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is the Right Rev. CHARLES WALMESLEY, D.D. Román Catholic Bishop, or Vicar Apostolic, of the Western District (in England) - Fellow of the Royal Societies of London and Berlin-and one of the scientific men employed in correcting the old style. This pious, and venerable Divine was not a sanguinary bigot' The whole tenor of his life and writings proves, that he was a most mild and enlightened member of the Christian communion. The work before as abundantly establishes this character. Sir R. Musgrave calls it a piece of folly and blasphemy.' Dr. Milner, a better judge, calls it 'a most ingenious and learned exposition of the book of revelations, calculated, he says in his reply to the Author of the different Rebellions &c, to excite all Christians to lead a holy life, and to prepare for the coming of that awful Judge, before whom Sir Richard Musgrave will be arraigned for his unprecedented malice and calumnies.'*

The present publisher, after many solicitous enquiries, finds himself destitute of materials for a satisfactory biographical sketch of the distinguished individual, whose work he undertakes to re-commit to the press. The following is all that he has been able to collect.

Dr. Walmesley was born in the year 1721, in some part of England. With his parentage we are not made particularly acquainted-but, we may presume on its respectability, on account of the high literary accomplishments, which had been bestowed on him early in life. Gifted with abilities of the first order, and with a heart formed for piety and virtue, he dedicated himself, at an early period of his youth, to the study and practice of religion. His attainments in sacred literature, and in mathematical and astronomicalinvestigations soon became conspicuous. The former obtained for him the degree of Doctor of Divinity in the University of Paris. At the

An laquiry into certain vulgar opinions &c. p. 632nd Edit, London

age of thirty-five, he was elevated to the episcopal dignity. He was also a member of the learned congre. gation of Benedictins His valuable contributions to the Philosophical Transactions in the years 1745, 6, 7, &c.— and his joint labours in correcting the old style in 1752 exhibit, altogether, very ample proofs of his mathe. matical learning. Before his return to England, on the close of his collegiate course, he visited many parts of the Continent. During his travels, he wrote several learned tracts. To the loss, however, of the literary world, his manuscripts were unfortunately consumed by the fire, which broke out at Bath, some years since. In that city he died, in the 76th year of his age, and 40th of his episcopacy, having serenely closed a holy life, which gave fresh odour to sanctity,--and new lustre to virtue to religion, and to learning.

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THE Book of the Apocalypse, according to that learned interpreter of the Scriptures, St. Jerom, “ contains an infinite number of mysteries "re“lating to future times.” Lib. l. contra Jovin. ". The Apocalypse,” says $t. Austin," is a propheсу of what is to happen from the first coming of Christ upon earth, to his second coming at the last day.De. Civ. Dei. 1. 2. c. 8. Some modern Writers hold the same opinion. Besides these authorities, our own study of that mysterious book, diligently pursued, has entirely prevailed on us to espouse the same sentiment. The Apocalypse exhibits, în general, a summary of the whole history of the Christian Church, from the date of its birth to its triumphant and glorious state in Heaven after the close of time. This is the foundation of the present Work, and we hope the attentive Reader, when he has considered the whole, will approve our

. perhaps then join us in thinking, that the celebra ted Commentators, Bossuet and Calmet, have too much contracted this admirable Prophecy by confining the contents to so short a period as the four whole, except the two last chapters, to the persecutions which the Church suffered from the pagan Roman Emperors, and to the destruction of the Roman empire.. For this reason, the two abovementioned Authors have often been obliged to wrest the text, and give it a forced and improbable explication, to bring it within their system. On the same account, they have derogated from the dignity and precision of that prophecy, by applying several texts to the same event; whereas, whoever looks attentively into the tenour of the Apocalypse will perceive that St. John's precision and brevity are such, that he never repeats the same thing.

For the unfolding of the different parts of the Apocalypse, we have föllowed, in general, the plan laid down by Mr. De la Chetardie towards the close of the last century, as it has since been improved by a' late French Commentator on the scripture. It

consists in a division of the whole Christian æra to the end of time, into seven Ages, corresponding to the seven Seals, seven Trumpets, and seven Vials mentioned in the Apocalypse"; so that to each belong a Seal, Trumpet, and Vial. But in the application of the Prophecies contained under these Seals, Trumpets, and Vials, as well as in other parts of the Apocalypse, we have frequentiy deviated from the above-named Writers, to substitute what we thought a more genuine explication. It must then be observed, that an age and a century must not here be taken for synonimous terms ; but by an age in this history we shall understand *one of the seven divisions of time above-mentioned; neither are these divisions of time equal,

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