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Mrs. BALLINGER. I move to adjourn.

Reader reads notices, etc., letters of Mrs. Snow and Mr.
Van Dyke.
President General D. A. R.

Washington, D. C. Dear Madam: Mrs. Snow has received your telegram inviting her to be present at the annual convention of your Society. She asks me to thank you for the courtesy of the invitation, and to express her regrets that illness will prevent her acceptance of it.

Very truly yours,


February 21, 1899. MRS. DANIEL MANNING,

President General D. A. R. Madam President: Anticipating the presence at your convention of many ladies who are members of the Society of Mayflower Descendants or who are descendants of passengers of the "Mayflower," I have the honor to extend to your Congress an invitation to be present at the meeting to-night of the District of Columbia Society of Mayflower Descendants, to be held at the Congregational Church, corner of Tenth and G streets, at 8 o'clock.

Very respectfully yours,


Secretary. Mrs. WALKER, of Illinois. I would ask if these letters and notices may be put on the bulletin board.

Mrs. NASH. I want to know if the consideration of the amendments will go over to unfinished business, on Friday?

CHAIRMAN. Yes. All in favor of adjourning will please say “aye;" contrary, "no." The ayes have it. (4.33 p. m.)


Tuesday, February 21st, 8 o'clock,

Grand Opera House, Washington, D. C., Music—The Band of the Fourth United States Artillery, and Irs. William L. Wilson, soloist.

Mr. Percy S. Foster, Precentor.


1. Medley-War Song,

.... Beyer 2. Invocation,

· By Chaplain General, Mrs. Teunis S. Hamlin 3. Work of the D. A. R. in the war, . Mrs. Roberts, of Pennsylvania 4. “Blue and Gray,"

....Dollibey 5. Work of the soldier in the war, ....Hon. John L. Griffiths, Indiana 6. Solo— "The Star Spangled Banner,”. Mrs. William L. Wilson 7. The work of the sailor in the war, Hon. Hilary A. Herbert 8. "The Stars and Stripes Forever,”.

... Sousa Peace Jubilee Committee.—Mrs. Fairbanks, Indiana; Miss Forsyth, New York; Mrs. Sperry, Connecticut; Mrs. Howard, Virginia; Mrs. Goodloe, Kentucky; Mrs. O'Neil, Massachusetts; Mrs. Colton, California.

Music. Medley-War Song-by Fourth Artillery Band.

PRESIDENT GENERAL. (8.16 p. m.) Invocation by the Chaplain General, Children of the American Revolution, Mrs. Teunis S. Hamlin, in which we will all unite. Will the audi

pease rise?

Mrs. Hamlin. Oh our infinite Father, God above all gods, infinite, eternal, unchangeable in Thy being, wisdom, goodness, holiness, justice and truth, we come before Thee this night with thanksgiving and praise for all that Thou hast been to us, and all that Thou art. We thank Thee, our Heavenly Father, for what our eyes have seen and our ears have heard. We thank Thee, our Heavenly Father, that Thou art the God of Battle and that Thou hast shown to us what Thou cans't do by Thine outstretched arm. We thank Thee, our Heavenly Father for this grand and glorious nation which Thou hast given us and over which Thou art ruling. We pray that Thou wilt come and rule and over-rule in us as Thou hast in days that are gone; and we pray, our Heavenly Father, that Thou wilt help us to realize what we are in Thy hand. Oh God, our Heavenly Father, we thank Thee for the victories that are past, we thank Thee for what our eyes have seen and our ears have heard; and we pray, our Heavenly Father, that Thou wilt help us to realize to-night that Thou art the Prince of Peace. Oh God, help us to realize that there are victories greater to be won in times of peace than in times of war; and help us as a nation, great as we are, to stretch out our hands and say that we are followers of the Prince of Peace. Oh

Father, we would bend in reverence before Thy will, and we would ask a blessing upon those stricken ones who have given their all that our country may be blest. Oh God, we would ask a blessing upon those that are mothers and those that are sisters who have given their all in order that tyranny might do its worst. Oh God, help us to bless our enemies and ask for them that they may have all the fruits of peace with us. Now, meet with us in this meeting, and grant that that for which Thou hast led it to come together may be fruitful in Thine own good pleasure. Bless the officers of this Society; bless all the interests which they represent; bless their homes and their hearts; bless the members 'of this Society, and use is all for the good of our Nation. We ask it for Christ's sake. Amen.

PRESIDENT GENERAL. The work of the Daughters of the American Revolution in the war, by Mrs. Roberts, of Pennsylvania.

Mrs. ROBERTS: Madam President, Madam Chairman, Fellow Daughters and Friends: I felt very much to-day in looking over my paper which has been prepared by invitation of the committee in charge of this special occasion, like a certain venerable clergyman who went gunning in a tenacre lot; and the others, his fellow-gunners, who went with him were very much afraid to be in the neighborhood of the mark. But the old colored attendant who was with them said, "Gemmens, don't be 'fraid; the mark's the safest place: you'll be the surest not to be hit.” I hing of you, ladies and gentlemen, not to keep that story in mind as I begin my paper; the preliminaries may seem to you as rather far of the mark, and not hitting the mark, but we will get to it. [Applause.)

The Daughters of the American Revolution in the war is an object so closely akin to its own post that I will not be wide of the mark in a few preliminary remarks on the raison d'etra and purposes of the Society.

A recent conversation with an otherwise broad-minded citizen of Washington on the subject of the Daughters of the American Revolution confirmed my views as to the chaotic condition of the average mind on what the organization is, and why it exists. The idea abroad outside the Daughters of the American Revolution is somewhat of the nature that revolutionary ancestors are worshipped as household gods, and like the Lares and Penates of old, the more there are to worship, the better-dignity of membership consisting in the number of bars displayed on the insignia. The national or the altruistic idea does not seem to enter into the conception, therefore I ask your attention for a few moments to a review of what we are and why we are, as suggested by this lack of general understanding on the subject.

Naturally, with those who know no better, the part stands for the whole, the eligibility clause of the National Constitution, “Any woman may be eligible for membership who is of the age of eighteen years, and who is descended from a man or woman who, with unfailing loyalty, rendered material aid to the cause of independence," overshadows the Society itself. It is true that the Society is made up of women whose ascent to a revolutionary hero, military, naval, or civil, gives the right of membership, and the immediate purpose in becoming a Daughter is expressed by the first paragraph of the (1) Ohject, i. e... “To perpetuate the memory of individual ancestry." But all ancestral past which enters into Daughters of the American Revolution uses, must be historic and the individual who is making the study finds the spring of interest in self. The point of departure from self is where the historic lore is listed out of the family-out of the ancestry-back to the causes of events. These causes are found in the historic past and it is there that reverence meets its highest plane. Revolutionary ancestors are perpetuated not only for what they did, but for what they were, and what they inherited and stood for in principle and character. Individual research needs to steer clear of antiquarianism or the danger of supposing that history is good in itself, and that what the world wants is our particular brand of history.

The work of identifying and perpetuating the noble traditions of family history with the glorious beginnings of our country's life is honorable in the extreme. I only claim that to do full justice to the privilege we must bear in mind that we are inheritors not only of patriotic ancestry, but of patriotic principles, whose germs are imbedded in a far off past; principles which have given us not only ancestry, but such a heritage as a free church in a free State; local independence and national unity; trust in the people; education for every citizen; the dignity of labor, and the spirit of freedom, progress and industry, for which our country stands the world over.

As members of the Daughters of the American Revolution we must acknowledge that the spirit of revolutionary tradition has done quite as much for American women as they are doing for America. It has given us courage and determination to make a present record in history which is greater than the past because it has a longer past behind it.

What we are is due to that which we have inherited. Our ancestors did not have so great an inheritance as ours because they could not be the inheritors of themselves.

The greatness of the present lies largely in its ability to learn the lesson of the past. Not the lesson of imitation. If we imitate the past we lose just that which the past has to teach us.

If each age had only reproduced its own past there would never have been any advance.

The lesson is not that of imitation, but of addition and of application. We can benefit by the past because we can add to it a greater present. To disregard the past is to lose the power of the present; to imitate the past is to miss its lesson; to build out of and upon the past a greater present is to be true to the lesson of history, and to pass on the inheritance to the ages.

Nations and men and women are born-run their course—die, but the records of their deeds and lives go on, either as warning or encouragement to those who follow after. It is an endless chain of cause and effect, principle and practice. History has been well defined as “Philosophy teaching by example”—and that it repeats itself is an illustration of the importance of studying its pages with special view to applying its lessons to our own generation. We, Daughters of the American Revolution, are called upon to claim and hold what the past has given us—the remote past of history—the past of our own beloved country—and we are called upon to enrich and enlarge this treasure-let us not be misunderstood. The highest duty of the present is to preserve, the next to enrich the treasure inherited from

the past.

The one great question in this responsibility of patriotic ancestry lies in what we do with it, the use to which it is put. It is utilized in three ways: First, by folding it in a napkin, the possessor resting content in the right of possession, as in the case of the individual Daughter, who in the midst of Chapters, prefers to belong only to the National Society; or, second, in the case of Chapter membership, by using the privilege of its organization as a peg on which to hang social entertainment; or, third, by an active effort to express the spirit of the times in which we live on the institutional life of the Daughters of the American Revolution through Chapter work. The first use is a step forward in the direction of conscious national pride. The second goes one step farther in the choice of the patriotic organization rather than any other, as the peg on which to hang social privilege. The third use clearly proves that there is an awakening from the localism of earlier years of the century, from the recognition of individual and social relations only, to perception of the value of corporate life for the uses of practical patriotism, known in the vocabulary of the day as the new patriotism. The ways in which this may be effected are clearly defined in the stated objects of the Society,

Article II. National Constitution, which are: (1) To perpetuate the memory of the spirit of the men and women who achieved American Independence by the acquisition and protection of historical spots and

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