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46 And about the ninth hour them ran, and took a sponge, Jesus cried with a loud voice, and filled it with vinegar, and saying, Eli, Eli, lama sabach- put it on a reed, and gave him thani? that is to say, My God, to drink. my God, why hast thou forsaken 49 The rest said, Let be; me ?
see whether Elias will 47 Some of them that stood come to save him. there, when they heard that, 50 Jesus, when he had cried said, This man calleth for Elias. again with a loud voice, yielded
48 And straightway one of up the ghost. early date, incorrectly copied in this ther to deride him. It was a common instance, and the letter of the alpha- opinion among the Jews, that Elias, bet which signifies six, was by mistake that is, Elijah, was personally to apwritten instead of the letter signifying pear just before the Messiah, and to three. There are also some manu- assist him in entering upon his scripts, and other similar authority, office. There being some similarity which present the verse in John as in the words employed by Jesus to agreeing with the statement in Mark the word Elias, some, who were pres15: 25, that Jesus was crucified about ent, abused them, as if the Saviour the third hour.
were calling for the interposition of 46. Eli, Eli, &c. These words Elias to rescue him from his present and the two following are expressed unhappy state. in the language spoken at that time 48. With vinegar; that is, the comby the Jews in Judea; and Matthew mon drink of the Roman soldiers, an immediately gives the translation of inferior sort of wine, but not mingled them. Mark (15: 34) slightly varies with myrrh and other intoxicating the sound of the word' which signifies drugs. It appears from John (19: 28) God, but without at all affecting the that Jesus had said, “ I thirst.'' The meaning: Whichever of these two sponge filled with this drink was fasforms of expression the Saviour em- tened round a reed; John (19 : 29) ployed, the Jews who were present says, “ upon hyssop," that is, a stick readily understood the language. or small branch of a hyssop-bush.
Jesus did not here utter the lan- For reaching the mouth of a crucified guage of despair, but of extreme an
person, a stick two or three feet long guish. Ando, how dreadful must would be quite sufficient. have been the anguish of his soul, to 49. The rest said, &c. They enhave extorted such a cry! And what deavored to induce the person to dea lesson do we here learn respecting sist from offering drink to Jesus, on the evil and the desert of sin, in the the plea that perhaps Elias would anguish of the Saviour, when thus come to his succor; thus still further our iniquities were laid on him! How deriding him. It would seem from dreadful the woe of those who, in ad- Mark 15: 36, that this person persedition to all the sense of Jehovah's vered in offering the drink, saying, displeasure against them personally as Let alone; that is, Permit me. And sinners, must suffer the pangs of a his reason for giving the drink would guilty conscience for having slighted seem to have been, to lengthen out the provisions of saving love, and the life of this professed Messiah till turned away from him that speaketh Elias should come ; lest he would die from heaven!
before Elias should make his appear47. This man calleth for Elias. The ance. Thus no indignity, that the inSaviour's language was doubtless un- nocent, holy sufferer could endure, derstood; but some Jews who were was spared. present took occasion from it still fur- 50. Cried again. Compare v. 46
51 And, behold, the vail of watching Jesus, saw the earth. the temple was rent in twain, quake, and those things that from the top to the bottom; and were done, they feared greatly, the earth did quake, and the saying, Truly, this was the Son rocks rent;
of God. 52 And the graves
55 And many women were opened; and many bodies of there, beholding afar off, which saints, which slept, arose,
followed Jesus from Galilee, 53 And came out of the ministering unto him; graves, after his resurrection, 56 Among which was Mary and went into the holy city, and Magdalene, and Mary the appeared unto many.
mother of James and Joses, 54 Now, when the centurion, and the mother of Zebedee's and they that were with him, children.
Luke (23 : 46) and John (19 : 30) in- of what was afterwards to be wrought form us of the sentiments which the by his power. Saviour uttered. || Yielded up the 54. The centurion; the Roman of ghost ; gave up his spirit; that is, died. ficer who superintended the crucifixo
51–53. The tail of the temple. The ion. || Feared greatly; they regarded most retired and sacred part of the the earthquake and the rending of the temple was called the holy of holies, rocks as proofs of the divine indigna. and was separated by a veil from the tion against what had been done, and other parts of the temple. It was this against themselves as the agents of veil which was now torn in two pieces. the Jews. || Truly, this was the Son Compare Heb. 9: 3. || The graves ; of God. The centurion, doubtless, several graves; not graves in general. knew that Jesus had claimed to be the || And came out of the graves after his Son of God; that is, in the understandresurrection. The arrangement of ing of Jesus and of the Jews, to be the some of these words in our translation Messiah. The centurion, recalling ought probably to be different. By this, expressed himself as here stated, placing a comma and the word and but probably understood the language after the word grades, the sentence differently. He was a heathen, and would stand thus : “ And came out of was accustomed to think of many the graves, and after his resurrection gods, and to regard some beings as went into the holy city,” that is, Je- sons of gods, as inferior deities, or as rusalem. Such a rendering is in ac- peculiarly allied to the gods. He may cordance with the original. As the have meant to say, He was a son of a words stand in our version, the idea god; and his idea, perhaps, included seems to be that “many bodies arose no more than that he certainly was in at the time of the crucifixion, but did high favor with some god ; that is, that not leave the graves till after the res- he must have been a truly good man. urrection of Jesus. Matthew here Accordingly, Luke mentions (23:47), groups together several circumstances, that the centurion said, Certainly, this some of which, however, did not oc- was a righteous man. cur till after the resurrection of Christ, 55. Ministering unto him; waiting as he himself states. These were, in- on him ; supplying his wants. deed, remarkable events, and fitted to 56. Mary Magdalene ; tnat is, Mary make a deep impression on reflecting of the town of Magdala, a town not minds. They may be regarded as ap- far from Capernaum; but the precise propriate attestations to the truth of situation of which is uncertain. See the claims of Jesus, and anticipations Luke 8: 2. || Mary, the mother of
57 When the even was come, body to be delivered. there came a rich man of Ari- 59 And when Joseph had mathea, named Joseph, who also taken the body, he wrapped it himself was Jesus' disciple : in a clean linen cloth,
58 He went to Pilate, and 60 And laid it in his own begged the body of Jesus. new tomb, which he had hewn Then Pilate commanded the out in the rock: and he rolled
James and Joses. This Mary was sis of the Sanhedrim, disregarding the ter to our Lord's mother (John 19 : ill-will and the reproach which he 25), and wife of Cleophas. James is would incur from the Jews. John the one called James the Less (Mark also relates (19 : 39), that Nicodemus 15:40), to distinguish him from James (John 3:1,2) came forward at this time the brother of John. This James and to testify his respect for Jesus. Joses are named in 13: 55, as relatives 58. Begged the body of Jesus, &c. of our Lord. || The mother of Zebedee's John relates (19: 31.-37), that prechildren; that is, Salone. See Mark viously to this, the Jews had requested 15 : 40. Zebedee's children were of Pilate, that the death of the three James and John. See 10: 2. Luke, crucified persons might be hastened, without particular mention of names, as the Jews were unwilling that the says (23 : 49), that “ all his acquaint- bodies should remain on the crosses ance, and the women that followed during the Sabbath, which would be him from Galilee, stood afar off [afar, the next day. It was, however, discompared with the people just around covered that Jesus was. already dead. the cross], beholding.”
This circumstance led Joseph to re57. When the eden was come. The quest the body of Jesus. According Jews reckoned two evenings; one to Mark (15: 44), Pilate wondered at commencing some time before sunset, Jesus' having died so soon; for it was and the other at sunset. What is re- frequently the case, that crucified perlated in this verse and the following, sons did not die till after the day on commenced before the latest evening; which they had been crucified; someso that nothing might remain to be times they remained alive several done on the Sabbath. The Jewish days. The exhausted condition of the Sabbath commenced on our Friday Saviour's body and mind sufficiently evening., ll A rich man of Arimathea, accounts for his so soon expiring: named Joseph. There were several Among the Romans, the corpses of towns, called Arimuthea, in Palestine ; crucified persons were not buried, exone was in the tribe of Benjamin, cept by express permission; they reabout four miles distant from Jerusa- mained on the cross, and there wasted lem; but which of them is here spo- away. But an exception to this
genken of, we have not the means of de- eral practice was made in favor of the termining. Mark (15: 43) calls Joseph Jews, on account of the regulation in “ an honorable counsellor," as being Deut. 21 : 22, 23. When there was a probably a distinguished member of prospect that death would not speedthe Sanhedrim. That he was a mem- ily take place, they used various methber, would appear from Luke 23 : 51. ods to hasten it. In the present inAll the evangelists agree to his being stance, the near approach of the passin heart a good man, a favorer of Jesus; over Sabbath furnished an additional but, according to John (19 : 38), he was reason. Even the Romans were in the a disciple secretly; Àt the time of habit of delivering up to their friends which the evangelist is now speak the corpses of deceased criminals, ing, he seems to have acquired a com- when one of their festivals was about mendable boldness, and to have plainly to be celebrated. maintained his dissent from the doings 60. In the rock ; in a rock. The a great stone to the door of the 64 Command, therefore, that sepulchre, and departed. the sepulchre be made sure,
61 And there was Mary Mag- until the third day ; lest his dalene, and the other Mary, sit- disciples come by night and ting over against the sepulchre.steal him away, and say unto
62 Now the next day that the people, He is risen from the followed the day of the prepa- dead: so the last error shall be ration, the chief priests and worse than the first. Pharisees came together unto 65 Pilate said unto them, Pilate,
Ye have a watch : go your way, 63 Saying, Sir, we remem- make it as sure as ye can. ber that that deceiver said, 66 So they went, and made while he was yet alive, After the sepulchre sure, sealing the three days, I will rise again. stone, and setting a watch. country around Jerusalem was rocky. prepared spices and ointment for The tomb was in a garden, near the anointing the body, and, having made place where Jesus was crucified. See what preparation they could, rested John 19: 41. It was common for on the Sabbath. Compare Luke tombs to be out of cities, and to be 23 : 56. excavated from a solid rock; frequent- 62. The day of the preparation. The ly having the appearance of a cave. day preceding !he Sabbath, or any || His own new tomb. Luke says (23 : festival, was called the preparation. 53), and John (19: 41), that no one || The next day; the Jewish Sabbath, had been buried in it. How wisely did our Saturday. || The chief priests and Providence order this circumstance, Pharistes ; doubtless a few of them, so that after the resurrection of Jesus, as they went on a business which they there was no possibility of mistake as would not wish to be made public. to his person. || He rolled a great 63. After three days, I will rise stone to the door. The entrance to again. Matt. 12: 30-40. 16: 21. sepulchres used to be closed either by Mark 8: 31. Though Jesus spoke stone doors or by a fat stone placed some things on this subject to his disup against it. John informs us (19 : ciples alone, yet the knowledge of 39), that Nicodemus brought a quantity them might be imparted to others. of myrrh and aloes, and that the body John 10: 15, 17, 18. of Jesus was prepared for burial in the 64. That the sepulchre be made sure; same becoming manner as was usually by stationing guards there. practised among the Jews in respect 65. Ye have a watch ; the soldiers to their deceased friends. The kind who had already been engaged at the interposition of Joseph and of Nicodecrucifixion. It was customary among mus doubtless prevented the body of the Romans, when appointing a guard Jesus from being deposited with those over a prisoner, to employ four solof the robbers in some public bury, diers for each watch of three hours, ing place, devoted to the burying of so that the four would be successively criminals.
relieved by another set of four. They 61. The other Mary; the one men- usually employed four of these sets. tioned in v. 56; the mother of Joses. 66. Sealing the stone. Probably a See Mark 15: 47. || Sitting over rope was passed over it in such a way, against the sepulchre; noticing where that the two ends meeting upon it he was laid, and waiting affectionately were fastened, and some public seal to see, as it were, the last of their be- was attached to them. No one, then, loved Lord. See Luke 23 : 55. They could pass into the sepulchre without then returned to their lodgings, and resisting the public authority.
CHAPTER XXVIII. heaven, and came and rolled N the end of the Sabbath, back the stone from the door,
as it began to dawn toward and sat upon it. the first day of the week, came 3 His countenance was like Mary Magdalene, and the other lightning, and his raiment white Mary, to see the sepulchre. as snow:
2 And, behold, there was a 4 And for fear of him the great earthquake: for the an- keepers did shake, and became gel of the Lord descended from as dead men. CHAPTER XXVIII.
day. This may appear not exactly to agree
with Luke (23 · 56), who says, 1. The Sabbath ; the Jewish Sab- that the woman, having returned from bath, our Saturday. || As it began to the cross, prepared spices, and rested dawn. The other evangelists speak on the Sabbath. But Luke may be of its being very early, while it was understood as merely stating two not yet fully light. Mark 16: 2. things; that the women, after arriving Luke 24: 1. John 20: 1. || Mary at their lodgings, prepared spices, and Magdalene, and the other Mary; the kept the Sabbath, without mentioning same Mary as is mentioned in 27 : 61. these in the very order in which they By comparing the other evangelists, occurred. He might well mention we shall see that other women accom- the preparing of spices first, as the panied these. See Mark 16: 1, where facts respecting Jesus were doubtless Salome, mother of James and John, upperrnost in his rnind. Perhaps, too, is mentioned ; and Luke 24: 10, the women may have prepared (Luke where Joanna (Luke 8: 3) is also 23 : 56) what spices they had as soon mentioned, with the general remark, as they arrived at home on Friday that certain others were with them. evening, just before sunset; and may Matthew mentions by name merely have bought (Mark 16: 1), an addithe principal ones. || To see the sep- tional quantity on Saturday, after ulchre. Luke (24 : 1) mentions that sunset. they brought the spices which they 2. There was a great earthquake. had prepared. Their object was, not The connection shows that the verb merely to see the sepulchre, but also in the original ought to be rendered to make use of the aromatic sub- had been. || The angel ; more properstances which they had prepared. See ly, an angel. || Rolled back the stone. Luke 23 : 56. Though they doubtless Compare 27 : 60. Mark relates (16: knew that spices and ointment had 3, 4), that the women, on their way, already been used (compare John 19: had been speaking together about the 40), yet their affection for the Saviour difficulty of removing the stone, not led them to prepare an additional knowing the arrangement which the quantity. It was the only way in chief priests had made for the sepulwhich they could show their regard; chre's being kept closed. Perhaps and they doubtless believed there they thought some one could be promight be occasion for more of such cured in the neighborhood of the preparations than had been used. spot to remove it for them; or their For, as it was towards evening when remark might have been simply an Jesus was placed in the tomb, Joseph, allusion to the weight of the stone, and those who were with him, might and the difficulty which they might not have had time to complete the find in removing it; a difficulty which anointing of Jesus. Mark (16: 1) re- had not before occurred to theni, so lates that the women bought the occupied were they with the one obspices after the Sabbath had passed ; ject of paying respect to their deceasthat is, probably after sunset on Satur- led, beloved Lord.