History of the Thirty Years' War, Volume 2

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Putnam, 1884
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Page 422 - Europe, and remained so until superseded by the great revolutionary movement at the close of the eighteenth and opening of the nineteenth century.
Page 203 - ... that the treaty of Passau and the religious peace of Augsburg should, in all points in which changes should not be actually made by these transactions, remain a perpetual obligation.
Page 366 - ... no part, was to be included in the peace. No aid was to be rendered to the Duke of Lorraine against France, although the Emperor and the Empire were left free to mediate for him a peace. Sweden received Hither Pomerania, including the Island of Riigen, from Further Pomerania the Island of Wollin and several cities, with their surroundings, among which were Stettin, as also the expectancy of Further Pomerania in case of the extinction of the house of Brandenburg.
Page 392 - ... through this fire. They often bored holes in the knee-pans of those whom they would torment, or poured disgusting fluids down their throats. To these thousand-fold torments were added, in the case of matrons and maidens, the basest outrages. No woman was secure against the beastly violence of the soldier, and nothing but flight or defence could in some instances save them. When the robbers had, by torture, compelled the surrender of hidden treasures, when their lust of plunder was satisfied,...
Page 316 - Rakdczy, advance against Vienna. But Briinn was, by the imperial general, Desouches, with the warmest support of the burghers and students, brilliantly defended, and Torstenson suffered very considerable losses, which caused him to greet with joy the reinforcement brought him by Rakdczy's son. The Transylvanian Prince himself followed with the rest of his troops; but the days of the alliance with him were already numbered. The Sultan was irritated that...
Page 242 - Baner seduced his enemy from this position, and drew on a battle (October 4, 1 636), in which the Swedes stood like an iron wall and repelled every assault. The imperialists, however, upon whom the burden of the contest chiefly rested, still kept up the hope of victory ; but a successful flank movement of the Swedes threatened them in the rear, and decided the day against them. The loss of the Swedes in killed and wounded was placed at...
Page 432 - The great development of the young Gustavus early inspired the family with confidence as to his future. His father was proud of him, and from his tenth year onward allowed him to take part in his councils and audiences, and sometimes even to give his answers. The reports of foreign ambassadors are replete with praise of his intellect in general and his discernment in difficult questions in particular. When, in the year 1620, he travelled in Germany, and visited Heidelberg, the Duke of Zweibr1icken...
Page 391 - At a later day the number of the camp-followers was increased beyond all belief by the multiplication of children, so that in the last years of the war the numbers in the camp must be placed at three and four times that of the combatants, as appears in an example taken from the history of the war. The wives of the soldiers washed, cooked, and performed in general all kinds of service for their husbands, dragged along in the march their children and all those utensils which could not be taken upon...
Page 367 - Loburg for life, and the payment, once for all, of 3,000 thalers. To Duke Maximilian of Bavaria was conveyed the Electorate, together with the Upper Palatinate, to be hereditary in his family of the line of William, for which he, on the other hand, was to surrender to the Emperor the account of the 13,000,000 florins which he had made for the execution of the sentence against the Palsgrave Frederic. To the Palsgrave, Charles Lewis, son of the proscribed Elector, was given back the Lower Palatinate,...
Page 178 - Saxony for a secret interview, of the tenor of which, however, we have unfortunately no account. That it had in view a decisive break with the Emperor is shown by a letter of Count Adam Treka, who well knew what Waldstein's plans were. The letter states that the Duke of Friedland desired to come to an understanding, not only with " the Electors of Saxony and Brandenburg, but also with France. We shall not, indeed," so it proceeds, " need the soldiers of France, but we shall need its money.

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