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name is better than riches. Mr. Waudby, however, is a man who will make his mark in the world, and this disappointment will only tend to stimulate him to better effort. "You can't keep a good man down."

Kino.

gates on the part of the city, and A. E. Hill re. sponded. The welcome addresses could scarcely have been improved upon by members of organized labor. The next meeting of the federation will be held in Memphis.

Nashville's labor representatives in the legislature are J. J. Straub, a member of No. 20 (second term), and C. P. Fahey, a member of the leather workers' union (also second term), both in the house of representatives. Labor's interests will be well taken care of.

An effort is to be made by the Nashville commercial bodies to have the Alabama anti-boycott law passed by the Tennessee legislature. This is a vicious measure and should be defeated if possible.

The time for electing delegates to the Interna. tional Typographical Union is less than four months distant, but the “dry bones" have not yet begun to rattle. At the last meeting of the union it was decided to set aside 10 per cent of the gross receipts as a "delegate fund,” which reduces by half the amount previously going into the sinking fund. Unwise to reduce the sinking fund allowance, but the majority of those present did not seem to think there would soon be any need of funds. Trouble is always possible, regardless of conditions, and a swelling "strong box” is a wonderfully deterring lever in the hands of the union.

THE JOURNAL is certainly becoming a "hummer" in the magazine line, and is in itself a knowledge box, so to speak, but it comes too seldom.

No. 20 has quite a number of ex-delegates, but as yet no organization of that exclusive set has been formed here.

Asa.

TORONTO, CANADA. Being one of the first to agitate for a permanent financial secretary, suppose it is now in line for the writer to begin an agitation that he be paid the newspaper day scale. We have an Ai officer in Mr. Vodden, so let his remuneration be consistent with his duties.

Trade in Toronto has been fairly active in the book and job trade, while the newspapers have been rather slow, notwithstanding the civic and provincial election campaigns. Would advise prints to keep away for the present.

James Simpson, vice-president of No. 91, was elected to the board of education for the city of Toronto, and well does he deserve the honor be.

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BATAVIA, N. Y. Something new in Batavia? Well, you bet! Brand new contracts for three years for Typographical Union No. 511, with an eight-and-onehalf-hour day from April 3, 1905, to January 1, 1906, and an eight-hour day from that date to January 1, 1908. That is something pretty good for a union which was organized only two and one. half years ago. It sets the pace for western New York, and the members of No. 511 are correspondingly elated over the result. Organizer John E. McLoughlin came here to assist in negotiating the contracts and did fine work, and it was largely his tireless energy and ingenuity which performed the feat. The union tendered him a unanimous vote of thanks, and he will always receive a warm wel. come from the boys when he comes this way.

New officers have been elected by No. 511.

The typographical union put on a very success. ful entertainment in Ellicott hall on Monday evening, January 2, and added a neat sum to its treasury.

Batavia is the home now of William S. Waudby, who was the unanimous choice of organized labor for commissioner, in place of Carroll D. Wright. Mr. Waudby has the great satisfaction, just the same, of knowing that although the president did not see fit to honor him with the position of commissioner of labor, which he was in all rea son entitled to have received, he stands high in the estimation of his fellow craftsmen, and a good

stowed upon him. Mr. Simpson was nominated by the Canadian Socialist League, and with the support of a large number of union men who recognized his labors on behalf of the labor temple, he was elected fourth on the list. Mr. Simpson is an earnest, convincing speaker, and not only will he uphold the dignity of the socialists, but also or. ganized labor, in his new office.

Are you in the running for Toronto? The freedom of the city will be yours whether you come as delegate, ex-delegate or visitor.

Sage's and Davis-Henderson's are now located in their new premises. Ford's and Warwick's expect to sojourn west in the near future.

"Stand by the executive council" was the feeling of the January meeting.

The woman's auxiliary held another well attended meeting, and several more names were ad. ded to the charter list. It is expected that No. 91 will provide the ladies with the necessary books and other stationery. Come, "Brother Bill,” let us be optimists in relation to the ladies. As for be. ing bargain-hunters, why they can not be compared with the officer of a union who complained about the department stores not opening at 7 A. M., when he was after a $2.95 bargain suit of clothes.

The Globe recently gave a complimentary edi. torial on the Union Printers' Home and the policy of the union printers in dealing with their em. ployers.

Where was organized labor in the recent civic elections? Never were the principles of unionism lowered as they were on this occasion. However, it taught us one thing—that the labor vote is not carried around by a few labor politicians. Instead of standing by and working for the labor nominees, some were more concerned about the candidate with the wherewithal.

At the January meeting the union donated $10 to the Sick Children's hospital and $20 to the To. ronto Free Consumptive hospital.

Well would it be if organized labor let the socialists attend to the political end of the situation.

The eleventh annual meeting of the Methodist Bookroom Benefit Society was recently held, and the report showed a balance of $561, after paying $276 in sick benefits during the year. H. H. Phil. lips was elected president and H. Balsan secretary. treasurer.

Ten-pin bowling is the printers' winter amuse. ment here, there being no less than fifteen clubs in the league. It is rumored that Buffalo prints may receive a challenge from the Overhomers.

No. 91 now holds its regular meetings in the Labor Temple.

Monotypes are being operated in three of the offices at present.

A proprietor of a printshop has thought out a novel idea to pay his employes. When the ghost did not appear he started to open his establishment each morning with Divine blessing on all his employes, evidently believing that to be sufficient recompense for their labors while in his employ.

Ye gods, just think! The Gurney Foundry Com pany, makers of non-union stoves and furnaces, in sworn testimony, states that each employe earning $1.75 a day produces labor to the value of $225 for the firm. An apprentice whom they paid 663 cents a day, was worth $125 a day to them. This is only one example of the unfair distribution of this world's goods under the competitive system.

Are you a long-range critic or a millstone economist?

The November and December issues of the La. bor Gazette gave a complete tabulated statement of wages of the allied printing trades throughout the Dominion.

During the appearance of George Monroe (Feb. ruary 13-19) at the Grand Opera House the man. agement has generously set apart a night for the members of No. 91 and their friends

Friends Cooke and Dirks will agree on one thing: On to Toronto--the Queen City of Canada.

Two STARS.

TERRE HAUTE, IND. The book and job printers held an "important social” on Sunday, January 8. Among other things the most "potent" was the appointment of a committee on "expression.” The committee failed to report, but the expressions expressed placed the ex. ecutive committee (whose members were amicably endeavoring to adjust the enforcement of the eight-hour day) up against a real hard proposition. The executive committee finally succeeded in securing a two-year contract at the present scale, and the eight-hour day to be in effect on and after Jan. uary 1, 1906. Those members responsible for the meeting should be more than censured for their conduct

At the last meeting the secretary was instructed to collect the eight-hour-day assessment, as provided for by the referendum. Also an assessment of 50 cents a member for the Cummings memorial.

The legislature is in session-what has become of Slemons' political appointment?

Secretary Walsh, headman on the Star, is the proud father of a boy.

The Toiler, a labor paper, edited and published by Ed H. Evenger, a member of No. 76, has suspended publication.

Nominations for officers for the ensuing year resulted as follows: John S. Edmunds, president; James Walsh, secretary-treasurer.

Brother Weiner, of Cleveland, in a way, expresses himself badly toward Toronto. If I remember right it was Brother Weiner who passed around the dyspepsia tablets at St. Louis, and received the "No, thank you; I never had occasion to use them."

In behalf of the Society of Typographical Jour. nal Correspondents, would say that A. D. Scougal, of Sioux City, is eligible to membership in that organization. And there are others. Address, J. J. Dirks, secretary, 1338a Walton avenue, St. Louis, Mo.

L. S. CoomBES.

THE SIMPLE LIFE. A couple of former roadsters, for several years past leading the “simple life," one cool evening lately, in the shelter of a hallway on Broad street, were overheard by the writer, unobserved, in something like the following, about the “good old times:"

"I tell you New Haven at that time, eighteen years ago, had a bunch around that was paramount among printers for original ideas and the business ability to put them into execution. Not throwing any bouquets at myself, I will say that I was numbered in that galaxy, but the small quantity of gray matter I possessed permitted me only to play supernumerary parts. After a season of New Haven and its enjoyments, with all the excitement a star bunch of originals can inaugurate, four of us, for reasons best known to ourselves, decided to make Bridgeport-as a way station to the metropolis. Our leading man, who four days before, after clambering down from the water wagon, had been arrayed in tailor mades and patents, was now laboriously sporting a congress and an oxford, both of which were intended for the same pedal extrem. ity. Our whole outfit was in harmony with the leading man's footgear.

"After passing through one village and surviving the awful 'rubberings' the natives liberally be stowed upon us, and after finishing the last of a half-pint of New Haven spiritus fermenti, the leading man announced that he had an idea-the first in four days.

"The idea in entirety-when unfolded—was that Joe and Tom were to impersonate the then two famous long-distance runners of the day, the lead. ing man to be a trainer, and myself to be the advance agent, to go ahead and warn the towns along the line that a race was on and that the people would be conferring a favor by abstaining from giving or offering anything to the participants.

“My part of the work was easy and I played the role to the best of my ability at the next village, after which I piked a sufficient distance into the jungle and awaited the result of the ruse. After a while along came the trio in abbreviated cos. tumes, fushed of face and redolent of the per fume of nectar of barleycorn. Notwithstanding the solemn warning, the natives had insisted in be stowing four quarts and $4.60 on the much-winded Mercurys.'

"This plan, worked in two more villages along the road, landed us in Bridgeport with $14.75 in cash and innumerable phials of the spark of life.”

At this point the observer was observed, and although he tried to continue the topic on the same lines, the “simple lifers" insisted on switching over to the Colorado-Peabody affair. W. F. C.

Newark, N. J.

ployed should be allowed to keep Sunday and work Saturday. This was done for several Adventists before the Adventist superintendent took charge, they being allowed to rest on Saturday and work the other six days. Mr. Nelson, however, does not care for the religious rights of others, and the Sunday keepers are leaving the Pilgrim as fast as they can secure other positions. In every instance, an Adventist takes the vacant place.

The local citizens' alliance will shortly issue a booklet setting forth its aims and objects. They state that they have got rid of the celebrated Job, who came to Battle Creek to help them organize, and that they will not fight unions, but will insist on the open shop. The alliance is looked upon with anything but favor by the workingmen of the city.

Our labor paper manages to keep alive and is exerting an influence for good in the city. There is a quiet revival of unionism going on, meetings are being better attended and new members are rapidly coming into the fold.

Tourist printers are not stopping off, the ten. hour day, with proportionately small pay, offering but poor inducement. A UNION PRINTER.

IN 1925—IF YOU VOTE RIGHT. The National Museum has received volumes descriptive of labor strikes, boycotts and lockouts, which were so much in vogue many years ago.

The supreme court of arbitration has not had an appeal before it in several months. The district arbitration courts are working so fairly there is seldom a desire to appeal from their decisions.

A civil service examination for railroad trainmen will be held next week.

. The proposed six-hour law has been overwhelmingly adopted by the referendum.

United States Senator Smith, of Pennsylvania, a member of the coal miners' union, is being considered by the president for the supreme court bench.

J. J. Dirks. St. Louis, Mo.

BATTLE CREEK, MICH. The printing business has fallen off consider ably in the last two years, and the local outlook is anything but bright. The controversy for the ninehour day still continues.

Carl Schneppe, our president, received an appointment in the government office January 8, and has left for Washington. We regret his departure and wish him every success in his new home.

The Review and Herald was sold at auction January 9. The Adventists are contemplating taking the plant to Washington, D. C. We hope they will go. Columbia Union will have troubles of its own if that aggregation locates there.

The body of Neil S. Phelps, principal stockholder and moving spirit in the Ellis Publishing Company, one of the largest printing establishments, was fished out of Battle creek during the first week in January. He had been missing for several months, and as he left some forged stock behind it was thought he had absconded. The find. ing of his body, therefore, came as a complete surprise. The verdict of the coroner's jury was accidental death. Mr. Phelps was heavily insured.

The Pilgrim Magazine Company, which prints the Pilgrim and does considerable job work, has turned its office into a Seventh-Day Adventist shop. It works Sunday in place of Saturday. This was done to get cheap Adventist help and not from religious motives. It has led to a religious controversy in the local press. The general impression in Battle Creek is that the Sunday keepers em

BEAUMONT, TEXAS. A new candidate for public favor has made its appearance in the journalistic field here, the Union Label, a six-column folio published by Messrs. Tinker & Templeton in the interests of organized labor, J. W. Tinker, the nigh horse of the team, is well and favorably known throughout Illinois and the Pacific coast, while John D. Templeton, the off member, enjoys a large acquaintance in Texas and the southwest generally. The first number of the Label bears witness to their printing ability and general rustling qualities, and should prove an earnest of their future success as industrial educators.

Um-um-ahr! How nice it would be just to be up in Toronto and take part in some of those "bowl. ing" matches. It must require a large number of bowls to put an entire newspaper chapel to sleep, as Brother "Two Stars" assured us was the case in his last letter. Yes, ah! a little “Canadian Club" in mine, too, thank you. Preston Morrow.

fellows' label.” If the article you wish to procure is manufactured with the label, insist on having the union-made goods. Again, do not shirk committee work; for, as a rule, the shirker likes to reap the benefits just the same as the man that has got his shoulder to the wheel. Have you done your duty?

Charles Paulman, the grandfather of No. 19. called at the different offices during the first of the month. “Grandpa" is now an inmate of the Soldiers' and Sailors' Home, at Bath, N. Y.

A new scale committee was appointed by Presi. dent Miller at the last meeting, and it is preparing a new scale which will be presented to the proprietors at a later date.

The year 1905 promises to be a prosperous one for No. 19. You have made a good start. Keep it up.

Already there is some canvassing for delegate. Only one name has been mentioned up to date, that of William P. Carpenter, of the Gazette. It is probable "Carp" will be elected without opposition.

Rox.

CLEVELAND, OHIO. Thanks for a copy of The Stick are due Louis Fuchs, of St. Louis.

The auxiliary here is meeting with no encour. agement from the membership at large and the few true and tried ones are holding on, waiting for something to turn up.

No. 53 endorsed the action of the executive council of the International Typographical Union in regard to the Philadelphia matter.

The second joint mass meeting and smoker of the allied printing trades council took place on Sunday, January 29, and was a success.

No. 53 voted to co-operate with the Interna. tional Typographical Union to organize all printers in northern Ohio. A number of smail towns can be gotten in line by proper means. I suppose a convention will be called in Cleveland in the near future, to which all unions in the vicinity will be asked to send delegates.

The 5-cents-a-week assessment was discontinued and the i per cent assessment taken up during January.

Kreiter, of Washington, has got the tip on a new Toronto beverage called the printer's punch, so leave your hammers at home, as there will be no knocking; just punching.

Hope that Kreiter and “Uno," of Niagara Falls, make up by next August, so that the punch won't be too hard.

Brother Cooke, of Boston, will be able to digest those Canucks he talked about eating at Toronto next August, with the aid of some of that Toronto punch.

The label socials given by the central labor union are meeting with success. They are held every month.

It is being whispered around that Billy Steffen is going To-ron-to.

The news of the successes of our old friend, Charles T. Scott, brings smiles of satisfaction to the faces of his friends here.

No. 53 has a poet and his name is Clarence W. Dean.

Much credit is due Frank Smith, of the Press, for the success of the label socials given by the central body.

Well, the jobmen are now getting to work on that eight-hour day. That helps some, anyway.

JOSEPH WEINER.

SOCIALISM VS. UNIONISM. These are the years of materialism. We have come to rely so much upon machinery, that even the minds of our thinkers have become affected to the extent that they would bring about the millennial condition by a mere mechanical change in the form of governments. Prompted by this desire, there was entered in the last presidential race a party known as the socialist party, which party, with the popular Debs at its head, polled 400,000 votes. As the merest breath of air veers the vane in one direction or another, so this vote, small as it is, is full of meaning to the workingman.

If these are the years of materialism, they are also the years of practicability. This practicability has become so much a part of our life, that even the toys we give our children must be practical, and the little ones are not satisfied unless they are so. Born of this practicability is the labor union, which, by the good it has accomplished in the past fifty years, is holding in check the speculative minds that would have us overthrow our present civilization for something that is to most minds not possible.

With the Cæsarean tactics of many of our public officials to overthrow the labor union in mind, it is hard for one crying out in the wilderness against socialism to be heard. The judiciary is our enemy. The press of the country hates us. Papers whose sympathies are as broad as one could wish, in religion, politics, art and the sciences, look on the union question with narrow minds. They resort to vilification, and heap abuse on the trade unionist. So general is this condemnation, that it would not te hard, indeed, for a stranger from the banks of the Ob, on coming into our midst, to believe that the discordant, the incompetent, the immoral and the wicked are banded together under the standard of organized labor.

What we call the new socialism is founded in a deep, honest purpose of bringing about a more equal distribution of wealth. No one who has read the brilliant arguments of Marx, Engels, or Lieb

ELMIRA, N. Y. The January meeting of No. 19 was very largely attended, and there was much doing in matters which have been running rather loose, chiefly in regard to violation of the six-day law, which will be strictly enforced in the future.

The new amendments to No. 19's by-laws proved a winner as a dues collector, there being only five members in arrears for December. Thanks to the finance committee and Secretary Spalding.

Don't think because you pay your dues and live up to the rules of your organization that you have fulfilled your duty to unionism. If you do, you are mistaken. But remember when making a purchase of any kind (tobacco included), the "other

knecht could pass them off with a slight. Were bown, of New York, in a letter to the New York their premises true, as their arguments are ap Sun, answers the overproduction fallacy thus: pealing, socialism, as taught by them, would be "There can be no legitimate overproduction of even now realized. But the foundation of their necessaries in a country until there is ample food, structure is laid in sand. Their socialism looks clothing and shelter for every man, woman and askance at every reform that falls short of its child within its borders. We suffer from overideals. One of its most lucid exponents, in a production because our people have not the finanspeech before the Erfurt congress of the German cial power to buy the things they so sorely need. party in 1891, said: “Against all parties, we so The remedy for a glut is indeed an outlet. Let cial democrats close our ranks. There are no that outlet be through the pockets of the wage compacts, no compromises. Between us and the earners." army of our allied opponents is a great gulf;

a I n twenty years the wages of labor have been gulf yawning wider and deeper every day, across increased from 600 to 700 per cent, while the which the economic leap may be made from their hours of daily labor have been decreased 20 per side to ours, because theirs is the higher, and cent, and aside from the right or wrong of private every day and hour the pressure and logic of the ownership in land, more than eight million fam. economic development throws across into the pro- ilies have their own homes in this cour letariat, from the ranks of our adversaries, regi. The last election has shown that we have a ments who previously fought there, and thousands, labor vote, albeit sneered at by the plutocratic yes, hundreds of thousands, are hurled into the press. Let the laboring man, now that he has realabyss of misery. * * * Every one who wants ized this power, become a politician without party to cross it, who resigns himself to petty bourgeois circumscription, throwing his strength wheresoever Utopianisms, who does not at every moment keep it will do the most good. This is socialistic, but it clearly before his eyes, that only the removal of is the socialism of reform, the socialism that atthe causes, only the abolition of private property tracted Bright, Cobden and Mill, in England, and in the means of production, only the abolition George, Spalding, Bryan and many others, in our of the entire present method of producing com own United States. modities, can bring misery, exploitation and en- Should not the attention these bright minds have slavement to an end."

given and are giving to the labor question be reThose who look upon socialism as merely re- assuring? Those men see, as well as the socialist formatory may easily see their mistake if they but and the trade unionist, that in this age of brilliant spend a few hours with any of the writers on the achievement the laborer is an anomaly! In comquestion. These men would, in their desire for paring these years of ours with the dark ages, they justice, recreate human nature, and add the divine see in the endeavor to crush organized labor, in an touch through a mere mechanical change in our age of so much wealth, when science has all but form of government. “The suit of clothes does apprehended the mystery of life, an awakening of not change the man." They apparently forget the spirit of feudalism, and must ask themselves that fact. They set aside another truth, the truth "if the darkest age of all time is not encompassed that the human heart is never satisfied. We all in the years of the nineteenth century." love to fight. “Conflicts and dangers of all kinds Instead of allowing the socialist to stea. our enhave a mysterious charm for the mind." To take ergy, we should devote that vigor to increasing our away these attributes of human nature would re membership, even taking up the most odious rat, sult in nothing but ruin,

if possible, and showing him that all labor, whethIt seems to many thoughtful persons that in the er affiliated with a union or not, owes what it now certainty of having enough to eat, drink and to enjoys to the principles of unionism and not to wear, mankind would be very poor indeed. The the (at the best) vagaries of the followers of divine command that in the sweat of our face we Marx.

Pica. shall eat bread, must not be put lightly aside. Far Pittsburg, Pa. as we have advanced, we are not strong enough to endure idleness, and man would, if left to follow

LEWISTON, MAINE. his natural bent, like the pet lion turned into the

Lewiston Typographical Union No. 532 held a jungle of his forebears, quickly retake his savage

well attended and interesting meeting Saturday nature. We may easily in.agine that in a short

night, January 14. The principal business transtime few would have escaped infection, and noth acted was the election of officers. Contrary to the ing in the scheme of government the socialist usual experiences in societies there was no contest would give could keep back the horde that would except for the vice-presidency. By agreement of in time overrun the world.

the two candidates for the latter office and vote of Now, in turning to the trade union, we find in the union, the election of vice-president was postit nothing poetical; nor until something better has poned until next meeting, at which time a lively been thought out to take its place, can it be put contest is expected, as both candidates have many down. While dreamers dream, its organized force friends. The report of the secretary-treasurer is demanding and getting justice from the law showed a good balance in the treasury. Stirring making powers of our country.

speeches were made by the newly-elected officers, Engels, the contemporary of Marx, attributes. urging the members to co-operate with them for panics to overproduction. The trade unionist the general good. says: “No, that can not be, until our every hu- The prospects for growth in this union appear man want has been satisfied." William G. Light to be good.

A. F. NUTTING

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