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verily, I say unto you, that one 26 Jesus answered, He it is of you shall betray me.
to whom I shall give a sop, 22 Then the disciples looked when I have dipped it. And one on another, doubting of when he had dipped the sop, he whom he spake.
gave it to Judas Iscariot the son 23 Now there was leaning of Simon. on Jesus' bosom, one of his dis- 27 And after the sop Satan ciples, whom Jesus loved. entered into him. Then said
24 Simon Peter therefore Jesus unto him, That thou doest, beckoned to him, that he should do quickly. ask who it should be of whom 28 Now no man at the table he spake.
knew for what intent he spake 25 He then, lying on Jesus' this unto him. breast, saith unto him, Lord, who 29 For some of them thought, is it?
because Judas had the bag, that 22. Doubting of whom he spake. he occupied at the table. While Hence, according to Matt. 26: 22, the giving of the morsel would show Mark 14:19, they began to ask Je- to John which one of the company sus, one by one, Lord, is it I ? was the traitor, the other disciples
23. Leaning on Jesus' bosom. As would not discover beforehand who it the disciples, together with Jesus, was that was about to commit the were reclining at the meal (see Matt. foul deed, as Jesus did not depart 26 : 7), the one who was next to Je- from the ordinary course of proceedsus would be reclining near his bosom. ing in distributing the bread. Thus ll One of his disciples. This was John Jesus exercised the utmost kindness himself, who in a modest way sup- throughout this trying scene. presses his name. || Whom Jesus 27. Satan entered into him. A way looed ; to whom Jesus was peculiarly of expressing the thought, that Satan attached.
instigated him; and that his heart 25. Lying on Jesus' breast. Such now became emboldened to consumwas his position, that, by a slight turn- mate his treachery. Compare v. 2. ing of the head, he could in a very 28. No man at the table knew, &c. private manner, by a mere whisper, John himself knew; but as he was speak to Jesus. It was, doubtless, in the writer of this account, he spoke this private way, that' the question only of the others. They did not hear was put to Jesus and an answer given what Jesus had told John, nor had by hím to John. The other disciples John an opportunity, nor probably an did not hear the answer.
inclination, to make known the trai26. A sop; a morsel, that is, of tor's name. It would be, alas ! suffithe bread. || Dipped it. It was the ciently soon revealed. Judas knew practice at the paschal supper, for the what Jesus meant; and it was, pero head of the family, after having bro- haps, just before the Saviour's remark ken the bread into pieces, to dip it in v. 27, that Judas put the inquiry, with the fingers into the dish con- Is it I ? See Matt. 26 : 25. judas taining the broth of the lamb, and might have been near to Jesus, and to give a bit of bread to each per have received the Saviour's answer son present. Judas's turn to receive without its being heard by the others. the usual portion was probably the Perceiving that Jesus knew what he next one; or the giving of the mor- had done, and what was about to sel might have commenced with take place, he instantly withdrew.' him on account of the position which 29. Judas had the bag. See on
Jesus had said unto him, Buy him, God shall also glorify him those things that we have need in himself, and shall straightof against the feast; or, that he way glorify him. should give something to the 33 Little children, yet a little poor.
while I am with you.
Ye shall 30 He then, having received seek me; and, as I said unto the sop, went immediately out: the Jews, Whither I go, ye and it was night.
cannot come, so now
I 31 Therefore, when he was you.. gone out, Jesus said, Now is the 34 A new commandment I Son of man glorified, and God give unto you, That is glorified in him.
another; as I have loved you, 32 If God be glorified in that ye also love one another.
12: 6. || Against the feast ; for the he repeated to them, he had formerly festival which was just commencing, (8:21) made to the Jews. It was and would continue seven days from used, however, here in a somewhat the next evening.
different sense. He meant, that the 31. Now is the Son of man glorified. disciples could not yet follow him, as Jesus knew that his death was just at it was proper that they should still hand; and though to human view an remain on earth in order to effect his ignominious death, yet it would issue merciful designs. Compare 14: 3. greatly to the glory of himself and of the Jews to whom he had before his Father. It would be followed by made this remark, could not go where a triumphant rising from the dead, he would be, on account of their sin. by an ascension to the right hand of ful character. But these disciples God, and by the extension and preva- Jesus acknowledged as his beloved lence of his religion. Thus Jesus, by followers, whom he would, in due means of death, would be rendered time, receive to himself. illustrious. || God is glorified. The 34. A new 'commandment. I give wisdom, and benevolence, and power unto you. This injunction of ardent of God, would become conspicuous by mutual love had respect to the discithe events which would follow the ples as the followers of Jesus, sepadeath of Jesus, and by that death as rate both from the Gentiles and from procuring pardon and eternal life for the great body of the Jews. It was a men. ll In him; by means of him. Christian injunction, having respect
32. Glorify him in himself ; make to the new religion; an injunction, Christ himself glorious, as the agent not particularly made before, though in establishing the scheme of redemp- the principle from which it would tion, by elevating him to the dignity grow had existed before. It was adand happiness which would follow his ditional to all the obligations heretoascension to heaven. Compare Phil. fore imposed, and was designed for 2:8-11.
cherishing mutual Christian love. It 33. Little children. A phrase ex- was new, then, as pertaining to a new pressing endearment, equivalent to community and to relations which my dearest friends, my beloved. . || Ye did not exist before the coming of shall seek me; ye will anxiously de- Christ. The occasion for its being sire my presence and aid. || So now enforced had hut recently arisen, for I
you. Jesus intended to con- it was only of late that the new re. vey to his disciples the thought that ligion had been introduced. This he was about to be removed from command had special respect, also, them by death. The remark which to the apostles, and was specially 35 By this shall all men know 37 Peter said unto him, Lord, that ye are my disciples, if ye why cannot I follow thee now? have love one to another. I will lay down my life for thy
36 Simon Peter said unto sake. him, Lord, whither goest thou ? 38 Jesus answered him, Wilt Jesus answered him, Whither I thou lay down thy life for my go, thou canst not follow me sake? Verily, verily, I say unto now; but thou shalt follow me thee, The cock shall not crow, afterward.
till thou hast denied me thrice.
needed by them. They had been 36. Whither goest thou? As Jesus cherishing ambitious views respect- had not expressly said that he was ing the chief offices in the new king about to die, the disciples did not dom. Jesus had repeatedly corrected thoroughly apprehend his meaning; this spirit, and enjoined on them hu- They thought of his being removed mility and mutual service; he had from them in some way, but exactly also just given an example of lowli- what he meant they knew not. ness and love in washing their feet. 37. I will lay down my life. Peter Now he again commands, that, banish- supposed that Jesus was anticipating ing ambition, or the desire to rise one danger, but that, by the exertions of above another, they should cherish his disciples, he might be rescued mutual love as a distinguishing trait from the danger. With his characof his disciples. To them as his apos- teristic ardor, he generously, though tles, it was a new commandment, su- ignorantly, offered to undergo any peradded to all the injunctions in trouble rather than to be separated the Old Testament respecting mutual from his Master, or than to see his love. At the same time, it was a Master violently treated. Compare command which in its spirit would Matt. 26 : 33. Luke 22: 33. embrace all the followers of Christ, 38. The cock shall not crow, &c. as such. As I have loved you, &c. Compare Matt. 26 : 34. Jesus proposed his own example as a rule and an encouragement.
CHAPTER XIV. mutual affection of his apostles and of all his followers, ought to be like The closing remarks of the precehis for them, making them deeply ding chapter (vs. 31–38) naturally interested in one another's welfare, excited gloom among the disciples. and willing to endure personal pr va- Jesus proceeded to present to them tions of any kind, and to any extent, such consoling, and encouraging for the sake of others. Compare 15: thoughts as their circumstances re12, 13.
quired. In a very few hours, he was 35. By this shall all men know that to be taken, and condemned, and cruye are my disciples, &c. Mutual cified. They would need consolation; love peculiarly characterized the early and more appropriate promises and Christians. It was a common ex-cautions could not be made than are pression among the heathen -" See found in this chapter and the two fol. how these Christians love one anoth- lowing ones. He encouraged them er, and how they are ready to die for to place unwavering and unlimited each other!" A heathen writer, in confidence in him; gave them assura scoffing manner, remarked of Chris- ances of bliss in heaven, of answers tians, « Their lawgiver persuaded to their prayers, of the Holy Spirit's them that they are all brethren.” | aid, of success in their labors, of his Another said, “They love each other spiritual presence with them, and of even before they are acquainted.” his general blessing.
5 Thomas saith unto him, LET not your heart be trou- Lord, we know not whither thou
ye believe in God, be- goest; and how can we know lieve also in me.
the way? 2 In my Father's house are 6 Jesus saith unto him, I am many mansions: if it were not the way, and the truth, and the so, I would have told you. 'I go life: no man cometh unto the to prepare a place for you. Father, but by me. 3 And if I
7 If ye had known me, ye place for you, I will come again should have known my Father and receive you unto myself; also : and from henceforth ye that where I am, there ye may know him, and have seen him. be also.
8 Philip saith unto himn, Lord, 4 And whither I go ye know, show us the Father, and it sufand the way ye know.
ficeth us. 1. Ye believe in God; or, believe ye men can attain to heaven. in God. The idea expressed by the truth; that is, I am the author - of word believe is that of trusting, and those true doctrines which rightly exthe Saviour's thought may thus be hibit the plan of God for the salvation conveyed — Trust in God, trust also in of men; through me, as the teacher
from God, is communicated the truth, 2. My Father's house ; that is, obedience to which leads to heaven. heaven. God is here represented as || The life; the giver of spiritual life occupying a spacious palace, with to the souls
Not only must ample accommodations for his friends. the path to heaven be opened by the || Mansions ; apartments.
Mediator, but, in order to walk in 3. I will come again ; namely, at that path, men must be taught the the termination of their labors on truth respecting God and heaven, and earth.
must become spiritually alive to God. 4. Whither I go. The Saviour was It is through Jesus that spiritual life going to heaven, to his Father. || The is imparted to the souls of men, so way; the course to be pursued, in or- that they obey God, and walk in the der to arrive at heaven. Life is a way of holiness to heaven. See 6: journey : the path of holy love and 35, 48, 50, 51, 57. obedience to Christ, conducts to heaven.
Let us INQUIRE, 1. Do we trust in 5. Whither thou goest. Thomas Christ as our mediator ? did not understand the remark of Je. 2. Do we heartily receive his insus; he thought that his Master was structions, as our great Teacher ? about to retire to some place on 3. Do we possess spiritual life, so earth.
as to be obedient to his instructions ? 6. Jesus spoke again of going, not to some place of security on earth, 7. Ye should have known my Father but to the Father, in heaven, and also. Between the Father and Christ briefly explained to Thomas how one there was a most intimate union, so could arrive at heaven. I am the way; that a knowledge of the one was also that is, to the Father. As a road con- a knowledge of the other. Compare ducts a person to a particular place, 5 : 19, 23. || Have seen him ; are ac. so, by means of me, a person can go quainted with him ; have a knowl. to God - I am the medium of access edge of God himself, by having an to God. It is by being my disciples, acquaintance with me. and obeying my instructions, that | 8. Lord, show us the Father. Phil.
9 Jesus saith unto him, Have 11 Believe me that I am in I been so long time with you, the Father, and the Father in and yet hast thou not known me, me: or else believe me for the Philip ? he that hath seen me, very works' sake. hath seen the Father; and how 12 Verily, verily, I say unto sayest thou then, Show us the you, He that believeth on me, Father ?
the works that I do shall he do 10 Believest thou not that I also; and greater works than am in the Father, and the Fa- these shall he do; because I go ther in me? the words that I unto my Father. speak unto you, I speak not of 13 And whatsoever ye shall myself : but the Father, that ask in my name, that will I do, dwelleth in me, he doeth the that the Father may bé glorified works.
in the Son.
ip, in a childlike manner, not consid to him with unwavering faith. The ering the spiritual, invisible nature of works that I do; a course of action the Father, wished to see him with similar to that in which I am enhis bodily eyes,
gaged, having for its object the salva9. He that hath seen me hath seen tion of men. || Greater works. The the Father. So intimate was the results which would flow from the union of Christ with the Father, that labors of his disciples would be greathe was a perfect representative of er and more striking than those which him. Compare Heb. 1: 3.
he himself had produced. They 10. I am in the Father, &c. A would be signally blessed in carrymore direct way of expressing inti- ing forward the work which he had mate union between the Father and commenced, and the visible fruits of Christ. || The words ; the instruc- their labors would be greater and tions. || Not of myself; not by my more numerous. He laid the foundaown authority, independently of the tion; they were to erect the superFather. ll The works. This term has structure. || Because I go unto my respect here to all the actions of Je- Father. After Jesus should have gone sus, his teaching, his performing of to the Father, the Holy Spirit would miracles, and his labors in general for be sent forth, and, by his influences the salvation of men. In his whole on the souls of men, the labors of the course of action, his teaching, as well apostles, and of other believers in Jesus, as his miracles, there was a manifesta- would become eminently successful. tion of God's presence and power. The triumph of his cause was, for the
11. Believe me ; believe my decla- present, deferred. It would be more rations. || For the very works' sake. appropriate to that period when Jesus If the declarations of Jesus were not should be elevated to his glorious dissufficient to secure a full assent, yet tinction as Head over all things. See his deeds, the actions of his whole Mark 16: 19. Eph. 1: 22. life, would warrant and demand their 13. In my name ; as my apostles, confidence in him. Those deeds acknowledging my authority, and laproved Christ to be what he declared boring to advance my cause. Whathe was, one in whom God dwelt, and ever would be necessary to the aposby whom God was manifesting him- tles, in the discharge of their work, self among men.
they were encouraged to expect in 12. To encourage their confidence answer to prayer. || Glorified in the in him, Jesus assured his disciples Son; by means of the Son. The that distinguished honor would be cause of Christ was indissolubly conbestowed on those who should adhere nected with the glory of God. Noth