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torial columns: "The printer who makes
SECRETARIES, ATTENTION ! 'panhandling' on his union card his chief A large number of subordinate unions means of support is slowly but surely being have at this writing failed to send in their placed in the position of having to seek his scale reports, which should have reached livelihood outside the printing business.” headquarters not later than December 1,
1904. Local secretaries are urged to give Instead of typewriting testimony taken in this important matter their immediate atcourt, public stenographers in New York tention. Blanks designed for the purpose o city, it is said, now dictate it into a phono- collecting data for these reports were mailed graph, and the matter is set up on a linotype to all secretaries on November 17 last. The machine direct from the phonograph cylin
figures will be published in pamphlet form,
figures will be der. thus greatly facilitating the work of as required by law, as soon as returns have lawyers.
been received from all unions. Copies will
be at the disposal of the officers and memThe Topeka (Kan.) Labor Champion bers of subordinate unions. prints the following story: “It is related of a Topeka printer that a few days ago he vis A WRITER on trade union subjects has figited a tailor shop that advertises union-made ured that by taking the 2,250,000 members of clothes only. The printer wanted trousers, trade unions and basing their wages at $1.50 and was shown a pair that suited all right as a day for 300 days in the year, it will be to the price, but when he looked for the found that they have a purchasing strength label it was not to be found. He spoke to of $1,012,500,000 a year. This sum-so great the tailor about it, who replied that it was that it is difficult and well-nigh impossible certainly union made, saying that a young to appreciate its influence-if used to pay lady, sitting at a machine near by, had made rent for homes built by union labor, and in them. The printer said the only way to buying the necessaries of life that were prove to him that they were union made was manufactured or produced by organized to put the union label on them. This caused workmen, would soon work a revolution in the young lady to remark that she supposed every industry in the land. she would have to join the union. And the printer replied: 'You will have to join the “Poverty," by Robert Hunter, contains union if you want me to wear your pants.'” nearly 400 pages, every one of which may
be read with profit, not only by students of In his department in the American Press- the social problem, but by the general man for December, President Higgins, of
reader. To JOU'RNAL readers who are interthe International Pressmen and Assistants'
ested in the subject we would say, get the Union, has the following paragraph: “The
book and read it. It is published by the speech of President Lynch, of the Interna- Macmillan Company, New York. tional Typographical Union, in addition to the report of the committee on President The Glenwood Boy, published by the boys Gompers' report, relative to the eight-hour of the Illinois Manual Training School day effort of the International Typograph- farm, at Glenwood, I11., and edited by John ical Union, was a masterpiece, and at its E. Teal, is a creditable production in every conclusion he was warmly applauded. His respect. The November number appeared presentation of the work now going on on in a considerably enlarged and improved the part of the International Typographical form. Union toward advancing the eight-huur day showed that he and his colleagues of the In- H. E. GARMAN, a member of Denver ternational Typographical Union executive (Colo.) Union No. 49, and secretary of the board are fully alive to the magnitude of the Cummings memorial committee, was elected task before them, while the word 'fail to the lower house of the legislature of Colseems to have been left out of the Interna- orado in November last on the Democratic tional Typographical Union lexicon.”
ticket, but the supreme court of that state
has just rendered a decision unseating all democrats elected from Denver county. The friends of Mr. Garman will regret to learn of the loss of his seat in the legislature through this decision.
If the usual custom is observed, James Woodward, the union printer mayor of Atlanta, Ga., will have the honor of welcoming D. M. Parry and his association to that city next fall. Well, THE JOURNAL is confident that Mr. Woodward will be found equal to the emergency.
At the recent meeting in New York city of the National Civic Federation, August Belmont was unanimously chosen president of that organization, to succeed the late Senator M. A. Hanna. Samuel B. Donnelly, expresident of the International Typographical Union, was at the same time re-elected secretary of the federation.
.The following advertisement appeared in various newspapers throughout the country during the past few weeks :
Wanted-First-class, all-round job printers; open office. The Republican Publishing Company, Ham. ilton, Ohio.
Typographical Union No. 290 wishes it understood that it does not recognize the "open shop" within its jurisdiction, and asks THE JOURNAL to warn all members of the International Typographical Union against accepting positions with the Republican Publishing Company, of Hamilton, Ohio.
THE EIGHT-HOUR ASSESSMENT. Many inquiries have reached headquarters regarding the eight-hour assessment. There seems to be doubt in some quarters as to the disposition to be made of the money as it is collected. THE JOURNAL therefore again calls attention to the proposition as voted on by the membership:
Resolved, That an assessment of one-half of one (1) per cent on all moneys earned be levied upon the membership of the International Typographical Union for the purpose of a defense fund. Such fund to be held and expended by the subordinate union, except in those cases where no trouble is experi. enced in putting in operation the eight-hour day, and in such unions one-half of the assessment to be subject to call of the International officers for use in the furtherance of the eight-hour day as deemed in their judgment necessary;
Resolved, That on January 1, 1906, the eighthour day shall become effective in all union establishments under the jurisdiction of the International Typographical Union, where existing con. tracts do not prevent, and in each instance where the eight-hour day is refused work shall cease.
The payment of the assessment begins January 1, 1905. Locals that do not collect dues under the percentage plan should at once arrange to have each member report his weekly earnings to the secretary. This report can be made direct, or, where chapels exist, through the chairmen. At the end of the month the earnings of each member can be totaled by the secretary, and the sum due from members entered on their cards and collected with the per capita tax and dues. In the case of proprietors who are active members, the scale of the union should be used as a basis in collecting the assessment.
All money derived from the assessment should be kept separate from the other funds of the union. Monthly reports to headquarters, showing the earnings of all members and the amount collected on account of the assessment will be required. Forms for this report will be furnished local secretaries by the secretary-treasurer.
The officers of all unions are urged to exercise the utmost care in handling this assessment and to follow closely the directions given in Circular No. 9, issued by the International eight-hour committee on Decembe. 22.
The New York Unionist credits an advertising agent with making the following suggestion: "Dr. Munyon is running his picture in all his advertisements, and has to pay for about ten agate lines more for every advertisement than Douglas, the shoe advertiser. This is because Douglas is baldheaded, while Dr. Munyon, who combs his hair pompadour style, has to devote eight to ten lines additional space for the upper part of his head. Figure out that Munyon uses about $100,000 worth of space a year, and calculate each advertisement's extra cost, and you will find that a hair-cut would be worth to Munyon in the neighborhood of $5,000 per annum."
Quite a number of factory owners in Illinois have recently been fined for violating the child labor laws.
THE NEW BOOK OF LAWS. Copies of the revised book of laws of the International Typographical Union have been shipped to the secretaries of all subordinate unions. Unions desiring more of the books than have been furnished can obtain them by writing headquarters. It is requested that improperly bound copies of the laws -should any be found imperfect upon their receipt-be returned and exchanged for per fect books.
MANY of his fellow craftsmen throughout the country will regret to learn of the death of Samuel S. Harrison, which occurred on Christmas eve at the Union Printers' Home, to which he was admitted from Butte (Mont.) Union, on October 31 last. "Sam” was especially well known and invariably well liked by the printers of the south and west. He never considered a personal sacrifice of too great magnitude to be made in behalf of the trade union movement. Mr. Harrison was fifty-seven years old, and his death resulted from tuberculosis. His remains were laid to rest in the Home plot in Evergreen cemetery, Colorado Springs.
national Typographical Union in 1892 instructed the board of trustees “to fix the salary of the president of the board at $300 per year and the salary of the secretary at $300 per year." This convention also passed laws specifying the amount of per capita tax to be apportioned the Home, and enacted legislation reorganizing the board of trustees and Home corporation, the latter providing that the president and secretarytreasurer of the International Typographical Union should hold the offices of president and secretary, respectively, of the Union Printers' Home. At the Chicago convention in 1893 the salary of the treasurer of the Home was made $100 per annum. At the meeting of the Home trustees in 1903 the salary of the president was increased to $400 per annum, and the offices of secretary and treasurer consolidated, at the same salary as formerly paid for both positions-$400 per annum. It will thus be seen that the salaries paid the Home officials-who hold similar positions in the International Union-were originally established by order of the International Union in convention assembled in 1892, when the Home was in its infancy and the volume of business was comparatively small. The annual meeting of the board of trustees is held at the Union Printers' Home, pursuant to instructions of the International Typographical Union at the Syracuse session in 1808.
In response to numerous inquiries on the subject, the following information relative to the salaries of International officers and officials of the Union Printers' Home is published: When permanent headquarters were established in Indianapolis in 1888 the yearly salaries of the president and secretary-treasurer were placed at $1,400 each; at the Denver convention in 1889 the salary of the secretary-treasurer was increased to $1,700 per annum, out of which that official was expected to pay the premium on the bond that he is required by law to furnish the organization—the premium ranging from $300 to $150. In 1899 the Detroit convention enacted legislation declaring that the premium on the secretary-treasurer's bond should thereafter be paid by the organization. The above salaries were increased to $1,800 each, by referendum vote, in the fall of 1901, and remain at that figure. Regarding the salaries of the president and secretary-treasurer of the Union Printers' Home, the official records show that the Philadelphia session of the Inter
Full to overflowing with venomous tirades against organized labor, and illustrated with hideous as well as sacrilegious cartoons, came the first two numbers of the Message, published in San Francisco, Cal., by Herbert V. Ready, the notorious strike breaker. These two issues of the paper were distributed free. It could hardly be imagined that any sane person would want to subscribe for such a sheet. The entire absence of advertisements from its columns is not to be wondered at.
T he constitution and by-laws of the Society of Typographical Journal Correspondents have been issued. The preamble reads: “To create and maintain interest in the work of corresponding for The TYPOGRAPHICAL JOURNAL; to secure regular reports in bers of the union, which has the sanction of the company. The new organization has a signed wage scale and a strict union shop agreement, and is affiliated with the American Federation of Labor. As a result of organization, wages have been materially increased.
its columns from all of the printing centers in the International Typographical Union jurisdiction; to establish a feeling of mutual interest among the faithful contributors to the official organ, and to do all things for the improvement of the workers in the art preservative of arts, this society is formed." The officers of the society are: President, L. S. Coombes, Terre Haute, Ind.; first vicepresident, James Monroe Kreiter, Washington, D. C.; second vice-president, Herbert W. Cooke, Dorchester, Mass.; treasurer, Charles W. Fear, Kansas City, Mo.; secretary, J. J. Dirks, St. Louis, Mo.
PRESIDENT SHAFFER, of the Amalgamated Association of Iron, Steel and Tin Workers, is reported in the daily papers as saying that under no circumstances will he be a candidate for re-election. He says his health is broken, and the duties of the office are too arduous for one in his condition. He denies that he is being forced out because of his failure to take charge of a strike in Youngstown, Ohio.
The treatment accorded the Parryites and their convention in New York city was of an icy nature, and the reports of the doings of the meeting given by the daily press were in strict accordance with its size and importance—mighty slim. When compared with the space given by the newspapers to the doings of the American Federation of Labor convention in San Francisco the attention bestowed on the National Industrial Association sinks into insignificance.
Acting upon an important opinion, submitted at a recent meeting of the cabinet, in regard to guessing contests in newspapers, magazines, etc., and which declared all such to be lotteries, the postmaster-general will debar from the mails all papers, etc., publishing such contests. The attorney-general says the contests are in effect lotteries under the guise of guessing contests. This opinion applies to all guessing contests, and overrules all former decisions concerning such schemes.
A RECENT issue of the Social Democratic Herald, the organ of the Wisconsin socialists, contained an article in the heading of which appeared the words, “Comrade Parry,” in large type, concluding with the words, "was fighting for us,” in equally large type.
The Dayton (Ohio) Evening Herald of December 22 contained a reprint of the entire Inland Printer article on the Union Printers' Home, with an additional note concerning two former members of No. 57, who are now domiciled at that institution.
The number of factory employment certificates issued to children by the department of health of Manhattan borough, New York city, has declined over one-third under the operation of the child labor laws enacted in 1903.
The Washington (D. C.) correspondent of the Boston Herald wrote a thrilling narrative of the inhuman treatment of a Thanksgiving turkey by President Roosevelt's children, and accused the president of being a looker-on and enjoying the questionable sport. As punishment for this grave offense, the president, through his secretary, has ordered that the weather forecaster shall not hereafter furnish the Herald with any weather maps or official notices of weather conditions. The daily press of the country is characterizing this act of the president as press censorship, one paper saying that while the story was silly the order of the president is sillier. However, taking the average forecast of the weather sent out by the bureau at its usual value, the Herald will find no difficulty in filling the vacant space with news of a more reliable nature. This is no reflection upon Chief Moore, of the Weather Bureau.
AFTER struggling for two years to gain recognition, the telephone girls of Springfield, Mo., claim to have the first union in that industry. All the operatives of the tel. ephone company in Springfield are mem
A NEw weekly publication in the interest of the game of bowling has appeared in Pittsburg, Pa. The Pittsburg Bowler is creditable in its makeup, both typographically and editorially, and will undoubtedly be appreciated by those interested in the ancient game. The new paper carries the allied trades label.
PRESIDENT Eliot, of Harvard University, is reported to be having some practical experience in the labor question. He is rearranging the work of the instructors at that institution, with the object of saving from $15,000 to $25,000 in the yearly payroll. The Boston Globe remarks that there isn't any danger of a strike.
against the cause of unionism. How different from the advice given at the national convention of employers held in New York a few days since, where those present were urged to boycott the news. paper which favored labor unions! The plain truth is that it is the employer, the corporation, the financial institution, which is always trying to control the editorial policy of the press by coercing it through the business end of the paper, or openly attempting to buy it with cash or position. And the press of the land is susceptible to this influence. It must be confessed that the press is more considerate of the employer than of the employed in event there is a clash. All the more reason then why credit should be given to the American Federation of Labor in its stand against a venal press, which is the first unmistakable sign of the people's oppression and national decay.
THE JOURNAL commends the article above quoted to our union-smashing friends, in the hope that they may see themselves as the other fellows see (and understand) them.
In its leading editorial in a recent issue, , under the caption, “Labor Unions and a
Free Press,” the Richmond (Ind.) Item expresses its views in the following language:
We hear a great deal these days about the tyranny of labor and labor organizations. No doubt there are many isolated cases where labor organizations use their power in a tyrannical way, but, as a whole, labor organizations in America are very sensible, very fair and have as their first desire the upliftment and progress of mankind and the perpetuity of free institutions. And the older labor organizations become, the more Inclined they are to reject the propositions of the fanatic and demagogue. It was not so long ago that in their national convention the Typograph ical Union voted down a proposition to prevent its members from joining the militia. It is needless to say that such action in nowise weakened that special union or unionism as a whole, nor did it place any additional or stronger weapon in the hands of its adversaries. On the other hand, it weakened the contention of its opponents, such as Parry, that unionism is unpatriotic and stands against those forces of government that make for stability and preserve order. The Amer. ican Federation of Labor at its last national con. vention, a convention which represented nearly two million laboring men of the nation, passed a resolution which reads:
The untrammeled freedom of the press is so important to the well-being, not only of organized labor, but to human civilized life, that no conceivable circumstance can arise that can warrant trade unionists in their organized capacity to place a publication upon a boycott list for the expression of opinion.
Here then we have the American Federation of Labor on record against a subsidized press, even though that press, unsubsidized, is against the cause of unionism; or would, if subsidized, support labor unions. It is the declaration of or ganized labor in favor of a free press, a press that expresses its opinions, even though they be
SECRETARY JOB, of the union smashers, wrote President Bicknell, of the Chicago Bureau of Associated Charities, stating that the employment bureau of the Employers' Association would give employment to any workmen sent there by the charity bureau. President Bicknell is credited with having made the following reply to his Joblots: "I have learned that you are fighting organized labor. If the bureau sends any men to you they will first be informed of the situation. We rarely have applications for relief from union men. The unions take care of their own people. The union men also make better wages than the non-union, because they do better work."
One of the first official acts of Postmaster-General Wynne was to dismiss the president of the National Association of Rural Carriers and also the president of the National Association of Letter Carriers. The reasons assigned for the dismissals were insubordination, absence from duty without leave, and violation of an order prohibiting attempts of government employes to influence legislation or to solicit increase of pay. It is said that the removals will be investigated by congress.
Out of a total shipment of 8,374 packages of mail and express matter from headquarters during the month of November, 1904. 7,041 pieces were first-class mail.