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return. This accordingly I have done. A copy and translation of my note to him are inclosed.

The whole affair is a striking illustration of the wisdom of the department's practice of not appointing natives to consular offices, except where it is impossible to find anyone else. I have, etc.,



Minister Dawson to Jr. Borno.


Santo Domingo, July 31, 1906. DEAR AND HONORED COLLEAGUE: During your absence the inclosed letter directed to the dean of the consular corps by Mr. Marchena, late consul-general of the King of Portugal to this Government, was delivered to me.

I spoke about it unofficially with his excellency the minister of foreign affairs, and he showed me a communication in which in due form he had notified the Government of his most faithful majesty of the action of the Dominican Government.

I had grave doubts as to my right to address to the minister a communication concerning said action or to call a meeting of the diplomatic and consular corps, seeing that it was an affair already in the process of being arranged between the Portuguese and Dominican Governments.

Therefore I have done nothing awaiting your return, thus leaving the matter open so that you may take such action as you may deem just.

It is a pleasure to me to have the opportunity of offering you the assurances of my high consideration.

(Signed) T. C. DAWSON.

The Acting Secretary of State to Minister Dawson.

No. 130.]


Washington, August 21, 1906. Sir: I have to acknowledge receipt of your No. 271, of the 1st instant, reporting that the Dominican Government had withdrawn the exequatur of the Portuguese consul on the ground of his complicity in the conspiracy which resulted in the attack upon Macoris.

You state that the consul appealed to you as acting dean to intervene, but that you declined.

The department approves your refusal to intervene.

The withdrawal of an exequatur is, like the granting of one, a sovereign prerogative, conditional on the consular representative being persona grata, and this Government recognizes, and the proper case arising exercises, that right. I am, etc.,


Acting Secretary.

Minister Dawson to the Secretary of State.

No. 286.]


Santo Domingo, August 29, 1906. Sir: Continuing the subject of my No. 271, of the 1st instant, I have the honor to report that the dean of the diplomatic corps an

swered my letter in regard to the withdrawal by this Government of the exequatur of the Portuguese consul. He agrees with me in thinking that the diplomatic corps ought to take no action under the present circumstances. I inclose a copy and translation of his letter. I have the honor to be, sir, etc.,


[Inclosure. --- Translation. )

Mr. Borno to Minister Davoson.


Santo Domingo, August 7, 1906. DEAR AND MUCH HONORED COLLEAGUE: I have the honor to acknowledge receipt of your communication of July 31, ilccompanying a letter from Mr. Hector de Marchena, relative to the withdrawal of an exequatur which the Dominican Government has imposed upon him.

I believe, like you, that the matter having already been officially notified to the Government of his most faithful majesty, that we can do nothing but keep out of it. Besides our intervention in this case would not coustitute a strict duty founded upon some rule of international law violated by the Dominican Government.

Permit me, dear colleague, to seize this occasion to renew to you the expression of my cordial sympathy and of my bigli consideration.

(Signed) Louis BORNO.


Minister Dawson to the Secretary of State.

No. 309.]


Santo Domingo, October 18, 1906. Sir: I have the honor to inclose herewith a copy of a chronology of political events in Santo Domingo since the independence of the country, prepared by me for the information of whoever may be in charge of this legation. I have, etc.,

T. C. Dawson.



1844. February 27.-Revolt against Haiti headed by Duarte, Sanchez, Mella, Bobadilla, Jimenez, and Puello. Declaration of independence. Junta assumes power. Bobadilla, President, and leader of conservative element. Sanchez, negro, leader of radical element.

March 30.-Invading Haitians defeated at Santiago,
May 9.-Southern Haitian army retires from Azua.

June 9.-Military mutiny at capital ; Bobadilla and other conservative members expelled from Junta ; Sanchez becomes President of that body. General disturbances; movement for separate government in Cibao; Mella proclaims Duarte President; Junta ready to accept him. Santana, commander of army in south operating against Haitians, revolts and takes capital.

July 16.-Santana proclaims himself provisional President, and governs in accord with Junta of conservatives; advances on Cibao; resistance suppressed after short civil war.

August 22.-Santana declares traitors and banishes Duarte, Mella, and Sanchez. Quarrels with Junta over project to place national loan abroad.

November 6.-Constitution adopted.
November 13.-Santana inaugurated constitutional President,

1845. Santana sends plenipotentiaries to solicit Spanish protection or annexation. February 27.--Radical plot discovered and punished.

March 27.-Civil war in Haiti being over, that country assumes active measures against Santo Domingo.

July.-Armed resistance to Santana's recruiting party.
September 17.-Haitians repulsed at Estrelleta.

October 27.-Belerfort taken from invading Haitians; Dajabon abandoned by them.


Santana quarrels with Bobadilla, his principal adviser; no armed disturbance in the country.

1847. Dispute between President and Congress; Santana joined by Jimenez and other radicals.

June 12.--Bobadilla exiled.
December 23.-P’uello and fellow conspirators executed.


Financial difficulties; paper money falls; general popular discontent; disputes between President and Congress.

February 28.-Santana retires to his country home for his bealth, leaving cabinet in charge of Government.

August 1.-Santana formally resigns.

September 8.-Jimenez inaugurated President; he recalls radical exiles. Haiti prepares to make another in vision.


March 17.- Haitian victory at Las Matas; dispute between Jimenez and Congress as to calling on Santana to take command of the army.

April 5.- Haitian victory at Los Conucos; Azua taken ; Santana sent to front. April 21.--Santana decisively checks Haitians at Las Carreras.

May.Rupture between Santana and Jimenez; civil war; Cibao declares for Santana; he besieges the capital.

Jay 29.-Jimenez resigns and goes into exile. Santana proclaimed provisional President; exiles many of his opponents.

July 5.-Santiago Espaillat elected President but refuses to serve.

September 24.-Baez inaugurated constitutional President, having been selected by Santana. Unsuccessful efforts to secure both French and American protectorate.


May 7.-Commercial treaty with Great Britain ratified after strong opposition in cabinet. Delmonte, leading conservative, resigns; also later Mella, who had left radicals and joined Santana-Baez party. Haitians prepare for invasion. Pressure by England, France, and United States to induce Haiti to refrain.


May 30.-Skirmish with Haitians at Postrer Rio.

June 9.-Many radicals allowed to return. Signs of rupture between Santana and Baez.

October.--Haiti agrees to a truce for a year.


September.–Santana goes to Caibo with a view of strengthening himself in case of fight with Baez.


February 2.-Temporary reconciliation between Santana and Baez.

February 15.–Santana inaugurated constitutional President, Baez having finished his term.

March 14.–Santana quarrels with and humiliates archbishop and clergy, reversing Baez's policy.

July 3.-Exiles Baez and permits supporters of Jimenez to return.


February 27.–Constitution revised so as to limit Presidential prerogatives. Santana dissatisfied with it. Financial difficulties; Congress charges peculation; President sends armed force to sessions, General Cazneau comes from United States to make treaty of commerce and also to rent Samana Bay; French and British consuls intrigue against him ; bay surveyed by U. S. S. Columbia, Captain Newton, with Gen. George B. McClellan on board.

October 5.-Commercial treaty with United States negotiated; British and French representatives protest; French men-of-war arrive; Santana backs down and takes up idea of Spanish protectorate.

December 23.-New constitution adopted, satisfactory to Santana.


February 18.-—Treaty with Spain signed ; influence of Spanish representatives predominant.

Jarch 25.–Plot by Baez partisans and Sanchez to seize fort at capital fails. Sanchez takes asylum ; six leaders executed and many banished.

August 19.-Ratifications of Spanish treaty exchanged.
December 10.-IIaiti begins another campaign.

December 22.-Decisive victory of Dominican army umder command of Cabral at Santome.

1856. January 27.- Victory over IIaitians near Dajabon. Dispute with Spanish representative over the latter's insistence upon his right to register as Spanish citizens under the treaty virtually all native Dominicans who might apply. Consul visits Baez at St. Thomas and is generally believed to have reached an arrangement to support him in overthrowing Santana. Public excitement; Spanish partisans threaten American consul. May 26.–Santana resigns; Vice-President Regla Mota becomes President.

June 13.— With Spanish war ships in port Dominican Government concedes to remove discriminations in license fees between foreigners and citizens. This measure had been adopted to discourage native Dominicans from registering as Spanish citizens.

August 31.--President and Senate resolve to recall Baez and endeavor to reconcile him and Santana.

October 8.-Baez having been elected Vice-President, President Mota resigns, and Baez is inaugurated as President.


January 8.-Santana arrested and sent into exile; his partisans proscribed.

May 2.-Baez issues $18,000,000 of paper money, and endeavors to buy with it all gold in country at ratio of 681 to 1. Commerce demoralized; owners of gold resist giving it up; opposition especially violent in Ciboa, where gold basis had hitherto prevailed.

July 7.-Santiago pronounces against Baez; all Cibao joins, establishing its own government with Junta of which Valverde was president. General civil war; Baez loses most of country.

July 26.-Baez besieged in capital.

September 18.–Santana having been recalled from exile, takes command of forces besieging capital. Sorties defeated, but city proves impregnable to troops without artillery.


February 19.-Liberal constitution adopted by Santiago government.

March 1.- Valverde inaugurated as President thereunder. Renewed vigor in operations against Baez; no progress at Santo Domingo, and Baez's superior flotilla hampers Santiago government on northern coast.

May 8.- Valverde people take Samana by assault.

June 12.–Baez resigns and goes into exile; Santana takes possession of capital; quarrels with Santiago government.

July 27.-Santana declares himself dictator; marches against Cibao; Valverde's troops desert to Santana.

August 28.- Valverde resigns; Santana abolishes constitution of 1838 and proclaims that of December 23, 1854.

October 21.-Prays for Spanish help against expected Haitian attack. Gives his passports to French consul, who advised him to reunite Santo Domingo with Haiti. Baez believed to be intriguing for French annexation and help.


January 31.-Santana inaugurated constitutional President. February 25.-Spanish Government sends evasive answer and leaves question of protectorate or annexation open.

Jay 8.--Conspiracy at Azua; discovered and punished.

Alay 26.-All the European consuls leave the country because Santana had repudiated paper money issued by Baez.

August 30,-Plot of Sanchez and others to take fort at capital; discovered and punished.

September 1.-Band of Baez partisans surprise and take Azua; small disturbances in Cibao.

September 15.-Government recaptures Azua. October 12.--Ten insurgents executed at Azua; Government everywhere triumphant.

Vorember 30.--French, British, and Spanish (Don Juan de Austria) war ships arrive to demand satisfaction about paper-money question.

December 12.-Protocol conceding European demands signed.


Ramirez, governor of frontier, revolts because Santana interferes with the contraband trade he was protecting in combination with Haitians; insurrection at Las Matas, Neiba, and Cercado.

June 1.-Santana decisively defeats insurgents. They take refuge in Haiti and thence keep up guerrilla attacks.

July 5.- Arrival of Spanish commissioner to investigate; reports favorably to annexation,


January.—Mella imprisoned ; efforts of Pedro Merino, Manzueta, and Leger against Santana's plans for annexation fail.

March 18 to 26.-Reincorporation with Spain proclaimed in all the towns of the Republic.

April 7.-Spanish fleet and army arrive from Ilabana.

May 2.-Antiannexation movement in Moca; suppressed and participants shot.

May 19.-Spanish Government formally accepts reincorporation.

May 25.-Sanchez, Cabral, and other exiles, with equipment furnished by Haitian Government, invade across land frontier and take Cercado and Las Matas.

June.-Under pressure by Spanish Government Haiti notifies Sancbez and Cabral that it can give them no more help. Cabral fees; Sanchez captured with 20 companions.

July 4.-Sanchez and 20 others executed.
August 8.-Spanish agent arrives and Santana takes oath as captain-general.


January 7.-Santana offers his resignation as captain-general.
May 2.-His resignation is accepted.
July 20.-Ribero, sent from Spain, becomes captain-general.

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