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on which they were to erect, according to reliable information at that time, a large publishing plant that would employ 200 hands. No. 424 felt elated at the time, and it is now with regret that we learn that the property was put up at public sale at the courthouse in Newark by Sheriff Nicoll, February 21, to satisfy a mortgage.

The South Orange Record has been taken over by the Chronicle Company, and has been changed from a magazine size to a seven-column four-page paper. The Journal has also been altered from a six-column twelve-page to a seven-column eightpage sheet.

R. H. Murray, late of the New York Daily News, and a charter member of No. 424, is back again on the Journal. He and ex-President Adam Gunther are two star bowlers, being members of the Typo Bowling Club of Newark.

In regard to the eight-hour day the indications are that we will have no serious trouble. We are now putting in fifty-one hours a week. Before the advent of a union here, some four years ago, fiftyseven to sixty hours was the week's work, and a scale of $12. There were scarcely twenty printers in the locality. We have now a membership of forty-five, and a $16 scale. The employers know we are out for the eight-hour day with zeal and energy, and we have informed them that negotiations will begin October 1. A remarkable change has come over the employers in the past year, from their former antagonistic methods. They seem to realize that co-operation is far better than antagonism, and that conciliatory methods can accomplish more than open warfare.

Thomas F. NIHILL.

when prices went down with unpleasant velocity, and some union men began to fear that the bottom had dropped out of the cause for good-or bad. Well, our union appointed an active campaign committee, supplied many thousands of dol. lars for offensive purposes, and the result was a complete failure to effect anything whatever in the desired direction. As I happened to be on the committee, I suppose I have a right to say that so far as conducting a campaign against an unfair paper was concerned, the committee was largely composed of men who didn't understand that sort of business. The fight was very expensive, and it yielded nil.

Another campaign was begun, some eight years later, against a daily paper that from the first day of its career until then employed non-union labor. Not only that, but its owner had repeatedly tried to induce other publishers to follow his example. A campaign committee was appointed by the union, and level-headed men were fargely among its membership. About the first thing this committee did was to invite other members of the union to join as volunteers, and small detachments would visit different labor organizations throughout the city and plead for their co-operation. I remember ad. dressing Hod Carriers' Union No. 1, and the three members of the union seemed to be the only ray of light in the hall. But while the majority of the hod carriers were black as midnight, their unionism throughout that campaign shone as bright as that of any white organization. The committee next invited each union and assembly to send delegates to meet as a central committee, which met weekly, and kept at glowing heat the fires of unionism that swept our good city. This campaign was inexpensive, but it accomplished far-reaching results. While a carefully-planned onslaught on the circulation of the hostile paper was made, the heaviest batteries, the siege artillery, was the systematic work done among advertisers. It was made apparent to them, almost without exception, that to insert an advertisement in the paper under the ban of organized labor brought immediate results. Not in attracting customers, however, but in driving them away. So pronounced was this effect that more than one large advertiser sent for me, as editor of the labor paper that was fighting the union's battle, assured me that the advertising would cease upon completion of a pending contract, and begged me to explain that fact to our friends. The battle waged hot and relentless for four months. I and George M. Depue, as editor and business manager of the good old Craftsman, had been indicted for criminal libel, and the resources of No. 101 were pledged to our defense. But that failed to silence the batteries of the labor paper; that failed to intimidate the mighty legions that fought the enemy of "fair wages to fair men." And suddenly he surrendered, the suits for libel were withdrawn, the office was redeemed, and it is today a fair office, a brilliantly fair office, in the stewardship of better men than its founder. This boycott was inexpensive. And it ended in a regular Japanese victory. Any les. son in that?

AUGUST DONATH. Washington, D. C.

A BIT OF HISTORY. Having been connected with the Columbia Typo. graphical Society and its successor, Typographical Union No. 101, for forty-two years, it will be found natural that, though long engaged in occu. pations other than manipulating the "leaden mes. sengers of thought," I take an active interest in everything that affects the weal of my fellow craftsmen. It has been an unpleasant occupation for me to read the many heated articles, pro and con, regarding the executive council and Typo graphical Union No. 2, and this article of mine is not going to contribute to the output of intemper: ate language, indulged in all around, concerning that unfortunate controversy. I grieve to see the officers of the supreme body and the members of a subordinate union in such an attitude. It benefits no one but the Parrys and other wreckers of as. sociations that are the only hope of those whose capital is their skill of hand. So much for that.

On general principles, however, I desire to give voice to thoughts that my long experience may give me license to express. In the course of my life I have had to do more or less with trials of strength that tested the stamina of employers and our mem bers. I recall two operations right here in the Capital City, each of which was aimed at a news. paper that had aroused the righteous wrath of union printers. The first of these took place in 1875,

OTTAWA, CANADA. The government has already provided for the addition of a new story to the printing bureau here. There is an unquestionable necessity for more room in that institution. The country is growing, population ascending to increased figures, and printing follows suit. Almost $200,000 worth of printing went to outside establishments during the past year, and work, I understand, was also delayed owing to the lack of room. The govern. ment is acting wisely in providing the badly required accommodations.

The bindery girls in the bureau are still restless. They have been in a ferment for some months owing to the fact they had not been included in the recent increase in the scale of wages. Whilst there may be something to their request, it is not judicious to press such a claim during the sessions of parliament. The sooner all classes of employes in the bureau learn to keep away from the parliamentary lobbies, the sooner will they become alive to the fact that their best friend-always available--is mutual co-operation through unionism. Had the girls been organized they would not have rushed to the press and political partisans to no avail. They are numerically strong, many tolerably clever at their particular calling, and should not be found acting childishly or aimlessly. The session is a bad time for agita. tion, and bureau employes, above all, should keep this in mind.

It appears the management of the printing bu. reau is of the opinion that young men coming out of college with a fair knowledge of English, French and Latin make the best proofreaders. A few such young men have of late, I understand, been given jobs in the bureau, and compositors, competent, well read and practical proofreaders, were relegated to the case again. That is one of the numerous cases pointing to the absence of emulation or promotion in the bureau. In Washington, I am told, practical printers make the best proofreaders, and I know that in most all the large printing establishments educated compositors are invariably given the preference wlien first-class proofreading is required. The best proofreaders in the bureau are printers. That is not questioned. Why, then, change the system and try amateurs at such an important branch? I can not understand what prompted such an indefensible move. No. 102 has adopted a resolution setting forth its grievance in relation to above, and asking the sec. retary of state to permit the system of promotion that exists in all well-regulated establishments. When political influence absolutely rules in the bureau, and influences are permitted to force the appointment in the bureau of men altogether unsuited for the service, then the public will under. stand it is high time to call a halt. Those employed in the bureau should be competent and capable of earning the wages paid in that institu tion.

The linotype operators are getting scarcer every day. A good machine tender is also a rare article just now in Ottawa. The machine operators are somewhat dissatisfied because their remuneration is

not that which it should be. It is a grievance which should be adjusted. Progress and paying results are intimately linked with a satisfied staff. The foreman who knows how to courteously treat his staff is a jewel to any establishment.

Chairman Powell had a job wrestling his executive report through on Saturday. One man named Hill, an old-country comp., reached the city, secured a fat berth, applied to the union for ad. mission. He was formerly from London, England; claims to have worked nine years at the trade, but has no card. He landed in New York, found bis way to Toronto, but forgot to ascertain whether a union existed or not. Powell, with the largeness of heart that distinguishes all who have some claim upon the green isle as a national footstool, smiled philanthropically, and was willing to exchange the fraternal kiss after a short preliminary tickle under the chin. No. 102 is older in years, however, and friend Powell must have another tête-à-tête with the traveler. It is strange how printers manage to forget the existence of unions on their way.

GENERAL NOTES. M. Flatters, formerly foreman of the Journal, has been ill for some weeks.

La Voix du Peuple is still being published. What right has a government printing bureau printer to labor in both concerns? That is the question several typos would like to know. If it is a question of pull, it conflicts with the principles which formed the principal reason for the estab lishment of the bureau. More anon.

S. Leger has left the bureau for a trip on the continent.

E. F. Clark is dead. He was a genuine friend of labor. Educated at the case, the principles inculcated into him in the printing shop were never forgotten. From the humblest position his talent, earnestness, honesty of purpose, frankness, kindness and generosity were factors that led him into the mayor's chair of Toronto and kept him there for four successive terms. He sat in the Ontario house, and at the time of his untimely end he was the representative of central Toronto in the federal parliament. His loss will leave a serious blank in the parliamentary arena. Invariably he could be relied upon as a strong and powerful fighter for municipal rights and fair demands of labor. His prominence and influence and hosts of friends made of him a power which only his opponents could fairly estimate. The typos throughout Can. ada mourn his demise, and will long remember the absent friend who ever stood by his pledge and cherished the union principles to the last.

C. S. O. BOU DREAULT.

PUEBLO, COLO. Pueblo Typographical Union No. 175 held meet. ings on three Sundays out of four in the month of February--and the end is not yet.

Each new member initiated by this union, immediately after taking the obligation, is presented, free of charge, with an International Typograph. ical Union button. This custom, so far as we know, is original, and was adopted nearly three

which was presided over by a member (male) who has a Methodist leg and therefore couldn't enjoy the dance. The ladies were so much encouraged by their success and the hearty support given their efforts that the Acorn is infused with new life, and after this issue of THE JOURNAL its readers may expect monthly news from the Acorn, composed of the prettiest and the wittiest ladies of the Treasure state-and we boys will back Mon. tana against the world.

HATHAWAY.

years ago. It not only is a means of advocating "the wearing of the button," but it affords the presiding officer a splendid opportunity to make a few pointed remarks for the benefit of the new and old members, and thus make at least slightly impressive our initiatory ceremony-or rather, lack of ceremony. No. 175 believes it is a good custom, and one that might well be adopted by every local under International Typographical Union jurisdiction.

An assessment is now on for the purpose of defraying our delegate's expenses to Toronto, and candidates for that honor are coming forth slowly but surely. At this date two are mentioned as being "willing”-Neil J. Crowley and A. S. Andrew --but there are others.

By the way, there are few unions as small as No. 175 that are more regularly represented at International Typographical Union conventions than we.

SECRETARY.

BUTTE, MONT. "Jack" Dunston has given up the art preservative and will play an engagement as mine host in a tavern in one of Idaho's mining camps.

"Kid" Freeman, who for more than a month has been confined to his room with rheumatism, is on the upgrade, and doubtless will, ere another issue of The Journal, be tickling the keyboard of No. 5 in the Miner office.

The vacancy caused by Mr. McKenzie's resignation as a member of the executive committee at the March meeting was filled by the election of your correspondent.

The newspaper writers have rounded out their first year, and the organization is in splendid con dition. Their success has been heralded through. out the district, and Organizer Hogan tells your correspondent that he is in receipt of communications requesting information as to the proper procedure in the matter of securing charters. Time is coming when the newspaper writers will be one of the strongest organizations in this district--and they won't be in the way of the printers when the eight-hour day goes on, either.

The friends of "Bob" Shields are glad to learn that he is organizing in his old stamping groundsouthern Kansas and Oklahoma.

Organizer Hogan has been called upon twice

ing the past month to settle difficulties in this district, the first call coming from Idaho Falls, where the differences were speedily adjusted. The second call, from Helena, was of a different na ture, and the settlement hung fire.

Among the old tars who have settled down in the Treasure State is Hugh Blake, in charge of the Miner ad mill. Hugh is a rounder from 'way back, and has toyed with the elephant in his every mood. He was a charter member of the Wichita (Kan.) union, and worked on the Constitution the first night after it was squared.

Our girls of the Acorn Auxiliary gave their seventh annual ball on the night of the 7th, and the affair was a success in every way. President Purnett and Mrs. Hugh Blake led the grand march. Jerry Maxwell made a huge bowl of punch,

PROVIDENCE, R. I. The financial secretary of Providence Typographical Union for 1904 has been tried and found guilty of embezzling the receipts from dues and assessments of the union for the last month of that year. Charges were preferred at the January meeting, and a committee of five was appointed to consider them. That committee reported at the Feb. ruary meeting, recommending that the accused officer be reprimanded by the president in the presence of the union; that he be suspended from in any way participating in the union's business for three years, and that he be not allowed to take a with. drawal card during that period; also, that dues and assessments be collected from him, and he be al. lowed to work in union offices in this city. The union adopted the recommendations of the committee.

At the same meeting the auditing committee, after a thorough examination of the financial sec. retary's books, reported an apparent deficiency of about $240. The president was instructed to no. tify the bonding company of the situation, and to take such other action as was necessary to protect the union.

An arbitration committee was appointed, with power to settle with individual members, where there is a dispute in regard to arrearages, due to the slovenly manner in which the financial secre. tary's accounts have been kept.

The above will explain why Providence Union led the list of delinquent unions for per capita tax in the January TYPOGRAPHICAL JOURNAL. It is hoped that good may come out of all this, as there is an active movement for bettering the financial system of the union in the line of adopting business methods.

L. W. Brow, of the Boston Globe linotype force, visited Providence on Washington's birthday. Previous to going to Boston he worked many years on the Journal and Bulletin, and learned to operate the linotype in that office.

E. Leslie Pike, well known in Boston and this city, left the Rhode Island hospital a well man February 27. He had been in that institution seven weeks, sick with typhoid fever.

At the February meeting of the union, S. R. Macready and James Webster were appointed a committee to appear before the judiciary committee of the house of representatives and advocate a bill now before the general assembly to require that “all goods, wares and merchandise made by convict labor in any penitentiary in the state shall be branded, labeled, etc." The hearing was held on the 3d inst., and both gentlemen appeared and made strong arguments in favor of the bill. Mr. Webster is well known in New York city, where he worked many years. Mr. Macready was former ly of Boston.

In the city records for the week ending 3d inst. is the following: “Discharges of Real Estate Mort gages--Clarence E. Burtwell et ux., Ella J., by Citizens' Savings Bank, lot with buildings on the southerly side of Hanover street, $2,900." It is pleasant to know that Mr. Burtwell took measures to provide for his family.

Providence Linotype Composing Company, 26 Custom House street, is the name of a new print ing office in this city. H. A. Cram, recently of Boston, is manager, and Henry Cram, treasurer. Two double matrix linotypes are to be installed.

W.C.

NOTES FROM THE HOME. Edwin P. Pierce, our florist and gardener, has resigned to go into business for himself, having purchased greenhouses and a floral plant in Colorado City. Mr. Pierce greatly improved and ex. tended the beautiful lawns surrounding the Home last summer, adding many attractive flower beds and floral designs, among which were plants form. ing the words, "Printers' Home,” with the union label on one side of two decorated mounds, and "1891-1904" on the other. Under his planning and supervision many varieties of carnations, geraniums, dahlias, calliopses, hollyhocks, etc., with floral arches, plants and shrubbery of every description, made the grounds of the Home build. ings like a veritable fairyland.

0. E. Schupp, a late resident from No. 16, is one of the beneficiaries of a will of a relative, lately deceased.

John Meadows has retired from his prospecting partnership with Harry Moreland, but the latter is persistently digging away, and says he is strik ing "pay dirt.” Never say die, Harry, as long as you have muscle and pick. Remember that Stratton, the deceased multimillionaire, struck it rich after all his partners had backed down, and conse. quently he "won the whole pot.”

A musical and literary entertainment was given in our assembly room on the evening of Febru. ary 27, mostly by city performers. Mrs. Talier. ferro, Robert Ledterman, E. F. Greenwood and Miss Henrietta Deacon were the soloists; Miss Georgia M. Stevens, reader, and C. D. Sears, piano accompanist. Fink's orchestra furnished de. lightful music, and moving pictures were among the attractions. The exhibition was thoroughly en. joyed by our residents, as well as by visitors from the city. Miss Deacon's illustrated song, “The Letter Edged in Black," charmed the audience, and she received appreciative applause.

New Kinker-Bender patent fire escapes have re. cently been constructed at the north and south ends of the main building, displacing the old platform and ladders. They consist of a spiral chute made of soft box-annealed steel, securely inclosed in a sheet steel cylinder nearly seven feet in diameter, with a heavy iron ring at the bottom, resting on a brick foundation six feet and eight

inches in diameter and two feet in depth. The chute is supported in the center by an iron standpipe extending from the bottom to top of tower, and with brass hose connections. Iron runways, railed, connect from windows and doors to en. trances of towers. The windows at the ends of the corridors of the second floor have been displaced by door exits, opening outward. The tower entrance doors open inward, and do not in. terfere with the spiral slide, thus preventing the entrance of smoke and heat. The exit doors at bottom of the towers open outward and automatically, a very slight object pressing against them in its descent being sufficient to spring the latch. The slide reaches to within eighteen inches of the ground, enabling the person using it to get up as though arising from a chair, as the speed is no greater at the bottom than at the beginning of the descent. The capacity of the apparatus is 250 persons a minute. William G. Archer superintended the work, assisted by F. H. Dunn and George McNabb, all residents of Louisville, Ky. In case of fire it is claimed that the building can be emptied of every occupant inside of three minutes. This improvement was necessary on account of the afflicted condition of many of the residents, to whom climbing down ladders would be a peril. ous if not an impossible undertaking.

Michael Hinnans, a deaf mute, admitted March 1 from Houston No. 87, died suddenly of hemorrhage of the lungs in the hospital annex March 8. He was buried in the Home section of Evergreen Cemetery.

Eugene Kirk, ex-president of No. 8o, admitted January 8, suffering from stomach trouble, recently vacated and returned to Kansas City, without improvement in his condition.

A. G. McComb, motorman, W. E. Vanderman, conductor, and Elmer St. John, passenger, were presented by Home residents recently with sterling silver match safes, handsomely embossed, accompanied with letters of gratitude for their prompt action in rescuing W. J. Johnston, who came so near freezing to death last February. The safes bear the inscription, "From Residents Union Printers' Home, for Saving a Life, February 11, 1905."

Tebbens T. Whitson, a young resident, admitted from Las Vegas Union No. 312, April 12, 1904. vacated on the 12th ult., bound for Phænix, Arizona. In addition to tuberculosis, he is suffering from heart trouble, and Dr. Christopher advised against his remaining in this altitude. His legal transportation amounting to only about $10, our residents raised over $17 by subscription to enable him to reach his destination. Mr. Whitson has often taken a leading part in the Home entertainments, and his departure is much regretted

There is no better evidence of real brotherhood than is manifested by the residents of the Home. They never fail to "divvy up" at every call to help a brother in distress. This often requires some self-denial, as the contribution is generally subtracted from their small weekly pension.

George S. Weaver, of No. 6, recently returned to the Home from St. Francis Hospital, where he was confined for several weeks after undergoing the operation which probably saved his life, and from the effects of which he has entirely recovered. Mr. Weaver is a Methodist local preacher, and not a Baptist exhorter, as inadvertently stated last month.

"Tom," the Home monkey, was recently compelled to "shoot the chute" of our new fire es cape, and emerged at the bottom “as mad as a hornet." "Tom" bears a facial resemblance to Peabody.

J. A. J. Birdsall is now our vigilant night watchman.

C. M. Galbraith, a sick printer tourist, was recently admitted to the Home through the influence of No. 82.

U. R. STRULY. Colorado Springs, Colo.

NO HOPE FOR SOCIALISM. Brother Jarrold thinks there is “no hope for Maloney," and, by the same token, there is "no hope" for a majority of the people of this nation. Because a large majority of our people will always be with me "agin" socialism.

In the first place, socialism stands for confiscation pure and simple. And, in the second place, socialism is based upon a tremendous mistake. According to Marx, Engels, Debs, Simons, Babel, Hyndman, Gusde and all the rest of the socialist leaders, socialism is based upon the assertion that capital is being concentrated into fewer and fewer hands; that the "once powerful middle class” is rapidly disappearing, and that shortly we are to see society divided into two classes: the mass-the proletarians on the one side, and a "few great capitalist lords" on the other. Indeed, the social. ists assert that the capitalist system carries with it the seed of its own downfall. In their propaganda the socialists not only continually print misleading and absolutely untruthful statistics, but they resort to the most shameful abuse of all, including such great and true labor leaders as Messrs. Gompers, Mitchell, Foster, Golden and others.

The contemptible insinuation that I am doing the same kind of work that Mr. Parry does is simply a good illustration of the “logic” of the red-flag. gers. Because President Gompers and a thousand other tried and true labor leaders oppose socialism and socialist party tactics, they are all in the same boat with the "conservative" Mr. Parry. Mr. Parry is not a conservative, though some illogical people may dream it.

Are the socialists destructionists or construc. tionists when they do their best to destroy or cripple the American Federation of Labor by giving aid and encouragement to the American Labor Union?

Are the socialists helping to build up and strengthen the union cause when they untruthfully charge Gompers, Mitchell and others with being “traitors," eating in scab "Exchange" clubs and "selling out labor" by joining the Civic Federation?

So much for retarding progress. In spite of the rainbow-chasers and other enemies, we have made progress. We hope to make more. The cigarmak

ers didn't have to go into socialist politics to gain an eight-hour day and several hundred per cent increase in wages; and it looks like our own union would gain the eight-hour day without waiting for the social revolution!

It is not true, as the socialists assert, that the middle class is rapidly disappearing, nor is it true that 9 per cent of the population own 91 per cent of the wealth.

In 1900 there were 708,623 proprietors of manufacturing plants in the United States, an increase of nearly 45 per cent since 1890, as against an increase of 20.7 per cent in population. The num. ber of home owners increased 1,192,000 during the same ten years. The middle class farmers, 3,644,000 families, owned in farm wealth alone over $19,000,000,000, or about one-fifth of our national wealth, in 1900. In addition, 2,000,000 farmers owned life insurance, thousands upon thousands owned stocks and bonds, had savings bank deposits, etc. I mention these facts, which I gather from the census reports, simply to show that little or no dependence can be placed upon the statements of the socialists. For years the socialists asserted that labor received only one-fourth of its product, but now comes the New York Worker, the leading socialist organ, and says that the statement is not true. The Chicago Socialist and Appeal to Reason say it is true. Will Mr. J. inform us which of these socialist organs are fool. ing us?

The propaganda of socialism is a fraud-that's why it is impossible. It is impossible, too, because the growing, powerful middle class will always oppose it, because the powerful Catholic church will always oppose it, because individualism, the greatest force in the world, will always oppose it, and finally, whenever and wherever socialism becomes powerful it will be logically and honestly fought, as it was in Massachusetts, and it will go down to defeat in other states as it went down to defeat in this state, losing 24,000 votes in two years.

One word more: The workers are entitled to the full product of their toil. They are not entitled to everything, because they don't produce everything.

Capital is only saved labor, and is therefore entitled to a fair share. The labor of the capitalistand 90 per cent of the capitalists perform useful labor—is entitled to its full product also.

The socialists, who have justly been styled "land pirates," would socialize all the capital. The steady, sober man must equalize his capital with the biggest bum. Socialism is economic equality. Economic equality would not only rob the thrift and ability of the past, but would rob every superior man of his superior ability in the future. It was the socialist party that had a "smash-jar" in this state, and what a smash it was! Lawrence, Mass.

ROBERT S. MALONEY.

The world reserves its big prizes for but one thing, and that is initiative. Initiative is doing the thing without being told. Next to doing the thing without being told is to do it when you are told once.-British Printer.

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