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powerful and important as it is, should be represented on that board by at least one

This matter is not settled yet, and I think we should devote aur attention to it first of all. Then let us send a strong delegation from the different farmers' organizations to press our claims. There is no doubt that fruit is discriminated against. Some of the local charges are simply outrageous. I shipped ten barrels of apples the other day iron Port Perry to Almonte, nut over 100 miles, and it cost me seventy-five cents per barrel. It would only cost nineteen cents a barrel more to carry those apples to Liverpool.

Mr. McNeill: I shipped two barrels this morning to Walkerville, thirty miles away, and paid just twice the rate that I could ship to Montreal for.

Mr. Smith : One of the greatest grievances we have is the inexcusably long time they take to deliver goods. I have known a car take thirty days to reach Winona from Uwen Sound with a load of baskets, and two weeks from my place to Nova Scotia. There is no real excuse for this. In England a freight train will start from any point at six o'clock at night and deliver its freight at Manchester before daylight next morning. I have an agent in Manchester who tells me that for twelve months in succession that train had arrived within thirty minutes of the same time every morning. Their rates are ljude, if any, higher than ours, and they carry their goods by freight almost as fast as they are carried here by express. If I wish to ship goods from my place to Petrolia on the Michigan Central, where there is no express service, I ship in the afternoon, and they are there on the following morning. This is the greatest grievance I have against the companies—the length of time they take in transportation.

F. J. Barber, Georgetown : While we may not be able to afford to engage a iruit expert to assist us in our dealings with the railways, I think that if all the associations were to unite on the plan outlined by Mr. Smith, the combined expense of employing a'i expert would not be great, and our interests would be properly looked after.

Mr. Caston : Mr. Smith's remarks suggest another question, and that is the personnel oi the commission. Do you think that we as an Association should take action in that connection ? If so, it is not too late, but it is not any too early. A great deal will depend on that. Should we appoint a committee of men who are sufficiently well versed on the subject to make a strong enough case before the commission, and, if not, should we do as suggested and co-operate with other societies and have an expert represi 11. ative ?

The ''resident : As to the composition of the commission, when it was first talked of, it was generally supposed that it would consist of five members, and efforts were made looking towards the representation of the fruit men on the commission. It was de cided, however, to confine the commission to three, and under those circumstances, a representative of the fruit industry was no longer possible. The idea of co-operation brought out by Mr. W. L. Smith appears to me to be correct with the view of securing one, if not two, commissioners who shall be in touch with the farming interests of the couniry.

A Member : There is very little use in telling our grievances; we want to formulate them and then see that the matter is properly presented to the commission by the best talent we can employ.

Robert Thompson: I think we should be careful not to make any statements that can hardly be considered fair, as they only weaken our case. In referring to the cost of transportation to local points in comparison with Montreal, in one case the rate is for car lots and in the other for small lots.

Mr. McNeill: I think I am partly to blame for this, and I have to apologize. I only wished to show how absurdly high the local rate was.

On the motion of A. McNeill, seconded by L. Woolverton, the following were appointed a Committee on Transportation :

Messrs. W. H. Bunting, St. Catharines ; R. J. Graham, Belleville ; H. W. Dawson, Torontr ; D. D. Wilson, Seaforth ; W. L. Smith, Toronto ; D. J. MacKinnon, Toroato ; J. M. Shuttleworth, Brantford.

It was moved by F. J. Barber, seconded by R. L. Huggard, that Messrs. A .McNeill, W. H. 'Bunting and Murray Pettit be a committee to co-operate with delegates irom other Agricultural Associations in the redressing of grievancci common to th: agricultural interests of the country. Carried.


Mr. McNeill presented the following resolutions on behalf of the Committee on Resolutions :

Growers' Co-operative Organizations. That in the opinion of this Association, the future development and continued prosperi!y oi the ruit growers of Ontario depends on the formation, in every fruit district, where such does not now exist, of a Growers' Co-operative Organization for the purpose oi handling fruit and buying supplies in a co-operative way, and for ine further purpose of bringing the united influence of all to bear wità a view oi securing tetter transportation facilities in the interests of all.

"That for th: purpose of developing such organizations, a connittee be formed charged with the duty, acting in unison with the local directors, of promoting the work of the organization during the coming winter, and that the President be charged with the special cuty of attending meetings called by the local organizitions for the purpose of assisting and completing the work of organizing.

“That, the Organizing Committee shall consist of G. W. Cady, Leamington, for th: western district ; Robert Thompson, St. Catharines, for the Niagara district ; A. W. Prart, for the Burlington district ; A. E. Sherrington, for the northern district, and Wm. Rickard, M.P.P., for the eastern district.

“And further, that the Executive be instructed to provide funds to meet the necessary expenses of those named while carrying on the work assigned to them.”

On the motion of Mr. McNeill, seconded by Mr. M. Pettit, the same was adopted by the Association.

Encouragement to Canning Industries.

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" That whereas, during the season just passed, thousands upon thousands of baskets of tender fruit rotted upon the ground, while in Great Britain, and even in our own country, an ample outlet, at profitable prices, could have been obtained for the same had sufficient means existed for the bringing together more closely producers and consumers.

“ That whereas, to provide for this bringing together, it is necessary that the bulk of these tender fruits be reduced to preserved form as near the point of production as possible.

“That, whereas, one of the main difficulties in the way of securing complete development of this canning and preserving industry lies in the cost of raw materials, other than fruit, the chief of these other raw materials being sugar and packages for holding the preserved article.

“Therefore, be it resolved, that this Association respectfully but most strongly urges the Dominion Government to extend to the canning industry of this country the same systen. of aid already extended to other industries, by enabling them to buy their raw materials at the lowest possible cost, and that to this end the duty on sugar used in canning, and on packages used for holding canned fruit be remitted.

“And further, that the Dominion Government be petitioned to secure the enactments of legislation compelling the labelling of all canned preserves in such way as to show what the canned goods astually consist of, as demonstrated by official Analysis ; and further, that such goods be distinctly labelled, “Made in Canada.'"

On motion of Mr. McNeill, seconded by Mr. Woolverton, the foregoing resolution was adopted by the Association.

Mr. Woolverton : Since Mr, Moore is here representing the Department at Ottawa, I think it would not be out of place for me to introduce the matter of ocean tranj.ortation in cold storage, so as to give him an opportunity of Speaking. I have been :naking a good many shipments of Bartlett pears to the Old Country, and not altogether with success. We all want to know exactly where the difficulty is, whether with the refrigerator car service or with the refrigerator service on the ocean.

I may say thai in some instances the cars furnished us at Grimsby have been very excelle:1t, and would, I am sure, transport the fruit safely ; in other instances the cars have been very bad, and entirely unfit for such a service.

In a recent issue of the Horticulturist I referred to a shipment of pears made on the S.S. Lakonia. On September 18 the consignee in Glasgow wrote me as follows :


Glasgow, 18th Sept., 1903. L.. Woclverton, Esq., Grimsby, Ontario :

Dear ir : I beg to send you herewith account sales for your consignments of pears ex S.S.

Lakonia," also statement of account and draft for £191 ios 8d sterling in payment of same, which please acknowledge. As I cabled you to-day, a percentage of these pears landed here in very bad condition, and this I understand was due entirely 16 the temperature having been kept too high while they were on board the

It appears that the refrigerator chambers were packed full of fruit, and therefore, the cases in the centre of the chamber were blocked out from the air, and it was impossible for the engineer to keep the temperature down sufficiently. The pears were carried at a temperature of 44 degrees to 46 degrees, and I have asked Mr. Brown, the Government Inspector here, whom you saw while you were in Glasgow, 10 writ: you on the subject, as he is making a full report thereon to the Government. Some of the cases of pears were in perfect order, and sold remarkably well, but others again were i: ripe and over-ripe condition, and it was utterly impossible for us to check the:n all here, and after the cases were sold we had numerous complaints from customers as to their having got ripe pears instead of green, and we had, therefore, to make allowances to the buyers. You will see the different prices which we had to put the pears in to the purchasers, whereas had the fruit been all in green condition, anl take your own consignment as an instance, the A No. I would have realized 8s, and the No. 1 6s 6d, but, as explained above, those ripe and over-ripe had to be allowed for. I can assure you we did our very best in your interest under the circumstances, and feel confident that should your next consignment land here in greeir condition, we shall be able to do well ior you. It is a great pity indeed that these pears were not carried at a lower temperature, say from 36 degrees to 38 degrees, as then they would have been in good condition, and the result overhead would cer. tainly have been more satisfactory to ail parties. I thought it better when cabling you ti-day to let you have the information that the fruit was carried at a high temperature, so that you could fix the matter up with the steamship company, and arrange that future lots be carried at a right temperature. The fiiteen boxes of peaches which you shipped were just a mass of decayed fruit, and could not be offered for sale at all. I have also to state that the pears would have looked better if they had been wrapped in paper, and I have no doubt your further shipments, if attended to in this respeci, and landed in good order, will turn out satisfactorily. I note from your favor of the 5th that you are shipping by steamer “ Sicilian” two carloads, and you can depend on it we shall give these every care and attention, and do all in our power to realize best prices therefor. I am also glad to learn from your favor of 3rd that you have secured Mr. Vandyke as a shipper and that this gentleman has nearly 3.000 bairels which he will forward, and we trust that this is only one of the number of shippers which you will be able to secure. We are advised of a consignment from Messrs. A. H. Pettit & Sons, which they say is coming forward by steamer “Alcides." L'ut we have no advice irom gou in regard shereto, and it is possible these apples will be in the “ Sicilian” along with your other consignments. We had a letter from our Mr. Russell, wherein he mentions that there is a large quantity of third-class apples in your district, suitable, perhaps, for preserving purposes here, and we have been making inquiries at all the preserve makers, and regret that they cannot do with these apples, as they have already contracied for nearly their full requirements for the seilsou. I cannot recommend you to ship this third-class grade of fruit, as there would be practically no demand ior it here, and if left to the mercies of the preserve makers on this market, they would be inclined to give very little for it, and I am certair it would not pay freight and expenses. I have only to add that there was a strong den:and here ior the pears ex “ Lakonia,"and it is disappointing to a great extent that there was such a percentage of ripe and over-ripe fruit, and this may tend to have an adverse effect on next lots ; but we shall, of course, examine and show the fruit to the purchasers in such a manner as to retain their confidence and secure their support thr: ughout. I may add that i understand there were

California plums packed in the same chamber as these pears also landed here in bad condition, and the Donaldson Line people should not have put such a great quantity of fruit into one chan ber, and should have left air passages so that the temperature could have been kept at a right degree. Without more, meantime, and waiting your further valued favors,

Yours faithfully,



Al. ut the middle of September I shipped a second consignment by the Allan Line steamship Sicilian. It arrived in such a state that very iew of the pears could be sold in Glasgow to bring any money back to me. The following is a copy of a comparison between the chief engineer's log and the thermograph record sent me by the consignee in Glasgow.

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Fron' this it appears that on the day the fruit was loaded the temperature in the (haniher was 60 degrees F., and that it was four days before it got down to 41 degrees. I submit that the condition of affairs revealed by this statement makes the shipment oi ou" tender fruits entirely out of the question. In isolated instances, where the temperature has been kept at about 33 degrees, peaches and pears have been successfully shij ped. A gentleman from this centre did succeed in getting a shipment over, and received a return of $3 per bushel. I had a similar result myself froni one lot that carried in good condition. They were sold at $3.75. This shows the possibilities of the trade and what an important matter it is io us fruit growers that we should have conditions, both on the railways and on the steamship, to enable us to put our fruit where it will bring the most money. If there is any way by which the Department of Agriculture at Ottawa can help us, and make it possible for us to secure a certain temperature on the steamships, it would mean a great deal to us, and I shall be glad to learn what the possibilities are in this direction in the near future. It matters a great deal to us, because it must to a certain extent govern us in our planting, and it is a long time before we can adapt our orchards to export trade. We want to know, therefore, whether it is ever going to be possible for us to carry our tender fruits to the markets where they will bring us the most money.


By W. W. Moore, Government Inspector at Montreal.

In the case of the “ Lakonia” shipment of the 3rd September last, there is no doubt that the fruit in her refrigerators was carried at a higher temperature than is desirable, the lowest temperature recorded by the thermographs during the voyage being 41 degrees. When her refrigerators were opened at Glasgow it was noted by our Irspector that the cases were very closely stowed, thus making it difficult for the cold air to penetrate to the centre of the chambers. He drew the attention of one of the members of the Donaldson S.S. Company to the close stowage, and urged upon him ithe importance of having dunnage between the tiers of packages in order to facilitate the circulation of air within the chambers. Upon receipt, by the Department, of our Glasgow Inspector's report, we at once took up with the Montreal agents the question of proper stowage of fruit in cold storage chambers, and as a result of the representation made by the Department, on both sides of the Atlantic, the “ Lakonia" on her next voyage had the two after chambers specially fitted for the carriage of fruit. Battens were laid crosswise on the floors of the chambers, and strips 3-4 of an inch thick were placed between each tier of cases. Six ventilating trunks were also put up in different parts of each chamber. Thus fitted, she sailed from Montreal on October 15th with about 1,000 cases ars and about 3,000 cases boxed apples, all in cold storage. This fruit was landed in Glasgow in splendid condition ; but I want to emphasize the fact that it first went aboard the steamer at Montreal in excellent condition for shipment.

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Ou the voyage in question this steamer left Montreal on Sept. 17th, with 2,000 cases Caliiornia plums, 1,000 cases California pears, and 1,144 cases Canadian pears, all stowed on the port side refrigerator. The Canadian pears were from the following shipz ers : E. D. Smith, through Hart & Tuckwell, 402 cases ; L. Woolverton, 742 cases. Mr. Woolverton's shipment arrived at Montreal in refrigerator car on Sept. gth (eight days beiore the steamer was advertised to sail), and was delivered on the roth 10 the Union Cold Storage Co.

Mr. Carey, Dominion Fruit Inspector, examined Mr. Smith's pears on the 15th, and reported re condition as follows : “I did not count fruit, but in my opinion about so per cent. were ripe or showing yellow color.” Mr. Smith's shipment was ałso reported by Mr. Morrison, Cargo Inspector for the Department of Agriculture, Montreal, and by Mr. Woudard, Official Referee, Butter and Cheese, Montreal. The former reported “about 50 per cent. ripe," while Mr. Woodard wrote : “There is 20 question but what Mr. Smith's fruit was over-ripe before leaving this side, and should never have been sent.'

Regarding Mr. Woolverton's shipment, Mr. Morrison reported that on the 15ta the pears were in “fair condition, some over-ripe,' while Mr. Woodard's report reads : One lot marked ‘L.W.,' about 25 per cent. ripe ; another lot marked ‘L. Woclver tun,' about 45 per cent. ripe."

The loading of the pears and plums into the port chamber was commenced about 2 juni. on Sept. 15th, and was continued until the chamber was filled The Department's thermograph was placed in the chamber as soon as the fruit began to go in, and the chart shows a temperature of 47 degrees at 12 o'clock that night. Beginning with Wednesday, the 16th Sept., the highest and lowest temperatures in each 24 hours during the voyage, as recorded on the chart, were as follows :

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