the aforesaid statute, exist upon the public domain, and that actual legal settlement thereon is prevented and obstructed by such inclosures avd by force, threats and intimidation,

Now therefore, I, Grover Cleveland, Presidevt of the United States, do hereby order and direct that any and erery unlawful inclosure of Unlawful inclosthe public lands, maintained by any person, association or corporation, ure of public lande be immediately remored ; and I do bereby forbid any person, association or corporation, from preventing or obstructing by means of such inclosures or by force, tlireats or iutimidation, any person entitled thereto, from peaceably entering upon and establishing a settlement or residence on any part of such public land which is subject to entry and settlement under the laws of the United States.

And I command and require each and every officer of the United States, upon whom the duty is legally derolved, to cause this order to be obeyed, and all the provisions of the act of Congress herein mentioned to be faithfully cnforced.

In testimony whereof I have lereuuto set iny hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed.

Done at the City of Washington this sereuth day of August, ono (U. S. SEAL.]

thousand cight hundred and eighty.firo, and of the Inde

pendence of the United States of America the one hundred and teuth.

GROVER CLEVELAND. By the President:

T. F. BAYARD,

Secretary of State.

No. 4.

BY THE PRESIDENT OF TIIE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,

September 9, 1805

A PROCLAMATION.

Preamblo.

Whereas satisfactory evidence has been received by me that upon vessels of the United States arriving at the port of Boca del Toro, United States of Colombia, no duty is imposed by the ton as tonpago tax or as light money, and that no other equivalent tax on vessels of the United States is imposed at said port by tho Colombian Governmeut, and whereas by the provisions of section fourteen of an Act ap. proved June 26th 1881, “ to remove certain burdens on the American merchant marine and encourage the American foreign carrying trade, and for other purposes” the President of the United States is authorized to suspend the collection in ports of the Uuited States from ves.

STAT L-VOL XXIV-265

Vol. 23, p. 57.

sels arriving from any port in “Central America down to and including Aspinwall and Panaina” of so much of the duty at the rate of three cents per ton as may be in excess of the tonuage aud light bouse dues, or other equivalent tax or taxes imposed on American vessels by the

Government of the foreign country in which such port is situated. Collection of Now therefore, I, Grocer Cleveland, President of the United States tonnage duty sus- of Americit, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the act and pended, on vessels section bereiubefore mentioved do hereby declare and proclaim that United States of op and after this 9th day of September, one thousand eight hundred Colombia. aud eighty-five, the collection of said tonnage duty of three cents per

tou shall be suspended as regards all vessels arriving in any port of tbe United States from the port of Boca del Toro, United States of Colombia.

In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed. Done at the City of Washington, this 9th day of September one

thousand eight hundred and eighty fire and of the (U. S. SEAL.) Independence of the United States of America, the ove hundred and tenth.

GROVER CLEVELAND. By the President:

T. F. BAYARD,

Secretary of State.

No. 5.

November 2, 1885.

BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.

A PROCLAMATION.

Preamble.

The American People have always abundant cause to be thankful to Almighty God, whose watchful care and guiding band have been manifested in every stage of their national life-guardiug and protecting them in time of peril, and safely leading them in the hour of darkness and of danger.

It is fitting and proper that a nation thus favored, should on ove day in every year, for that purpose especially appointed, publicly acknowl. edge the goodness of God, and return tbanks to Him for all His gra.

cious gifts. November 26, Therefore I, Grocer Clevelanıl, President of the United States of 1883, set apart, as America, do hereby designate and set apart Thursday the twenty-sixth Thanksgiving.

day of November instant, as a day of public thanksgiving and prayer; and do invoke the observance of the same by all the people of the land.

On that day let all secular business be suspendedl. And let the peo. ple assemble in their usual places of worship, aud with prayer and songs of praise, devoutly testify their gratitude to the Giver of every good and perfect gift for all that He lias done for us in the year that has passed; for our preservation as a united nation and for our deliverance from the shock and danger of political convulsion; for the blessings of peace and for our safety and quiet while wars and rumors of wars have agitated and afflicted other nations of the earth; for our security against the scourge of pestilence, which in other lands' bas claimed its dead by thousands and filled the streets with mourners; for plenteous crops which reward the labor of the husbaudman and increase our nation's wealth; and for the contentment throughout our borders which follows in the train of prosperity and abundauce.

And let there also be on the day tbus set apart, a reunion of fami. lies, sanctified and chastened by tender memories and associations; and

let the social intercourse of friends, with pleasant reminiscence, renew the ties of affection and strengthen the bonds of kindly feeling.

And let us by no means forget while we give thanks and enjoy the comforts which have crowned our lives that truly grateful hearts are inclined to deeds of charity, and that a kind and thougbtful remem. brance of the poor will double the pleasures of our condition and render our praise and thanksgiving more acceptable in the sight of the Lord. Done at the City of Wasbington this second day of November, one

thousand eight hundred and eighty-five, and of tbe Inde(U. S. SEAL.) pendence of the United States the one hundred and tenth.

GROVER CLEVELAND.
By the Presideut,
T. F. BAYARD,

Secretary of State.

No. 6.

BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,

November 7, 1885.

A PROCLAMATION.

Whereas it is represented to me by the Governor of the Territory of Preamble. Washington that domestic violence esists within the said Territory, and that by reason of nulawful obstructions and combinations and the as. semblage of evil.disposed persons it has become impracticable to enforce by the ordivary course of judicial proceedings the laws of the United States at Seattle and at other points and places within said Territory, whereby life and properly are there tbreatened and endangered,

And whereas the Legislature of said Territory cannot be convened, and in tbe judgment of the President an emergency has arisen and a case is now presented which justifies and requires under the Constitution and laws of the United States the employment of inilitary force to suppress domestic violence and enforce the faithful execution of the laws of the United States, if the command and warning of this Proclamation be disobeyed or disregarded :

Now, therefore, I, Grover Cleveland, President of the United States Unlawful assemof America, do hereby comunand and warn all insurgents and all per- blages in Waslisons who have assembled at any point within the said Territory of Waslı. ington Territory

commanded to disington, for the unlawful purposes aforesaid, to desist therefrom, and to disperse and retire peaceably to their respective abodes on or before twelve o'clock meridian on the eighth day of November instant;

And I do admonish all good citizens of the United States and all persons within the limits and jurisdiction thereof against aiding, abetting, countenancing, or taking any part in such unlawful acts or assemblages.

In witness whereof, I have set my hand and caused the seal of the
United States to be hereunto afhxed.
Done at the City of Washington this seventh day of November, in the

of our Lord one thousand eight bundred and eighty five, (SEAL.) and of the Independence of the United States the one-hundred and tenth.

GROVER CLEVELAND, By the President:

T. F. BAYARD,

Secretary of State.

perse.

No. 7.

February 9, 1886.

BY THE PRESIDENT OF TITE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.

A l’ROCLAMATION.

Preamble. Whereas it is represented to me by the Governor of the Territory of

Washington that domestic riolence exists within the said Territory, and that by reason of unlawful obstructions and combinations and the assemblage of evil disposed persons it has become impracticable to enforce by the ordivary course of judicial proceedings the laws of the United States at Seattle and at other points and places within said Territory, whereby life and property are there threatened and endangered;

And whereas in the judgment of the President an emergency has arisen and a case is now presented which justifies and requires, under the Constitution and laws of the United States, the employment of military force to suppress domestic violence and enforce the faithful execution of the laws of the United States, if the cominand and warning of this

Proclamation be disobeyed and disregarded ; Unlawful assı on Now, therefore, I, Grover Cleveland, President of the United States blages in Washi- of America, do hereby command and warn all insurgents and all persons ington Territory who have assembled at any point within the said Territory of Wash. commanded to disрегве.

ington, for the unlawful purposes aforesaid, to desist therefrom, and to disperse and retire peiceably to their respectire abodes on or before 6 o'clock in the afternoon of the tenth day of February instant ;

And I do admonish all good citizens of the United States and all persons within the limits and jurisdiction thereof against aiding, abetting, countenancing, or taking any part in such unlawful acts or as. semblages.

In witness whereof, I bare set my hand and caused the scal of the
United States to be bereunto affixed.
Done at the city of Washington this pinth day of February, in the

year of our Lord one thousand cight hundred and eighty-six, (SEAL] and of the Independence of the United States the one hun dred and tentlı.

GROVER CLEVELAND.
By the President:
T. F. BAYARD,

Secretary of State.

No. 8.

October 13, 1886.

BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA:

A PROCLAMATION.

Preamblo.

Whereas, by a Proclamation of the President of the United States, dated the fourteenth day of February in the year eighteen hundred and eighty-four, upon evidence then appearing satisfactory to him that the Government of Spain had abolished the discriminating customs duty theretofore imposed upon the products of, and articles proceeding from, the United States of America, imported into the Islands of Cuba and Porto Rico such abolition to take effect on and after the first day of March of said year eighteen hundred and eighty.iour, and by virtue of the authority vested in him by section four thousand two hundred and twenty-eight of the Revised Statutes of the United States, the Presi. dent did thereby declare and proclaim that on and after the said first day of March, eighteen hundred and eighty-four, so long as the products of, and articles proceeding from, the United States, imported into the Islands of Cuba and Porto Rico, should be exempt from discriminating customs duties, any such duties on the products of and articles proceed. ing from Cuba and Porto Rico under the Spanish flag should be sus. pended and discontinuell:

And whereas, by Article I. of the Commercial Agreement signed at Madrid the thirteenth day of February, eighteen hundred and eighty. four, it was stipulated and provided that “the duties of the third column of the customs tariffs of Cuba and Porto Rico, which implies the suppression of the differential flag duty" should at once be applied to tho products of, and articles proceeding from the United States of America;

And whereas, the complete suppression of the differential flag duty in l'espect of all vessels of the United States and their cargoes entering tho ports of Cuba and Porto Rico is, by the terms of the said Agreement ex. pressly made the consideration for the exercise of the authority conferred upon the President in respect of the suspension of the collection of for. eign discriminating duties of tonnage and imposts upon merchandiso brought within the United States from Cuba and Porto Rico in Spanish vessels, bıy said section four thousand two hundred and twenty-eight of the Revised Statutes, wbich section reads as follows:

SEC. 4228. Upon satisfactory proof being given to the President, by the government of any foreign nation, that no discriminating duties of tonnage or impests are in posed or levied in the ports of such nation upon vessels wholly belonging to citizens of the United States, or upon the produce, manufactures, or merchandise imported in the same from the United States or from any foreign country, the President may issue bis proclamation, declaring that the foreign discriminating duties of tonnage and impost within the United States are suspended and disconi. tinued, so far as respects the vessels of such foreign nation, and the pro. duco, manufactures, or merchandise imported into the United States from such foreign nation, or from any other foreign country; the suspension to take effect from the time of such notification being given to the President, and to continue so long as the reciprocal exemption of vessels, belonging to citizens of the United States, and their cargoes, shall be continued, and no longer.

And whereas, proof is given to me that such complete suppression of the differential flag duty in respect of vessels of the United States and their cargoes entering the ports of Cuba and Porto Rico has not in fact been secured; but that, notwithstanding the said Agreement dated at Madrid February 13, 1884, and in contravention thereof as well as of the provisions of the said section four thousand two bundred and twentyeight of the Rerised Statutes, higber and discriminating duties continue to be imposed and levied in said ports upon certain produce, manufact. ures or merchandise imported into said ports from the United States or from any foreign country, in vessels of the United States, than is im. posed and levied on the like produce, manufactures or merchandise car. ried to said ports in Spanish vessels:

Now, therefore, I, Grover Cleveland, President of the United States of America, in execution of the aforesaid section four thousand two discriminating du

Snopeusion of hundred and twenty-eight of the Revised Statutes, do hereby revoke ties on products, the suspension of the discriminating customs imposed and levied in the etc., froin Cuba

and Porto Rico reports of the United States on the prodncts of, and articles proceeding

voked. under the Spanish flag from Cuba and Porto Rico, which is set forth and contained in the aforesaid Proclamation dared the fourteenth day of February, eighteen hundred and eighty-four; this revocation of said Proclamation to take effect on and after the twenty-fifth day of October instant.

In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed. Done at the city of Washington, this thirteenth day of October, in

the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and eighty(SEAL.] six, and of the Independence of the United States the one hundred and eleventh.

GROVER CLEVELAND. By tłe President:

T. F. BAYARD,

Secretary of State.

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