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tra posts to be framed in at each end, for the sliding way of the doors, said posts to be secured at the top by suitable iron bolts and boxes made above the scaffold for the doors to slide in; the large rafters to be fastened with foot-bolts of suitable size, with nuts to the same.

Covering.—The whole exterior of the building to be covered with good merchantable hemlock boards, well nailed with tenpenny Tremont nails. The roof to be covered with second quality of shaved cedar shingles, to be laid not more than four and one-half inches to the weather, and nailed with Swedes iron nails. The sides to be covered with the first quality of spruce clap-boards, jointed and well butted, and nailed with six-penny Tremont nails. The coving, gutter, and trimmings to be wrought as per plan, from good No. 3 Eastern pine stock.

Cupola.—Not less than five feet square, to be framed into the roof, with ventilating doors and blinds, and pulleys and fastenings to the same ; the height, projection, and trimmings as per plan annexed.

Doors and Windows.—The end doors to be of size of opening as per plan; to be framed of two inch pine plank, and covered with narrow clear pine boarding, matched and beaded—made in one or two parts, as the Committee may directand hung at the top with rollers not less than eight inches in diameter. Also a door at each end opening into the tie-up of the cattle, eight feet in width, to be divided in the center, framed and covered in the same manner as the large doors, and hung with outside hinges, and to be furnished with suitable bolts and fastenings. Five other doors to be furnished, to be located according to the directions of the Committee, and suitable bolts and fastenings to the same.

Eight windows, of nine by twelve glass, to be located as directed by the Committee; also, top-lights over the great doors, two lights of nine by twelve glass in width, extending the width of the door-way; also, a window in each gable end, of nine by twelve glass, twelve lights.

Flooring and Scaffolding.–The floor to be laid with hemloek boards and two inch pine plank—that for the drive-way to be of a uniform width of twelve inches. The scaffold floors to be laid with two thicknesses of hemlock boards; all the boarding of the floors to be nailed with ten-penny Tremont nails, and the planking with forty-penny Tremont nails ; in all cases pains to be taken in laying the floors to break joints, and to lay the boards and planks as closely as possible.

Inside Finish.Three stalls for horses, to be built of millplaned spruce, with crib and hay-rack according to the direction of the Committee, with a suitable partition between the stalls and the barn floor-way, and a sliding door to separate them therefrom ; the floor of the stalls to be laid of two inch pine plank, according to the direction of the Committee; stairs to be constructed leading to the scaffold.

Tie-Up for Cattle-to be constructed the length of one side of the barn, with floors, and ties, and trap-doors, according to the direction of the Committee.

Meal Room and Calf Pento be constructed according to the direction of the Committee.

Painting:-All the clap-boards to be painted one coat of lead and linseed oil; the trimmings and doors to be painted two coats of first quality lead paint and linseed oil ; color, &c., according to the direction of the Committee.


An agreement, of two parts, made this 6th day of March, in the year one thousand eight hundred and sixty-two, between Geo. B. Loring, Charles P. Preston, and Royal A. Merriam, a Committee appointed by the Essex Agricultural Society, for the purpose of building a barn on the Treadwell Farm in Topsfield, on the one part, and John H. Potter of Topsfield, on the other part, as follows, viz :

That I, the said Potter, shall, at my own cost and charges, provide all and every kind of materials and of the best qual

ity; also, perform all and every kind of labor required, together with the tools, carting, implements, &c., necessary for a complete finish of a building for the said Committee, on the Treadwell Farm in Topsfield, agreeably to plans and specifications annexed.

The work to be commenced immediately, and to be forwarded with all reasonable despatch, so that it may be completed on or before the 30th day of June, 1862, and so delivered up to the entire satisfaction of said Committee.

In case of any delay on the part of said Potter in providing suitable materials, or in forwarding the works with such despatch as is thought proper by the said Committee, it shall be lawful for the said Committee, after giving three days notice in writing to the said Potter, without effect, to furnish materials and employ workmen to complete the works within the time agreed upon; the amount or amounts of bill or bills incurred thereby for materials and labor to be deducted from the contract amount, or any moneys which may be due to the said Potter.

The said Potter does for his heirs, administrators and assigns hereby promise and agree to and with the said Committee, to well and truly perform all the works of every kind mentioned and contained in the foregoing particulars, and according to the plans prepared and referred to, and subject to the conditions above recited at and for the sum of eleven hundred and twenty-five dollars.

In consideration that the said Potter shall well and truly perform the whole of the foregoing, agreeably and in every respect with the conditions above recited, the said Committee agree to pay, or cause to be paid, to the said Potter the sum of money before mentioned, and in separate payments, as follows,


When the frame of the barn is raised, $300.

When the barn is boarded, shingled, and the roof made tight, and the sides clap-boarded, $300.

When the cupola is finished, the trimmings finished, and the inside finished, $300.

And the balance of $225 within thirty days of the time when the whole job is completed, and so delivered up to the entire satisfaction of the said Committee.

In witness whereof the parties have hereunto set their hands, on the day and year above written. .




The work was done in a thoroughly satisfactory manner by Mr. Potter.

The lumber used by him was as follows :-Square timber for frame, mostly pine, obtained in Boxford, 18,000 feet. The scaffold beams, between the posts, are spruce; joists in the frame, 5,000 feet; hemlock boards, 13,000 feet; spruce for cattle and horse stalls, 2,000 feet; pine for finish, 2,500 feet; shingles, 27,000; spruce clapboards, rough, 4 feet long, 2,500; pine plank for flooring, 5,000 feet.

In addition to the contract price of eleven hundred and twenty-five dollars, the Committee have paid Mr. Potter one hundred and twenty-five dollars and five cents, for removing and repairing a portion of the old barn, and altering the finish of the new one. They have also paid twenty dollars for a weather-vane; six dollars for drawing plans, etc.; and eight dollars for posts to cellar. There remains on hand of the thirteen hundred and twenty-seven dollars appropriated by the Society, a balance of forty-two dollars and seventy cents. It is important that an open shed, costing one hundred dollars, according to Mr. Potter's estimate, should be constructed, running from the new barn to the removed portion of the old

one; and the Committee would recommend that an appropria-
tion of fifty dollars be made for this purpose.
Respectfully submitted,


Report of the Experiment on the Application of Manures on

the Treadwell Farm, commenced in the year 1862, competing for the Premium, as offered by the Massachusetts Society, and also by the Essex Agricultural Society. Land selected, level. Amount of land, 24 acres. Quality of land, dry, not retentive of manure. Crop of 1861, grass. No manure in 1861.

Kind of manure used in 1862, stable manure worked over in hog-yard.

Amount, 16 cords.
Depth of first ploughing, 8 inches.

4 cords applied to lot No. 1, and ploughed 8 inches deep the whole field.

4 cords applied to lot No. 2, and cross-ploughed the whole field 4 inches deep.

4 cords applied to lot No. 3, and harrowed the whole field twice.

4 cords applied to lot No. 4, and left exposed on the surface. No manure to lot No. 5.

1862, May 24 to 28, planted the whole field with potatoes, 34 feet apart each way.

June 11th cultivated the whole field both ways.
June 16th, 17th and 18, hoed the whole field.
June 23d, cultivated the whole field both ways.
June 30th, cultivated the whole field both ways.

July 5th, cultivated the whole field both ways, and commenced hoeing the second time, finished July 8th.

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