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ART. 168. If such goods as aforesaid are not withdrawn within thirty days, computed from the date of arrival of importing vessel, any damage or waste sustained by the goods shall not be taken into consideration, but, for duty purposes, same shall be deemed to be in a good condition.
SECTION X.-WHARFAGE DUES.
ART. 169. Wharfage dues shall be collected conformably to the following tariff:
1. All vessels landing goods shall pay 50 centavos per ton (weight or measure);
2. On goods dutiable according to this law, there shall be levied a surtax of 6 per cent of the amount of import duties;
3. Goods admitted duty free under article 57, except articles mentioned in paragraphs 3 and 4 thereof, shall be subject to the following wharfage dues:
Luggage, fruits, vegetables, comestibles, and all other goods imported on deck without being mentioned on the bill of lading and exempt from import duties shall pay: Trunks, cases, bales, etc., measuring from 1 to 5 cubic feet. The same, measuring more than 5 and up to 12 cubic feet. The same, larger .. Sacks, whatever be the contents, per 46 kilograms..
4. The under-mentioned goods shall, if landed on the wharf, be liable to 5 centavos per cubic foot and to 24 centavos if landed otherwise.
Vessels rigged or in detached parts and their machinery; iron bridges and accessories for the same; craft of small tonnage; guano; railways of all kinds and accessories for the same; saltpeter, unrefined; masts for ships; machines, spare parts for machines and boilers; mechanical driers (“tendales”), and articles comprised in section 5 of article 57.
5. Coal shall be liable to 50 centavos per ton when not landed on the wharves, and in contrary cases to ten times that due.
6. Wood shall pay 3 per cent on the duties applicable thereto.
7. Goods reshipped shall pay 5 centavos per cubic foot or 10 centavus per 46 kilograms.
8. The same duty shall be levied on articles classed in section 2 of article 57.
9. The consignee or owner of a cargo is required to pay 2 sucrer per ton weight or capacity as porterage. This tax is levied by the contractor intrusted with the conveyance of goods for the payment of porters.
ART. 170. All vessels shall, unless prevented by their draft, be required to discharge their cargoes on the wharf; vessels having a complete cargo of coal, wood, pipes and conduits, or of other similar
goods the discharge on the wharf of which would be expensive or prejudicial may, however, discharge at the place most convenient to the interested party, provided that previous permission be obtained from the customs administrator.
ART. 171. The customs warehouse keepers shall take delivery of the cargo on the wharf.
ART. 172. The Executive is intrusted to establish, as occasion requires and in the interests of the Treasury, such regulations as it may deem expedient concerning the service of the wharf.
SECTION XII.-NATIONALIZATION DUES.
ART. 173. National or nationalized vessels shall, for their clearance bills, pay the following dues: For a tonnage of from
10 to 20 tons 21 to 50 tons
2 51 to 100 tons
5 101 to 200 tons
10 201 to 300 tons
15 301 tons and above
20 Ships of less tonnage, river steamers, boats, and lighters used for the service of the port shall not be subject to nationalization dues, and the necessary documents shall be delivered to them gratuitously on legal stamped paper.
ART. 174. Clearance bills or nationalization certificates for vessels of 51 tons and upward shall be issued by the Executive and viséed by the Minister for Foreign Affairs, and those for vessels of smaller tonnage by the Governor of the Province and his secretary.
ART. 175. Certificates of nationalization of vessels shall be valid for two years. In case the vessel becomes the property of another owner, this document shall still be valid during a period of two years.
SECTION XIII.-GENERAL DISPOSITIONS.
Art. 176. (Relative to obligations imposed upon vessels, boats, and warebouse keepers on landing of goods.)
ART. 177. Articles are allowed to be imported through the post, on compliance with the provisions contained in the Universal Postal Convention, as to maximum weight, volume, and content of each parcel. An examiner will assess the duty leviable and the addressee shall pay such duty to the postmaster. This sort of clearance requires no other formality beyond the verbal request of the person concerned, and the receipt to be issued to him by the postmaster. Such receipt shall be taken from a counterfoil book, and the amounts collected paid into the Treasury fortnightly. The Executive will adopt necessary measures for the protection of the exchequer.
Art. 178. The cargo, on being transported from shipboard to the wharf, shall be contided to the supervision of a guard, who shall accompany each lighter to the wharf. The goods shall thereupon be placed under the control of the Customs service and of the Director of the wharf, who will be required to give the corresponding discharge.
Art. 179. Owners and brokers of lighters, barges, and other craft of small tonnage, proceeding from Tumbes, Sechura, and other ports of the northern coast of Peru, shall not be required to furnish manifests and invoices, provided that they do not transport manufactured goods.
Art. 180. Goods arriving in ports of the Republic and unaccompanied by Consular invoices shall be detained in the Customs warehouse until production of such documents, but so soon as the detailed manifest is presented and the request for clearance made the goods shall be delivered to the importer, after all the packages have been previously opened and examined, and subject to a bond, deemed sufficient by the Administrator, being furnished to guarantee the payment of the established duties and surtaxes, in case, on arrival of the invoice or copy thereof, the declaration should not tally therewith.
Art. 181. Invoices of goods imported for or addressed to the Gorernment as well as postal parcels shall be exempt from the Consular visé fee.
Art. 182. To facilitate Customs operations and in case of doubt as to the interpretation of Customs formalities the Executive, after taking the advice of the Council of State, is authorized to decide thereon.
ART. 183. Should, in default of invoices or if the contents of the packages be unknown, it be impossible for the merchant to draw up the detailed manifest of the goods, he may, within six working days from the vessel's arrival, request the Administrator to cause the invoice to be established by the Controller and one Examiner, on payment of a fee of from 5 to 100 sucres, which the Administrator shall allow to them according to the importance of the supplementary work furnished. Such invoice shall be attached to the application for clearance, and the Administrator must cause the goods to be verified by an officer other than the Examiner who assisted in drawing up the invoice.
ART. 184. With the view of protecting the interests of the Treasury, all necessary formalities relative to import and export documents may be imposed on commerce.
The Consular invoices addressed to the competent Ministry must be transmitted monthly to the “ Tribunal de Cuentas" for examination.
SECTION XIV.-TEMPORARY DISPOSITIONS.
Art. 185. The Executive is empowered to regulate imports and exports through the frontier custom-house of Macará.
Art. 186. The Executive is authorized, in concurrence with Council
of State, to increase up to 50 per cent the Customs duties fixed in the present tariff on importation of products of the soil and industry of such countries as, not having signed a Commercial Treaty with Ecuador, should apply their maximum tariff to products of the soil and industry of the Republic.
ART. 187. The Executive may, in concurrence with the Council of State, reduce the import duties leviable on sugar, alimentary pastes and flour, when the trade in these products becomes a monopoly and a cause of abuse on the part of merchants in the country.
ART. 188. All Laws and Decrees contrary to the present Law are hereby amended or repealed.
ART. 189. The Minister of Finance shall codify the articles of the present Customs Law, subject to taking into account any amendments made thereto and carefully modifying any inaccurate stipulations.
ART. 190. The present Law shall enter into force on January 1, 1904.
Alphabetical table of the goods specified in the tariff law, showing classification respectively
public ministers or foreign
to the Government of Ecua-
ice of churches
Articles of all kinds, of silk
pure or with weft, except silk 6 .05
on bobbins and sewn cloth
Articles absolutely necessary 2 Free. to municipalities for lighting
or any other public use see
article 58 of the law...
of the Government..
lars andcuffs, trousers, dresses,
.03 with the exception of knitted 6
05 articles, which are specially 7
10 classed at 25 centavos per kilo
gram, and of silk-lined arti
cles, dutiable at $1.50 .....
.02 teen classes provided for in
25 article 55 of tariff law....
Articles of food containing sub-
Articles, woolen, of all kinds,
combined with silk, except
is specially classed at the rate
Alphabetical table of the goods specified in the tariti
" law, showing classification respecticels applicable thereto-Continued.
carts, and handcarts ... Baggage of Ecuadorian diplo
matic agents returning to the country, up to 400 kilograms
in weight. Baggage of travelers up to the weight of 100 kilograms for each person, provided that the traveler and baggage
arrive on the same vessel. Bags, leather ("guarnicles?) Bags of fine paper Bags of packing paper. Balls Balustrades of cast iron for bal
conies Bands, embroidered, of cotton,
linen, or wool Barley.. Barometers. Barrels, wooden, empty, fitted
together or not Bars, small Baskets, cane. Baths.. Bay rum. Beads of faience, metal or glass. Beams, building.. Bedsteads, of iron or metal. Beer in receptacles of all kinds. Bellows, forge. Bells Benzoin Beverages containing poison
ous substances, etc Bicycles. Billiard tables and accessories
imported therewith Biscuits Bits. Bitters. Black, animal Blacking, in paste or liquid Blue, Prussian. Boas of feathers or other ma
terials Bodkins Boilers Bonnets, etc., with ornaments,
for ladies and children. Bonnets, trimmed. Bonnets, untrimmed Books, blank Books, printed, bound in tor
toise shell, mother-of-pearl or their imitations, or inlaid
in any manner.. Books, writing Boots and shoes of all kinds,
except rubber Boots, rubber. Bottles, empty, in cases or other
containers... Bottles, common empty, for
liqueurs and aerated waters,
when not imported in cases.. Boxes, mathematical, for
painting and other similar uises, with accessories Boxes, musical Boxes, of cardboard, empty or
not fitted Braces, containing a slight pro
portion of silk Braids of cotton or linen
1.00 Free Proba
rods, in a crude state or in
rods, in a crude state or in
and other, not specially men
together or not
and exclusive of shirt studs)..
lithographed, not intended
consumable article.. Candelabra of metal, crystal, or
other material forany system
lation, printed or litho-
of cotton, linen, or jute. Carriages fitted together or not
and detached parts thereof.. Cartridges for war guns Cartridges, loaded or empty, for
nonprohibited firearms.. Carts Cases for cigar holders or pipes
even when imported separately...