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member thereof to any of the above parties or per. sons, whether in answer to letters from them or not.

I demand that these documents be placed in my hands for inspection not later than Wednesday, March 29, 1905, at 12 o'clock, noon.

For the protection of these records the council may erect such safeguards as to it seems necessary, A member of the council may bring them to Phila. delphia and retain charge of them, they may be sent to any officer of No. 2 the council may select, to the chairman or any member of the committee, or to any member of No. 2 or other person the council may desire to designate as its attorney in the case. My demand is that I be permitted to ex. amine them, and to present such of them as I may desire in evidence.

Fraternally,

(Signed) SHELBY SMITH. I hereby certify that the foregoing is a true and correct copy of the letter of Shelby Smith, dated Philadelphia, March 20, 1905, addressed to James M. Lynch, Hugo Miller and John W. Bramwood, constituting the executive council of the International Typographical Union.

J. W. BRAMWOOD, Secretary. State of Indiana, Marion county: Subscribed and sworn to before me this 23d day of March, 1905. Witness my hand and notarial seal. (SEAL.]

ALBERT SMITH, Notary. My commission expires August 19, 1908.

SOME INTERESTING CORRESPONDENCE.

THE JOURNAL publishes, without comment, the following correspondence, which is self-explanatory. Copies of this correspondence have also been furnished the president of Philadelphia Union : THE TRADES UNION News PUBLISHING Co.

PHILADELPHIA, March 20, 1905. James M. Lynch, Hugo Miller, John W. Bram

wood, Constituting the Executive Council of the International Typographical Union:

GENTLEMEN-Acting on your charges contained in your letter of February 25 to President Calvert, of Philadelphia Typographical Union No. 2, that union has ordered a trial board appointed to deter: mine whether or not I have been guilty of a violation of section 81, of the general laws.

The trial board consists of Walter Fairies, chair. man, Winfield S. Donat, George T. Middleton, W. B. Fitzpatrick and Albert K. Voorhees.

I have been notified that the trial board will sit for the purpose of taking testimony on Saturday evening, April 1, 1905, at six o'clock, at Odd Fellows Temple. .

For the purpose of making a proper and complete defense, I demand of you the following documents:

1. All letters, telegrams, or other communications received by the executive council or any member thereof, officially or personally, from repre. sentatives or employes of the Philadelphia Inquirer since June 1, 1904, and certified copies of the answers thereto.

2. All letters, telegrams, or other communica. tions received by the executive council or any member thereof, officially or personally, from non-union printers in Philadelphia since June 1, 1904, and certified copies of the answers thereto.

3. All letters, telegrams, or other communications received by the executive council or by James M. Lynch, or John W. Bramwood, officially or per. sonally, from members of No. 2--who are not members of the organization committee or elective of. ficers of the local union-since June 1, 1904, and certified copies of the answers thereto.

4. All letters, telegrams, or other communications received by the executive council, or by James M. Lynch, or John W. Bramwood, officially or personally, which in any manner bear on or re: fer to the “Philadelphia situation," from the per sons named below, and certified copies of the answers thereto, to-wit: .

L. C. Shepard, Grand Rapids, Mich.
George Dabney, Pittsburg, Pa.
V. B. Kinney, Omaha, Neb.
William Klinger, Chicago, Ill.
Michael Colbert, Chicago, Ill.
Ed C. Thrift, Detroit, Mich.
Thomas McConkey, New York, N. Y.
George Jackson, New York, N. Y.
Charles T. Scott, Boston, Mass.
Norman McPhail. Boston, Mass.
E. E. Calhoun, Washington, D. C.
A. F. Bloomer, Washington, D. (
Harry Ogden, Cincinnati, Ohio.
John F. Quirk, Albany, N. Y.
Fred H. Brown, Syracuse, N. Y.

Elmer Throssell, Newark, N. J. 5. Copies of all letters from the council or any

THE COUNCIL'S REPLY. .

INDIANAPOLIS, IND., March 23, 1905. Mr. Shelby Smith, Trades Union News Publish

ing Company, 1231 Arch Street, Philadelphia, Pa.:

Dear Sir--We desire to acknowledge the receipt of your communication of March 20, and to say:

The gratuitous and uncalled-for insults which you are heaping upon the executive council, both in your publication and in your letter of the 20ththese instances occurring since the council drew the attention of the president and executive committee of Philadelphia Typographical Union No. 2 to the violation by you of section 81, of the general laws-lead us to believe that you are not at all concerned as to any punishment that may be meted out to you by the local trial committee which has been appointed, or later by Philadelphia Typographical Union No. 2.

We decline to take further cognizance of your letter, except to say that we are furnishing a copy of it, together with a copy of this reply, to the secretary of the trial committee, T. George Middleton, for the consideration of that committee.

Fraternally,

JAMES M. LYNCH,
Hugo MILLER,

J. W. BRAMWOOD. LETTERS TO THE SECRETARY OF THE TRIAL COMMITTEE.

INDIANAPOLIS, Ind., March 23, 1905. Mr. T. George Middleton, Secretary Trial Board

No. 2, 514 Odd Fellows Temple, Philadelphia, Pa.:

Dear Sir-We beg to acknowledge receipt of your communication of the 20th inst., which has had careful consideration. In your letter you say:

In accordance with a communication from the executive council of the International Typographcorrespondence in relation thereto that has passed between your officers and or anization committee and the executive council.

As union men and officials, we again most strongly resent any imputations to the contrary, or intimation that unfair employers or representatives thereof, or non-members of the organization, have been consulted on this or any other matter relating t o union affairs in Philadelphia.

Fraternally,

JAMES M. LYNCH,
Hugo MILLER,

J. W. BRAMWOOD. State of Indiana, Marion county: Subscribed and sworn to before me this 23d day of March, 1905. Witness my hand and notarial seal. (SEAL.)

ALBERT SMITH,

Notary Public. My commission expires August 19, 1908.

ical Union, drawing attention of the president and executive committee of Philadelphia Typographical Union No. 2 to section 81 of the general laws, and preferring charges against Shelby Smith, of the *Trades Union News," the following members of No. 2 were appointed a trial board.

You then notify us, as members of the executive council, that the trial board will hold its first session on Saturday, April 1, and continue:

Please notify the trial board if it is your inten tion or desire to appear perso

y counsel in this case.

In the first instance, the executive council has not preferred charges against Shelby Smith, or any other member of Philadelphia Typographical Union No. 2. The council did draw the attention of the president and executive committee of No. 2 to sec. tion 81 of the general laws, which provides that:

Any member or members of any subordinate union circulating, or causing to be circulated in any way, malicious or untrue statements reflecting upon the standing or character, private or public, of any officer or member of the International Typographical Union, or impugning the motives or re. flecting upon the honesty of any officer or member of the International Typographical Union, shall be deemed guilty of ununionlike conduct, and upon conviction before a trial board shall be suspended or expelled, as two-thirds of the members may de termine.

And at this time the council wishes to again draw your attention to the balance of the law in question:

It shall be the duty of the executive committee of each subordinate union to investigate and prose cute all violations of this law occurring within its jurisdiction. It shall also be the duty, and it is hereby imperatively ordered, that any subordinate union, or any member of a subordinate union, shall prefer charges before the proper authorities against all violators of this section.

The executive council desires to say that it is for your executive committee and your union to act. The council has pointed out the violations of the law, and its duty ends therewith, for the time being. Under the law the member who made the charges must prove them or take the consequences.

The executive council reserves the right to at. tend, either personally or by counsel, the hearings conducted by your committee.

The council desires a copy of the minutes of the trial committee, including testimony, and of the minutes of the meeting of No. 2, at which the report of the trial committee is acted upon.

Fraternally,

James M. LYNCH,
HUGO MILLER,

J. W. BRAMWOOD, Executive Council of the International Typograph.

ical Union.

WHY IT WAS NOT PUBLISHED. In the February issue the editor of The Journal called attention to the campaign of villification and abuse that was being conducted by an editor-member who publishes a so-called craft-labor paper in Omaha, and directed against both THE JOURNAL and its editor. Instances were also cited in which other officers and members of the organization-notably the president of the International Union and the members of committees of the St. Louis session-had been slandered in the publication issued by this editor-member.

During the month of February Frank A. Kennedy, better known as "Sadie Maguire,” requested The JOURNAL to publish what he termed a "reply" to the editorial in question. The receipt of the letter and communication was promptly acknowledged and the writer informed that the matter would be given the earliest possible consideration.

On careful reading of the communication it developed that the so-called "reply" was in reality a continuance of the abuse, misrepresentation and villification printed in said editor-member's paper from time to time, and that it was in no sense a reply to THE JOURNAL's editorial or a denial of the statements contained therein. We therefore declined to print the article, and sent a letter to its author, giving the grounds for this action.

As was anticipated, "Sadie Maguire" immediately furnished the labor press with printed copies of his "reply" and a portion of the correspondence that had passed between himself and the editor of The JOUR

INDIANAPOLIS, IND., March 23, 1905. T. George Middleton, Secretary Trial Board No. 2,

514 Odd Fellows Temple, Philadelphia, Pa.:

Dear Sir-For the information of the committee, of which you are secretary, we are enclosing here. with attested copy of a communication received from Shelby Smith, a member of Typographical Union No. 2, and also an attested copy of our re ply to that letter.

We further desire to emphatically assert that each step taken by the council in the Philadelphia case under review has been based solely upon the

NAL, and asked the publication of his article. Four or five of these papers responded favorably, and some of them felt called upon to praise the "fairness" of "Sadie Maguire" and denounce the “unfairness" of the editor of The Journal for declining to publish the former's “reply.” It is apropos to say that not one of these papers published The JOURNAL editorial which prompted the “reply"—that would evidently be “unfair" from their standpoint. Neither did these papers appear to notice that "Sadie's" proofsheet, which they reproduced with such avidity, did not contain the letter embracing the refusal of the editor of The Journal to publish the "reply" mentioned. In order that the record in this respect may be complete to date, we herewith present the missing letter, which, as is customary, the craftlabor papers herein referred to will undoubtedly reproduce "with pleasure”:

INDIANAPOLIS, IND., March 1, 1905. F. A. Kennedy, Editor Western Laborer, Omaha,

Neb.:

MY DEAR SIR-I have carefully read your communication intended for publication in The JourNAL, and compared the assertions contained there. in with the contents of recent issues of your paper, reference to which was made in the February JourNAL. I find the same tone running through all of your literary productions, both as to expression and the object which you try to make the member ship believe you are seeking to accomplish.

If I had the remotest idea that the course you have pursued, and the criticisms and suggestions you have published, were intended to or would in any way benefit the membership of the International Typographical Union, I would gladly publish your communication in THE JOURNAL, and would be inclined to revise such portions of my reply, recently published in THE JOURNAL, as have made apparent to all what I believe to be your motives and purposes. I am firmly of the opinion, however, and that opinion is borne out and strengthened by the contents of different issues of your publication, appearing both over your nom de plume and edi. torially, that your actual object is the extension of the unenviable notoriety that is attached to your publication, and which thus far seems to have enabled it to exist because of this questionable char. acteristic and its exploitation of certain members of the typographical union through attacks on other members of the organization, its officers, and its official publication.

In your communication you practically acknowl. edge that every statement contained in my criticism of your conduct in the February JOURNAL is found. ed upon fact. You then proceed to indulge in questionable statements and misrepresentation on this and other points. You are not honest in the presentation of your case, in this or other in stances, but seem to depend entirely upon base mis

representation and vile insinuation in each and every instance.

As regards the policy of The Journal, in which you aver your interest to such an extent that you wish its editor to violate the will of the member. ship, as expressed through a convention, let me refer you to paragraphs 1, 2 and 3-especially the last named two-of your letter to Omaha union, dated January 2, 1905, as published in your pa of February 4. It is apparent that you are convicted of inconsistency out of your own mouth.

Holding the opinions before mentioned, I must therefore decline to permit the space of The TYPOGRAPHICAL JOURNAL to be used for the advertising of your publication, or for the dissemination of views that can only have a negative effect on the great interests that are represented in the movements we have under way, looking to the better. ment of conditions and the general welfare of the membership.

Fraternally yours,

J. W. BRAMWOOD. The letter to Omaha Union, referred to above, was "Sadie's” defense of the policy of his paper, and it was written because of the passage of a resolution by that union, over the protest of “Sadie Maguire," commending the policy of THE JOURNAL.

It must be borne in mind that "Sadie” has a publication of his own in which to has a publication of his own in which to air his likes and dislikes. There has been no hesitancy on his part in attacking any and all who happen to disagree with him. But he never publishes anything derogatory to himself-that wouldn't be "fair.”

For the last eight months “Sadie's” paper has been largely devoted to attacks on THE JOURNAL and its editor. It seems to be its policy to abuse union men and urge disobedience to union law, rather than to fight the enemies of unionism. It appears to be its policy to endeavor to create dissension, rather than work for harmony, the advancement of union interests, and the establishment of the shorter workday for our book and job members.

With remarkably few exceptions, “Sadie" worked overtime for eight years in slandering THE JOURNAL and its editor, and we submitted to this abuse in silence for that length of time, notwithstanding repeated requests to the contrary from all portions of the jurisdiction. “Sadie” also opposed every progressive step taken with regard to The Journal, as can be proven by the files of his paper. Yet both The Journal and its editor have prospered in the meantime. The inference is obvious. The membership will probably continue to do its own thinking.

AMONG the propositions recently voted upon by the members of the International Printing Pressmen and Assistants' Union was one to establish permanent headquarters. It was defeated by a vote of 2,116 for to 2,358 against.

PITTSBURG TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION is taking an interest in two bills pending in the Pennsylvania legislature. One provides that all text books of the public schools shall be printed by the state, and the other is in regard to child labor. A committee was appointed to confer with state officials on these matters. It is claimed the text book bill will enable the work to be done for about threefourths of what it now costs.

terial, or similar work, where he can really learn nothing that will help him to become a competent printer. After he becomes proficient in this kind of work, the management dislikes to put him at other work and “break in a new boy." And so he goes along during the years of his apprenticeship in the same rut, until one fine day the union is confronted with the proposition of admitting an applicant, incompetent through no fault of his own-a victim of unjust circumstances. Indianapolis Union No. 1, in signing a recent contract with the publishers of that city, stipulated that apprentices be given work in all departments, with the object of affording them an opportunity to develop into competent printers. Several other local unions have had the same wise clause "written in the contract.” This is certainly a step forward, and is worthy of emulation. We should make the matter a personal one and help the boys.

A new and novel way to keep the value and purposes of the "little joker" in the public mind has been adopted by Milwaukee Union. A billboard campaign has been started, and the city is plastered with "twosheets," with a large label in the center and appropriate wording surrounding it. It ought to work. We anticipate it will be productive of a great deal of good. The inauguration of the movement gives evidence of a wholesome amount of energy and “push” on the part of the label committee.

The Caxton Magazine says that as a result of a recent inspection of the printing offices of Hamburg several master printers have been prohibited from taking apprentices, on the ground that their professional instruction was not properly given. Wonder what the inspection officers would think if they looked over a few of the offices in this country? The boy—the union printer of tomorrow-should be given a chance to equip himself in some particular branch of the business. That he has not this opportunity may be partly due to our own indifference, but to a much greater extent it can be laid to the selfishness of employers. A boy enters an office and is put to work on some such job as pulling proofs, holding copy, cleaning up stones and putting away ma

At a recent meeting of the London (Eng.) trades council a motion was offered protesting against the teaching of bookbinding at the women's technical classes controlled by the London county council. There are several women delegates in the trades council, and they opposed the resolution, claiming that women have the same right as men to work at any trade, provided they do not accept lower wages. This argument was met with the statement that the daughters of well-to-do parents attend the county council's classes and afterward accept employment at "dress-money wages.” The matter was finally disposed of by the adoption of a resolution requesting that only women already engaged in the trade be taught in the classes.

At the last convention of the Journeyman Tailors' Union the matter of the label of the printers not appearing on the label of the tailors received attention. It was explained by the officers of the tailors' union that the incorporation of the printers' label would necessitate a new registration in a number of states because of the change, and would entail a large expense. The present tailors' label was in use a number of years before the printers' label was adopted. It was also explained that every bit of printed matter used by the journeymen taiiors bears the little joker.

THROUGH the courtesy of Secretary Healy, THE JOURNAL is in receipt of the program of the annual ball of New York Union No. 6, given on February 27. The program is a very creditable piece of printing, and the ball, we understand, was a complete success.

tion was founded in December, 1897. Since that time it has paid out in benefits over $5,000, and now has in its treasury $2,835.48. The weekly benefits are $10. A new feature to such societies has been added in the form of a death benefit of $50, which amount will be paid to the beneficiaries of a deceased member who has been such for one year previous to date of death. The admission fee is $10, which can be paid in installments. At present the society has over 200 members. As its name implies, it is an allied trades benefit association, and invites membership from among the printers, pressmen, bookbinders, stereotypers, reporters, editors, artists, telegraph operators or others in any way connected with the printing business. The officers of this model association are: President, W. H. Neighbor; vice-president, W. T. Scott, and secretary-treasurer, F. C. Birdsall.

THE LIAR is the name of a new paper published at Traverse City, Mich. We have often thought this would be an appropriate name for certain papers that have come to our notice, but never believed that any one would be frank enough to come out in the open on such a proposition.

Action has been taken lately by a number of unions looking to the abolishment of the Labor day parade and the substitution of picnics, barbecues or mass meetings. St. Louis is the latest union to sanction the change. The celebration there will be in the nature of a barbecue, under the auspices of the allied printing trades.

In the March JOURNAL was an account of the success of the Topeka printers in helping to get a law through the Kansas legislature for the establishment of a state printing plant. It will be interesting to many to know that an old-time and stanch union man has been selected as one of the board of commissioners to supervise the erection of the building and the purchase of the materials for the plant. E. P. Harris, who has been appointed to that position, is at present foreman of the Crane & Co. School Book Publishing House. He has always taken an active interest in union affairs, and was a member of the old Lawrence (Kan.) union, the first union organized in Kansas.

Those who have always held that the printer was a "no 'count cuss" will be somewhat surprised to learn that early mass is now being held for morning newspaper printers in a special chapel on "newspaper row” in Boston at 4 A. M. on Sunday mornings and holy days, and, strangest of all, according to press reports, the attendance is so large that the seating capacity of the chapel is quite inadequate.

THE JOURNAL acknowledges the receipt of an artistic booklet, issued by the Allied Printing Trades Benefit Association of Denver, Colo. It sets forth in convincing fashion the benefits accruing to members of an organization of this character. To quote from the introduction to this little book: “The small amount of dues laid by each month has come back to many in the hour of need with large increase, and entirely devoid of the 'charity' spirit.” This associa

The members of the New York Master Printers' Association are congratulating themselves on the success of the organization. Apparently the society has for its object the regulation of prices and protection from undesirable clients. At the February meeting it was reported that none of the members of the organization had experienced a loss since the first of the year. One dollar per month is the fee collected from each member. Prices of printing have been badly cut in some cities, in what appears to be an effort on the part of some proprietors to put others out of business. The field is

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