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THEODORE ROOSEVELT died peacefully in his sleep at his home in Oyster Bay, at 4 o'clock in the morning of January 6, 1919. The cause of death was an embolus, or clot of blood in the heart. He spent his last day, Sunday, with his family in full confidence that he was on the road to complete recovery of health. His last literary work, in addition to the subjects mentioned in the preceding chapter, had been upon a review of a book by one of his cherished naturalist friends, William Beebe, and in correcting proofs of an editorial article on Labor that he had written for the Metropolitan Magazine. He went to bed at 11 o'clock, and his last words were to his faithful colored servant, James Amos: “Please put out the light.” He sank at once into a quiet sleep and never awoke.

He died as he would have wished to, in the home that he loved, with his family about him, in the full possession of his faculties, in the midst of work that was nearest to his heart, and at the summit of his fame. Never during his life had his influence with his countrymen been greater, or his place in the hearts of the American people higher. At the moment of his death it could have been said of him with literal truth, in the language of the Proverbs: “He maketh even his enemies to be at peace with him.” He had become the acknowledged foremost leader of his party and its unanimous choice as its candidate for the Presidency in 1920. More than that, he was recognized as the Great American of his time. This was the unanimous verdict of the nation when the news of his unexpected death startled it into a full recognition of his worth and of its irreparable loss.

In strict accord with his known wishes, there was no pomp or display at his funeral. Simple services, without honorary pallbearers or music, were held in the little village church at which he was wont to attend service with his family, and he was buried in the country graveyard in the lot upon a hillock that he and his wife had selected soon after he retired from the Presidency.

A short time before his death he wrote to a friend who was sitting in the shadow of a supreme affliction :

“Well, friend, you and I are in the range of the rifle pits; from now on until we ourselves fall and that date cannot be so many years distant-we shall see others whom we love fall. It is idle to complain or to rail at the inevitable; serene and high of heart we must face our fate and go down into the darkness.'



Abbott, Lawrence, ii. 197; letters to, Aldrich, Senator, i. 237, 238; ii. 1;
i. 288; ii. 52, 99

bill proposed by, ii. 83
Abbott, Rev. Dr. Lyman, letters to, Alexandra, Queen, ii. 240
i. 138, 167, 328; ii. 85, 198

Algeciras Conference, the, i. 374; ii.
Addresses. See Speeches

267; secret history of, i. 467 ff., 488
Adams, Brooks, letter to, i. 87

ff.; France's consent to, gained, i.
Adams, Charles Francis, ii. 161

478-485; formula for procedure at,
Adams, Henry, ii. 151; his "Educa- i. 485-487; proposals concerning

tion of Henry Adams" quoted, i. Moroccan police force, i. 490-495;
152; characterization of Roosevelt date of opening of, i. 503; the
as "pure act," i. 153, 374; letter American delegates to, i. 503; the
to, ii. 104

treaty concluded at, i. 503
Adams, John Quincy, i. 448; ii. 104 Alger, Secretary, i. 103
Addams, Jane, ii. 400

“Alone in Cubia," by Mr. Dooley, ii.
Addicks, i. 343, 346

Africa, disappearance of Roman civi- Alverston, Lord, i. 258

lization from North, ü. 107; visit Amador, President, of Panama, re-
to Egypt, ii. 183 ff.; German ception given by, i. 452
"Rough Riders" in southeast, ii. Amaya, General, i. 283, 286

Ambassadors at foreign courts, duties
African hunting trip, ii. 183; plan- of, i. 355-357

ning for, ii. 112, 121-123, 286; America, protection of citizens in for-
newspaper correspondents excluded eign lands by, i. 320-322; Euro-
from, ii. 123; letter to Sir G. O. pean attitude toward in 1910, ii.
Trevelyan while on, ii. 173; writ- 246-248; importance of friendly re-
ing the account of, ii. 361-363

lations with England, ii. 261, 262,
African Game Trails," ii. 297,

268, 270
360; the writing of, in Africa, ii. “America and the World War," ii.

"Age of Wickliffe," by G. M. Trevel- American Defense Society, letter to,
yan, ii. 141, 142

ii. 473, 474
Aguinaldo, capture of, i. 108

American democracy, ideal of, ii. 74,
Air fighters, ii. 449, 450

321; European attitude toward, ii.
Alabama, Confederate war sloop, i. 246-248; Germany's dislike for, ii.
1; ii. 170

Alamo, the, ii. 355

American Federation of Labor, i. 250,
Alaska, boundary dispute, settlement 251; ii. 16, 401-403

of, i. 258-262; ii. 131; troops sent American foreign policy, views re-

to, i. 261; coal fields of, ii. 84 garding an, i. 79, 80
Albemarle, sinking of the, ii. 123 “American Hunter, The,” ii. 157
Albert, King of Belgium, ii. 356; “American Ideals," quoted, i. 46
letter from, ii. 296

American Revolution. See Revolution
Aldermen, New York Board of, re- American Sugar Refining Company,

form in method of election of, i. prosecution of, ü. 132, 133
11; confirming powers of, abol- Americanism and the world war, ii,
ished, i. 25-27

401, 410, 435, 436, 447, 474

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