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Reading Notices

A VERY pretty aluminum calendar for 1905 is being sent out by the Schuyler Repair Works, of Chicago, Ill., whose advertisement appears on another page of this number of THE JOURNAL.

invariably inserts advertising replete with convincing argument, backed up by actual examples of the work it is telling about, it is hardly possible for the reader to escape conviction. This company asserts that it uses more space in the trade papers than any other individual advertiser, and has demonstrated that it pays. A good machine, firstclass advertising in the trade journals and honest presentation of one's wares, is certainly a winning combination.

The Brandow Printing Company, of Albany, N. Y., has just installed a Monotype equipment consisting of five keyboards and four casters. The Brandon Company recently landed the contract for the state printing.

A solid gold stick pin, the exact counterpart of a linotype matrice, and one-half the natural size, suitable for the necktie or coat lapel, has been placed on the market by John L. Ransom, 21 Van Buren street, Chicago, Ill. The pins sell at $2 each, and are neat, durable and handsome ornaments.

“The STONEMAN" is the title of the newest and best book on the subject of imposition, and written by a member of No. 16. It is a comprehensive and valuable treatise, presenting the whole subject in a way that may be easily understood by any printer. The diagrams (100) include hand folds and Chambers and Dexter machine folds. The labels of paper, margins, measurements, gripper edges and initial positions, and the descriptive matter, are valuable features of the work. The book should be read by every apprentice and every printer who is interested in stone work.

The attention of our readers is called particularly to the strong words of endorsement given by J. B. Nesbit, a member of Des Moines (Iowa) Union No. 118, and president of the trades and labor assembly of Des Moines, to Puck's Mechanics Soap. The advertisement of the Puck Soap Company will be found on another page of this issue of THE JOURNAL. The advertisement also contains an excellent likeness of Mr. Nesbit, who is a veteran in the printing trade and has a wide acquaintance all over the country.

THE Wood and Nathan Company, sole selling agent of the Monotype, has furnished THE JOURNAL with an advance copy of the insert to be used in the January trade papers. It is a departure from its predecessors so far as the subject-matter is concerned, though the general form is unchanged. According to the insert, more than a million dollars' worth of Monotypes have been sold by the Wood and Nathan Company to printers in the United States and Canada during the short time this firm has been connected with the machine. This amount of business is astonishing. When a concern patronizes the trade press to the extent that the Wood and Nathan Company does, and

Now THAT linotypes have been in the government printing office some three months and every member of congress has had, since the beginning of the present session, a copy of the Congressional Record printed from linotype slugs on his desk each morning, the novelty of composing ma-, chines in the world's greatest printshop has somewhat worn away, and we are sufficiently far from the change to get the full perspective. This brings into view a point that all are prone to forget-the building of forty-six double magazine machines within a specified time, and the endless mass of details connected with it: New faces to be cut, thousands of accents and special characters, sorts running into hundreds of thousands, and mold liners for special measures in nearly every body the machine will handle; and yet, in addition to filling regular orders amounting to seventy-five or eighty a month, the entire forty-six machines were erected in Washington in perfect running order, and turning out actual government work, within about sixty days after receiving details.

A LEAF FROM THE EMPLOYERS' BOOK. One of the remarkable developments of recent years, in the industrial field, has been the organization of employers. Manufacturers' associations, citizens' alliances, employers' leagues, etc., have sprung up overnight. The aim has been to meet and offset the growing strength of labor organized. In the printing industry we have had for years these associations of employers, but their growth, in the book and job end, at least, has not been rapid. Now, however, with changing conditions and an aroused sense of the strength that goes with combination, the United Typothetæ is becoming somewhat of a factor. We can not, and we do not, object to this. It is much better for the trade, as a whole. And we have nothing to fear-proTided, we also organize. That organization should be extended until the last available candidate is within our fold. Writing an officer of a local union in this connection, this explanation was made: “I desire to say that we are making an especial effort to organize the printers throughout the United States and Canada. We are doing this in order that we may, to even a better degree, con'trol the followers of the trade on January 1, 1906, and thus enhance our prospect for a peaceable eight-hour agreement with our employers. The task is a tremendous one, and to properly prosecute it is far beyond the monetary resources of the International Typographical Union. We must, there. fore, depend on the local unions to organize not alone their jurisdictions, but all of the country printers that can be reached by them. In my correspondence, and in the 'President's Page,' I am appealing, and will continue to appeal, to our local unions, and especially to their officers and eight. hour committees, to give this subject of organiza. tion particular attention during the coming year. I know that this will impose an additional burden on our local unions, but the expenditure of money now for organization purposes may make unnecessary the expenditure of money for strike purposes on January 1, 1906." Thousands of letters, embracing the above sentiment, have been sent out. It is hoped the seed did not fall on barren soil.

THE AMERICAN FEDERATION OF LABOR. The annual convention of this great association of trade unions was held in San Francisco during November. More than one million five hundred thousand wage-earners were represented. In his annual report, the president, referring to our movement for an eight-hour day for our book and job members, urged that "the International Typograpbical Union receive the sincere and hearty endorsement and co-operation of this convention of the American Federation of Labor, and of every union member as well as every wage-earner and those who sympathize with practical, evolu. tionary, economic progress.” Continuing, the report said: “It is not now known whether there will be any contest against the eight-hour day; whether any antagonistic action will be taken by the em

ployers to the men. We do know, however, that at the last convention of the employing printers of the United States, organized under the name of the typothetæ, a resolution was adopted declaring against that movement. In any event, it seems clear to me that every action should be taken by this convention, and by our organizations generally, not only to pledge the support of the American Federation of Labor and its affiliated unions to the International Typographical Union in its ef. fort to enforce the eight-hour day, but that a special committee be appointed by this convention to give the subject matter consideration; that the committee should consult with the officers and representatives of the International Typographical Union during the convention and report thereto before adjournment; that either that committee or another committee be authorized to be appointed for purpose of co-operating with the executive council of the American Federation of Labor and the officers of the Typographical Union, so that the best possible aid can be rendered to our fellow workers in the great movement that they have undertaken, and in which they have the hopes, wishes, prayers, and co-operation of every one interested in the welfare of the human family and the progress and civilization of our people."

THE CONVENTION'S ACTION. The special committee, to which was referred that part of the president's report treating of our eight-hour movement, made the following report, adopted unanimously by the convention, and because of its importance, quoted in full herewith:

“We have had before us the president of the International Typographical Union, and we find that the movement for the eight-hour day for the book and job printers of the United States and Canada was inaugurated at the Cincinnati convention of the International Typographical Union, held in 1902, that it was further considered at the Washington convention, held in 1903, and that at the St. Louis convention, held in August of this year, it was decided that the eight-hour day should be enforced on January 1, 1906, and that for the financial support of this movement an assessment of one-half of one per cent should be levied on the earnings of all the members of the International Typographical Union.

"This plan was submitted to a referendum vote, as provided by the laws of the International Typographical Union, and President Lynch informs your committee that the proposition received a majority of more than fourteen thousand votes. Therefore, the assessment will become effective on January 1, 1905, and on January 1, 1906, effort will be made to put the eight-hour day into effect.

“We are also informed that there is an association of commercial printers entitled the United Typothetæ of America, the employers' association. That the officers of the International Typographical Union have made effort to secure an agreement with the United Typothetæ under which the eight-hour day for book and job printers would become effective, and that the employers' associa tion has thus far refused to enter into such an agreement. We are furthermore informed that the United Typothetæ of America is at present accu mulating a defense fund in order that the eight hour day enforcement may be combatted. It is hoped by the employers to gather together at least $500,000. In view of the above your committee would recommend:

CLEAR AND UNEQUIVOCAL. "First-That the American Federation of Labor approve and endorse the movement under way by the International Typographical Union for an eight-hour day for the book and job printers of the United States and Canada, and pledge to the support of this movement both moral and financial assistance.

“Second–That if at any time after January 1, 1906, the International Typographical Union de sires the financial support of the American Feder ation of Labor, and if after investigation by the executive council such financial support is found necessary in order to insure victory to the print ers, the executive council shall levy the constitu tional assessment on affiliated bodies, this assess ment to continue for such length of time as in the judgment of the executive council may be necessary.

“Third-Your committee recommends that a committee of five members be appointed to act with the executive council in furthering the eight hour day for the book and job printers.

"And we desire to conclude this report by extending to the International Typographical Union the hearty well wishes of the American Federation of Labor for the success of the printers' eight: hour project."

LIBERTY OF THE PRESS. In its report the American Federation of Labor executive council made reference to the New Or. leans case, brought to the council's attention by the president of the International Typographical Union, who complained that a member, proprietor and editor of a labor paper in New Orleans, all the work in connection with which was performed by union labor, had been unjustly treated by the New Orleans central body, the latter declaring the paper unfair; that the reason for declaring this publication unfair was due to nothing more or less than the expression of opinion by the editor. The council declared that: “While we all reserve to ourselves the right of patronizing or refusing to patronize any publication, because of the views and judgment expressed in its columns, yet, as trade unionists, we have not the moral right to 'boycott' any publication because of the expression of opinion through its columns." The council ex. pressly stated that it did not undertake to say that the published statements complained of were justified or otherwise; "we are not in a position to know, but whatever the expressions may have been, the untrammeled freedom of the press is so important to the well being, not only of organized labor, but to human, civilized life, that no con ceivable circumstance could arise that would war rant trade unionists, in their organized capacity,

in placing a publication upon a 'boycott' list for the expression of opinion.” The council recommended that unless the offending central body removed the paper from its unfair list within thirty days after the close of the convention its charter should be withdrawn. The committee to which the matter was referred endorsed the recommendation, which was adopted by the convention, and we have just been notified that the New Orleans central body has removed the paper from its unfair list.

ANOTHER INTERESTING DECISION. A New York court has handed down a decision in which it holds that labor unions may, within lawful limits, boycott, strike and picket. The decision is the outcome of the case of two former employes against the United States Printing Company, of Brooklyn. In August, 1903, after a fight of a year to unionize the electrotype department of the printing company, the union sent letters to the company's customers informing them that the company would not employ union workmen. The union also adopted a system of boycott and picketing which the company asserted interfered with their business. As a result of the troubles a compromise was effected and a contract entered into between the company and the unions of stereotypers and electrotypers by which the company agreed to employ only union men. Two employes refused to join the union, and alleged that the company threatened to discharge them unless they did so. They obtained an injunction from the supreme court preventing the company and the union from interfering with their employment. The attorneys who represented the stereotypers' union appealed from the decision granting the injunction, contending that the agreement to employ only union men was clearly valid, as the result of a voluntary understanding resulting from arbitration, and that there were neither duress nor threats used by the unions in securing the execution of the agreement with the printing company. The prevailing opinion says: “An injunction against organizing a strike can not stand. Neither can a union be enjoined from picketing or boycotting. This injunction is too broad and sweeping. An employe who has not bound himself to his master by a contract can not be bound by law to work for him, and may quit his employment if conditions are not to his (the employe's) liking. A strike per se is not unlawful. What man may do individually he may do collectively. Picketing for purposes of observation is not illegal, and only becomes illegal when they adopt violence. But where persuasion or argument is used, no injunction can apply."

NOTES. A leading economist says: “The man who stays away from the meetings of his union is responsible for everything that is done wrong, and is nothing where he should be something."

Our membership has provided funds for the eight-hour movement. The American Federation comes with the pledge of more money.

But, notwithstanding, we want a peaceable ad. justment of the eight-hour question. and we'll get it if we organize.

JAMES M, LYNCH, President,

WOMAN'S INTERNATIONAL AUXILIARY.

President-Mrs. Frank A. Kennedy, 2603 North Twentieth street, Omaha, Neb.

Secretary-Mrs. Ed D. Donnell, 906 West Eighth street, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Johnson; vice-president, Mrs. Holland; secretary, Mrs. Wills; treasurer, Mrs. Doris; guide, Mrs. Corbin; chaplain, Mrs. Beck; doorkeeper, Mrs. Moore. Quite a heated discussion took place in regard to the union label, which will probably result in the organization of a union label league here. So much more can be accomplished with the co-operation of other union men's wives than by the woman's auxiliary alone. No. 15 is the only auxiliary to a union in the city, although Des Moines is a strong union town.

Mrs. E. F. Doris.

LOUISVILLE, KY. December 15 was the constitutional day of our auxiliary for the election of officers for the ensu. ing year. We have adopted the yearly instead of the semi-yearly term, and the change in this respect meets the approval of all. Mrs. J. O. Ames has occupied the chair for two terms, and has made a most enviable record as presiding officer, having been uniformly impartial. She was unanimously elected to preside for another term. Mrs. Elijah Bohon, the re-elected vice-president, brings dignity and grace to her chair. Mrs. John F. Lee, our reliable and hard-working secretary, could not possibly be improved upon, and was elected by acclamation for another term. We take this opportunity to heartily thank our International secre. tary for her public expression of Mrs. Lee's worth and loyalty to "the order," in last month's issue of The JOURNAL. Mrs. Lee has always ad. vocated the different members writing to The JOURNAL, so I will state that I am "subbing" for her, owing to her slight indisposition, that we all hope will not be of long duration. I expect the editor of the "only paper" has discovered that a "new hand” was on duty in a strange shop. Mrs. John S. Rogers was re-elected treasurer of our “millions," and we have such faith in her that we have not "bonded" her, feeling that the treasury of the United States is not watched with more care than Mrs. Rogers watches "ours.” Mrs. John D. Kane was elected chaplain, and will try to be present at all meetings. Mrs. J. F. Meredith was the unanimous choice of the ladies for guide, as they felt she would do the office "proud."

The regular social was held at the residence of Mrs. John F. Lee, November 26, and was a recordbreaker in point of attendance. This was due to our "girls," who were appointed a special committee, and from the crowd present it was evident that they had performed their mission well. They are to be retained as a standing committee for the promotion of enjoyable occasions.

The auxiliary is recovering from the effects of the late strike, and may be said to be in a position to do much good to labor's cause and the label that stands for skill and fair conditions.

Mrs. JOHN D. KANE.

TORONTO, CANADA. A woman's auxiliary to Typographical L'nion No. 91 has at last been formed, with all officers duly elected, and is waiting for an application form to apply for a charter.

Eleven members were enrolled at the first meeting, and each one has promised to try and bring one or more new members to the next meeting, which is to be held at the home of Mrs. John A. Kelly. Of course, the auxiliary has not gotten down to business yet, as it was only formed on December 10, but it hopes to begin next meeting.

We all know we will have to work hard for the next few months, as we are expected to do all in our power to help the officers of No. 91 at the convention next summer.

The ladies of No. 91 are going to put forth every effort to make their auxiliary a success, and before the nexto year is out expect to have quite a large roll call.

Mr. Meehan, president of No. 91, tells me I may expect to hear from some of the ladies of the International Typographical Union shortly, and I will be pleased to open correspondence with any of them.

Mrs. DUNCAN McDougall.

CHICAGO, ILL. Chicago has an auxiliary, after many delays. We did not expect to enroll all of the eligible ladies at first, but have a charter membership of eighty-six. The following is a list of charter members: Miss Ella J. McEvoy, Miss Josephine Feeney, Mrs. S. B. Goshorn, Mrs. Venus Morrow Heath, Miss Helen Parks, Mrs. F. H. Stevens, Mrs. Thomas McEvoy, Miss Neilie M. Northrup, Miss Bessie Starner, Mrs. C. E. Winter, Miss Irene M. Winter, Miss Mamie J. Roberts, Mrs. J. W. Coverick, Miss Carrie Swenson, Mrs. Ella Sub livan, Mrs. Delia Wright, Mrs. H. J. de Bock, Miss Kate E. Tebbs, Miss Cora A. Peck, Mrs. E. C. Timblin, Miss Zella E. Connell, Mrs. Edwin R. Wright, Mrs. Charles G. Colema, Mrs. E. T. Madden, Miss Imogene Loring, Mrs. Lulu Loring, Mrs. Charles H. Gard. Mrs. Bebee Schieber. Mrs. T. F. Kohler, Mrs. Bertha Agatha Pyne, Mrs. William H. Wampler, Mrs. George W. Day, M F. Hildebrandt, Mrs. Alice R. Maxson, Mrs. Margaret Ish, Miss Edith Stratton, Mrs. James B. Maddigan, Mrs. F. J. Ford, Mrs. Walter Bell,

DES MOINES, IOWA. Social day for No. 15 occurred Friday, December 9, and the auxiliary was entertained at the home of Mrs. O'Dea Mrs. Johnson assisted. A very pleasant afternoon was spent by all. One new member was initiated. The following officers were elected for the coming year: President, Mrs.

reached otherwise. It makes the impression that active and systematic work is being done for the label, and that it is a thing which is being demanded, and so prepares our way for further work in other directions.

Now that winter is here, the federation's mind is turning toward the idea of having another progressive euchre. We need funds for our work and know of no more effective way to get money.

The label committees of the New York and Brooklyn federations held a joint meeting for the purpose of evolving new ideas on label agitation and comparing old ones.

The relief committee reports that it has made two visits to St. Mary's hospital, and that a few of our own sick members have been called upon.

MRS. C. W. CAVANAUGH, 1524 Fifty.ninth street, Brooklyn, N. Y.

Mrs. M. D. Gratzmacher, Mrs. Gilbert R. Jones,
Mrs. Frank Rainer, Miss Lillie Pietz, Mrs. L. G.
D. Koch, Mrs. Rena Hohing, Mrs. H. B. Mitchell,
Mrs. Louis Creevy, Miss Edna Clarkson, Mrs. Sam
C. Wymer, Mrs. C. W. Lee, Mrs. May M. Reiss,
Mrs. Amanda Koop, Mrs. Anna Mesick, Mrs.
Harry Atkinson, Mrs. J. C. Witherspoon, Mrs. B.
F. Sayers, Mrs. 0. A. West, Mrs. M. R. Feeney,
Miss Julia A. Daly, Mrs. A. M. Munger, Mrs. R.
E. Shortess, Mrs. B. W. Swift, Miss Mary Creevy,
Mrs. Bramnhaldt, Mrs. G. Nerheim, Mrs. Ed Hel.
bling, Mrs. William Mill, Miss Agnes C. Mill, Mrs.
G. B. Gardner, Miss Lizzie A. Stratton, Mrs.
Frank Stratton, Mrs. J. Lynch, Mrs. Pierce, Mrs.
Riley, Mrs. L. Clark, Mrs. Anna W. Rapp, Mrs.
Lillie Ruinbaugh, Miss Mamie Boland, Miss Susie
Boland, Mrs. Annie Fleming, Miss Louise Flem.
ing, Mrs. Motzer, Mrs. Edwin Berry, Mrs. A. Cur.
lee, Mrs. W. C. Roberts, Mrs. Caroline Carrothers.

The wives, mothers, unmarried daughters and unmarried sisters of members of the typographical union, and women members of the typographical union, are eligible to membership in the auxiliary. Ladies wishing to join the auxiliary can send their names to the union rooms, 56 Fifth avenue, or to some member of the auxiliary. Printers' families not members of the auxiliary can help along the good work by asking for union-made goods during the holiday season.

Meetings occur on the second and fourth Mon. days of the month. Members of the typographical union are always welcome.

Woman's Auxiliary No. 41 to Chicago Typo. graphical Union No. 16 gave a card party on No. vember 14, which proved a great success. There were eight beautiful prizes, donated by the follow ing ladies: Mrs. C. E. Winters, Miss Ella J. Mc. Evoy, Mrs. Delia Wright, Mrs. Maddigan, Mrs. Mike Madden, Mrs. M. Gritzmacher and Mrs. Shortess. On December 12 the auxiliary gave an. other card party, at which six beautiful prizes were awarded, same being purchased by the society.

VENUS M. HEATH.

ST. LOUIS, MO. The following officers were elected at the last meeting of No. 29: President, Mrs. Charles Hertenstein; first vice-president, Mrs. C. B. Harris; second vice-president, Mrs. George B. Woods; secretary, Mrs. George H. Woodward; treasurer, Mrs. Ida Dirks; sentinel, Mrs. R. J. Lowther; membership committee, Mrs. C. H. Porter, Mrs.

M. Bradley, Mrs. J. B. Smith; business committee, Mrs. B. H. Farra, Mrs. E. M. Zimmerman, Mrs. A. Sandt, Mrs. R. J. Lowther, Mrs. Theo. Schreiber; relief committee, Mrs. C. B. Harris, Miss Esther Jones, Mrs. M. Menaugh, Mrs. A. Sandt, Mrs. G. B. Woods; entertainment committee, Mrs. K. Campbell, Mrs. Charles Hertenstein, Mrs. George H. Woodward, Mrs. M. Menaugh, Mrs. R. J. Lowther; auditing committee, Mrs. M. Bradley, Mrs. J. A. Jackson, Mrs. A. Busse, Mrs. E. M. Zimmerman, Mrs. M. Menaugh; rallying committee, Mrs. E. M. Zimmerman, Mrs. Theo. Schreiber, Mrs. J. B. Smith, Mrs. C. H. Porter, Miss Esther Jones.

Our worthy International secretary-treasurer, Mrs. Donnell, is eminently correct when she says “We couldn't enforce such a law (requiring the purchase of label goods) if we had it.” More's the pity. However, the absence of the peremptory, imperative "shall” furnishes a loophole. But perhaps another could be found.

No. 29 gave a small euchre last month. The public one for January will probably be postponed to give No. 8 a chance to shine with its ball and reception,

Mrs. Ida Dirks.

BROOKLYN FEDERATION. It has been the custom of the federation in the spring of the year to send to the fraternal organizations in Brooklyn a circular calling attention to the wisdom of having the union label on their printing. It has been decided by the label committee that about January i would be a better time for this to be done, as many of the or. ganizations have their elections in the latter part of the year, and the new officers will be taking hold of matters in January. It is thought that the new officers might be more interested in the matter, and perhaps better able to take steps toward the carrying out of our wishes than later in the year. We have found these circulars to be a very effective advertisement of the label. There are few organizations that do not have printers in their membership. The circulars stir up these men to action, and favorable results have often been reached. The name and purpose of the union la bel are kept before societies which are made up of men in all classes, many of whom could not be

WASHINGTON, D. C. At the last stated meeting of No. 13, Monday evening, December 5, occurred the annual election of officers, the nominations having been made at the previous meeting. Mrs. Webb was elected president by a majority of sixteen votes. Mrs. Nace, for vice-president; Mrs. Thomas, for secretary, and Mrs. Roberts, for sergeant-at-arms, were elected by acclamation. For treasurer, Mrs. Bowers received thirty votes and Mrs. Elder thirteen votes. A noticeable feature was the presence of so many of the "printer girls," who, though they had already put in twelve hours at case that

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