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The Mayflower Compact
From Bradford's History of Plymouth Plantation
HE rest of this history (if God give me life and opportunity) I shall, for brevity sake, handle by way of annals, noting only the heads of prin
cipal things, and passages as they fell in order of time, and may seem to be profitable to know, or to make use of. And this may be as the 2. Book.
. I shall a little return back and begin with a combination made by them before they came ashore, being the first foundation of their government in this place; occasioned partly by the discontented and mutinous speeches that some of the strangers amongst them had let fall from them in the ship—That when they came ashore they would use their own liberty, for none had power to command them, the patent they had being for Virginia, and not for New England, which belonged to another Government, with which the Virginia company had nothing to do. And partly that such (54) act by them done (this their condition considered) might be as firm as any patent, and in some respects more sure.
The form was as follows:
In the name of God, Amen. We, whose names are underwritten, the loyal subjects of our dread sovereign lord, King James, by the grace of God, of Great Britain, France and Ireland, King, defender of the faith, etc., having undertaken, for the glory of God, and advancement of the Christian faith, and honour of our king and country, a voyage to plant the first colony in the northern parts of Virginia, do, by these presents, solemnly and mutually, in the presence of God and one of ancther, covenant and combine ourselves together into a civil body politic, for our better ordering and preservation, and furtherance of the ends aforesaid; and by virtue hereof to enact, constitute, and frame such just and equal laws, ordinances, acts, constitutions, and offices, from time to time, as shall be thought most meet and convenient for the general good of the colony, unto which we promise all due submission and obedience. In witness whereof we have hereunder subscribed our names, at Cape Cod, the 11th of November, in the year of the reign of our sovereign lord, , King James, of England, France and Ireland, the eighteenth, and of Scotland the fifty-fourth. Anno Domini, 1620.
Mr. John Carver
8 John Turner
John Alden 8 Mr. Samuel Fuller 4 Mr. Christopher Martin 3 Mr. William Mullins 2 Mr. William White 2 Mr. Richard Warren 3 John Goodman 2 Degory Priest 3 Thomas Williams 1 Richard Gardiner 1 John Allerton 1 Thomas English
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