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SAN ANTONIO, TEX. The union printers of Texas are keenly alive to the situation, and propose to occupy a front seat in the eight-hour band wagon, which will start on its triumphant journey toward Better Times on January 1, 1906.
Recent happenings appear to indicate that the southwest has been chosen by the typothetæ for the opening battle of the national contest, but when it comes, if it ever does, it will find the union printers ready. Mass meetings, smokers, receptions, eight-hour soirees, etc., are being held throughout the state, and are being attended by business men, public officials, ministers and leaders of other labor unions.
A state conference of the eight-hour committees of all Texas unions has been called to meet in Dallas on June 19, to lay uniform plans for all unions in the state. We expect to have President Lynch with us, and that much good will result.
The entire labor movement in Texas is aroused and is not only watching the outcome with inter. est, but stands ready to render all possible assistance. The State Federation of Labor, which met in Denison last week, unanimously adopted the following resolutions:
Whereas, The International Typographical Union of America has elected to enforce, from January 1, 1906, in all offices under its jurisdiction, the eight: hour; and,
Whereas, We consider the outcome of this struggle for short hours on the part of the Typographical Union as of vital interest to all members of the various organizations of labor, throughout the country generally and Texas in particular; and,
Whereas, The International Typothetæ is organ. izing all over the country against the International Typographical Union, in this movement, thereby threatening a great contest; therefore, be it
Resolved. By the Texas Federation of Labor, now assembled, that we do pledge our moral support to the printers in this movement, and that we shall render them every assistance within our power, to the end that they shall be successful in their demand for the shorter workday.
In addition to the support pledged by this reso. lution we have assurances from the federation officers that the entire organizing force and all the machinery of the state organization will be at our disposal when we need them.
As going to show what we may expect from the farmers' union, which has 150,000 members in this state, I quote below a report made by the president of the Tarrant County Farmers' Union on the refusal of the editor of a Fort Worth paper to unionize his paper. The report is as follows:
KENNEDALE, Texas, May 6, 1905. Union Banner, Official Organ Tarrant County F.
E, and C. U. of A.:
Brethren-Your committee selected by the con. vention of Union Farmers of Tarrant County, in compliance with your instructions, met Wednesday, April 26, 1905, and visited the manager of the Tarrant County Citizen, of North Fort Worth. As per instructions. we asked him to employ union printers-to unionize his office. He asked that the request be put in writing, which was done. He promised to call a meeting of the directors and mail us their decision. I have his reply, which states that he will not agree to employ strictly union labor--in other words, will not unionize his office.
Now, brother farmers, of the Tarrant County Farmers' Union, I consider that we asked nothing
Only two entries were booked for the delegate race-W. L. Gardner and D. B. Barnes. The contest was close. Barnes, coming under the wire a neck ahead, received the decision. A. G. Linn is the alternate.
The two well-known Hills, Albert E., of Nashville, and Walter, of Birmingham-were in town last month. Albert was here in response to an invitation to make an address before Chattanooga Central Labor Union. Walter's mission was one of sadness, he being called to the bedside of a sick brother, James N. Hill, who died, and was buried on May 8.
Our label committee is doing good work-the only kind that brings results. Nearly every business firm in the city has signed an agreement requiring the label on its printing. Not so bad!
The Press, a weekly sheet, is coming to the front. At present a Saturday paper is distributed gratuitously; later a full-fledged daily will be started.
The News will soon begin the erection of a handsome four-story building.
Chattanooga Central Labor Union is recognized as one of the leading organizations of the city, and is doing much for the upbuilding of all crafts. A majority of the offices of this body are held by printers.
Good things to boom—the label and eight hours. We are looking after both. "JACK" O'Briex.
ERIE, PA. Joseph Casey, foreman of the Herald job room, will be delegate to Toronto, as he is the only candidate. Work is only fair at this time.
There does not seem to be anything to indicate that the eight-hour movement will fail here. No. 77 has every one that can be had at this time, and nearly all feel confident.
The Vincent Printing Company is the latest job office here. John Vincent and John Sullivan, for. merly of the Herald job department, are the active members of the firm, and doing well. The Cen. tral Labor Journal is printed by them.
GEORGE E. NOBLE.
MAILERS' TRADE DISTRICT UNION. William Birkedahl, former president of the Den. ver Mailers' Union, will represent his local at the Toronto convention.
There are many locals that are in arrears to the trade district union, and it is the sincere wish of the officers that all outstanding indebtedness be received at the secretary.treasurer's office on or before the last of June, as that time is the end of the fiscal year, and a financial statement will be compiled and ready for the convention. As this is a very important matter, secretaries please attend to this duty at once.
Two new locals are about to be chartered, one of which will be at Winnipeg, Manitoba.
Many of our craft are working an eight-hour day, and there are numerous others who work more than eight hours. Now, it would be advisable that representatives from each local should form them. selves into an eight-hour committee and offer some aid to the members who are laboring nine hours or more. To be consistent and that each and every mailer should do his share in bringing about the eight-hour day generally, have each local name its representatives, send the names to the secretary of the trade district union, and by correspondence we may be able to have a very progressive committee for this grand and good cause. Locals, at your next meeting make nominations of one or two members, to be part of a mailers' eight. hour committee, and we will get in working order at once.
Locals are instructed to send delegates to the third annual convention of the Mailers Trade Dis. trict Union, which will be held at Toronto the second week in August,
Robert T. Allen, Secretary-Treasurer. Boston, Mass.
make the depth of the table have been cast, there are perfectly formed grooves in which rules may be inserted. All corrections have to be made and forms imposed before inserting the rules.
To use this system, termed the Rogers, after its inventor J. R. Rogers, the well-known specialist in mechanics. it is necessary to have a special attachment to the linotype, with a low mold that can be adjusted to any thickness from five point to fourteen point. A slug thirty picas long can be produced. The production on the machine is equal in speed to that of ordinary tabular work without rules, and of course any width may be attained by means of separate slugs. The rules are held in place very securely by locking up. Care must be taken not to have the rules bind top and bottom. Altogether the invention is a decided step in advance of anything heretofore accomplished. As used in a book printed by the Unity Press, of 218 William Street, New York, which obtained the first set of matrices, the quality of the work indicates the success of the invention. The Press, through its vice-president and manager, Oswald Maune, a printer par excellence, pronounces the result a magnificent success. J. E. JENNINGS.
New York, N. Y.
ELMIRA, N. Y. The annual election for delegate to the International convention resulted in the election of Wil liam P. Carpenter, there being no opposition. Benjamin F. Hall, foreman of the Evening Star, was the choice for alternate.
The label committee has made arrangements to advertise the label by means of a quarter sheet poster of tasty design.
Fred E. Kennedy, a member of the Binghamton Union, and representative of the Henry George Lecture Association, of Chicago, has made arrangements for a course of lectures on economic topics to be delivered during the month of June, under the auspices of the central trades and labor assembly. Mr. Kennedy is a forceful, convincing speaker, to whom the members of No. 19 have listened several times with much pleasure.
The fight for delegate to Toronto, strange to say, centered in the contest for alternate, the opposing candidates being Benjamin F. Hall and Daniel P. Holleran, both very popular with all members, the former winning out by a small mar.
THE NEW LINOTYPE TABULAR SYSTEM.
There is something new under the sun, the novelty being an improvement to the linotype that will prove of much interest to operators and their employers. I have recently had the opportunity of inspecting and admiring the output of the new Rogers tabular system on the linotype. This system is a great saver of time, labor and money and broadens wonderfully the scope of the linotype. The new device can be attached to any linotype, and by its aid the most intricate table work can be composed at a high rate of speed, say 3,000 an hour, and rules afterward inserted in grooves in the slugs. A short description may prove of interest to the thousands of operators who read THE JOURNAL.
The matrices used are made with the die set a certain number of thousandths of an inch farther back than on the ordinary matrices. The slugs have grooves for rules at any given point. The grooves are made by rule matrices cast to the exact thickness of the rule to be used and are of a certain depth. The figures are set across the slug, making as many columns as the work in hand may require, dropping the rule matrices on each slug in the same relative position. It will thus be seen that after the requisite number of slugs to
The committee appointed last January to draw up a new scale of prices, to take effect June 1, 1906, after faithfully working on the same since that 'time, presented it at the May meeting, and it was accepted, with two or three slight changes. The committee may feel proud of their work, for it is the most complete scale No. 19 ever had presented for adoption.
No. 19's delegate and alternate are both foremen on afternoon papers. The foremen in Elmira are not getting the worst of it on the delegateship proposition.
Frank Bismarck Roemmelt, one of No. 19's hustling members, asked to be granted the label at the May meeting, intending to start an up-to-date job office.
E. S. SPALDING.
WASHINGTON, D. C.
entertainments for purposes of charity, and on the
occasion of its recent annual concert in its own Ebenezer W. Patton, for the past eight years one of the proprietors of the Trades Unionist, of this
behalf it won splendid encomiums from the city
press for the excellence of its work. city, died on May 4, in Sibley Hospital, of which he had been an inmate but a week. He had been
H. P. McKevitt, a former Texan, for several suffering for more than a year with heart trouble,
years a compositor in the government printing of
fice, has been compelled to give up work on acand after a severe attack early in January last was never able to resume work. He was a native of
count of the inroads made upon him by the "great West Virginia, having spent his earlier years in
white terror”-consumption. He is hopeful that Clarksburg, but came to Washington in the late
under the skillful treatment of his physician, after eighties and obtained employment in the govern
a period of perfect rest, he will be able to resume ment printing office. He spent some years in New
his duties. York and Boston, returning to this city about a
Clinton M. Stahl, who held a clerical position in dozen years ago. He served one term as trustee
the government printing office during the last adof the Union Printers Home and was a delegate
ministration of Mr. Benedict, died on April 30, of from Columbia Union to the Colorado Springs In
apoplexy, while alone in his room in this city. He ternational Typographical Union convention. He
was connected with the business office of one of was a member of the Masonic fraternity, having
the city papers. He was about forty-two years old taken the degrees of lodge, chapter, commandery,
and a Freemason. and the Mystic Shrine, and was buried with Ma
Alonzo T. Foxwell, a proofreader in the govern. sonic ceremonies. He was in his forty-sixth year,
ment printing office, had a severe attack of heart unmarried, his nearest living relatives being two
failure while sitting in church recently, but has sisters, Mrs. F. R. Johnson, of this city, and Mrs.
since recovered sufficiently to resume his duties.
He was a reader on the New York Sun for a numJ. H. Dart, of Jacksonville, Fla., and a brother, L. Dow Patton, a court stenographer. of Tableauah.. ber of years. 1. T. Among his immediate friends Mr. Patton
Oscar D. Hyler, another proofreader of the same was known to be one of the most generous, chari
department, has recovered from a lengthy illness tably disposed of men, and few ever knew of his
from pneumonia, during which it was feared that charities, which had no brass band accompaniment,
he would never get well. but which were done on the spur of the moment
The real estate investment association organized while others were discussing how sad the case was.
among workingmen in March made its first invest. Often roughly outspoken in language, his real ment recently, a two-story brick house, from which kindliness was unbounded. "Eb” Patton's memory
it is receiving the rent. Owning your home is an will long remain green in the minds of his friends. enjoyable proposition, but those seem most pros.
The Union Outfitters to Men Company, of this perous who own other people's homes and draw city. the all-label establishment of which I have down the rents. This organization is almost exwritten before, the enterprise of workingmen to in
clusively among printers. sure an opportunity to purchase union-label goods,
As Howard O. Smith, of Helena, Mont., has has successfully weathered the storms and with done me the honor to ask my opinion of his stood the machinations of its enemies, and is now scheme for the organization of the country printer, believed to be on a solid-rock foundation. It is I will say that I am afraid that the country printer astonishing the difficulties which old-established will never be much interested in a union in which competitors are able to throw in the way of an in- he will figure only as a payer of dues. To him the stitution of this sort, and I would recommend to union will offer only prospective benefits. About any intending anything of this sort that they get all I can see that we can do with the country their capital well in hand to begin with, so that printer is to enroll him and carry him on the they will not need to be placed in a position where free of expense to himself, educating him through they have a credit to ruin, for the other fellows The JOURNAL, and possibly burying him when he will do it if they can.
dies--the consideration on his part being that he Prof. George W. Harvell, of the government will come to the city, if at all, only as a union man. printing office, has organized a troupe of colored You must have something tangible to offer the singers, about fifteen men and women, in this country printer in exchange for his loyalty; and city, and “gone on the road,” his first point of at- membership in a union which confers no benefits, tack -being one of the smaller Ohio cities. Profes. so far as he can see, but takes part of his small sor Harvell, who is himself a noted ventriloquist, earnings for dues, will hardly appeal to the man or was originally a Kansan. He has had much ex- boy whose hard school of experience has made imperience in the “show business" and makes fre- mediate self-interest the guide of his life. The quent incursions into the country, always return problem is a hard one, and I see no solution of it ing to his work in the great government shop in to our advantage except in spending money on the winter.
country printer instead of asking him to contribute Prof. Henry W. Weber, who is chief press re- to a cause as to which his education has not been viser in the government printing office, for a num such as to enable him to see the justice. ber of years has been the conductor, as he was the During the recent railway appliance exhibition organizer, of the Rebew orchestra, consisting of in this city the Railway Age was issued here as a about fifty performers, a number of whom are daily in the English and French languages, from members of Columbia Union. It is purely an am. the Globe printing office. Among those who came ateur organization, playing gratis for all sorts of here to work on it were Messrs. C. W. Watson
(foreman), A. G. Stoetzel, Conrad Smith, jr., H. W. Riley, W. H. Dean, and others, of Chicago, and H. Desjardins, A. L. Chapdelaine, Eizear Poitras and A. Perreault, of Montreal, one of whom brought me a note from my old friend Silas Bill Read, sending me greetings and saying, "If you ever come to Montreal the city is yours.” Outside of my appreciation of the good feeling which prompted the tender, I have always felt that I would like to own a city like Montreal.
There is a movement on foot among the trades unionists of Roanoke, Va., to establish a store for the sale of union-label goods for men, patterned after the one in this city. .
Col. E, F, Ruffin, the original "ancient mariner," whose wanderings on sea have taken him to all parts of the civilized world and those on land have made him known in all sections of the United States, who has been vegetating for some time in the Maryland Confederate home, is making a visit to this city.
I recently had a letter from J. E. F. (“Texas") Smith, dated at Adrian, Mich., promising me a "reminiscence." There is not a city nor a village in the United States or Canada that has not known “Texas" at some time within the past forty years.
Columbia Union at its April meeting set aside a sum for the furnishing of a room at the Union Printers' Home, to be added to from month to month-a fact which has received the endorsement of the Home trustees.
William J. Dow, assistant foreman of the sixth division of the government printing office, who was called home to Pierce City. Mo., the latter part of April, to attend the funeral of his father, the pub. lisher of a paper there, has returned to his duties.
James A. Hogsette, a clerk in the bureau of public printing at Manila, P. I., recently returned to this city on a visit, looking as though a tropical climate agrees with him. He will return to the Philippines in August
Miss Carrie L. Whitehead, formerly a composi. tor in the government printing office and secretary of the woman's auxiliary, and Mr. Lee P. Calfèe, of this city, were married at Baltimore on April 29. The two specifications chapels gave the bride some handsome presents.
President A. D. Calvert, of Philadelphia, was a Washington visitor on May 9.
Robert R. West, formerly auditor of the gov. ernment printing office, died of yellow fever at Panama, where he was an official of the canal commission, on May 7.
Tom Lawler, of Sunbury, Pa., formerly hereof, the first president of Sunbury Union, now a popular hotel keeper, whom I have had occasion to mention in this correspondence heretofore, is a candidate for prothonotary of his county.
The Woman's Auxiliary to Columbia Typo. graphical Union No. 101 on May 12 elected Mrs. L. Bowen, wife of A. W. Bowen, foreman of the first division of the government printing office, who was a delegate to the Milwaukee (1900) convention of the International Typographical Union, and Mrs. Bert Wolfe, wife of a compositor and Merg operator in the same office, respectively, dele. gate and alternate to the Toronto convention.
After the election there was a musical entertain ment, furnished principally by talented children of printers, among them two little sons of our James Monroe Kreiter. On May 15 the auxiliary gave its regular annual entertainment at Masonic Temple, there being a crowded house.
Walter W. Ludlow, for a number of years a compositor and proofreader in the government printing office, originally from Minnesota, for the past three or four years private secretary to the assistant secretary of the treasury, has been detailed as acting chief clerk of the treasury, with every probability of receiving the permanent appointment. His promotion to so responsible a position is gratifying to all his late associates. He is a prominent and well-known Freemason, being secretary of his lodge and a past high priest of his chapter.
Otto F. Thum, of Denver, recently sent me “The Diary of a Copyholder," by William S. Holmes, of the Denver Western Newspaper Union, published in the Western Publisher, which is cler. erly done, my only criticism being of the tameness of the boy's experiences as compared with those of real copyholders. In that day in the far-distant future when publishers shall cease to charge up proofreading as a dead loss in figuring on a job, the now generally accepted belief that anything that can hold a piece of paper is competent to serve as a copyholder will give way to a realization that for good work equal ability is required at each end of a proofreader's desk, and two proofreaders will work together, as is now done in all first-class offices. My friend Thum is chairman of the trades committee of ten, William E. Shields, formerly of this city, being president of the trades assembly.
At the election of Columbia Union on May 17 John R. Berg was re-elected president without op position; William R. Love was re-elected vice. president over Dexter S. Hussey by fifty-three ma. jority; George G. Seibold was re-elected secretary without opposition; James E. Bright, re-elected treasurer without opposition. The great contest was over the International Typographical Union delegateships, the vote being as follows: Government printing office—Mark H. Barnum, 944 (elected); Philip S. Steele, 888 (elected); Joe M. Johnson, 764 (elected); Frank D. Smith, 751; Charles B. Buchanan, 633; Walter V. Smith, 396; Joseph E. Goodkey, 159. Down-town-Harry C. Knapp, 761 (elected); Miss Teresa McDonald, 643; Orton T. Pierce, 188. The Washington Post published full tabulated returns from every chapel the next morning, with portraits of three of the delegates-elect. There are few papers anywhere which give so much space to printer news as these our Washington papers.
A. F. BLOOMER.
Charles Bastian, who left Washington about five years ago and who two years later represented Baltimore Union in the Washington convention, is back again at the capital. He is assisting in getting out the Washington Post. His many friends gave him the glad hand.
John F. Luitich, working in the government printing office, is the editor of the Washington