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41 Others said, This is the 46. The officers answered, Christ. But some said, Shall Never man spake like this Christ come out of Galilee?

42 Hath not the Scripture 47 Then answered them the said, that Christ cometh of the Pharisees, Are ye also deceived ? seed of David, and out of the 48 Have any of the rulers, town of Bethlehem, where David or of the Pharisees, believed on was ?

him? 43 So there was a division 49 But this people who knowamong the people because of eth not the law are cursed. him.

50 Nicodemus saith unto 44 And some of them would them, (he that came to Jesus by have taken him; but no man night, being one of them,) laid hands on him.

51 Doth our law judge any 45 Then came the officers to man before it hear him, and the chief priests and Pharisees; know what he doeth ? and they said unto them, Why 52 They answered and said have ye not brought him ? unto him, Art thou also of GaliSee on 1: 21.' Some of the multi-those officers should not allow themtude, at this time around the Saviour, selves to be influenced in his favor. though they did not feel prepared to None of the distinguished men, none receive him as the Messiah, saw that of the acknowledged teachers, had he was no common man; and began acknowledged him; and if he were to think that he was at least the proph- the Messiah, they would, in all probaet whom they were expecting. bility (such is the intimation given

41. Out of Galilee ? See on 1: 45, by the Pharisees to these officers), 46.

they would perceive the evidence, and 42. Hath not the Scripture said, &c. admit him to be the Messiah. See on Matt. 1:1. 2:5, 6.

49. But this people; this multitude, 44. Some of them; some who were or rabble, as distinguished from the devoted to the interests of the Phari- men of weight and influence. || Are

cursed; are doomed to error and de45. The officers. See v. 32. ception. This was a profane expres

46. Never man spake like this man. sion of contempt for the common peoWhat an acknowledgment! proceed- ple; they were called an ignorant ing, too, from men who were influ- and cursed multitude. Such a multienced by a hostile spirit, who were tude, the Pharisees intimated, might watching every word and every look. very naturally be deluded, and no Every succeeding generation has con- regard should be paid to them. Re. firmed the propriety of their remark. gard ought to be paid rather to the To Jesus, then, as our great Teacher rulers and the Pharisees ! and Redeemer, let us heartily submit 50. Nicodemus. See 3:1, 2. || One ourselves.

of them; a member of the Sanhe. 48. Have any of the rulers, or of drim. the Pharisees, believed, &c. This 51. Judge; condemn. The chief question was asked, not to procure men had, by their manner of speakinformation whether any of the prin- ing, denounced Jesus as a deceiver. cipal men had acknowledged Jesus || Before it hear him, &c. See Deut as the Messiah ; but it was asked, as 19 : 15—18. Lev. 19:15, 16. containing a satisfactory reason why 52. Art thou also of Galilee? ait




lee? Search, and look : for out 3 And the scribes and Phariof Galilee ariseth no prophet. sees brought unto him a woman

53 And every man went unto taken in adultery: and when his own house.

they had set her in the midst,

4 They say unto him, MasCHAPTER VIII.

ter, this woman was taken in JESI ESUS went unto the mount adultery, in the very act. of Olives :

5 Now Moses in the law 2 And early in the morning commanded us, that such should he came again into the temple, be stoned: but what sayest thou? and all the people came unto 6 This they said, tempting him; and he sat down and him, that they might have to actaught them.

cuse him. But Jesus stooped thou, too, a Galilean, and a favorer Jesus. They very naturally, howevof this Galilean? - an expression er, regarded Nicodemus as in heart of very bitter reproach. They hated dissenting from them. Jesus, and employed to his injury the circumstance of his having re

CHAPTER VIII. sided so much in Galilee. The 1. Unto the mount of Olives. Those candid and honorable suggestion of with whom Jesus had been conversing, Nicodemus they endeavored to parry, and the members of the Sanhedrim, by throwing, out a suspicion, that according to the last verse of the prehe was weak enough to unite his ceding chapter, retired to their homes. fortunes with those of this Gali- But Jesus left the city, and went to lean pretender to the Messiahship! the inount of Olives. This first verse || Out of Galilee ariseth no prophet. might have been placed as the last They here told a palpable falsehood, clause of the preceding chapter. Jeunder the influence of excited malig- sus was in the habit of repairing to the nity against Jesus, and of suspicion in village of Bethany, at the foot of the respect to Nicodemus. Prophets had mount. Compare Matt. 21: 17. Luke arisen from Galilee. Jonah (2 Kings 21 : 37. Perhaps, however, he re14: 25), Nahum (Nah. 1:1), Elijah, tired to some cave in the mount. Elisha, and Hosea, originated in that 2. He sat doron. See on Matt. 5:1. part of the land. But the Pharisees 4. Master; literally, Teacher. spoke in a hasty, angry manner; 5. Moses in the law commanded, and we need not endeavor to rec- &c. See Lev. 20 : 10. | Stoned. oncile their declaration with histori- Putting to death by stoning was au: cal truth. They might, however, thorized by the laws of Moses; and possibly have meant, as is suggested this mode of putting to death is meant by some writers, that there was not to when the particular mode was not be expected from Gulilee any prophet specified in the law. See Deut. 13: who would be intimately connected | 10. Josh. 7: 25. with the Messiah. Their unreasona- 6. Tempting him, that they might ble excitement is also obvious in their have to accuse him. Their design assuming that Nicodemus viewed him was altogether insidious. They were as a prophet, though he had pro- not anxious for the honor of the law, nounced no such opinion. He had nor for the virtue of the people; they merely stated what was the dictate of wished to bring Jesus into difficulty. their law and of justice; and the Should he judge the case now preprinciple which he had stated, would sented, and in an official manner con. apply to the case of the most aban- demn the woman to death, they would doned criminal as well as to that of be able to accuse him of assuming

down, and with his finger wrote conscience, went out one by one, on the ground, as though he beginning at the eldest, even heard then not.

unto the last : and Jesus was 7 So when they continued left alone, and the woman standasking him, he lifted up him- ing in the midst. self, and said unto them, He 10 When Jesus had lifted up that is without sin among you, himself, and saw none but the let him first cast a stone at woman, he said unto her, Woher.

man, where are those thine ac8 And again he stooped down, cusers ? hath no man condemned and wrote on the ground. thee? 9 And they which heard it, 11 She said, No man,

Lord. being convicted by their own And Jesus said unto her, Neipower which did not belong to him, have reference here to the standing but which belonged to the existing in society which the persons present authorities of the nation. Should he respectively held. From the most speak differently from the law of honorable down to those of an inferior Moses, as they had known him to rank, they all retired. speak on other subjects differently 10. Hath no man condemned thee? from their riew of Moses' laws, a That is, Has no man in a legal manpopular tumult might be raised against ner, according to the prescribed forms him as an opposer of Moses, and thus of proceeding, condemned thee? Hast his death might be secured. || Wrote thou been carried before the proper on the ground; marked on the ground, judges and been condemned ? perhaps, without writing any words. 11. Neither do I condemn thee; that He appeared not to mind them; and is, as a civil judge, as one whose of he wished to show that he would not fice requires him to try cases and be drawn into useless disputes. By decide on them by the law of the this means, he also drew away the land, and condemn to the prescribed attention of the people from the wo- punishment. Violations of the laws man to himself, and prepared them were to be tried before the proper for the very appropriate and solemn judges. Now, Jesus did not come in remark which he was about to make. a civil capacity, to put in force the The circumstance occurred in one of laws; hence his office did not rethe courts of the temple, so that he quire him to pass sentence in this could easily write on the ground.

He declined all action in re7. He that is without sin among spect to it, on the same principle by you, &c. This remark might have which he refused to interfere in the been made either in respect to sin in case of dividing an inheritance among general, or, as is more probable, to claimants (see Luke 12: 13, 14). It that class of sins respecting which did not belong to him. It did pertain they had accused the woman. Such to his office, however, to warn against sins were very common among the sin, and to arouse the conscience. Of Jews at that time. By this remark, this he never lost sight. Hence he Jesus clearly showed his disapproba seriously warned the woman, Go and tion of the sin, and did not weaken the sin no more. authority of Moses' law, while, at the same time, he gave a needed rebuke to REFLECTIONS. 1. Better it is to those who had so officiously and hypo- be examining our own hearts and critically interfered. || Cast the first rectifying our own conduct, than to stone. Compare Deut. 13: 9. 17: 7. be detecting the faults of others. v.

9. Eldest - last. These words | 7. Compare Matt. 7:1-5



ther do I condemn thee : go, and jord of myself, yet my record is sin no more.

true : for I know whence I 12 Then spake Jesus again came, and whither I but

ye unto them, saying, I am the cannot tell whence I come, and light of the world : he that fol- whither I

go. loweth me shall not walk in 15 Ye judge after the flesh, I darkness, but shall have the light judge no man. of life.

16 And yet if I judge, my 13 The Pharisees therefore judgment is true : for I am not said unto him, Thou bearest alone, but I and the Father that record of thyself; thy record is sent me. not true.

17 It is also written in your 14 Jesus answered and said law, that the testimony of two unto them, Though I bear rec- men is true.

2. A careful examination of our edge which Jesus had of his origin selves generally results in producing and of his destination was also acconviction of our own ill deserts. v.9. companied with perfect integrity. In After the company who had brought knowledge is requisite; complete

order for a person to bear testimony, the woman to Jesus had retired, the people again collected, and Jesus be- had, and no person on earth, besides,

knowledge respecting himself Jesus gan to address them.

was thus perfectly acquainted with 12. Unto them; the people. See v. him. His own testimony, then, was 2. || The light of the world. As the not to be set aside. sun imparts light and happiness, so 15. Judge after the flesh; accordJesus bestows true knowledge and ing to the external appearance, and bliss. He is the Teacher and the Sa- with earthly views. Hence they viour. || He that folloroeth me; sub- could not judge properly respecting mits to my guidance; that is, becomes the Messiah, not having a just appre, my disciple. || Walk in darkness ; hension of his spiritual office. || 1 live in ignorance and misery. || The judge no man; that is, in the manner light of life; the knowledge which in which you judge, after the flesh, relates to eternal life, and the bliss according to the external appearance. which endures forever.

Between the decisions of Jesus, then, 13. Thy record is not true ; thy tes- and those of the Pharisees, there timony is not worthy of confidence, would necessarily be a wide differbeing a declaration from thyself in ence. thine own behalf.

16. And yet if I judge, &c. Jesus 14. Yet my record is true. The presented another reason, showing case of Jesus was a peculiar one. that his testimony ought to be received He had a perfect knowledge respect- as valid ; namely, he was not alone ing himself, and no one else on earth in his testimony, but the Father's teshad such knowledge respecting him. timony was united with his. The Consequently, no other was qualified Saviour here again met the objection to bear contradictory testimony. This contained in v. 13. 6 Thou bearest perfect knowledge rendered his own record of thyself.” The word judge testimony valid and credible; while is here equivalent to the phrase " form the utter ignorance of the Pharisees a decision, or express a judgment, rerespecting his heavenly origin and his specting myself." destination rendered their declarations 17, 18. This union of the Father's wholly valueless. The perfect knowl- testimony with his own, was in ac

of me.

18 I am one that bear wit- hands on him, for his hour was ness of myself; and the Father not yet come. that sent me, beareth witness 21 Then said Jesus again

unto them, I go my way, and ye 19 Then said they unto him, shall seek me, and shall die in Where is thy Father ? Jesus your sins : whither I go, ye cananswered, Ye neither know me, not come. nor my Father : if ye had known 22 Then said the Jews, Will me, ye should have known my he kill himself? because he Father also.

saith, Whither I go, ye cannot 20 These words spake Jesus come. in the treasury, as he taught in 23 And he said unto them, the temple : and no man laid Ye are from beneath; I am from

cordance with the requisition in the apartments of the temple were kept law of Moses, requiring the testimony thirteen chests for receiving the volof more witnesses than one. It is untary donations and the annual paywritten in your law. See Deut. 17: 6. ments of the Jews for the support of 19: 15. || Two men; two persons. the temple. See Mark 12:41. The The Mosaic law required at least two name treasury is here given to that persons, as witnesses. In the pres- apartment. | His hour. See 7: 30. ent instance, Jesus came forward 21. To another company, probably, claiming to be the Son of God. His and on another occasion, Jesus spoke testimony concerning himself rested what next follows. I go my way, on the perfect knowledge which he &c. See 7: 33, 34. ll Shall die in had of his having come from heaven, your sins; shall perish in conseand of his being about to return to quence of your sins. Jesus referred heaven (v. 14); while no being could particularly, as he explained in v. 24, present a contradictory testimony to the sin of refusing to become his Besides being himself so well quali- sincere disciples. fied a witness, God, his Father, who 22. Will he kill himself? There was Truth itself, was bearing a cor- was probably couched under this inresponding testimony.

quiry of the Jews the profane intima19. Where is thy Father ? They af- tion, that it was very likely that Jesus fected either not to understand whom would go to the world of misery, to he meant as his Father, or to cast which they indeed had no expectation contempt on him as claiming an un- of going! It was commonly believed warrantable dignity. They were in among the Jews, that those who com. a frame of mind exceedingly unde- mitted suicide would be condemned vout, and unsuitable for forming a to a low place in the pit of woe. See judgment respecting Jesus. And Je- in 7: 35, the manner in which a siinisus told them of this. Such was their lar remark of our Lord was treated ignorance of him, as to the object on another occasion. for which he had come, and such was 23. Without noticing the contemptheir ignorance of the true character tuous language which had been used, of God, and of his design in sending Jesus most solemnly warned the Jews the Messiah, that they could not of their sinful condition, and of the judge of him in a correct manner. doom which awaited them if they They needed more knowledge and a persisted in rejecting him. Ye are better disposition in respect to him from beneath ; ye are earthly, not and to his Father.

spiritual, not heavenly in your dispo20. In the treasury. In one of the sitions and purposes. || I am from

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