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The Committee on Farm Implements, in the absence of the Chairman, make the following report :
Whitcomb's patent Horse Rake, gratuity, $3.
Haven & Whitten’s Portable, Hot Air, Ventilating Furnace, gratuity, $1. Blood's improved Coal Sifter, gratuity, 50 cents.
Flour Sifter, gratuity, 50 cents.
One highly finished Hearse, presented by Charles Brine, gratuity, $3. Respectfully submitted by
E. G. BERRY, for the Committee.
ARTICLES MANUFACTURED FROM LEATHER. The Committee award the following premiums :
To D. H. & C. Stickney of Groveland, for the best pair of thick Boots, the first premium, of $4.
Joseph Morrison of South Danvers, 2d premium, $2.
Hardy & Osborn of South Danvers, for thick sewed Brogans, the 1st premium, $2.
Nathaniel Whipple of Hamilton, for Men’s Calf Shoes, the 1st premium, $2.
Also, the 1st premium for Ladies' Walking Shoes, $2.
S. Driver & Co. of Salem, for Kid Slippers, 1st premium, $1.
Alonzo Raddin of South Danvers, gratuity, for Ladies' Walking Shoes, $1.
Gratuity for Ladies' and Children's Shoes, $2.
D. H. & C. Stickney of Groveland, gratuity for Men's Calf Shoes, $1.
Gratuity for Women's Calf Dutch Boots, $1.
Mrs. Mary S. Potter of South Danvers, gratuity for Children's Shoes, $1.
Clark & Co., of South Danvers, gratuity for Binding Skins, $3.
John V. Stevens of South Danvers, gratuity for Kip Leather, $2.
The Committee consider the articles presented to be of the first quality, and well worthy of the premiums awarded.
The Committee would recommend that a premium be offered for Harnesses.
C. H. GOULD, Chairman.
Owing to the unprecedented weather and sudden changes at the close of the past winter, the pear tree suffered so severely that many doubts were expressed as to our being able to make any show of this fruit; and although one of our finest varieties, the Beurre Bosc, was not seen, still another, equally good, were never so fine and large. We refer to the Fondanite d'Autumn or Belle Lucrative. There were upon exhibition upwards of two hundred dishes and plates of pears.
Regarding the injury to our fruit trees and grape vines, we apprehend that it took place between the last of February and early in March. The ground was so open in that month that some strawberry beds were forked over and plants set. On Sunday morning, March 3d, the thermometer, in South Salem, went up to 75 in the shade and 85 in the sun. On the Thursday following, it was but 10 above nearly the whole day, and upon the 18th, it was only 4 above at sunrise. The Mill Pond was frozen over sufficient for skating.
Such fluctuations of temperature, particularly thus late, would, we think, be more disastrous than if they had occurred in December or January. The sudden freezing and thawing of the sap vessels in winter, particularly in the grape vine, causes this trouble ; and as the sap is always in motion, at all seasons and under all circumstances, except in the presence of intense cold, as said by that eminent physiologist, Dr. Lyndlay, can we wonder at these results ? Biot, a French writer, says that there is a great deal of sap in the Spring, and much less at other seasons. He has also proved, by an ingenious apparatus, that the rate of motion of the sap may be measured at all seasons. In mild weather the sap was constantly rising, but when frost was experienced, it flowed back again.
Among the Pear Trees which seemed to have suffered the most, were the Beurre Bosc and Bartlett. Of the former, whole trees were in some instances killed ; grafts, which had borne for two years, were destroyed. With the Bartlett, the injury was in the destruction of the fruit spurs and buds.
The Harvard, Winter Nelis and some others which flowered well in the Spring, set but little or no fruit ; while the Belle Lucrative, Buffum, Paradise de Automne and Bezi de la Motte suffered but little. The Belle Lucratives were never finer ; there were, in fact, larger specimens upon our tables than at any former exhibition. This variety seems to be growing larger from year to year. They have been, for two years past, at least one-third larger than they were twenty years since.
Premiums—For 12 Specimens $1 cach.
For the largest and best specimens of the above varieties, “ Harris' Illustrated Insects,” to J. V. Stevens, So. Danvers. For the 2d do., to Ephraim Emerton, Salem,
$2 For the 3d do., to Stephen Blaney, South Danvers,
William Maloon of Salem, for a collection,
Isaac Hardy of South Danvers, for a collection,
$1 Peter Wait, Danvers,
$1 For a single dish of the Beurre Clairgo, to Sumner Southwick; for Belle Lucrative, to the same ; Winter Nelis, to William Cheever of Danvers; Vicar of Winkfield, to Hiram Plummer of South Danvers ; Passe Colmar to Francis Baker, Long Green of Coxe to Mrs. Lydia Potter, Easter Beurre to A. A. Abbott, Noveau Poiteau to J. V. Stevens, Maria Louise to Benj. Goodrich, Beurre d'Anjou to D. Peirce, all of South Danvers, 50 cents each.
Duchesse d'Angouleme to Jonas Harrington, Salem ; Marie Louise to Mrs. Henry Archer, Salem ; Belle Lucrative to F. Osborne, Buffum to D. F. Fichols, Flemish Beauty to Mrs. A. W. Smith, Belle Lucrative to A. Osborne, South Danvers ; Flemish Beauty to R. A. Merriam, Topsfield; Marie Louise to M. Plummer, Henry IV. to Samuel Newman, South Danvers ; Bartlett to Silas Winchester of South Danvers, 50 cents each.
NATIVE WINES. To H. A. Butters & Co., Haverhill, for Grape and Currant Wine,
$2 D. C. Bachelder, Newburyport, Elderberry Wine, Benj. Goodrich, South Danvers, Currant Wine,
$1 For the Committee,
JOHN M. IVES.
APPLES. For the following varieties, your Committee award the premium of one dollar each :