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of the Church, and which terminate with the great day of judgment. The same course is observed in the trumpet and the vials. But we must howe- . ver remark, tlat, after finishing with the trumpets, le does not proceed immediately to the vials :nevertheless, he observes the same rule, namely, in
returning, after the seventh trumpet, to relate a. new series of events, but which are confined to the first, third, sixth, and seventh ages; these ages: being the most interesting to the Church, as the three first of them exhibit the history of idolatry, and the last or seventh relates to the general judgment. This narrative is given in the chapters xii. xiii. xiv..;, and as it is joined to that of the trumpets, it partakes of the nature of them, that is, it describes events that are alarming to the Church, with the addition however of some inci., dents or promises that administer comfort in those alarming circumstances.
The prophet, having thus carried us on to the end of time, begins again with the first age, and rehearses under the seven vials, in chap. xv. xvi. a new course of transactions that runs through all the seven ages. This narrative being terminated, he returns back, as he had done after the account: of the trumpets, to a new course of history, relating to the first, third, sixth, and seventh ages, beginning at chap. xvii. and ending with verse 10th of chap. xix. This piece of history is of such a nature as agrees with that of the vials to which it is joined, that is, it is a rehearsal of divine punishments ; to which are annexed exultations on these victories
of Christ over his enemies. This being done, the prophet, according to his custom, begins again a new narrative of events, of the same nature as the preceding, and which also belong to those interesting ages, the first, third, sixth, and seventh. This narrative begins at verse 11th of chap. xix. and continues to the end of chap. xx. Finally, the two last chapters conclude the prophecy, with an account of the other world, as it will be after the close of all time. Hence then appears the order observed in this incomparable prophecy of the Apocalypse. As the whole History of the Church, therein contained, is divided into seven Ages, so it is related, not indeed all that part together which belongs to each age, but in seven different series of events, six of which reach from the first age to the last day, and the seventh is the description of the next world. The first of these series is given under the seals, the second under the trumpets ; the third in the chapters xii. xiii. xiv. the fourth under the vials; the fifth in chapters xvii. xviii. and part of chapter xix. ; the sixth in the rest of chapter xix. and in chapter XX.; and the seventh in chapters xxi. and xxii. This sevenfold division is conformable to the constant use made in the Apocalypse of that mysterious number seven, as, of seven seals, seven trumpets, seven vials, seven churches, seven candlesticks, seven spirits, &c.
It is plain from this disposition of the plan of the Apocalypse, that it is necessary to transpose many things in order to form a regular narration:
is the Right Rev. CHARLES WALMESLEY, D.D. Roman Catholic Bishop, or Vicar Apostolic, of the Western District (in England) - Fellow of the Royal Societies of London and Berlin-and one of the scientific men employed in correcting the old style. This pious, and venerable Divine was not a sanguinary bigot' The whole .tenor of his life and writings proyes, that he was a most mild and enlightened member of the Christian communion. The work before as abundantly establishes this character. Sir R. Musgrave calls it'a piece of folly and blasphemy.' Dr. Milner, a better judge, calls it 'a most ingenious and learned exposition of the book of revelations, calculated, he says in his reply to the Author of the different Rebellions &c, to excite all Christians to lead a holy life, and to prepare for the coming of that awful Judge, before whom Sir Richard Musgrave will be arraigned for his unprecedented malice and calumnies.'*
The present publisher, after many solicitous enquiries, finds himself destitute of materials for a satisfactory biographical sketch of the distinguished individual, whose work he undertakes to re-commit to the press. The following is all that he has been able to collect,
. Dr. Walmesley was born in the year 1721, in some part of England. With his parentage we are not made particularly acquainted - but, we may presume on its respectability, on account of the high literary accomplishments, which had been bestowed on him early in life. Gifted with abilities of the first order, and with a heart formed for piety and virtue, he dedicated himself, at an early period of his youih, to the study and practice of religion. His attainments in sacred literature, and in mathematical and astronomical investigations soon became conspicuous. The former obtained for him the degree of Doctor of Divinity in the University of Paris. At the * An laquiry into certain vulgar opinions &c. p. 83—2nd Edit, Londoni
age of thirty-five, lie was elevated to the episcopal dignity. He was also a member of the learned congre. gation of Benedictins
His valuable contributions to the Philosophical Transactions in the years 1745, 6, 7, &c.— and his joint labours in correcting the old style in 1752 exhibit, altogether, very ample proofs of his mathematical learning. Before his return to England, on the close of his collegiate course, he visited many parts of the Continent. During his travels, he wrote several learned tracts. To the loss, however, of the literary world, his manuscripts were unfortunately consumed by the fire, which broke out at Bath, some years since. In that city he died, in the 76th year of his age, and 40th of his episcopacy, having serenely closed a holy life, which gave fresh odour to sanctity,--and new lustre to virtues to religion, and to learning.