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Blair, or the Miss Blairs; the Messrs. Clark, or the Mr. Clarks; the Colonels Brown, or the Colonel Browns; the Drs. Hall, or the Dr. Halls. The latter of these forms is always used when the title is preceded by a numeral; as, the two Mr. Wellers; the three Miss Bartletts. When the title is Mrs., the proper sign of the plural is added to the last part only; as, the Mrs. Parkers.
6. LETTERS, FIGURES, and other symbolic characters are made plural by adding an apostrophe and s ('s); as: There are more e's than i's in this word. There are three 4's in this number.
7. NOUNS ALWAYS TREATED AS PLURALS.— The following nouns are used in the plural number only:
NOTE. The singular wage is sometimes used in the literature of economics. News is always singular.
8. NAMES OF SCIENCES OR ARTS ENDING IN "IC" OR "ICS." All such nouns, except politics, are always
singular. Among these are: arithmetic, mathematics, logic, ethics, æsthetics, optics, acoustics, etc. Politics was formerly treated as singular only, but writers of to-day, as a rule, treat it as plural. There is excellent authority for treating United States either as singular or as plural. The justices of the United States Supreme Court and those of other federal courts always treat United States as a plural; as, The United States were represented at The Hague Peace Congress.
9. AN ENGLISH AND A FOREIGN PLURAL.- Many nouns adopted from foreign languages have both an English and a foreign plural form. Those most frequently used are the following:
10. FOREIGN PLURALS ONLY.-Some nouns adopted from foreign languages retain their original plural forms. The more common of these are:
Write the plural of
Buffalo, mystery, ally, German, duty, calf, bamboo, salmon, major general, princess, hoof, man-of
war, talisman, x, cupful, looker-on, Frenchman, donkey, Miss Rogers, court-martial, journey, Brahman, forget-me-not, Dr. Hallam, minister plenipotentiary, mouthful, mosquito, ditch, tyro, ellipsis, genus, Dakota, Mrs. Wilson, vertebra, heathen, Mr. Stratton, Watts, snipe, Dutchman, baseball, stimulus, datum, Ottoman, poet laureate, commander in chief, alumna, postmaster general, ipse dixit, halo, Norman, teacup, son-in-law, alumnus.
Each of the following nouns has two plurals, which are different in meaning. Use in sentences both
plurals of each noun.
Use each of the following nouns as the subject of a verb:
DEFINITION. Gender is a grammatical property of nouns and pronouns by which objects are distinguished in regard to sex.
A noun or pronoun denoting a male object is in the masculine gender; a noun or pronoun denoting a female object is in the feminine gender; a noun or pronoun denoting an object or an idea that has no sex is in the neuter gender (neuter means neither).
Write the corresponding masculine or feminine form of each of the following words, according as the word given is masculine or feminine. Consult, if necessary, any dictionary.
GENDER IN PERSONIFICATION.- When we speak of a plant or a lifeless object as if it were a person, we are said to personify it; that is, we speak or write about it as we should of a person. A word so used