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COMMON PRAYER,

AND ADMINISTRATION OF

THE SACRAMENTS,

AND

OTHER RITES AND CEREMONIES

OF

THE CHURCH,

ACCORDING TO THE USE OF

THE UNITED CHURCH OF

ENGLAND AND IRELAND:

TOGETHER WITH

The Psalter or Psalms of David,

POINTED AS THEY ARE TO BE SUNG OR SAID IN CHURCHES,

OXFORD:

PRINTED AT THE CLARENDON PRESS,
BY J. COOKE AND S. COLLINGWOOD,

PRINTERS TO THE UNIVERSITY ;

And sold by E. GARDNER, at the Oxford Bible Warehouse, Paternoster Row, London.

Cum

Privilegio.]

1818.

[Price 6s, in Sheets,
REGLA

19. The Order of Confirmation.

4. The Order how the Psalter is ap- 20. The Form of Solemnization of Ma-

pointed to be read.

trimony.

5. The Order how the rest of the holy | 21. The Order for the Visitation of

Scripture is appointed to be the Sick, and the Communion of

read.

the Sick.

6. A Table of Proper Lessons and 22. The Order for the Burial of the

Psalms.

Dead.

7. The Calendar, with the Table of 23. Thanksgiving of Women after

Lessons.

Child-birth.

8. Tables and Rules for the Feasts and 24. A Commination, or denouncing of

Fasts through the whole Year.

God's anger and judgements a-

9. The Order for Morning Prayer.

gainst sinners.

10. The Order for Evening Prayer. 25. The Psalter.

11. The Creed of St. Athanasius.

26. Forms of Prayer to be used at Sea..

12. The Litany.

27. A Form of Prayer for the Fifth Day

13. Prayers and Thanksgivings upon of November.
several occasions.

28. A Form of Prayer for the Thirtieth

14. The Collects, Epistles, and Gospels, Day of January.

to be used at the Ministration of 29. A Form of Prayer for the Twenty-

the holy Communion, through- ninth Day of May.

out the Year.

30. A Form of Prayer for the Twentyn

15. The Order of the Ministration of fifth Day of October. ·

the holy Communion.

31. Articles of Religion.

T hath been the wisdom of the of the Land, and those Laws never

the first compiling of her Publick unhappy confusions, to be disconLiturgy, to keep the mean between tinned, is too well known to the world, the two extremes, of too much stiff- and we are not willing here to reinenness in refusing, and of too much easi- ber. But when, upon His Majesty's ness in admitting any variation from happy Restoration, it seemed proit. For, as on the one side common bable, that, amongst other things, the experience sheweth, that where a

use of the Liturgy would also return change hath been made of things ad- of course (the same having never been visedly established (no evident neces- legally abolished) unless some timely sity so requiring) sundry inconveni- means were used to prevent it; those ences have thereupon ensued; and men who under the late usurped those many times more and greater powers had made it a great part of than the evils, that were intended to be their business to render the people disremedied by such ekunge: So on the affected thereunto, saw themselves in other side, the particular Forms of point of Reputation and Interest conDivine worship, and the Rites and cerned (unless they would freely acCeremonies appointed to be used knowledge themselves to have erred, therein, being things in their own na- which such men are very hardly ture indifferent, and alterable, and so brought to do) with their utmost enacknowledged; it is but reasonable, deavours to hinder the restitution that upon weighty and important con- thereof. In order whereunto divers siderations, according to the various Pamphlets were published against the exigency of times and occasions, such Book of Common Prayer, the old changes and alterations should be Objections mustered up, with the admade therein, as to those that are in dition of some new ones, more than place of Authority should from time formerly had been made, to make the to time seem either necessary or ex- number swell. In fine, great imporpedient. Accordingly we find, that tunities were used to His Sacred Main the Reigns of several Princes of jesty, that the said Book might be reblessed memory since the Reforma vised, and such Alterations therein, tion, the Church, upon justand and Additions thereunto made, as weighty considerations her thereunto should be thought requisite for the moving, hath yielded to make such ease of tender Consciences : whereunto alterations in some particulars, as in His Majesty, out of his pious inclinatheir respective times were thought tion to give satisfaction (so far as could convenient: Yet so, as that the main be reasonably expected) to all his subBody and Essentials of it (as well in jects of what persuasion soever, did the chiefest materials, as in the frame graciously condescend. and order thereof) have still continued In which review we have endeathe same unto this day, and do yetvoured to observe the like moderation, stand firm and unshaken, notwith- as we find to have been used in the standing all the vain attempts and im- like case in former times. And therepetuous assaults made against it, by fore of the sundry alterations prosuch men as are given to change, and posed unto us, we have rejected all have always discovered a greater re- such as were either of dangerous congard to their own private fancies and sequence (as secretly striking at some interests, than to that duty they owe established Doctrine, or laudable Practo the publick.

tice of the Church of England, or By what undue means, and for what indeed of the whole Catholick Church mischievous purposes the use of the of Christ) or else of no consequence Liturgy (though enjoined by the Laws at all, but utterly frivolous and vain,

But such alterations as were tendered words and phrases, that were either of to us (by what persons, under what doubtful signification, or otherwise pretences, or to what purpose soever liable to misconstruction : Or thirdly, tendered) as seemed to us in any de- for a more perfect rendering of such gree requisite or expedient, we have portions of holy Scripture, as are inwillingly, and of our own accord as- serted into the Liturgy; which, in the sented unto: not enforced so to do by Epistles and Gospels especially, and any strength of Argument, convincing in sundry other places, are now orderus of the necessity of making the said ed to be read according to the last Alterations : For we are fully per- Translation: and that it was thought suaded in our judgements (and we here convenient, that some Prayers and profess it to the world) that the Book, Thanksgivings, fitted to special ocas it stood before established by Law, casions, should be added in their due doth not contain in it any thing con- places ; particularly for those at Sea, trary to the Word of God, or to sound together with an Office for the Baptism Doctrine, or which a godly man may of such as are efuriper years: which, not with a good Conscience use and although not so necessary when the submit unto, or which is not fairly de- former Book was compiled, yet by the fensible against any that shall oppose growth of Anabaptism, through the the same; if it shall be allowed such licentiousness of the late times crept just and favourable construction as in in amongst us, is now become necescommon Equity ought to be allowed sary, and inay be always useful for the to all human Writings, especially such baptizing of Natives in our Plantaas are set forth by Authority, and even tions, and others converted to the to the very best translations of the Faith. If

any man, who shall deholy Scripture itself.

sire a more particular account of Our general aim therefore in this the several Alterations in any part undertaking was, not to gratify this or of the Liturgy, shall take the pains that party in any their unreasonable to compare the present Book with demands; but to do that, which to the former; we doubt not but the our best understandings we conceived reason of the change may easily inight most tend to the preservation of appear. Peace and Unity in the Church; the And having thus endeavoured to -procuring of Reverence, and exciting discharge our duties in this weighty of Piety and Devotion in the publick affair, as in the sight of God, and to Worship of God; and the cutting off approve our sincerity therein (so far as occasion from them that seek occa- lay in us) to the consciences of all sion of cavil or quarrel against the men; although we know it impossible Liturgy of the Church. And as to in such variety of apprehensions, huthe several variations from the former mours, and interests, as are in the Book, whether by Alteration, Addi- world) to please all; nor can expect tion, or otherwise, it shall suffice to that men of factious, peevish, and pergive this general account, That most verse spirits should be satisfied with of the Alterations were made, either any thing that can be done in this first, for the better direction of them kind by any other than themselves : that are to officiate in any part of Yet we have good hope, that what is Divine Service ; which is chiefly done here presented, and hath been by the in the Calendars and Rubricks : Or Convocations of both Provinces with secondly, for the more proper express- great diligence examined and approving of some words or phrases of an- ed, will be also well accepted and apcient usage in terms more suitable to proved by all sober, peaceable, and the language of the present times, and truly conscientious Sons of the Church the clearer explanation of some other of England.

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Concerning the Service of the Church.
HERE was never any thing by inany years hati been read in Latin

or so sure established, which in conti- not; so that they have heard with nuance of time hath not been corrupt- their ears only, and their heart, spirit, ed: As, among other things, it may and mind, have not been editied thereplainly appear by the Common Pray- by. And furthermore, notwithstanders in the Church, commonly called ing that the ancient Fathers have diDivine Service. The first original and vided the Psalms into seven P tions, ground whereof if a man would search whereof every one was called a Nocout by the ancient Fathers, he shal! turn : Now of late time a few of find, that the same was not ordained them have been daily said, and the but of a good purpose, and for a rest utterly omitted. Moreover, the great advancement of godliness. For number and hardness of the Rules they so ordered the matter, that all called the Pie, and the manifold the whole Bible (or the greatest part changings of the Service, was the thereof) should be read over once cause, that to turn the Book only was every year; intending thereby, that so hard, and intricate a matter, that the Clergy, and especially such as were many times there was more business Ministers in the Congregation, should to find out what should be read, than (by often reading, and meditation in to read it when it was found out. God's word) be stirred up to godli- These inconveniences therefore ness themselves, and be more able to considered, here is set forth such an exhort others by wholesome Doctrine, Order, whereby the same shall be reand to confute them that were adver- dressed. And for a readiness in this saries to the Truth; and further, that matter, here is drawn out a Calendar the people (by daily hearing of holy for that purpose, which is plain and Scripture read in the Church) might easy to be understood; wherein (so continually profit more and more in much as may be) the reading of holy the knowledge of God, and be the Scripture is so set forth, that all things morę inflamed with the love of his shall be done in order, without breaktrue Religion.

ing one piece from another. For this But these many years passed, this cause be cut off Anthems, Responds, godly and decent order of the ancient Invitatories, and such like things as Fathers hath been so altered, broken, did break the continual course of the and neglected, by planting in uncertain reading of the Scripture. Stories, and ·Legends, with multitude Yet, because there is no remedy, of Responds, Verses, vain Repetitions, but that of necessity there must be Commemorations, and Synodals; that some Rules; therefore certain Rules commonly when any Book of the are here set forth; which, as they are Bible was begun, after three or four few in nuinber, so they are plain and Chapters were read out, all the rest easy to be understood. So that here were unread. And in this sort the you have an Order for Prayer, and Book of Isaiah was begun in Advent, for the reading of the holy Scripture, and the Book of Genesis in Septua- much agreeable to the mind and purgesima ; but they were only begun, pose of the old Fathers, and a great and never read through: After like deal more profitable and commodious, sort were other Books of holy Serip- than that which of late was used. It ture used. And moreover, whereas is more profitable, because here are St. Paul would have such language left out many things, whereof some spoken to the people in the Church, are untrue, some uncertain, some vain as they might understand, and have, and superstitious; and nothing is orprofit by hearing the same ; The Ser- dained to be read, but the very pure vice in this Church of England these Word of God, the holy Scriptures, or

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