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posted at the bridge. General Washington (who no doubt knew him well, being neighbors,) said to him, "You will understand, Captain Parker, that this bridge is to be defended to the last extremity.” “Sir,” replied Parker, "we intend to sleep upon it." (See Virginia Historical Register.)

Richard Parker was appointed colonel of the First Virginia regiment and went with the first battalion to the defense of Charleston in 1780. He was killed in the trenches (see Lee's Memoirs for a beautiful tribute to Colonel Parker). Lee says, "He died embalmed in the tears of his faithful soldiers and honored by the regrets of the whole army."

Alexander Parker (20) was a captain in the Continental Army. Present at battles in the North and at Yorktown, where he commanded a company of light infantry in General Wayne's division. Is said to have saved Wayne's army in Georgia from an attack by the Indians; for particulars of which see Lee's Memoirs, where full credit is given him. Alexander Parker remained in the army and rose to be a full

He resigned about 1807 and was appointed general in State forces. He married Widow Redman and lived on his plantation in Westmoreland County. His seat was called Ellersley (afterwards burned).

He left three children, Henry, who married Miss Cox; Maria, married John Waller Jones, and Harriet, died single.

John Parker married Betsey Muse and left two sons, Thomas and John A. He was drowned in the Potomac River while attempting to board his ship.

William Harwar Parker was born about 1752-4 and was a planter in Westmoreland County. His place was called Rock Spring. He married Mary Sturman, whose mother was 1 Miss Foxhall. The name Foxhall comes through the Sturmans who were related to the Chiltons, General Chilton, U. S. A., C. S. A., a member of General Lee's staff, was of this family.

William Harwar Parker was an officer in the Virginia State Navy in 1776-1780. He commanded a vessel called the "Tempest" during the Revolutionary War. (See Virginia Historical Register.) His brothers Alexander and Thomas, were members of the Cincinnati Society from Virginia, but he refused to join. Richard would have been eligible but he was killed in 1780, as I have said. All four brothers received land grants for revolutionary services.

William Harwar Parker retired from the navy after the war and returned to his plantation. His name will not be found in Hammersley list, but in Virginia Annual Register.

Thomas Parker, the youngest son of Judge Richard, was a captain in Revolutionary Army, Second Virginia Regiment, in which were three Parkers, all officers, two brothers and a cousin. He remained in the army. In 1812, he was colonel in United States Army and served on the Northern frontier under General Wade Hampton. He was made brigadier general in 1814 and placed in command of the forces at Norfolk, Virginia.

General Thomas Parker married Sallie Opie and settled in Clarke County, and built a house which he called Soldiers' Retieat. It is still standing on the right bank of the Shenandoah River about twenty miles from Winchester and ten miles from Berryville. The old general is mentioned by Bishop Meade as active and liberal in church matters. He had but one child, Eliza, who became the first wife of General Armistead Mason, who was killed in a duel with his cousin, McCarty. She died, in early life, without issue. General Parker left the retreat and land to his favorite nephew, Richard E. Parker, who had been in love with his cousin, Eliza, and would have married her except for the general's objection to her on the ground of consanguinity.

We have seen that Colonel Richard Parker (2) died, killed in battle, unmarried, and that General Alexander Parker left one son and two daughters. William Harwar Parker had a large family. He had four sons, Richard Elliot, Foxhall Alexander, John and William Chilton, and one daughter, Juliet Octavia, who married her first cousin, Leroy Daingerfield.

Richard Elliot Parker (3d) was born at Rock Spring, Westmoreland, and studied law at Lawfield under his grandfather Judge Richard Parker, ist. In the War of 1812, Richard

Parker was colonel of the Thirty-fifth Virginia Regiment. He fought at the battle of the White House, where he was wounded. At the conclusion of the war, Richard Parker returned to the law. He was a United States Senator from Virginia in 1836-7, Judge of the Court of Appeals, and refused the Attorney Generalship under Van Buren. He died in 1840 at the Retreat while still a Judge of the Court of Appeals of Virginia. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Dr. Fouches, of Richmond, Virginia. Foxhall Alexander Parker was born at Rock Spring, Westmoreland County, about the year 1788. He entered the navy and rose to be commodore. He was placed in command of the navyyard of Boston, Massachusetts. In 1848-9 he was selected to go to Germany to advise the Government as to the construction of a navy and upon his returri in 1850 he was put in command of the Home Squadron. He married, in 1814, Sara Jay, daughter of General Robert Bogardus, of New York.

John Parker died unmarried.

William Chilton Parker entered the army very young, served through the war. He resigned at the conclusion of the war. and studied law. He married first Margaretta, daughter of Dr. Fouchee, and second, his first cousin, Eliza Sparks. Colonel Parker, as he was called, was the most talented of the four brothers, an accompished gentleman, fond of music, poetry and dancing. Mr. James Alfred Jones, of Richmond says of him that he was a man of the noblest sentiments, brave, chivalric and altogether a high man. He was the best lawyer in his section and so brilliant an orator that when he spoke at the Court House the whole country came to listen.

Judge Richard E. Parker had one son and five daughters, Richard, Mary, Juliet, Margaret, Charlotte and Elizabeth.

Richard Parker was a paymaster in the Army, Member of Congress from his section and Judge of his District-the 3d Judge Richard Parker. He tried John Brown and was applauded by friends and foes for his impartiality, firmness and courage. He married Miss Evilina Moss and left no children. Mary married General John S. Millson, no children. Juliet


died young. Margaret died young, Charlotte married Di. William McCormick. Elizabeth married A. P. Crenshaw.

William Chilton Parker had one son and two daughters, Eustace St. Pierre, Hester and Juliet. Eustace died in Mexico in 1861-62 while on his way to join the Confederate Army, unmarried. Hester died in childhood. Juliet died young.

Foxhall Alexander Parker, United States Navy, left eight children; sons, Robert Bogardus, Foxhall Alexander, William Harwar, Richard Leroy, and Archibald Daingerfield, and daughters, Mary Jay married Dr. William Heath Eldridge, of Alabama, and has


son, Bogardus, a first lieutenant in the United States Tenth Infantry. Juliet died young. Virginia Adelia married first Dr. Vaughn Smith, second Peter Wainwright, no children. Robert Bogardus Parker graduated at West Point in 1841, appointed lieutenant in Fourth Infantry, served with his regiment in Florida war and died in 1842.

Foxhall Alexander Parker entered the Navy in 1837 and rose to the rank of commodore. He married Miss Green, of Rhode Island, by whom he had one William Harwar, 4th (called in the navy “Pete Parker”).

William Harwar Parker, 3d, entered the Navy in 1841, served in the war with Mexico, graduated at Annapolis in 1848, No. 2 in class of 150, resigned in April, 1861, and entered the Confederate States Navy, served with distinction throughout the war. He was the author of several works on "Naval Tactics," "Recollections of a Naval Officer," etc. He married Margaret Griffin, daughter of Burwell Mosely, oi Princess Anne County, Virginia, no children.

Richard Leroy Parker was a master in the United States Navy, died in service 1861-62, unmarried.

Archibald Daingerfield Parker, lieutenant colonel United States Army, married Amelia Nesbit, of Philadelphia, no children.

William Harwar Parker, son of Commodore Foxhall A. Parker and his first wife Mary Green, of Rhode Island, captain in United States Navy, died in middle life. William Harwar Parker was a good specimen of the old naval officer, a very self-reliant and self-contained man; brave and truthful and withall a loveable man, so that it was said of him that he was beloved by men and officers.

Of Parkers, then, in the Army and Navy we have: 1. Richard Parker, 2d, Continental Line; 2. Alexander Parker, 2d, Continental Line; 3. Thomas Parker, Continental Line; 4. Harwar Parker, Continental Line (brothers); 5. Colonel Josiah Parker, Continental Line; Lieutenant Nicholas Parker, Continental Line; 6. Thomas Parker, Accomac, Continental Line (cousins); In the War of 1812—7. Richard E. Parker, 3d, Colonel, Virginia Line; 8. Foxhall A. Parker, United States Navy; 9. William C. Parker, 2d, United States Army, (brothers); 10. George Parker, who was the first lieutenant of the "Constitution" under Bainbridge, when she captured the British Frigate “Java.” Afterward a commander, United States Navy, and died off the coast of Africa, in 1814, while in command of the United States Ship “Vixen,” (a cousin); II. Another cousin, whose name I cannot recall, was killed in 1814 on the Potomac River, while in command of gunboat. His last words were, “Oh! ungenerous enemy," as a British officer ran him through the body after his surrender-Virginia Historical Register. (There was a Midshipman Parker under Commodore Pattison, at New Orleans; I am not able to place him.) 12. Richard Parker, 4th, and the third Judge Richard, paymaster, United States Army; 13. Robert Bogardus Parker, United States Army; 14. Foxhall A. Parker, Jr., United States Navy; 15. Wm. Harwar Parker, 3d, United States Navy; 16. Richard Leroy Parker, United States Navy; 17. Archibald Daingerfield Parker, United States Army; 18. Wm. Harwar Parker, 4th, United States Navy-eighteen in all; and all officers, not counting the Daingerfields, Fauntleroys, Chiltons and other family connections.

For the truth of what has been written see: Hammersly's Army List; Lives of living Naval Officers; United States Army and Navy Register 1812-1831 ; Burke's Peerage; Burke's Landed Gentry; Army and Navy Journal (English); Lee's Memoirs; Virginia Historical Register; Files of Richmond Enquirer; Miles Register; Virginia Hist. Papers, &c., &c.

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