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8 But when his disciples saw trouble ye the woman? for she it, they had indignation, say hath wrought a good work upon ing, To what purpose is this me. waste?
11 For ye
have the poor 9 For this ointment might always with you ; but me ye have been sold for much, and have not always. given to the poor.
12 For, in that she hath 10 When Jesus understood poured this ointment on my it, he said unto them, Why body, she did it for my
burial. at the head, leaving an open space at 12. She did it for my burial. This the foot for servants to bring in the is the application which the Saviour food; in the space thus enclosed was kindly and solemnly made of Mary's what we should call the table. The action; as if he had said, This anointguests reclined, at full length, on their ing may be regarded as an anticipation left side, their heads being towards of my body's being prepared for burial, the table, and their feet extended. as I am soon to suffer death. It was Thus, without disturbing the guests, customary among the Jews, in prepar. the feet of a person might be anoint- ing a corpse for burial, to wrap up the ed; so, too, could the head.
body in linen with spices and oint8. His disciples. Mark says (14:4), ments. See John 19:40. Since Jesus that some of the disciples were dis- was soon to be put to death, he kindly pleased; and John (12: 4) says, more put this construction upon the act, as particularly, it was Judas Iscariot, who if it might be so understood, and as an spoke unfavorably of the woman's at- application which would most naturaltention. Judas was probably the only ly occur to a person's mind after Jeone that spoke; while none of the dis- sus had been buried. Mary, however, ciples vindicated Mary, and some, knew not that her Lord was to be besides Judas, might have regarded crucified in a few days. John (12:7) the anointing as quite a needless act. gives a slightly different verbal acThus all the disciples might have si- count: he says, “ against the day of lently acquiesced in the unkind remark my burying hath she kept this;" that of Judas. || They had indignation ; is, she has had this ointment some were greatly displeased.
time, preserving it, in order to show 9. For much. Mark (14:5) says, respect to me, and has now used it in « more than three hundred pence, such a manner, that it may be regardand John (12: 5) mentions"" three ed as one of the preparatives for my hundred pence
as the value. They burial. doubtless meant the statement as a conjectural calculation, without in- OBSERVATIONS. 1. Acts of kind. tending to be accurate. The term ness and respect to the Saviour, and translated pence, is, in the singular to his people, will not pass without a number, a denarius, equivalent, some recompense. Compare Matt. 10: 42. say, to fourteen cents of our money ; 2. Expressions of affection and rev. others say nine or ten cents; so that erence, by methods which yet do not the ointment was estimated as worth contribute to the relief of necessities, about thirty or forty dollars of our may be kindly regarded on the part money. I Given to the poor. This of the Saviour. God has made many remark, making a show of piety, was a things, not so much for the relief of were pretence on the part of Judas,from our pressing wants, as for our enjoy. whom it proceeded. See John 12: 6. ment and gratification.
10. A good work ; an act testifying 3. The language of piety is someher gratitude, affection and reverence times a mere cloak to conceal the towards me.
most foul purposes. vs. 8, 9, compared 13 Verily I say unto you,
16 And from that time he Wheresoever this gospel shall sought opportunity to be ray him. be preached in the whole world, 17 Now the first day of the there shall also this, that this feast of unleavened bread, the woman hath done, be told for a disciples came to Jesus, saymemorial of her.
ing unto him, Where wilt thoa 14 Then one of the twelve, that we prepare for thee to eat called Judas Iscariot, went unto the passover ? the chief priests,
18 And he said, Go into the 15 And said unto them, What city, to such a man, and say unwill ye give me, and I will de- to him, The Master saith, My liver him unto you? And they time is at hand; I will keep the covenanted with him for thirty passover at thy house, with my pieces of silver.
disciples. with John 12: 6. Alas! how differ- whole sum amounted, then, to about ently from frail, erring men, does the fifteen dollars. A poor compensation Searcher of hearts frequently judge re- for betraying the Lord of glory! How specting professions and actions !
great is the power of avarice! and 4. The piety which is disposed to how true is the remark of the apostle be censorious, is either to be suspect- in 1 Tim. 6:10. For parallel pased as to its genuineness, or to be re- sages, relating the events thus far regarded as very deficient in maturity. corded in this chapter, see Mark 14: 1 Compare 1 Cor. 13.
-11. Luke 22:1-6. John 12:2–7.
17. Unleavened bread; another 14. Then. The remarks of the Sa- name for the passover. See on v. 2. viour excited the indignation of Judas. || To eat the passover. As the eating of Instead of being commended as a ihe paschal lamb (Ex. 12:3) was a zealous disciple and friend of the poor, very distinguished part of the festival, he was in reality reproved, and he the expression to eat the passover probably suspected that his Master came to be equivalent to our expres knew more about him than had been sion keep the passover; and it included expressed. The remarks of Jesus the other sacrifices, parts of which sunk more deeply in the mind of were eaten. The word passover sig. Judas than in the minds of the other nified also the victim, as well as the disciples, because he was conscious festival. of being a guilty hypocrite. || Is- 18. The city; Jerusalem, where the cariot. This was not properly a part festival was, by rule, observed. || To of the name of Judas, but was a term such a man; a phrase employed when expressing the place of his residence, the speaker either did not know, or did at some time, and was added to his not choose to mention, the name of the name in order to distinguish him
Mark (14: 13) and Luke from another of the same name: (22: 10) mention such circumstances Compare Luke 6:16. The word respecting the man, that the disciples was probably made up of two Hebrew would have no doubt whom to address. words, signifying man of Kerioth. A Jesus had perhaps made an agreetown of this name is mentioned in ment with a certain person to keep Josh. 15: 25.
the passover at his house ; and it was 15. Covenanted ; agreed. || Thirty that person's servant whom the discipieces of silver. This was" Jewish ples would meet, and by following money, and the coin was equal to whom they would discover the proper about fifty cents of our money. The house. Such multitudes Alocked to
19 And the disciples did as of them, to say unto him, Lord, Jesus had appointed them; and is it I ? they made ready the passover.
23 And he answered, and 20 Now when the even was said, He that dippeth his hand come, he sat down with the with me in the dish, the same twelve.
shall betray me. 21. And as they did eat, he 24 The Son of man goeth, said, Verily I say unto you, as it is written of him: but woe that one of you shall betray unto that man by whom the Son
of man is betrayed ! It had been 22 And they were exceeding good for that man if he had not sorrowful, and began, every one been born. the city at this annual festival, that not specify any particular one of the some precaution of this kind might company, but it was intended to imhave been necessary, in order to se press the thought that one of his assocure such accommodations as the Sa- ciates would betray him; one so bound viour on this last occasion wished for. to him by familiarity and profession || My time is at hand. The meaning of friendship, as to be eating with him of this expression is doubtful, as it at such a meal as the passover-supper. may refer either to the time of his It has about the same meaning as the death, or to the time agreed on by him remark in Ps. 41 : 9. Perhaps, howto repair to the house for celebrating ever, as several dishes would be rethe passover. In the Saviour's mind,quired for the whole company, Judas the expression doubtless included all might have been eating out of the that remained for him on earth ; while very dish from which his Master ate; the friend to whom the message was so that the reply, though not marking sent might have understood it in a out an individual, was somewhat parlimited extent.
ticular. See John 13: 18. || Shall 19. And the disciples did, &c. By betray me. Our modern distinction comparing Luke 22: 8, it will be seen between the words shall and will did that Peter and John were particularly not exist, when our translation of the selected to go into the city and make Bible was made. The Saviour merely preparation.
foretold that such a one would betray 20. The even; the evening. Ac- him. cording to Lev. 23: 5, and Num. 9: 24. Goeth ; goeth to death. || As it 3, the evening was the time appointed is written of him; that is, by the anfor eating the paschal lamb." It was cient prophets. See, particularly, Is. at this supper, that the instructions 53. After Jesus had assured the disrecorded in Luke 22: 14-18, 24–30, ciples that one of their number was were given, and the touching act and about to betray him, it is related by impressive exhortation, recorded in John (13 : 23—29), that Simon Peter John 13:1–20, took place.
gave a hint to John that he should 21. Shall betray me; will betray, is make a more particular inquiry. Havabout to betray me.
ing done so in a very private manner, 23. He that dippeth his hand with while leaning upon the breast of Jeme in the dish. In the time of our Sa- sus, Jesus in a similar manner revealed viour, the guests, reclining at table, to him in what way he might know ate from a common dish. Knives and the traitor. After the remark to John, forks, and spoons, were not used, as and another remark to Judas, which among us; but the food was conveyed the disciples did not understand, but from the dish to the mouth by the right which Judas doubtless understood in hand. This remark of Jesus, then, did all its intent, Judas put the inqui
25 Then Judas, which be- 28 For this is my blood, of trayed him, answered, and said, the new testament, which is shed Master, is it I? He said unto for many, for the remission of him, Thou hast said.
sins. 26 And as they were eating,
29 But I say unto you, I Jesus took bread, and blessed it, will not drink henceforth of this and brake it, and gave it to the fruit of the vine, until that day disciples, and said, Take, eat; when I drink it new with you, this is my body.
in my Father's kingdom. 27 And he took the cup, and 30 And when they had sung gave thanks, and gave it to them, a hymn, they went out into saying, Drink ye all of it. the mount of Olives. ry which is mentioned in the next observance, appears from 1 Cor. 11 •
24-26. 25. Thou hast said. This was a 29. I will not drink, &c. The method of expressing assent; it was idea is, No more shall I feast with equivalent to our word yes. At this you, till I enjoy another and a far point of time, it appears by John 13: better feast with you in heaven. The 30, that Judas retired from the com- Saviour meant to show, that this was pany. See also on Luke 22:21—23. the last time he should sup with them
26. At this affecting time, Jesus on earth, on an occasion like the presappointed a memorial of himself to be ent; but that he was expecting a observed by his disciples. Blessed it; joyous meeting with them in heaven. gave thanks, or blessed God. || This This latter idea he expressed in lanis my body; this represents my body, guage drawn from the fact that he is an emblem of my body. For such had just been taking the paschal sup a use of the words is and are, see Gen. per with them, and, as was usual, 41:26, 27. Ezek. 37:11. Matt. 13 : had employed wine in the celebra37, &c.
tion. Of course, he did not mean to As wine was used convey the notion that there would at the passover-supper, a cup was at be wine in heaven, or any ordinance hand. ll Ye all; all ye, my disci- that pertains to the present life. ples.
|| This fruit of the vine ; that is, wine. 28. This is my blood ; this represents || Nero. This word, besides signifymy blood. ll of the new testament; ing not old, also signifies different, or more properly, of the new covenant; in a different manner, and conveys meaning the new religious dispensa- the additional notion of superior eztion, in distinction from the old, the cellence. During this part of his in. Mosaic dispensation. The blood of terview with the disciples, it is probthe new dispensation, means, the blood able that Jesus spoke those cheering by which that dispensation is estab- sentiments which are recorded by lished. By the shedding of the Sa- John, in chapters 14-16, which were viour's blood, the scheme of redemp- followed hy the affectionate prayer tion, developed in the New Testament, in the 17th chapter of John. The was established. H Shed for many; appropriateness of the consolations immense multitudes. A literal trans- and of the prayer, every one must lation of this verse is singularly ex- perceive, who has carefully followed pressive;. “ This is my blood, the the train of events. blood of the new covenant, the blood 30. Anul when they had sung, a poured forth for many with respect hymn. It was customary among the to the forgiveness of sins.” That Jews to close, as well as to comJesus appointed the partaking of mence, the paschal supper, with singe bread and of wine for a perpetual ing. They employed Psalms 113,
27. The cup.
31 Then saith Jesus unto be offended because of thee, them, All ye shall be offended yet will I never be offended. because of me this night : for 34 Jesus said unto him, it is written, I will smite the Verily I say unto thee, that this shepherd, and the sheep of night, before the cock crow, the flock shall be scattered thou shalt deny me thrice. abroad.
35 Peter said unto him, 32 But after I am risen Though I should die with thee, again, I will go before you, into yet will I not deny thee. LikeGalilee.
wise also said all the disciples. 33 Peter answered and said 36 Then cometh Jesus with unto him, Though all men shall them unto a place called Geth114 at the commencement; and 115 says (14: 30), more particularly, be--118 at the closing part of the sup- fore the cock crow twice, that is, the per. The exercises in the house at second time. The cock crows at Jerusalem, Jesus concluded in the midnight and at break of day. The same manner, but whether he em- night watch, called cock-crowing, ployed the same psalms which were commenced at the first of these times; usually sung by the Jews at the but when the cock-crowing was menclose of the paschal supper, we have tioned, as a mark of time, without no means of determining.
meaning particularly to designate the 31. Shall be offended because of me; division into watches, it was the secwill be led to commit offence; will ond time of crowing that was underbe induced to do wrong against me, stood. The language of Matthew, by deserting me. || For it is written; then, presents no disagreement with Zech. 13: 7. The "remark occurring that of Mark; and the meaning of the in Zechariah would be applicable to Saviour was, that between midnight the condition and conduct of the dis- and break of day, or before the morn. ciples ; their leader was to be taken ing, Peter would deny him three and condemned to death, and they times. would feel themselves without a While Jesus thus plainly foretold guide and protector, and would stray the sinful conduct of Peter, it is man. from the right path.
ifest from the whole account, that no 32. I will go before you into Gali- necessity was imposed on Peter to be lee. Jesus wished the disciples to un- guilty of the crime. Nor did the derstand that though he should be vi- foretelling of it, in the least degree, olently separated from them and put excuse Peter. On the contrary, he to death, he should get rise again ought to have regarded it as a solemn from the dead, and would again ap- warning, which should have led him pear as their Master and Leader; and to an increased watchfulness. The that they should meet with him in remark recorded by Luke (22: 31) Galilee. Hence, after he had risen was admirably fitted to put Peter on from the dead, it was to Galilee the his guard. disciples were directed to go, that For parallel passages, in respect to they might enjoy the presence of this prediction, see Mark 14: 27—31. their Master, and receive his last Luke 22: 31–34. John 13 : 36–38. instructions.
36. Then cometh, &c. Judas had 33. Though all men. The word | already retired from the little commen is supplied by the translators. pany, and Jesus had been strengthen. Peter doubtless meant, all his compan- ing and consoling his disciples with ions; though all these should forsake instructions suited to their case. He thee, &c. || Be offended. See v.31. had foretold the fall of Peter; and had
34. Before the cock crow. Mark I just received from him the strongest